Comparison of informal indigenous metalwork enterprises in an industrial area and an estate area in Kenya.
Author: Ofafa, Gorretty Awuor
Awarding University: University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
Level : PhD
Advisors: Adviser: Nelson, Robert EAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare factors that affected business growth and job creation among indigenous industrial group and estate group metalwork enterprises in an urban informal sector. The study identified and compared the similarities and differences of entrepreneurs and enterprises, the constraints the enterprises encountered and the strategies for business growth and job creation in the informal metalwork industry that were located in the two areas in Nairobi. The study was exploratory and descriptive. The sample in the study consisted of a total of 40 entrepreneurs: 20 industrial group entrepreneurs and 20 estate group entrepreneurs from metalwork enterprises in the urban informal sector. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews. Observations of the workplaces and activities were also recorded during the interviews. Data were summarized, categorized and grouped into major categories. The results indicated that both the industrial group and the estate group businesses and entrepreneurs were similar in many of their personal as well as business characteristics. However, the differences were found in the types of workplaces where they operated their businesses, the locations of their businesses, the products manufactured, sources of markets, the level of technology used and the presence of essential infrastructure. The results of this study can only be generalized to metalwork businesses in Nairobi. Although there were differences in some aspects among the two groups of businesses, both groups appeared to have potential for growth and job creation. However, the industrial group businesses appeared to have greater potential for growth and job creation.