3428 Records out of 22207 Records

Play and learning materials on the social developement aged 3-4 years accompanying their jailed mothers in Langata Women Prison, Nairobi County

Author: Isika, Jerusa Kasyoka

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Langata Maximum Women's Prison, Nairobi, Kenya/Sociology/Play/Child psychology/Prisons ;

Abstract:

This study aimed at investigating the influence of play and learning materials and their influence on the social development of children aged 3- 4 years living with their jailed mothers in Langata Women Prison in Nairobi Province, Kenya The research study looked at play and learning equipment and materials and their influence played on the process of social development of children. The study also looked at the interaction between children and their agents of socialization in prison. The researcher highlighted the influence of play and learning materials in the process of social development of children. The researcher used quasi-experimental design to collect information on the play and learning materials available, and make judgements regarding the degree to which accessibility and use of play and learning materials influenced the process of social development of children living with their jailed mothers in prison. Data on interactions was also collected. Independent and dependent variables were described respectively. The research targeted jailed mothers. female inmates with no children accompanying them, prison officers, ECD teachers and children aged 3-4 years living with their jailed mothers in prison community. Non-probability sampling technique was used to select the study area as well as the respondents involved in the study. Both simple random sampling and stratified random sampling were used to select the imprisoned mothers, their children aged 3-4 years living with them in prison, prison officers, female prisoners with no children accompanying them, while ECD teachers were selected purposively. Three instruments were used to collect data which included an interview schedule for jailed mothers and female prisoners, two questionnaires, one for the prison officers and the other for the ECD teachers. Observation checklist was also used to check what was actually on the ground, that is, availability, adequacy and use of play and learning equipment and materials by children, and social skills exhibited during interaction. The research instrwnents were piloted on a small representative sample identical to, but not included in the group that was involved in the actual study. After the instruments were found valid, logical and reliable, then the actual data collection took place. Data collected were analyzed by use of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that some play and learning materials such as swings, sand pit, climbing and sliding ladders which are important for social development of children were not available in prison. Play and learning materials which were available were not adequate such as bean bags, balls, ropes, flash cards and counters. Children of jailed mothers did not frequently use the said materials as did other children living outside the prison. Interaction between caregivers and children was not positive due to lack of affection and warmth on the side of the caregivers. Poor interaction, lack of play and learning materials, and their inadequacy, and lack of opportunity to frequently use the materials may affect social development of children. The researcher, therefore, recommends provision of adequate and a variety of play and learning materials to children. Children should be given the opportunity to frequently use the said materials and positive interaction between children and their caregivers should be encouraged Areas for further research are also suggested. It is hoped that the findings of this study will enable the stakeholders, Government officers, policy makers, prison administrators, ECD teachers and jailed mothers become involved in providing opportunities for children to use play and learning materials while in prison.

Prevalence and co-infection of cassava with cassava mosaic geminiviruses and cassava brown streak virus in popular cultivars in Western Kenya

Author: Irungu, John

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ; Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Headquarters Library ;

Subject Terms: Disease/Manihot esculenta/B. tabaci/Cassava mosaic virus/Cassava brown streak virus/Infections/Western Kenya ;

Abstract:

Cassava mosaic gemtntviruses (CMGs) and Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) cause diseases of major economic significance to cassava in Kenya. The Western region of Kenya ,contributes about 60% of cassava production in the country. Currently CBSD distribution is ,being newly reported in the Western region where over 90% CMD incidences have been observed. Transmission studies have confirmed that B. tabaci transmits both CMGs and 'CBSV. The co-occurrence of the vector, CMGs and the newly reported CBSV undoubtedly raises the alarming possibility of a 'dual pandemic'. This study was designed to investigate the dual virus spread, the possible interactions of CMGs and CBSV on the host plant and their effect on the development of symptoms on the popular cassava varieties. To evaluate the status of the two viruses on the local popular varieties in terms of incidence, prevalence and severity, a survey was conducted in Kakamega, Teso, Bungoma, Siaya and Busia districts in Western Kenya and 273 samples collected from 67 farmer's fields. The CMGs and CBSV were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR) respectively. The CMD incidence among the varieties was highest in Embwanatereka 89%, Serere 87%, Adhiambolera 86%, and lowest in Kibandameno 83% while CBSD incidence was highest in Serere 73%, Adhiambolera 69%, and Kibandameno 56% and lowest in Embwanatereka 51 %. To assess the possible interactions of the two viruses, 10 Nicotiana benthamiana plants were sap inoculated with CMGs and CBSV singly and in combination in two trials. A highly significant difference (P<0.05) was observed in the interaction of the virus and time. At 30 days post inoculation, dual infection of CMD+CBSD showed the highest severity score (4.7) followed by CBSV (4.1) and CMD (3), suggesting synergistic interaction of the two viruses when occurring together. To determine effect of dual infection of CBSV and CMGs species in 4 local popular cultivars, 10 replicates from each cassava landrace were graft-inoculated with diseased scions and foliar symptoms examined using a scale of 1-5. No significant difference (P>0.05) on mean severity was observed when each virus occurred alone in the cassava landraces. However, in combination of CMD and CBSD, significant difference (P<0.05) were observed on mean severity among the cassava landraces. The study provides the first report of the presence and foliar effect of dual infection of CMD and CBSD in popular cassava landraces and possible interaction of CMD and CBSD. The study further gives evidence of possible synergistic interaction between CMD and CBSD. The high level of the virus disease incidences observed indicates an urgent need to deploy control strategies in Western Kenya.

Evaluation of biological activity of alkaloids and flavanoids in zanthoxylum gilletii (de Wild Waterman) extracts from different geographical regions in Kenya

Author: Gaya, Cyprian Humphrey

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Zanthoxylum gilletii ; Chemicals ; Microorganisms ; Bacteria ;

Abstract:

Plants appear to be almost an exclusive source of medicine to the worlds' gradually increasing population with substances derived from them constituting a big percentage of all prescribed conventional medicines and other products. This puts pressure on the demand for medicinal plants, most of which are sourced from the wild. Zanthoxylum gil/etii is an African indigenous deciduous tree which is overexploited for its medicinal use among many communities. This species has its habitat encroached and information on its alkaloids and flavanoids lacking . The objectives of this study were to determine antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of plant extracts and then identify alkaloids and flavanoids in the Kenyan Z. gilletii root, bark and leaf samples from different geographical regions. Antimicrobial activity tests were carried out using TLC bioautographic assays and ninety six well microtitre assays. Pathogens used during the tests were Saccharomyces cereveciae and Cladosporium herbarum 'as fungal pathogens; Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas syringae as the bacterial pathogens. Efficacy was confirmed by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and comparing against clinically used drugs, nystatin and chloramphenical as positive controls in antifungal and antibacterial assays respectively. Antioxidant activity was tested using the nitric oxide scavenging assay. Alkaloids and flavanoids were identified using HPLC and LCMS analysis methods. Plant extracts showed antimicrobial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria while tests for antioxidant activity of the plant extracts were negative. Analysis of variance (ANOV A) revealed no significant difference between extracts from different plant parts and regions (P =0.05). Extracts contained a wide range of alkaloids and two flavanoids diosmin and hesperidin with compound profiles varying among plant 'parts and from the, different geographical regions. Good antimicrobial activity was observed in the root extracts while the root extracts did not show any antimicrobial activity. Study revealed that the compound profiles relate with antimicrobial activity and that z. gilletii IS a poor antioxidant.

Biochemical profiles in children with HIV at Gertrudes's Children's Hospital comprehensive care centre, Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Gatuthu, Peninah N.

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Viruses ; AIDS (Disease) ; Gertrude Garden's Children's Hospital ; HIV infection ; Children and youth ; Research ;

Abstract:

Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection and antiretroviral therapy are associated with complex metabolic alterations. In patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the risk of significant metabolic derangements increases with duration of treatment. Individual drugs or classes of antiretroviral drugs are associated with specific toxicities. Because suppression of viral replication requires long term or even lifelong use of HAAR T, HIV infected children will have the longest exposure with the attendant risk of experiencing adverse side effects. Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors including didanosine and lamivudine are implicated in mitochondrial toxicity, leading to lactic acidosis. They may also cause elevation of liver enzymes, hyperglycemia and lipodystrophy. Non- Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors including nevirapine and efavirenz have also been found to cause acute hepatitis. Protease Inhibitors may cause elevation of the liver function tests, abnormal lipids and hyperglycemia. There is very little local data on metabolic derangements in treated Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected children. This study has described some biochemical profiles in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected children who are either treatment naive or on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). Non fasting plasma specimens were taken. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism (alkaline phosphates, calcium, phosphorous); hepatocyte damage (Aspartate aminotransaminases, Alanine aminotransaminases); mitochondrial toxicity (lactic acid) and carbohydrate intolerance (glucose) were measured. Approval for the study was obtained from Gertrude Children's Hospital Ethics and Research Committee. An auto analyzer using commercial reagents was used. Of the 133 children studied 81 (60.9%) were on HAART while 52 (39.1 %) were not on treatment. Age ranged from 2 months to l Syears (median 6years). The male to female ratio was 1.5:1. Their CD4 counts ranged from 3 to 2070 cells/mm3 while the viral load ranged from <40 to 4,194,860 copies/ml (median 1,231,772). ARV treatment duration ranged from 0 to 121months (median I 2). Most children had biochemical parameters within the reference ranges. Transaminases elevation was the most common biochemical derangement being found in 15% and 7.4% of treatment naive and HAART patients respectively. All patients had normocalcaemia, mean values 2. 17mmol/l and 2.22mmol/1 in HAART treatment and naive patient's respectively. Mild lactic elevation was found in treatment narve (n=5) and patients on treatment (n=5). All the affected children were between the ages of 1-5years. No correlation was found between the biochemical profiles and the CD4 counts or viral load. Guidelines for initiating ARV therapy recommend estimation of transaminases. This study has found that plasma glucose, lactate, calcium, phosphorous, ALP, ALT and AST in young children with HIV were not elevated due to treatment with HAART. The initiation of HAART in the children was associated with increased T- cell count. There was a reduction in viral load and increased CD4+ cell count in patients on HAAR T treatment. HIV and HAART are not associated with changes in serum biochemical parameters in children. A longitudinal study may unmask such derangements and is recommended with increased use of ART.

HIV and AIDS knowledge, attitude, practice and it's effects on performance of Ministry of Livestock Development staff in Nairobi Kenya

Author: Gitahi, Florence Wanjiru

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MPH

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Ministry of Livestock Development (Kenya) ; AIDS (Disease) ; HIV infection ; Employees ; Productivity ;

Abstract:

The HIV and AIDS pandemic is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity in the 21 st century. Cure continues to elude researchers and infection leads to death. Since the first case ofHIV infection was diagnosed, it is estimated that 33.0 million people today are living with the virus globally. Over twenty five (25) million have already died worldwide and more than 2.5 million people became infected with the virus in 2007. Current estimates indicate that 73 thousand Kenyans died due to AIDS related illnesses in 2007 alone. Most of the studies conducted on HIV and AIDS indicate a strong correlation between HIV I AIDS and labour productivity. . Organizations with high HIV and AIDS prevalence tend to have reduced labour productivity while those infected lack motivation to work since most of them live in fear of death while many others remain absent from work for days hence reducing their output. HIV and AIDS is a major hindrance to socio-economic development. Livestock production is a major contributor to Kenya's economy. It currently contributes 42% of agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Since an assessment on the knowledge, attitude, practice and effect of HIV and AIDS in the Ministry of livestock Development Staff has not been carried out, the current study aimed to establish the level of knowledge, attitude and practice and effects of HIV and AIDS on the Ministry of Livestock Development staff. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample population comprising of 106 male and ?156 female therefore N=262. Stratified random sampling was used to select respondents for the interview and participation in the proposed study. Data was collected using structured interview schedule and key informant interviews. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science, (SPSS) version 11.5. Descriptive statistics was used to describe, organize and summarize collected data. Correlation analysis was used to assess the strength of relationship between variables while chi-square test was used to test the strength and significance of association between variables. The study finding revealed several significant factors to be associated with knowledge, attitude and practice and effects on the Ministry of Livestock Development Staff on HIV and AIDS. These included frequency of movement outside the office and the frequency of attending funeral and burial services in the last three months prior to this study (x2=19.l19, df=4, p=O.OOI). The findings highlighted absenteeism and death due to HIV and AIDS related illnesses as the major factors affecting staff performance. The Ministry of Livestock Development should therefore integrate HIV and AIDS sensitization workshops into divisional/departmental or district level work plans. This should be accompanied by follow-up activities like workshops and seminars to build on the skills and information imparted. This would reduce the impact of HIV and AIDS on Ministry of Livestock Development staff.

Continuing professional developement for secondary school teachers in Kenya : policies, trends and practices : a case of Kirinyaga District

Author: Gathara, Peter Mugo

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Kirinyaga District ; Professional development ; Secondary schools ; Educators ; Continuing education ;

Abstract:

The objective of this study was to explore and analyse the policies, trends and practices that influence secondary school teachers' participation in Continuing Professional Development (CPD). In the current educational era, the trial and error teaching, and take it or leave it professional development programmes are no longer acceptable. This has been necessitated by the diverse compositions of student populations, changing paradigms in teaching and learning, and changing expectations about the quality of education that are occurring at an unexpected rate. Teacher training is more than the mastery of certain practical knowledge, pedagogical skills, and techniques. Therefore, CPD plays an important role in teacher improvement geared towards classroom improvement. Chapter one has highlighted the plight of secondary schoolteachers and the need to be involved in CPD. Chapter two reviews works undertaken by various scholars on the problem and identifies the gaps in information, which the study sought to fill. The study reviewed the literature using the following themes: Conceptualization of teacher professional development, issues of teacher professional development in Africa, the impact of teacher professional development on pupil performance and indicators of quality CPD programmes together with the status of teacher CPD in Kenya. Chapter three discusses the methodology that the study adopted. The methodology involved a vertical case mixed study approach design that involves analysis of macro and micro aspects using quantitative and qualitative techniques in the' collection of data. The national policies on CPD in Kenya and the channels that were used were derived through desk review of documents. Twelve secondary schools in Kirinyaga district were sampled for the survey while six others were subjected to an in-depth case study. The data collected was analysed qualitatively, though quantitative data was used for clarification where it was found necessary. Chapter four dwelt with the data analysis. The data analysed indicated the importance of mentoring and involvement of other stakeholders in the provision of CPD as laid out by the education policies. A variety of providers have been identified in the provision of CPD programmes in the country. The MOE has been providing CPD courses that involved short duration while TSC has been recognizing certificates of teachers involved in accredited CPD courses. Teachers highlighted other areas that they would like to pursue. They involved video shooting, human resource management and banking. These were courses that were viewed by teachers to be more important in changing careers. Most of the programmes that teachers engage in were geared towards improvement of their academic status, with little concern in improving teaching at the classroom level. In the light of these findings, chapter five recommended provision of support at the school level so that teachers would participate in and complete CPD programmes. Since funding was a major problem that teachers faced, alternative financial sources need to be explored to support teacher CPD.

The performance of selected tree species in the rehabilitation of a limestone quarry at East African Portland Cement Company land Athi River, Kenya

Author: Gathuru, Gladys

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Athi River ; East African Portland Cement Company Limited ; Acacia xanthophloea ; Schinus molle ; Casuarina equisetifolia ; Trees ; Land reclamation ;

Abstract:

Quarrying for limestone is an economic necessity that is not only hazardous to human but also one that invariably has deleterious effect on the environment. Information on the performance of trees species is important as plants are key in the revegetation of exhausted quarries. A comparison of field performance of Acacia xanthophloea, Schinus molle, Casuarina equisetifolia and Grevillea robusta was made in an exhausted limestone quarry, backfilled with limestone mine waste, in a semi-arid area, in Athi River, Kenya, between 2005 and 2008. The aim of the study was to assess the performance of the above tree species and to determine if these tree species had an influence on the soil physical and chemical properties. The seedlings were produced in a nursery and transplanted in plots established in the exhausted quarry site using randomised complete block design. Growth performances were estimated by measuring; tree height, diameter at the stem base (BD) , and diameter at breast height (DBH) from March 2006 to March 2008. The soils physical and chemical parameters measured were: moisture content; organic matter; pH; total Nitrogen; total Phosphorus and exchangeable cations. The study revealed that the time-species interaction was significant (p<0.001), indicating continuous tree growth for all the species. The trees species performance was varied. C. equisetifolia recorded the highest growth increments for the; height (525.3 em), BD (7.42 em) and DBH (4.94 em) and the highest growth rates for; tree height (14.24 cm/month), BD (0.23 em/month) and DBH (0.l4 em/month), indicating superior performance. This was followed by A. xanthophloea and S. molle. Grevillea robusta showed poor performance and recorded the lowest growth increments for; height (231.7 em), BD (4.41 ern) and BDH (2.0 ern) and growth rate for; tree height (5.04 em/month), BD (0.084 em/month) and DBH (0.023 em/month). These results indicate that there is species-specific response that may be due to different water- and nutrient-use strategies and growth patterns. The soil had low soil moisture content which ranged from 0.67% to 2.3%; alkaline pH, ranging from 8.0 to 8.98; low soil nitrogen content ? 0.03%), related to the limited soil organic-matter content (ranging from 0.05% to 0.38%), and high to moderate exchangeable cations. All the tree species had a noticeable influence on soil chemical properties, by the end of the research period. The pH values and total Phosphorus were relatively lower in soils close to the tree row (0.5 m) and increased with distance from the trees, while the soil values for organic matter, total Nitrogen, and exchangeable cations were relatively higher close to the tree row and decreased with distance from the trees. From the study, C. equisetifolia has the best growth performance and also has a higher positive influence on the soil properties followed by A. xanthophloea. The two species are therefore recommended to be used in the rehabilitation of limestone quarries in similar semi-arid conditions.

Image de la femme et la fille africaines dans le roman ass?ze l'africaine de calixthe beyala

Author: Gikonyo, Florence

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Beyala ; Calixthe ; Asseze 1 'Africaine (Title) ; Literature ;

Abstract:

This study is based on one of the female writers of francophone Africa Calixthe Beyala. It investigates how she has portrayed the African woman and girl in one of her novels, Asseze 1 'Africaine. It studies her role as an African female novelist in the representation of the African woman and girl in literature. In addition, it examines the portrait of the central character Asseze, to identify whether she has been depicted as a traditional or modem African girl. This work was guided by the semiotic theory, theory of literary description psychoanalysis and feminist theories. Our methodology and data collection was done by library research, our basis being the novel Asseze 1 'Africaine. We collected data on the nine female African characters in the text and analyzed it according to their physical and moral portraits. We concluded that Beyala portrays the African woman and girl in a positive and negative light and that she conforms to as well as subverts the stereotyped images of women outlined by Mary Ellmann in the feminist theory. We noted that the portraits of the female characters presented more of individuality than commonality, such that it would be erroneous to make generalizations about the image of the African woman and girl. The transformations in the portraits of the characters showed that the image of the African woman and girl is not static but dynamic. The main character Asseze is depicted as an African girl torn between tradition and modernity. We also concluded that Beyala compares the condition of the African woman and girl to that of Africa to such an extent that she makes the former an allegory of the latter.

Diffrerences in cardiovascular disease, biochemical risk markers, physical activity and nutrition between an urban and pastoral sample in Kenya

Author: Gitahi, Theuri

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Cardiovascular disease ; Nutrition ; Physical fitness ; Urban areas ; Pastoralists ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in blood pressure, cardiovascular disease bio-chemical risk markers, physical activity and nutrition, between an Urban (US) and Pastoral (PS) sample, in the context of the global epidemiological transition taking place globally causing a shift in mortality and morbidity from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases. A total of 133 adults from both samples meeting the inclusion criteria, were randomly recruited from clusters in sub-locations, villages and homesteads from available demographic data available from Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) on Kirisia and Kibera divisions in Samburu and Nairobi, in Kenya. Data was collected using questionnaires, venipuncture, blood pressure measurement and anthropometric measurements. Resulting data was stratified and analyzed by locality, gender and age-category using SPSS V 11.5 and computed in terms of percentages and frequencies. Chi-square test was used to test for differences in proportions. Student t-test and ANOV A were used to compare means where applicable and in cases where there were more than two means being compared. The level of significance at 0.05 was used for the statistical tests. In case of significant F-ratio, post-hoc analysis was done using DMRT. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to identify predictors of cardiovascular disease, p-values <0.05 were considered significant. There was no difference in proportions between the two groups. Means for SBP, apoB, apoA, apoB/A ratio, Co-QlO, were significantly different at p<.019, p<.OOl, p<.OOl, p<.OOl and p<.OOl respectively, between these two samples. Means for lifestyle factors: MET mins/week (physical activity), Lymphocytes, BMI and MUAC (nutrition status markers) were significantly different at p<.OOl, p<.027, p<.OOl and p<.OOl respectively. Mean nutrient intake was significantly different at p<.030, p<.039, p<.OOl, p<.009, p<.025, p<.049 and p<.OOl, for protein, carbohydrates, dietary cholesterol, SAF A, MUF A, ORA and Folic acid between the two samples. Mean %B. Fat and WC were significantly different at p<.OOl and p<.OOl in the two samples respectively. MUAC in both samples could be used to predict Systolic BP. Lymphocytes count could be used to predict Co-QlO in the US while derived % B. Fat could be used to predict ApoB/ A ratio in the PS. The Urban sample had a higher CVD risk than the Pastoral sample therefore perhaps at a more advanced stage of the epidemiological transition.

Matatizo ya kisarufi miongoni mwa wanafunzi wa Kikipsigis wanaojifunza Kiswahili sanifu : mtazamo wa lugha kadirifu

Author: Chepkwony, Leonard Cheruiyot

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi LIbrary ;

Subject Terms: Primary education ; Swahili language ; Kipsigis language ; Bomet District ; Linguistics ;

Abstract:

Lengo kuu la kazi hii ni kuchunguza matatizo ya kisarufi miongoni mwa wanafunzi wa Kikipsigis wanaojifunza .Kiswahili Sanifu. utafiti huu ulifanywa kwa kutumia. misingi ya nadharia za Lugha Kadirifu na Uchanganuzi Makosa. Nadharia ya Lugha Kadirifu hurejelea maumbo ya muda mfupi ya kisarufi yanayoundwa na wanafunzi wa lugha ya pili wanapojaribu kujifimza lugba hiyo. Nadharia hii huchukulia kuwa, lugha ya mwanafunzi hupitia viwango kadhaa kabla ya kufikia kwenye ukamilifu wa ujuzi wa lugha ya pili. K wa kutumia misingi ya nadharia bizi, tumebaini ehanzo, aina na kiasi eha kutokea kwa makosa ya wanafunzi wa Kikipsigis wanaojifunza Kiswahili Sanifu na kupendekeza mikakati ya ufundishaji inayoweza kutumiwa iIi kupunguza au kuondoa makosa hayo. Katika utafiti huu, mbinu zifuatazo zilitumiwa kukusanyia data: Hojaji, mahojiano na utazamaji. Majaribio manne yalitumiwa. Jaribio la kwanza lilihusu kutafsiri sentensi za Kikipsigis kwa Kiswahili. Jaribio hili lilijaribu kuehunguza iwapo kuna athari za Kikipsigis katika matumizi ya Kiswahili. Jaribio la pili lilikuwa ni kujaza mapengo yaliyoachwa wazi katika sentensi. Jaribio hili lilifaa iii kudlubiti wanafunzi kwa kuwalazimisha watoe majibu kulingana na matakwa ya mtafiti. Jaribio la tatu lilihusu uandishi wa insha. Wanafunzi walihitajika kuandika insha ya ukurasa mmoja juu ya 'Kijiji ehetu.' Jaribio la mwisho lilihusu kusikiliza na kumngumza. Mwanafunzi alihitajika kusimulia kwa kifupi hadithi anayoipenda huku mtafiti akinasa kwa kanda. Utafiti huu unahusu ujifunzaji wa lugha ya pili na unapatikana katika taaluma ya Isimu Tumikizi. Tumejikita tu katika matatizo ya kimofolojia na kisintaksia. Sampuli zilitolewa kutoka wilaya ya Bomet. Jumla ya wanafunzi sitini walichunguzwa kutoka shule nne za msingi na Wanafunzi wa darasa la sita, saba na nane walihusika. Matokeo ya utafiti huu yanaonyesha kuwa makosa mengi ya kisarufi yanatokana na athari za lugha ya Kikipsigis. Makosa hayo pia yalihusu ujumlishaji mno wa baadhi ya maumbo ya sarufi ya Kiswahili.