11230 Records out of 22207 Records

The role of media in curbing corruption in Kenya : the case of the Nation and the Standard media groups

Author: Mutala, Ruth Ngina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2912

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Media coverage ; Corruption ; Nation Media Group ; Standard Media Group ;

Abstract:

This study focuses on corruption in Kenya and the roles that the media play in curbing the problem. According to the Transparency International corruption Index 20 II, Kenya lies towards the bottom as one of the most corrupt countries, at position 154 out of 183 with a perception Index of2.2. Over the years, billions of shillings have been lost through numerous corruption deals, hence deepening the levels of poverty in the country. The problem of corruption in Kenya has existed since independence and seems to only have increased with every new government. Due to the magnitude of the problem, it has become necessary to use all means possible to curb the menace. This study examined the roles that media play in the fight against corruption. Through the agenda setting function, the media have the potential to create awareness by keeping the corruption stories high on the public agenda. At the same time, the media through various gatekeepers, the reporters, the editors and the managers decide what information gets to the masses. The amount and type of information published in the dailies is influenced by various factors such as governance, media regulation and ownership. Both quantitative and qualitative data were used to investigate the roles that media play, the effect of reporting corruption stories and some of the challenges the media experience in performing these roles. Among the findings of the study were that the war against corruption cannot be won without the involvement of media. That the media playa crucial role in creating awareness as well as in putting the government in check and pressuring it to prosecute cases that were reported. It was also found out that a lot of gatekeeping was done from the various levels of management, the editorial team and that many corruption stories went unreported. The media were experiencing numerous challenges such as political influence and the influence of the owners of the media firms. There was need to enhance the freedom of the press (to protect journalists) both through the law and the in-house regulation, thus to ensure more effective and objective reporting of corruption stories and other stories of human interest.

Factors influencing girl-child academic performance in selected secondary schools in Kinango district Kwale county, Kenya

Author: Ikua, Aurelia Njeri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kinango District/Gender/Secondary school students/Enrollments/Girls/Academic achievement/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This research project was conceived as a result of observing disparity between the girls' education performance as compared to boys and the fact that there is gender discrimination in our society where the girl child is segregated against the boy child. It therefore sought to study 'factors influencing girl-child academic performance in secondary schools in Kinango District Kwale, County.' The data for the study was sourced from the DEOs office Kinango which clearly indicated that there is both low enrollment and poor performance for girls against the boys since 2007-2010. The disparity in performance was found to be 1 point with the girls lagging behind and the gap increasing each year. The historical background of the study adopting conceptual and theoretical framework, the problem statement, objectives of the study, research questions and hypothesis of the study and the purpose of the study were first carried out. The literature showed gender inequality in education has widely been acknowledged with the girl child lagging behind in academic performance as a result of many factors among them cultural factors, irresponsible sexual behaviour and harassments, lack of role models, overburdening them with household chores and the distance that they make to school. These were found to be embedded by the fact that our society is male dominated and roles are allocated on the basis of gender. The study sought to establish if academic performance is influenced by cultural beliefs discriminating the girl child, domestic chores assigned to the girl child, role models, sexual behavior of the girl and sexual harassments and school quality and location . A descriptive survey of quantitive and qualitative data was the most appropriate in collecting in-depth information using questionnaires and interview instruments. Prerequisite information to note the problem was gotten from the DEO's office. This included an analysis of KCSE results from schools that participated in the last five years, their enrollments data in terms of gender in order to get the population. Permission to collect data was sought from the principals of the schools by way of letter of transmittal. Questionnaires were then dropped in the sampled schools after prior arrangements with the principal. They were then filled by the students and the principals of the schools and collected at a later date. The DEO as Education Policies implementer was interviewed through visitation after prior arrangements were made to meet him and information was collected using notes taking technique. It was then coded and analyzed using SPSS and percentages got to determine how the factors that were studied affect performance of the girl child. The hypothesis of the study was also tested using chi square inference analysis technique. The findings were that the girl child's academic performance in Kinango is influenced by culture, domestic chores, role models, sexual harassments and distance. The conclusion was that poor academic performance was a matter of concern and needed to be looked into by all stakeholders. The study therefore recommended that community should be educated on the importance of the girl child, the government to put all the girls in a boarding school at subsidized fee to reduce the distance they make to and fro; lessen their involvement in domestic chores and reduce cases of sexual harassments on the way, separate girls' and boys' schools, post more female teachers and promote them into leadership positions and strengthen the guidance and counseling in schools. It also gave suggestions for further research on the factors determining the girl child secondary school enrollment in the region, a study into gender disparity of the teachers in the area, social economic factors influencing boys and girls performance in the region and finally a replication of the study in another district in the region. '

Institutional factors influencing head teachers' instructional supervision practices in secondary schools in Mandera East district, Kenya

Author: Issa, Yarrow Abdille

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary schools/Mandera East District/Educators/School administration/Supervision/Teaching ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the institutional factors influencing head teachers' instructional supervision practices in secondary schools in Mandera East District. The objectives were (1) To establish the extent to which work load affects the instructional supervision of the head teachers in Mandera East District; (2) To investigate the extent to which the work environment affects the instructional supervision of the head teachers in Mandera East District; (3) To examine the extent to which the adequacy of teaching staff affects the instructional supervision of the head teachers in ManderaEast District; (4) To find out the extent to which effective communication affects the head teacher's instructional supervision in Mandera East District; (5) To determine the extent to which support from the quality assurance officers affects the instructional supervision of the head teachers in Mandera East District. A sample size of sixty respondents consisting of ten head teachers was drawn from the target population of 177. The findings indicate that workload of the head teachers affected their position to a great extent with a Likert mean scale rating of 4.3443. The ability of the head teacher to integrate with other subsystems with a mean Likert scale rating of 4.066. On the work environment, the study established that 50% of the schools were well equipped. On the adequacy of the teaching staff, the study established that the schools were well staffed with teacher - student ratio of 1 :4. It was also found that there was mutual communication between head teachers and teachers with only 10% as having problems with communication systems. Further, the study also found that QASO never visited schools with 80%. of the teachers indicating that they never saw QASO officers in the schools. The study adopted a descriptive survey design approach whereby the process entailed data collection to answer questions concerning the current status in schools with the aim of determining the institutional factors affecting the instructional supervision of the head teachers in Mandera East District. The study recommends that (a) the DEOs need to address the issues of understaffing of the physics subject since it is one of the key subjects is that used to determine their qualification for colleges after the secondary school education and it is important for industrialization towards vision 2030; (b) the stake holders in the school enhance the environments in the school to further act as the head teachers motivator in promoting performance of the schools; (c) since the communication systems within the schools are used to convey information in a manner that promotes cohesion and interaction, the head teacher should strive to establish proper communication strategies and encourages communication channels that promote conducive environment and constructive criticism, (d) finally the Ministry of Education should formulate a frame work that would ensure that the QASOs frequently visit schools so as to ensure that the policies and regulations are implemented as expected. Through these visits they will be in a position to assist the head teachers in dealing with matters arising in schools on time.

A case-control study of environmental and behavioural risk factors associated with multiple parasitic infections in Western Kenya

Author: Juma, Elijah Omondi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Parasites/Zoonoses/Epidemiology/Western Province/Busia, Kenya/Lake Victoria, Kenya/Health risk assessment/ ;

Abstract:

Many rural African villages are characterized by high prevalence of endemic parasitic diseases with cases of multiple parasite infections often too being common. This study was conducted in the Western Province of Kenya within a 45 km radius from Busia town, falling within the Lake Victoria Crescent Zone. The study aimed at determining whether there was a relationship between contact with particular environmental features, or specific human social behaviour and the risk of infection with multiple parasitic diseases. The sample frame for this nested case-control study comprised the 467 individuals randomly selected and sampled from this study site as part of a larger, on-going, cross-sectional study. The participants had been screened for a variety of zoonotic and non-zoonotic diseases and questionnaires administered to obtain information on specific aspects of their social behaviour. From the sample frame, 24 subjects with multiple parasitic infections defined as cases, were randomly selected and matched for age and sex with 24 other individuals who had one or no infection, herein defined as controls. Cases and controls were followed to their daily activity points using a GPS waypoint data of the activity points mapped. The study revealed high prevalence of parasitic infections. The infections co-occurred spatially within the same geographic setting with cases of sampled individuals bearing multiple infections at anyone time being common. Cases and controls displayed a relatively homogeneous social behaviour and visited nearly the same activity points. Conditional logistic regression analysis did not reveal any significant difference between cases and controls with respect to any difference in their social behaviour and . interaction with potentially risky environments and thus perceived odds of acquiring parasitic infections. These findings are an initial step to further research into the dynamics of human-environment-parasite interaction in an environment where parasitic infections are co-endemic. The findings will also be vital in helping design long-term strategies for control.

E-waste management framework for Kenyan universities

Author: Itere, Benson Maina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Electronics/Waste disposal/Hazardous substances/Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

Electricals and electronic industry is one of the fastest growing industries which is largely due to technological advancement. This has resulted to computers and other related equipment becoming obsolete with a very short period of just few years. According to Rachna (2008) the rise of information society, increased affordability of new product and technological achievements which make it easy to purchase a new electronic equipment rather than repairing or upgrading old products, have all led to increase in the amount of e-waste materials produced. The biggest concern with e-waste materials is the presence of toxic materials such as lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic, PVC containing plastics, printer cartridge inks and toners that pose significant health and environmental risks when end-of-life equipment are disposed of. Most of the Universities in the country do not have an e-waste management guideline despite being among the highest consumers of electrical and electronic equipment. In carrying out the study, the researcher studied both public and private Universities that are within the Nairobi environs. For every University, two categories of questionnaires were administered; one to the head ofICT and the other for the general staff. The study established that, the amount of e-waste generated by Kenya Universities is increasing at a rate of more than 100% per annum due to the continued increase in the use of computers and other related equipment. However, about 40% of the e-waste generated remains in stores for years before disposal due to lack of proper e-waste management systems. It was also revealed that, sale of e-waste material as second hand to individuals and other organizations was the most preferred disposal pathway followed by donation to other needy organizations. Conclusively, we recommended that, both the Universities and electronic and electrical equipment suppliers to create more awareness and disseminate information on the dangers associated with improper handling of e-waste materials and on the available disposal options. Another recommendation we made was on the Universities to establish more collaborations, alliances and partnerships with other stakeholders to facilitate and allow knowledge and ideas to be shared in order to ensure that, the more appropriate decisions are being made when managing e-waste materials.

Factors that influnce the dropout of boys in public primary schools in Kenya, case of Kakamega Central district

Author: Inganga, Irene

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kakamega Central District/School dropouts/Boys/Primary school students/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

School dropout is a serious issue resulting from various causes. There is overwhelming statistics that higher number of boys is dropping out of school as compared to the girls. The underlying causes of dropout remains obscured and that is why this study sought to investigate the factors that influence dropout of boys in public primary schools. The general objective for this study is to investigate factors that influence boys' dropout in Kakamega Central District. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; to assess the extent to which school related factors, family economical background and environmental factors influences dropout rate of boys in public primary schools. The study employed descriptive survey design. The boys who dropped but came back to school were established through the school records such as class registers and the admission book. The current record from EMIS indicated that 2540 boys had dropped out but came back to school. From this population 104 boys were selected both from schools and out of school to participate in the study. Schools were selected proportionally by simple random sampling. Simple Random Sampling was also used on the 88 sampled schools to select the head teachers in Kakamega Central District. The head teachers, pupils and parents were the respondents for this study. Purposive sampling used to select school dropouts who not presently in school to be respondents. Purposive sampling is one that is selected in a deliberative and non random fashion to achieve a certain goal. The main instruments for data collection were questionnaires, interview schedules and school records. Data collected was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively through descriptive statistics. Validity of the instruments was checked by consultation from my supervisor from the School of Continuing and Distance Education. Reliability will be measured by test-retest technique. Operational definition of variables was used to guide in data analysis. The family background that had an immense influence on boys drop out were parents socio-economic status which include; family income, occupation, literacy level, family size and poverty. The study established that school related factors that causing dropout of boys were poor academic performance, teachers attitude, too much work in school and failure to pay school extra levies. Repeating of classes also discouraged pupils and had to drop out of school. Activities within the surrounding of the school and home were found to attract boys into cheap labor jobs. Most of the findings indicated that they chose to be out of school to create income in order to subsidize their parents' low income. The study recommends that the school head teachers should avoid forcing children to repeat classes unless they so wish. Repeated examinations should not be used as a means to sieve those who do not perform well instead they should be counseled to improve their performance. In this study the government was called upon to give a guideline on the extra levies charged in schools in order to curb the dropout of boys from schools. The community should be sensitized through the ministry of education on the importance of education. The study also recommends that the government to come with a law on age that should be allowed to ride bicycles and motor cycles as a business mean. As a basis for further research, the study should be conducted in the in the whole country to have an overview of the nation and apply the present findings.

Determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya : case of Mandera West constituency

Author: Hassan, Ibrahim Bori

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mandera West Constituency/Constituency Development Fund/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Women's Enterprise Development Fund/Community development/Project management ;

Abstract:

The concept of community participation in development gained prominence in development discourse in the seventies and since then literature on the subject has grown dramatically. What was initially a radical critique of development has relatively quickly become a staple for development practice in the world. The incorporation of the locals in development projects has become a common phenomenon that almost every organization talks about. The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya, taking the case of Mandera West Constituency. In particular, the study examined the influence of community knowledge, leadership qualities, level of education and location of the Funds coordinating offices on community participation in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. The study adopted descriptive research design, on a target population of members of the Mandera West Constituency Development Fund (CDF), the Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) and the Women's Enterprise Development Fund (WEDF) committees, as well as ordinary community members. This consisted of a sample size of 405 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires with both close-ended and openended questions to enhance uniformity and to ensure maximum data collection and generation of qualitative and quantitative data. Analysis was done using both descriptive statistics and content analysis. From the findings, 66.6 % of the respondents were aware of existence of YEDF sponsored projects in Mandera west constituency, 41.6% indicated WEDF sponsored projects while 75% stated CDF sponsored projects. On leadership qualities and participation, most of the respondents had either negative or neutral perception on projects leaders in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. On location of community funds offices, it was revealed that 70% of the residents know the location of community development offices while the rest do not know. In addition, 67% agreed that the location influences community participation in the Constituency. In addition, there was little dispersion on responses from the respondents as was indicated by low standard deviation values of as low as below 0.5. On the level of education of the constituents, majority of the respondents think it influences the level of community participation in the projects. The researcher concludes that leaders' intelligence, communication skills, ability to plan as well as good educational background are highly effective in stirring the residents in participation in government projects. The study recommends that community knowledge should be enhanced through seminars, barazas, workshops, songs, ceremonies and places of worship in the area in order to enhance more participation in government funded projects. Additionally, more trainings should be enhanced by the government to the leaders and managers of government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency to ensure creation of good leadership qualities. The researcher further recommends that education should be emphasized in Mandera West Constituency to enhance community participation in community projects. The government should facilitate easy accessibility of the Community Development Funds Offices for greater participation of the community in the government funded projects.

Factors influencing vulnerability of women in refugee camps : the case of Dadaab refugee camp; Garissa County, Kenya

Author: Jegede, John Oluwatosin

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya/Refugees/Women/Sex discrimination/Gender ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study is to explore the factors influencing vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camp. Women consist of over 60 percent of the total population of this world's largest refugee camp and are perceived as the most vulnerable and marginalized group within the camp. research has the potential of providing involved or ganizations and institutions, whose mission is to protect people from the harmful repercussions of refugee crisis, with pertinent information that will aid in reducing the magnitude of difficulty faced by refugee women and so reducing the unnecessary burden of life for these women. Furthermore, the study will also provide future researchers with a useful pool of resources. Although refugee women issues have been addressed in the developed world and in some of the developing countries, not many studies have been done within the Kenyan context. Many Non- Governmental Organizations led interventions have brought women issues to people's consciousness and some short term measures to alleviate women's problems have followed. However despite these interventions women continue to suffer. The objectives of the study is thus to determine the influence of culture, level of education/awareness, law enforcement mechanisms, availability of opportunities on the vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camps. This research also reviews the pertinent literature that underpins this study from the global, African and local perspectives and also offers a conceptual framework and indicates the knowledge gap that the study intends to fill. The mixed research approach was employed; it consists of both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The study adopted a Cross-Sectional design which allows the researcher carry out the study in natural, real life settings and to ask a random sample of individuals to respond to a set of questions about their backgrounds, past experiences, and attitudes. Oral interviews were also employed. Study findings revealed that culture, level of education/awareness, law enforcement mechanisms and opportunities influences the vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camp. The study recommends that the needs of refugee women must be incorporated into all stages of refugee life, including in the granting and documenting of refugee status, and in the organization of refugee camps. The governments of states that accept refugees must modify their refugee protection system to account for persecution based on sex and gender, and must make the documentation process available to women. In the refugee camps, international relief agencies and large donor-coordination organizations, specifically UNHCR, must require that the Guidelines are followed and that women's rights are protected.

Influence of Information and Communication Technology on performance of Aviation industry-a case of Kenya Airways Ltd

Author: Irungu, Irene Waruguru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kenya Airways/Airline industry/Business conditions/Financial performance/Information technology/Communications networks ;

Abstract:

The aim of this study is to ascertain the influence of information and communication technology on the performance of the aviation industry in Kenya with the case of Kenya Airways -Kenya office. Specifically the study seeks; to study the influence of communication networks on the performance of an airline, to establish the influence of mobile phone technology on the performance of an airline, to investigate the influence of handheld devices and iPads on the performance of an airline and to study the influence of Internet applications on the performance of an airline. The study will adopt a descriptive survey design. The population will comprise all Kenya Airways staff in Nairobi office. A sample of 244 employees will be randomly selected for the study. Purposive sampling will be used to select Nairobi office as the study site. The study will rely on data collected through a questionnaire structured to meet the objectives of the study. The questions will be both open ended and closed ended. The process of data analysis will involve data clean up and explanation. Responses in the questionnaires will be tabulated, coded and processed by use of a computer Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 17.0 programme to analyze the data. The responses from the open-ended questions will be listed to obtain proportions appropriately. The study is significant as it would provide the management of the airline, in this case Kenya Airways, information that they can leverage on to improve on the performance of the airline. It will also add to the knowledge required to assist policy makers and regulatory bodies make decisions that would change the way operations are carried out. The study findings showed that information and communication technology which includes communication networks, mobile phone technology, handheld devices such as iPads and Internet and computer applications influence the performance of the aviation to a large extent by assisting to improve on faster passenger handling and increased revenue generated from improved access to information. The recommendations show that the company should align itself to using lCT at a strategic level and to these strategies are cascaded to all levels of the hierarchy.

Challenges facing quality assurance and standards officers in supervising implementation of secondary school curriculum in Tigania Central Division

Author: Imathiu, Jacob Kilemi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Tigania Central Division/Secondary education/Curricula/Supervision/Quality of education ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE