7756 Records out of 22207 Records

Eastern African studies.

Author: Baker, S J K

Awarding University: University of Liverpool, England

Level : MA

Year: 1931

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Geography ; Eastern Africa ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Style, characterisation and themes in Stephen Mugambi's trilogy : Wait for me, Angela, Walk with me, Angela and Stay with me, Angela

Author: Oduor, Vincent Odhiambo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 201

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mugambi, Stephen ; Wait for me, Angela (Title) ; Walk with me, Angela (Title) ; Stay with me, Angela (Title) ; English literature ; Literary criticism ;

Abstract:

The study examines how style has been used by Mugambi to raise concerns of the youth such as the values that appeal to them in connection to the use of modern technology and modern lifestyle. Mugambi deviates from what is termed as 'Serious Literature' and comes up with a style of his own in developing the themes of love, friendship and HIV/AIDS. He deviates from 'official' boundary of serious works like Chinua Achebe's, Arrow of God, Things Fall Apart and Ngugi wa Thiong'o's, The River Between, and comes up with fiction that depicts the youth of the 21 st Century and the challenges that the youth face. This is shown in language and register that he employs. Stephen Mugambi is known for having won the second award at the inaugural Wahome Mutahi Literary Prize, with his first book Wait for Me, Angela. Therefore no major critical study of his work has been done. My research is based on the hypotheses that Mugambi's writing is influenced by cultural clash between the West and the African traditions, and that as a contemporary writer, he strives to portray the concerns of the youth through his works. The study examines the authenticity of his artistic vision and the stylistic devices he uses to accomplish the task. To achieve these objectives, the study employs sociological and stylistic theories as methods of analysis. The study comes to a conclusion that literature is dynamic and so its creators. It observes that Mugambi uses dialogue, description and diction as literary techniques to enhance thematic concerns. One of the major findings is that literature can be used as an effective tool of addressing social issues like HIVIAIDS.

Government revenues and expenditures in Kenya with emphasis on trends and composition.

Author: Nyamongo, Charles Ben

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 198

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Fiscal policy ; Economics ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Antifungal activity extracts from selected Kenyan medicinal plants

Author: Kariba, Rhoda M

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 0

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Herbs/Medicinal plants/ ;

Abstract:

The use of medicinal herbs in the treatment of diseases is an age-old practice. In Kenya several plant species are used by many ethnic groups for treatment of various diseases raging from minor infections to asthma, dysentery, skin diseases and a horde of others. To establish the claimed therapeutic efficacy of some commonly used medicinal plants, in vitro antifungal activity tests of extracts from 28 Kenyan medicinal plant species was carried out. The activity of the extracts was studied on three human pathogens, Trichophyton mentagrophytes Robin, Microsporum gypseum Bodin and Candida albicans (Robin) Berkh. and one plant pathogenic fungus Cladosporium cucumerinum Ellis and Arth .. The disc assay method was used for the evaluation of fungitoxicity. Bioactivity guided fractionation was done for extracts that showed measurable activity. Extracts from 17 plant species were variably active against Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum gypseum, Candida albicans and Cladosporium cucumerinum. The plant species included, Acacia nilotica (L.) Del, Acacia senegal (L.) Willd, Adenia volkensii Harms, Ajuga remota Benth., Aporrhiza paniculata Radlk., Aspilia pluriseta Schwieinf. Ex. Engl., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) Irwin and Bameby, Commiphora africana. (A. Rich.) Engl., Hymenodictyon parvi/oliwn Oliv., Plectranthus barbatus Andr., Piectranthus cylindraceus Benth., Premna resinosa (Hochst Schauer, Schiozygia coffaeoides Baill, Solanum arundo Mattei, Solanum nigrum L. and Tagetes mmuta L. Bioactivity guided fractionation led to the isolation of a potent antifungal compound from Schizozygia coffaeoides Baill. From spectroscopic and chemical analysis, the compound was determined as an indole alkaloid with a molecular formula C21H22N204 .The compound was fungistatic in action and affected the filamentous and yeast fungi by causing swelling and gloss morphological distortions. From the results of this study, it is evident that some Kenyan medicinal plants have properties which could be exploited for the management of pathogenic fungi in humans and plants.

The economics of prepaid health services : a case study of Meru Central Farmers Co-operative Union

Author: Kirigia, Joses Muthuri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level :

Year: 0

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ; National Council for Science and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Health care expenditures/Health economics/Meru Central Farmers Co-operative Union/ ;

Abstract:

Good health is a prerequisite to economic development of any nation. This is because it increases availability of labour and productivity, saves recurrent resources and accelerates exploitation of natural resources. Though this is true, health services are inaccessible to most people in rural Kenya. The main reason being that the tax revenue is not adequate to finance health services for everyone. The main aim of this study was to explore the possibility of using agriculcural cooperative unions as an alternative health financing strategy. This was done by conducting an empirical study of households' willingness to join a cooperative Health . programme (CHP) in rural area in Kenya . There are three main findings of this study: (1) At higher levels of premium that cooperacive members would 'have to pay to join CHP,income remains the sole determinant of whether a cooperative member would enrol in CHP. (2) As the premium increases,the number of cooperators willing to enrol into CHP decreases. (3) Although CHP is cost-effective from the cooperative members perspective, it is not economically viable at premiums that the majority of cooperatives members can afford to pay.

Mechanisms of sorghum resistance to the spotted stalkborer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) Lepidoptera Pyralidae.

Author: Masina, Greenman Themba

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 0

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ; International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology Library ;

Subject Terms: Sorghum ; Spotted stalk borer USE Chilo partellus ; Butterflies and moths ;

Abstract:

Stalkborers are some of the most important pests of cereal crops in the tropics and in particular the semi-arid areas. Chilo partellus, the spotted stalkborer, is one of the most notorious pests of sorghum in that it occurs in almost all the areas where sorghum is grown in the semi-arid regions of Asia and Africa. Lately it has been found that this pest is gradually increasing its range and importance. Of the various sorghum pest control methods available in the semi-arid regions none holds better 'prospects than the use of resistant varieties. In this study several experiments were conducted to elucidate the mechanisms of resistance of different sorghum cultivars and also to propose the methodology for mechanisms of resistance studies. Accordingly five criteria were used - for explaining these mechanisms. These criteria were : (a) Preference or Non-preference for oviposition of the moth on different sorghum cultivars, (b) Larval establishment of Chilo partellus larvae first instarL on different sorghum cultivars, (c) Relative leaf damage and stem tunnelling in different sorghum cultivars by C. partellus larvae, (d) Biophysical and prelimary biochemical studies that elucidate the differences in cultivar susceptibility to C. partellus, and (e) studies on different cultivar tolerances to C. partellus damage. The oviposition preference studies revealed that sorghum cultivars differed in their suitability as a C. partellus oviposition substrate. Cultivar IS 2205 was the least preferred while IS 18363 was the most preferred. Experiments to identify the factors responsible were inconclusive. Evidence pointed to both biochemical and biophysical factors. First instar larval establishment studies were also inconclusive even though it was demonstrated that larval establishment was different among the cultivars used. The only definite evidence for poor establishment in some cultivars was biophysical.Different cultivars were significantly different in their susceptibility to leaf damage. The tendency to form deadhearts was also significantly different . But reasons for these differences were not apparent. Cultivars were not significantly different in their susceptibility to tunnelling even though they had different amounts of fibre, lignin and sucrose. The single most important factor for the different cultivar susceptibilities was in their different tolerances to C. partellus attack. Tillering, in particular, was demonstrated to play an important role in compensation for damage. The ability to flower and to produce seed inspite of having a high infestation were also very significant. Susceptible cultivars dried up before they had flowered. Others still, flowered but could not form seed. Using tolerance as a criterion for resistance showed IS 18520 to be the most resistant. Formation of multiple heads was also shown to be an important factor. Different cultivars had varying effects on the development of C. partellus (antibiosis). However , the antibiotic effect was either insignificant or only just significant statistically.