36 Records out of 22207 Records

Conceptualisation and operationalisation of the right to a fair trial in criminal justice in Kenya

Author: Ouma, Jack Busalile Mwimali

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2013

Holding Libraries: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Criminal justice ; Trials ; Constitutions ; Criminal law ; Judicial process ;

Abstract:

This thesis explores issues concerning the conceptualisation and operationalisation of the right to a fair trial in the Kenyan criminal justice system. In particular, it looks at how and why there have been many difficulties with the implementation of this universal set of values that have been recognised since the adoption of the formal legal system in Kenya, and which have been enshrined in the Constitution since independence. It addresses a number of overarching questions. First, it identifies the factors that hindered the full realisation of the right to a fair trial. Secondly, it enquires into whether the shortcomings of the recently repealed Constitution in that regard have been fully addressed by the new Constitution adopted in 2010. Thirdly, it identifies and analyse the impact of factors outside the formal law which may have affected the practical operation of certain core elements of the right to a fair trial. Finally, in light of the above, it explores a number of approaches that might be used to address these other factors so as to help achieve at least a better, enforcement of fair trial rights in the country.

African literature in the digital age : class and sexual politics in new writing from Nigeria and Kenya

Author: Adenekan, Olorunshola

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: African literature ; Nigeria ; Sexual politics ; Digital libraries ;

Abstract:

Using wide-ranging literature and theoretical concepts published digitally and in print, this thesis will build the emerging picture of African literature in English that is being published in the digital space. The study will analyse the technological production of classed and sexualised bodies in new African writing in cyberspace by some of the young writers from Nigeria and Kenya, as well as writing from a few of their contemporaries from other African countries. This thesis will also analyse the differences between the agenda of the previous generation including representation and perspectives - and that of a new generation in cyberspace. In the process, I hope to show how literature in cyberspace is asking questions as much of psychic landscapes as of the material world. To my knowledge, there is no substantive literary study done so far that contextualizes this digital experience.

Decaf empowerment? Post-Washington consensus development policy, Fair Trade and Kenya's coffee industry

Author: Pflaeger, Zoe A

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Coffee industry/Economic development/Employee empowerment ;

Abstract:

This thesis seeks to make a contribution to the debate concerning the adoption of the language of empowerment and participation into Post-Washington Consensus development policy. Whilst it is acknowledged that the de-politicisation approach makes some valid contributions, it is argued that it suffers from a tendency to focus on the construction of development discourse. This has rather one-sidedly led to the conclusion that the concept of empowerment has been used as an instrument of subjection. It is argued that the transformation approach offers a more nuanced analysis of participatory development practices that seeks to identify the opportunities that exist for their re-politicisation. Accordingly, the concept of empowerment should instead be examined as part of an ongoing political struggle to construct meaning and to harness action towards progressive political goals. This thesis makes a theoretical contribution to this debate by extending and consolidating the transformation approach through neo-Gramscian theory. Through its analysis of Fair Trade in the Kenyan coffee industry, it provides further empirical substantiation for the transformation approach. Whilst acknowledging the limitations of the World Bank?s approach to empowerment, this research identifies the opportunities and possibilities that exist for reasserting an alternative approach to producer empowerment based on the more radical notions of critical consciousness and collective social action. Given the highly unequal power relations that characterise the global coffee industry, this supports the argument put forward by the transformation approach that participatory development needs to explicitly engage with the wider power structures and institutions that perpetuate exclusion and inequality.

Towards a dialogical theology : an exploration of inter-religious cooperation between Christianity and African indigenous religion among the Miji-Kenda people of coastal Kenya

Author: Chidongo, Tsawe-Munga wa

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Christianity ; Indigenous religions ; Mijikenda (African people) ; Interfaith relations ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The Agikuyu, the Bible and colonial constructs : towards an ordinary African readers? hermeneutics

Author: Kinyua, Johnson Kiriaku

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level :

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Kikuyu (African people)/Bible/Colonialism ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

HIV/AIDS education in Kenya : an evaluation of policy, provision and practice in secondary schools

Author: Ngarari, Jane Mururi

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: HIV infection ; AIDS (Disease) ; Secondary schools ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Pragmatic theory applied to Christian mission in Africa : with special reference to Luo responses to Bad in Gem, Kenya.

Author: Harries, J.O

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Index To Theses ;

Subject Terms: Theology/Missionaries/Luo (African people)/Christianity/Gem, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The use of scripture in Swahili tracts by Muslims and Christians in East Africa

Author: Chesworth, John Anthony

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: St. Paul's University Bishop Okullu Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bible ; Koran ; Swahili language ; Muslims ; Christians ; East Africa ; Religious education ; Publications ;

Abstract:

This research assesses the use of scripture in tracts published in Swahili in East Africa. The use of tracts for the propagation of religion is introduced through the work of Tract Societies in Britain and the use of Christian tracts in overseas missions. Printing in Arabic and the propagation of Islam through tracts is surveyed. The historical use of tracts by Christians and Muslims in East Africa, and Swahili as a religious language, are examined. In 2000 and 2001, Christian and Muslim tracts in Swahili were purchased from particular locations in Kenya and Tanzania. Of these, sixteen tracts, eight by Christians and eight by Muslims, were selected. The tracts use passages from the Bible and/or the Qur'an mainly for outreach purposes. They are described and analysed and scriptures within them recorded. Eighteen Biblical and Qur'anic passages that appeared in more than one tract were chosen. These scriptures, together with the interpretations of them within the tracts, are translated, presented thematically, analysed and compared. The research found differences between Christian and Muslim use of the passages, noting that the approach of most tracts is polemical, thus raising concerns that they may increase misunderstandings between Christians and Muslims in East Africa.

Law in Kenya as a regulator of the state : an evaluation of its efficacy, through an examination of the constitutional review process

Author: Musumba, L A

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD.

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Index To Theses ;

Subject Terms: Law ; Constitutional law ; Constitutions ;

Abstract:

This thesis suggests the purpose of the regulatory role of law is to achieve equilibrium in the state, whereby the government and the people (in the present case Kenyans) co-exist harmoniously, neither of them requiring an alteration in the balance of power. However, Kenya?s citizen-engineered Constitutional Review Process, formally commencing in 1997, was prompted principally by Kenyan?s perceptions of the government as substantially contributing to their depressed socio-economic status, and overseeing a post-independence regime replete with political repression. This thesis investigates the performance of law in Kenya in maintaining equilibrium post-independence, and especially in achieving revision of the structure of national governance through constitutional reforms. The success or otherwise of the Review Process as a regulatory function of law is used to measure the capacity of law to regulate the Kenyan state. Inter alia the impact of the ethics of the colonial government on Kenya?s post-independence governments is studied. The general status of Kenyans? socio-economic status is appraised. Recourse is also had to the lessons of the now defunct Law and Development Movement regarding the use of law as an instrument of social transformation. Additionally, comparative studies are undertaken into recent changes to the political or constitutional orders of Uganda, Eritrea, South Africa, Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan.

K?m??r? Bible translation : an integrative study of policy process and product [Kenya]

Author: Ataya, J.K

Awarding University: University of Birmingham, England

Level : PhD.

Year: 2006

Holding Libraries: St. Paul's University Bishop Okullu Memorial Library ; Index To Theses ;

Subject Terms: Language ; Bible ; Translations ; K?m??r? Bible ;

Abstract:

This thesis investigates the policy, process and product of K?m??r? Bible translation through an integrative approach. It examines translation policies, explores the translation process model, which explains what happens in the translator?s mind when they translate and proposes criteria for product quality evaluation. Interpreting and explaining these translation issues, new theoretical insights are gained. The data was obtained by extracting policies from the translation agencies and interviewing translators, by asking the K?m??r? Bible translators to ?think-aloud? and verbalise the thoughts they had during the translation process, and by conducting a detailed transitivity analysis of a sample of the source and target texts. Discussion of the findings involved interpreting these policies, analysing the protocols and comparing the quality of the translated texts at clause level. Evidence from the analyses of data supports the conclusions that the three translation stages are different from each other and yet they are interconnected through integrative decision-making. A further conclusion is that successful research into the Translation Activity requires an interdisciplinary methodology.