22207 Records out of 22207 Records

Determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya : case of Mandera West constituency

Author: Hassan, Ibrahim Bori

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mandera West Constituency/Constituency Development Fund/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Women's Enterprise Development Fund/Community development/Project management ;

Abstract:

The concept of community participation in development gained prominence in development discourse in the seventies and since then literature on the subject has grown dramatically. What was initially a radical critique of development has relatively quickly become a staple for development practice in the world. The incorporation of the locals in development projects has become a common phenomenon that almost every organization talks about. The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya, taking the case of Mandera West Constituency. In particular, the study examined the influence of community knowledge, leadership qualities, level of education and location of the Funds coordinating offices on community participation in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. The study adopted descriptive research design, on a target population of members of the Mandera West Constituency Development Fund (CDF), the Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) and the Women's Enterprise Development Fund (WEDF) committees, as well as ordinary community members. This consisted of a sample size of 405 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires with both close-ended and openended questions to enhance uniformity and to ensure maximum data collection and generation of qualitative and quantitative data. Analysis was done using both descriptive statistics and content analysis. From the findings, 66.6 % of the respondents were aware of existence of YEDF sponsored projects in Mandera west constituency, 41.6% indicated WEDF sponsored projects while 75% stated CDF sponsored projects. On leadership qualities and participation, most of the respondents had either negative or neutral perception on projects leaders in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. On location of community funds offices, it was revealed that 70% of the residents know the location of community development offices while the rest do not know. In addition, 67% agreed that the location influences community participation in the Constituency. In addition, there was little dispersion on responses from the respondents as was indicated by low standard deviation values of as low as below 0.5. On the level of education of the constituents, majority of the respondents think it influences the level of community participation in the projects. The researcher concludes that leaders' intelligence, communication skills, ability to plan as well as good educational background are highly effective in stirring the residents in participation in government projects. The study recommends that community knowledge should be enhanced through seminars, barazas, workshops, songs, ceremonies and places of worship in the area in order to enhance more participation in government funded projects. Additionally, more trainings should be enhanced by the government to the leaders and managers of government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency to ensure creation of good leadership qualities. The researcher further recommends that education should be emphasized in Mandera West Constituency to enhance community participation in community projects. The government should facilitate easy accessibility of the Community Development Funds Offices for greater participation of the community in the government funded projects.

Factors influencing vulnerability of women in refugee camps : the case of Dadaab refugee camp; Garissa County, Kenya

Author: Jegede, John Oluwatosin

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya/Refugees/Women/Sex discrimination/Gender ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study is to explore the factors influencing vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camp. Women consist of over 60 percent of the total population of this world's largest refugee camp and are perceived as the most vulnerable and marginalized group within the camp. research has the potential of providing involved or ganizations and institutions, whose mission is to protect people from the harmful repercussions of refugee crisis, with pertinent information that will aid in reducing the magnitude of difficulty faced by refugee women and so reducing the unnecessary burden of life for these women. Furthermore, the study will also provide future researchers with a useful pool of resources. Although refugee women issues have been addressed in the developed world and in some of the developing countries, not many studies have been done within the Kenyan context. Many Non- Governmental Organizations led interventions have brought women issues to people's consciousness and some short term measures to alleviate women's problems have followed. However despite these interventions women continue to suffer. The objectives of the study is thus to determine the influence of culture, level of education/awareness, law enforcement mechanisms, availability of opportunities on the vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camps. This research also reviews the pertinent literature that underpins this study from the global, African and local perspectives and also offers a conceptual framework and indicates the knowledge gap that the study intends to fill. The mixed research approach was employed; it consists of both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The study adopted a Cross-Sectional design which allows the researcher carry out the study in natural, real life settings and to ask a random sample of individuals to respond to a set of questions about their backgrounds, past experiences, and attitudes. Oral interviews were also employed. Study findings revealed that culture, level of education/awareness, law enforcement mechanisms and opportunities influences the vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camp. The study recommends that the needs of refugee women must be incorporated into all stages of refugee life, including in the granting and documenting of refugee status, and in the organization of refugee camps. The governments of states that accept refugees must modify their refugee protection system to account for persecution based on sex and gender, and must make the documentation process available to women. In the refugee camps, international relief agencies and large donor-coordination organizations, specifically UNHCR, must require that the Guidelines are followed and that women's rights are protected.

Influence of Information and Communication Technology on performance of Aviation industry-a case of Kenya Airways Ltd

Author: Irungu, Irene Waruguru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kenya Airways/Airline industry/Business conditions/Financial performance/Information technology/Communications networks ;

Abstract:

The aim of this study is to ascertain the influence of information and communication technology on the performance of the aviation industry in Kenya with the case of Kenya Airways -Kenya office. Specifically the study seeks; to study the influence of communication networks on the performance of an airline, to establish the influence of mobile phone technology on the performance of an airline, to investigate the influence of handheld devices and iPads on the performance of an airline and to study the influence of Internet applications on the performance of an airline. The study will adopt a descriptive survey design. The population will comprise all Kenya Airways staff in Nairobi office. A sample of 244 employees will be randomly selected for the study. Purposive sampling will be used to select Nairobi office as the study site. The study will rely on data collected through a questionnaire structured to meet the objectives of the study. The questions will be both open ended and closed ended. The process of data analysis will involve data clean up and explanation. Responses in the questionnaires will be tabulated, coded and processed by use of a computer Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 17.0 programme to analyze the data. The responses from the open-ended questions will be listed to obtain proportions appropriately. The study is significant as it would provide the management of the airline, in this case Kenya Airways, information that they can leverage on to improve on the performance of the airline. It will also add to the knowledge required to assist policy makers and regulatory bodies make decisions that would change the way operations are carried out. The study findings showed that information and communication technology which includes communication networks, mobile phone technology, handheld devices such as iPads and Internet and computer applications influence the performance of the aviation to a large extent by assisting to improve on faster passenger handling and increased revenue generated from improved access to information. The recommendations show that the company should align itself to using lCT at a strategic level and to these strategies are cascaded to all levels of the hierarchy.

Challenges facing quality assurance and standards officers in supervising implementation of secondary school curriculum in Tigania Central Division

Author: Imathiu, Jacob Kilemi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Tigania Central Division/Secondary education/Curricula/Supervision/Quality of education ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The influence of microfinance services in empowering women : a case of selected women groups in Eldama Ravine location, Baringo County, Kenya

Author: Jemuge, Maureen Chebor

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Eldama Ravine Location, Baringo County/Microfinance/Women/Small business/Groups ;

Abstract:

Women bear a disproportionate burden of the world's poverty. Statistics indicate that women are more likely to be poor and at risk of hunger because of the systematic discrimination they face in health care, employment and control of assets. It has been discovered that M.F.ls has come to the recognition that empowering women and developing communities are closely connected. In view to this, this study therefore has sought to bridge the gap by establishing the role of micro finance services in empowering women and women groups economically, socially and politically in Eldama Ravine Location, Baringo County. The objective of this study was to find out the influence of Micro Finance Services in empowering women and women groups in Eldama Ravine Location, Baringo County as well as to find out the effects that has had on women Socio-Economically. In order to accomplish the task, the methodology employed was in depth interview guide, and structured Questionnaires to collect the required data. The study was conducted in Eldama Ravine Location and the study drew its population from members of various women groups which were categorized to two strata - those financed by Micro Financing Institutions and those financed entirely from membership contribution. The results of this study showed that Micro Finance Institutions had played a huge role in empowering women economically where women have had the chance to acquire various assets and socially, they have been recognized in the society. Some of the recommendations made are that for women to be more effective in their strategic options for socio-economic empowerment, they need to invest the members' money in profitable business in order to increase the capital. It also recommended that the groups needed training on the management of the funds in order to make correct business decisions.

Factors influencing sustainable funding of non-governmental organizations in Kenya : a case study of Sisters Maternity Home (Simaho) in Garissa

Author: Ibrahim, Ahmed Ali

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Sisters Maternity Home (SIMAHO), Garissa, Kenya/Nongovernmental organizations/Financial management ;

Abstract:

Sustainable funding has helped many NGO's implement diverse programmatic interventions which has not only benefited the communities but has also improved the standard of living. But tough economic times buoyed by global recession have in one way or another affected global funding. Many NGO's continue to cease operations by the day often due to lack of sustainable funding. The NGOs are overwhelmingly significant in most Africans search for their well-being, so deeply woven in the rhythms of their everyday lives and deeply entwined in their values, attitudes .. perspectives and decisionmaking. Many new NGOs fall into the pitfall of un-sustainability, as they operate for a summer or for a few years and then fade away. The failure of NGOs to sustain their work stems from many inadequacies. A lack of financial resources contributes to their demise. The purpose of the study was to examine the factors that affect financial sustainability of NGOs in Kenya with specific reference to Sisters Maternity Home (SIMAHO) in Garissa. In this study, exploratory research design was adapted. The target population of this study included the management team of the SIMAHO in Garissa. Stratified proportionate random sampling technique was used to select 67 respondents. This study made use questionnaires for primary data collection. Quantitative data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential analysis. Data collected through the open ended questions and analysis of documents was analyzed qualitatively through content analysis. The study also made use of various inferential statistics. The variable was factored in the multivariate regression model. The study found that donor relationship management contribute most to financial sustainability of nongovernmental followed by strategic financial management then income diversification while own income generation contributed the least to financial sustainability of nongovernmental organizations. The study recommends that in order to ensure that the NGOs remain sustainable, they should procure employees that are competent in strategic planning, plan implementation and financial analysis. The NGO management should increase their income sources from their usual ones. The management should ensure that they maintain a good relationship with the donors mainly by information management, ensuring there is accountability and meaningful communications.

The impact of cash transfer programme on the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children : a case of Saka Location, Garissa District

Author: Hadi, Sheikh Mohamed

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Saka Location, Garissa District/Orphans/Children and youth/Child welfare/Cash Transfer Programme (Kenya)/Social impact ;

Abstract:

This paper sought to establish the impact of cash transfer programme on the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children, a case of SAKA location of Garissa district. The paper was guided by four objectives which includes; to establish the contribution of the cash transfer Programme on education of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location, to establish the contribution of Cash Transfer Programme on health of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location, to establish the contribution of Cash Transfer Programme on food of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location and to establish the contribution of Cash Transfer Programme on civil registration of the orphans and vulnerable children in SAKA location. The literature review focused on the work done by other researchers on cash transfers. It focuses on General social protection programmes, Social Protection and Economic Development, Linking social protection to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Development projects and interest in social protection, the concept of cash transfer programme in Kenya its rationale and development. The study embraced the case study technique to enable the researcher get detailed information on the impact of Cash Transfer Programme on the welfare of the Orphans and Vulnerable Children. The questionnaire was the main tool for data collection and the target population included all the households in SAKA location estimated to be 1255. The sample size of the study was 125 heads of the households. The data was analysed using the SPSS programme and the data is presented by use of descriptive narrative, percentages, means and frequencies. The study revealed that since inception of the cash transfer programme in 2004 as a pilot project, the programme has addressed the welfare of the OVCs in relation to education, food, health and civil registration matters. The study also revealed that more children are able to access education and respondents are able to meet Education requirements by use of subsidies from the cash transfer programme. The study also revealed that the primary level of education is the highest beneficiary of the cash transfer Programme .In line with health the study revealed that mortality rate of the children reduced due to many caretakers taking children under five years for immunization and older children to health centers when sick from other ailment. However, it was noted that the money is not enough to meet all medical expenses and therefore people turn to relatives or sell their property to meet their medical expenses. On matters of food, the study revealed that the cash transfer plays a key role in the livelihood of the people because the money is mostly used to buy food which is a basic need. However, the respondents expressed fear that the amount received from the programme is not enough to meet their basic needs more so food. On the matters of registration the study established that the cash transfer programme playa key role by enabling the OVCs to get registered with civil registration through provision of transport to travel to registering centres' and in meeting the late registration charges.

Factors that lead to high cost of mortgages in Kenya

Author: Jacob, Naomi Kakuvi

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Mortgage rates/Economic conditions ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Strategic responses to external environmental factors affecting the health sector : case study of Gertrude's Children Hospital

Author: Iraki, Wanjiru Njuguna

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/Environmental management/Health services/Hospitals/Gertrude Garden Children's Hospital ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Strategy evaluation and control at Ushuru Savings and Credit Cooperative Society Limited

Author: Juma, Joseph Hamisi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/Ushuru Savings and Credit Cooperative Society Limited/Savings and credit cooperative societies ;

Abstract:

The business world is in the process of a global transformation. Mergers, acquisitions, outsourcing and downsizing are becoming common word everywhere. International boundaries are fading in importance as businesses take on a more global perspective (Stevens, 2000). Strategic management takes a panoramic view of this changing business terrain and attempts to show how large and small firms can be more effective and efficient not only in today's world but tomorrow as well. Strategic management is the set of managerial decisions and action that determines the way for the long-range performance of the company. It includes environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy evaluation and control, evaluation and control. The objectives of the study were to establish strategy evaluation and control practices at Ushuru Sacco and determine the factors that influence strategy evaluation and control practices at Ushuru Sacco. The research was conducted through a case study method. A sample of six persons from the top and middle management was interviewed in order to gain an insight into what response strategies that this level of management applied in order to deal with the changing the strategic evaluation and control system. Content analysis technique was used to analyze the data. The study found that to ensure compliance with the strategy can go a long way in helping the Sacco gain a competitive edge, help in defining the business of the Sacco and also help in achieving right direction. The study finally concludes that initiatives are taken by management in creating and sustaining a climate within the Sacco that motivates employees in their implementation role with managers paying as much attention to planning the implementation of their strategies as they give to formulating them. Since this study adopted the interview method as the primary data collection method, the researcher suggests that a study be carried out using other methods of primary and secondary data collection to see whether there will be difference in the results.