94 Records out of 22207 Records

Substance abuse in Kenya : the effectiveness of heroin rehabilitation centre at the Coast province

Author: Shauri, Halimu Suleiman

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ; French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Drug abuse/Drug addiction/Counseling/Heroin/Substance abuse treatment/Coast Province/Sociology/Rehabilitation ;

Abstract:

Substance abuse has become a widespread social phenomenon in Kenya. In the Coast Province, heroin rehabilitation as a mitigating mechanism has emerged with the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) taking the lead than the mandated Government agency namely National Campaign Against Drug Abuse (NACADA) in the provision of such services. However, the provision of heroin rehabilitation services, for over a decade in the country, has been occurring without a comprehensive legislative framework. This notwithstanding, demand for heroin rehabilitation services are escalating. This study sought to examine the effectiveness of heroin rehabilitation centres in the recovery and social reintegration of users. The main objectives of this study were: first, to identify factors that have a significant influence on the frequency of heroin use. Second, was to determine the factors that have a significant bearing on the predisposition of heroin users to seek professional help. Third, was to establish factors that account for the effectiveness of heroin rehabilitation centres. The study was an evaluation design based on a sample size of 384 heroin users and 75 stakeholders and practitioners. Information on heroin users and their patterns of frequency of use and inclination to seek professional help was obtained using Interview Schedules and was analyzed quantitatively relying on the Chi-square and Logistic Regression analyses. Data from stakeholders and practitioners were obtained using Key Informants and Focus Group Discussions respectively. This information was analyzed qualitatively grouped by themes and presented descriptively citing participants' voices where appropriate. The key findings show that; first, informants' years of schooling, peer influence and affordability of heroin were the best predictors of the likelihood of high intensity of use. Second, informants' income, peer influence, success of detoxification, perception of charges and counsellor-client relationship were the best predictors of the likelihood of high readiness to seek help. Third, some indicators of sound management, favourable board support, successful treatment and counselling accounted for the effectiveness of the heroin rehabilitation centres. The challenges facing heroin rehabilitation centres from achieving their full potential were found to be lack of adequate financial resources, appropriate drugs for detoxification were considered illegal, a dearth of professional staff, limited land for expansion and high client relapse rate. This study makes a number of recommendations for policy and for research. First, a legal framework needs to be put in place to empower NACADA to register, regulate and supervise rehabilitation centres as a means of streamlining heroin rehabilitation operations and processes in the country. Second, while heroin and methadone treatment for heroin users is illegal in Kenya, the judiciary should provide exceptional clauses for their use for medical reasons where necessary. Third, policies to discourage substance abuse and to enhance willingness to seek professional help should be formulated and implemented. Fourth, heroin rehabilitation centres be regularly assisted with financial and material resources to facilitate expansion, recruitment and training of professional staff. Fifth, more research is needed to document other factors accounting for the effectiveness of heroin rehabilitation centres, especially those that have emerged from or not considered in this work. Sixth, change and continuity in the effectiveness of heroin rehabilitation centres needs to be studied to determine the pattern of evolution of such centres with a view of getting new insights for their improvement. Seventh, further research is recommended to provide accurate statistics of heroin users, explain their behaviours and practices as well as to cover other substances such as cocaine, hashish or morphine with a view to determining whether or not a link exists between the

Conflicting codes and contested justice : witchcraft and the state in Kenya

Author: Luongo, Katherine Angela

Awarding University: University of Michigan, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2006

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: History ; Witchcraft ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Les cit?s-etats Swahili de l'archipel de Lamu, 1585-1810 dynamiques endogenes, dynamiques exogenes

Author: Vernet, Thomas

Awarding University: Universit? de Paris I, Panth?on Sorbonne, France

Level : PhD

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: History/Lamu, Kenya/ ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

La problematique de l'identit? dans la production litt?raire des auteurs d'expression fran?aise et anglaise.

Author: Locussol-Logan Chantal

Awarding University: Universit? de Limoges, France

Level : PhD

Year: 2003

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: African literature ; Somali (African people) ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The role of agricultural extension services in maize (Zea mays) production in Chuka Division Tharaka-Nithi District, Kenya

Author: Muriithi, Elias Nabea

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2003

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ; French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Tharaka-Nithi District ; Chuka Division ; Agricultural Extension work ; Maize ; Zea mays ; Gender ; Farmers ;

Abstract:

Food insecurity is a very serious problem in Tharaka-Nithi District. The extension services are inadequate, not timely and does not translate to higher maize productivity. This study investigated the role of agricultural extension services in maize production in Chuka Division, Tharaka-Nithi District, Kenya, with a view to making recommendations for effective delivery and adoption of agricultural extension services. The specific objectives of this study were: to evaluate the influence of spatial location of the farmers in provision of extension services and on farming activities; to establish the timeliness of agricultural extension services; to evaluate the status of farmer training and farming demonstration; to identify the main methods of information dissemination and constraints to effective delivery and adoption of extension services; and to make recommendations for effective delivery and adoption of extension services in the study area. Both primary and secondary qualitative and quantitative data were collected. Primary data was collected through the use of questionnaire from a sample of 130 respondents comprising of 120 farmers and 10 extension officers. Observation method was also used to complement the primary data. Secondary data was collected from relevant published and unpublished materials, such as textbooks, journals, reports and newspapers. The conceptual framework, which guided the study is derived from agricultural knowledge system model, diffusion and participatory methodological approaches. The data collected was analyzed using the computer spreadsheet package, statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The salient findings of this study are: farmers located close to Chuka Town (the district headquarters) at a range of 0-10 Kilometers received the extension services more regularly as opposed to farmers beyond 11 Kilometers. Extension services in the study area were not timely. All the farmers (100%) were aware of the existence of extension services in the study area, but only 31.66% (38) of them received timely extension services. The status of farmer training in the study area was low, while farming demonstration was moderate. The main method of information dissemination adopted by the extension officers was group method while individual visits was least utilized. The major constraints to delivery and adoption of research and extension services were lack of means of transport and fear oflow yields respectively. On the basis of these findings, it is recommended that: The extension officers should be provided with means of transport (mobility) for wide area coverage. The extension officers should ensure that the farmers are visited on a regular basis. Farmer training should be upheld, and the farmers should be motivated to adopt what they learn during training. This study also recommends that an agricultural show ground should be developed in the district for annual agricultural exhibitions. Attempts should be made by the extension machinery to step up individual visits to the farmers. More extension officers should be recruited and trained. Further research should focus on: training needs assessment for the extension officers; effective channels of information dissemination; and gender relations in agricultural extension especially on the impact of gender discrimination in adoption of extension recommendations.

Croissance d?mographique, pression fonci?re et diversification ?conomique : une analyse biographique des strat?gies de survie ? Magenche

Author: Golaz, Val?rie

Awarding University: Institut d'?tudes politiques de Paris, France

Level : PhD

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ; British Institute in Eastern Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Gusii(African people) ; Demographics ; Gucha District ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

La genese ambigu? de l'?lite kenyane : origines, formations et integration de 1945 a l'ind?pendence-tome 1, tome 2.

Author: Charton, H?lene

Awarding University: Universit? de Paris VII, France

Level : PhD

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary education ; History ; Alliance High School, Kenya ; Maseno School, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Lecture pragmatique des morph?mes temporels du Swahili.

Author: Kang'ethe, Frederick Iraki

Awarding University: Universit? de G?neve, Switzerland

Level : PhD

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: United States International University-Africa Library ; French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Swahili language/ ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

War and community disorganisation : a case study of the impact of the Rwandan crisis 1990-2000 on the family structure and stability among Rwandese in exile in Nairobi.

Author: Nyiramana, Bibian E

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Level : MA

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ; French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Refugees ; Rwandese (African people) ; Families and family life ; Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Mothers' perceptions of common childhood illnesses including malaria, measles, diarrhoea in Nyang'oma sublocation - Bondo District.

Author: Ouma, Jerusha Akoth

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Disease ; Malaria ; Measles ; Diarrhea ; Nyang'oma Division, Bondo District ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE