Delivery models for decentralised rural electrification : case studies in Nepal, Peru and Kenya
Author: Yadoo, A L
Awarding University: University of Cambridge, England
Level : PhD
Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;
Subject Terms: Electricity/Poverty/Rural electricification/Rural development/ ;
Access to affordable, reliable and clean energy services is fundamental to poverty reduction and sustainable development. Over 1.4 billion people currently lack access to electricity and use lower quality (and often higher cost) traditional fuels to meet their basis lighting and power needs. This doctoral research focuses on the delivery of decentralised community level mini-grids in Nepal, Peru and Kenya, considering how their implementation can generate greater and more sustainable welfare benefits for the rural poor. The author undertook three main case studies and a number of satellite studies of community-level mini-grids in Nepal, Peru and Kenya, as well as 67 practitioner interviews. A series of Sustainability Indicators were created against which the main case studies were evaluated. These findings were combined with analysis from the interviews to produce a decision support tree and a series of recommendations for rural electrification practitioners. While all of a delivery model?s pre-identified variables (ownership, governance and management models, productive uses, the implementing agency?s approach, training, local job creation, financing, dissemination strategies and the enabling environment) were found to affect the ability to achieve sustainable welfare benefits, the three most salient themes were those of Responsibility, Impetus and Scope. During a project?s planning and implementation states overriding focus should be placed on generating a sense of local responsibility for the electricity system and its upkeep across all key stakeholders, growing local desire for the electricity services provided and stimulating providers to expand their business, and extending the scope of the project across different development arenas to create maximum welfare impact. Moreover, practitioners should attempt to influence and build the institutional framework and environment in which a project takes place. Engaging with the private sector through more innovative partnerships and hybrid business models should help accelerate the ability to scale-up and replicate successful projects.