233 Records out of 22207 Records

Psychosocial and behavioural effects of chewing khat among the youth in Embu municipality

Author: Gathuci, Rahab Wangari

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Khat ; Young adults ; Embu ; Kenya ; Drugs ; Drug addiction ; Side effects ;

Abstract:

This study was carried out to investigate the psychosocial and behavioural effects of khat use among the youth in Embu Municipality. The problem statement was that khat use may significantly cause psychological, social and behavioural effects among the youth. A systematic study done on the use of khat therefore exposed those effects. The objectives of the study were to explore the psychosocial effects and to also examine the behavioural effects of khat use among the youth.The reviewed literature evidenced that the use of khat resulted in a variety of effects. Chewers from the various backgrounds studied were found to suffer psychological, social and behavioural effects. However, a knowledge gap exists in that khat may produce different effects in different geographical areas and among different people and age groups. To collect data, 115 questionnaires were used by the researcher with the help of four well trained research assistants to get information from the respondents. The sample was drawn from youth between the ages of 18 and 29 years from Embu Municipality who chewed khat. Interviews were conducted with heads of primary schools, principals of secondary schools, parents of youth and medical personnel. The key findings of the study were that youth who chew khat in Embu Municipality experienced psychosocial and behavioral effects. The main psychological effects isolated were marked by hallucinations (69.3%), withdrawals (66.6%), amnesia (50.9%), fast heart beat (56.1%), insomnia (62.3%), anxiety (82.4%) abdominal discomfort (56.1%) and tolerance (74.5%). Behavioral and social effects reported include indulgence in use of other drugs such as alcohol (64.9%) and cigarettes (63.2%), financial misallocation (76.3%); time mismanagement (84.2%); talking too much (logorrhea) (58.8%) and indulgence in casual sex (53.5%). Marriage problems as a result of family negligence (84.2%) were also isolated. Consequently, several recommendations were made about khat to stakeholders and researchers based on the findings.

Competitive marketing strategies towards enhancing students? enrolment : a case study of two private universities in Kenya

Author: Bowen, Chebet J

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Marketing ; Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to establish competitive marketing strategies towards enhancing students? enrolment in two selected private universities in Kenya. The objectives were to determine the rate of student enrolment in the selected private universities, establish factors that influence students to enrol in an institution of higher learning, determine which marketing strategies can offer opportunities to attract and increase enrolment of students, and identify marketing strategies that private universities can improve on in order to attract and increase students? enrolment. This study used descriptive research design. The information for this study was gathered through the questionnaires which were administered to the 4th year students and staff members working in admission, corporate affairs and Head of Departments through drop and pick up and with the assistance of lecturers before or end of class. The data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science technique which was presented using graphs, charts and tables. The study revealed that students were influenced by various factors among them academic reputation and college reputation. The study also established that private universities may employ several marketing strategies which include advertising, promotional activities such as open day and exhibition programmes. It also emerged that registration process needs to be improved and update of the institution website as well as the creation of marketable programs that are in line with industry needs. The study recommended that word-of-mouth be encouraged, involving students and alumni since they are the ones who can talk bad of an institution or be good ambassadors of the institution. Finally more emphasis should be invested in sports and recreational facilities.

An investigation into training needs of teachers handling visually-impaired students in integrated schools : a case of selected integrated schools in Nairobi

Author: Toroitich, Peris Jepkoech

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Educators/Students/Teachers Service Commission (Kenya)/Blindness/Handicapped people/ ;

Abstract:

In modern organization and management principles, training is becoming an important function in human resource development. This study was an investigation into training needs of teachers handling visually-impaired students in integrated schools. The objectives of the study were to determine the teaching methods applied by teachers in integrated schools and the challenges faced by teachers handling visually impaired students in integrated schools. Descriptive research design was used and the instruments used for data collection was questionnaires. Non-random sampling was used to select the sample of teachers who taught visually impaired students in integrated schools in Nairobi. The data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences.The study revealed that majority of the teachers handling visually-impaired students had no training in special education and at the same time they were more than willing to go for training if opportunities arose. It also established that there were many challenges faced by teachers handling visually impaired students. One of the recommendations was to KIE to organize more seminars and workshops and ensure that teachers especially those handling VIS be fully involved. The same applies to curriculum and syllabus adaptation. The TSC should provide study leave with pay for those teachers who would wish to pursue special education. In addition, the TSC should look into ways of motivating and appreciating the teachers handling visually-impaired students due to the much sacrifice that is needed while handling them

Community participation in designing and implementing health communication campaigns : a case of selected health campaigns in Nambale Town

Author: Wabwire, Jonai

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Nambale, Kenya/Communication/Health education/Participation/ ;

Abstract:

This research aimed at finding out the community?s participation in the designing and implementation of health communication campaigns. Focus group discussions and surveys were used as the methods of data collection. Two focus groups discussions were conducted for each of the four selected health communication campaigns in Nambale Town. The campaigns in focus were Wash your hands, Polio, Ant-malaria and Use one knife male circumcision.With regard to the designing and the implementation of the health campaigns, the interviews conducted with the heads of the concerned NGOs indicated a contradiction to what the participants had indicated. The heads said that they were involving the community in both the designing and implementation of the campaigns whereas the participants had pointed out that they had not been involved neither in the designing nor in the implementation of the on- going campaigns. The data also indicated a certain amount of ignorance on the part of the NGOs as to what participatory communication was about. Despite the fact that the participants were not involved in the designing of the selected health communication campaigns, they nevertheless were appreciative of the benefits that came out of their implementation in the community

The contribution of media towards farmers? adoption of new methods of farming : a case study of horticultural famers in Mwea (Kenya)

Author: Zacharia, Malima

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Farmers/Agricultural extension work/Media/Broadcasting/Language/Mwea, Kirinyaga South District/Radio/Horticulture/ ;

Abstract:

This study examined whether the media?s coverage of agricultural stories in Kenya was likely to inform farmers to adopt new methods of farming. The research area was Karie in Mwea, Kirinyaga South District in Central Province of Kenya. Three objectives informed this study. The first objective was to examine the extent to which the media in Kenya helped to create awareness about new farming methods among farmers. The second was to assess the extent to which the media coverage on agricultural issues influenced farmers in Kenya to adopt new farming methods, and lastly, the study intended to explore the extent to which application of new methods of farming helped farmers to increase their production. Three sampling procedures were used to select the sample for this study. First, the study used stratified sampling procedure to select a sample size of 90 farmers to fill in questionnaires. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select eleven chairpersons and eleven technical advisors for in-depth interviews. Finally, the study used systematic sampling procedure to select five groups among the eleven registered horticultural grower groups in Mwea for the focus group discussions. To assess the validity of the data collected in the field, the researcher decided to do face-to-face interviews with the producers of the two agriculture programmes, namelySikio la Mkulima (KBC) and MugambowaMurimi (Inooro FM). The study showed that the media played a significant role in creating awareness among farmers on agriculture issues, influencing farmers to adopt new methods of farming such as planting recommended seeds, applying recommended fertilisers, and spraying pesticides for the purpose of controlling chronic pests which were destroying their crops before. However, this study discovered that vernacular radio stations played a greater role in empowering farmers with new methods in agriculture than the mainstream media. This was due to the fact that farmers listened to vernacular radio stations more than other stations. The findings also suggest that farmers? production had increased by an average of 50% after the application of new methods of farming introduced to them through the mass media. It was also found that despite the fact that farmers were watching TV stations and reading newspapers, they had not got any information on how to improve their farming activities. These findings imply that TV stations and newspapers in Kenya are not doing much to inform farmers on new farming methods.

A communication audit of the internal publics of ELRIS Communication Services Limited

Author: Pokumensah, Justice Boffah

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Communication/ELRIS Communication Services Ltd/Information and Communication Technology/Systems design/Systems management/ ;

Abstract:

The subject of effective internal communication has gained attention among corporate communication scholars in recent years; particularly focusing on the effectiveness of the networks and channels that are used to communicate within corporate organizations. This study sought to carry out a communication audit so as to establish the effectiveness of the internal communication networks and channels of ELRIS using the Systems Theory as a theoretical framework. Being descriptive, the study used the survey method to collect data from a total of 55 employees of ELRIS. The data collection instruments were the questionnaire, in-depth interviews, walk-around observation to understand some aspects of the corporate culture of ELRIS. The study established that the internal publics of organizations used both formal and informal approaches to communicate task-oriented and non-task-oriented information through upward, downward and horizontal networks. The study also found that different channels, including emails, memos, face-to-face, telephone calls, SMS, and group meetings were used to communicate across the upward, downward and horizontal channels that were similar to that of other organizations. The study also revealed that the current operational communication networks and channels were effective in meeting the task-oriented and non-task-oriented needs of the organization. Most of the communication challenges of ELRIS were found to be due to the fact that the organization had no communication policy. Communication policies are tools that effectively guide internal communication of organizations by providing the operational guidelines on how access information, the protocols to observe, the communication dos and don?ts and other communication related issues. The study recommends that the management of organizations in consultation with all the publics (internal and external) design communication policies that meet the needs of all stakeholders.

How non-profit organisations in Kenya build and manage their corporate image

Author: Waudo, Douglas

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Corporate image/Corporate responsibility/Nonprofit organizations/Communication/ ;

Abstract:

The study set out to establish how nonprofit organizations in Kenya build and manage their corporate image. Corporate image management model is one of the models adopted from image management theoretical models to enable a better understanding and exploration of how corporate image in an organization can be built and managed. With regard to the research design, being a quantitative study, the survey method was adopted. The target population for the study was all nonprofit organizations that were locally-owned, founded and originating in Kenya. The heads of communication were the sample of the study and they were selected using the purposive sampling method. The study utilized a questionnaire which was the main research instrument and data analysis and presentation was done through SPSS. From the findings, majority of the respondents (98%) indicated having a strategic communication plan which helped them build and manage their organizations? corporate image. The most used communication strategies indicated by over 90% of the respondents were corporate social responsibility, promotions, publicity and lobbying and advocacy. The highest majority of the respondents (65%) indicated that inadequate training of communication managers was the leading challenge facing nonprofit organizations. Overall, it can be concluded that building and managing corporate image is very important to any nonprofit organization which is trying to remain relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the complex business environment.

Factors contributing to cheating in examinations among high school students in selected schools in Nairobi

Author: Pembere, Mary

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Teenagers/Young adults/Examinations/Secondary schools/Cheating/ ;

Abstract:

Examination cheating is the illegal act of using unauthorised means to acquire undeserved marks or grades in an examination. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that was contributing to cheating in examinations and to offer recommendations on how to minimize the vice. The study used a descriptive design and combined both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The sample of 132 respondents was purposely and conveniently selected. Data was collected from students, teachers and head-teachers in two public schools and one private school using self-administered questionnaires. It was coded and analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The findings of the study showed that cheating was caused by lack of confidence in students, peer and parental pressure, desire for good grades and societal influence among other factors. In curbing cheating the suggested ways were, strict supervision, punishing of cheats, thorough preparation of candidates, adopting other ways of evaluating students and offering of counselling services. Some of the recommendations offered were that teachers prepare students well for examinations and counselling approaches be used to teach the right test taking skills.

Assessment of the impact of microfinance funding on the growth of selected micro-enterprises in Nairobi

Author: Wutheke, Johnson Wambua

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Micro and small enterprises/Credit/Microfinance institutions/Self employment/ ;

Abstract:

Micro-enterprise sector (MSE) has absorbed many people, especially the youth, giving them alternative routes to self-employment when there are diminishing job opportunities in the formal sector. This has enabled many people in the developing world to create self-employment opportunities leading to poverty alleviation. The study of how micro- and small enterprise business people meet their credit financing requirements is a wide subject. Kenya for example, has a host of financial institutions that have in the recent past shown interest in providing credit to the MSEs. Such institutions include mainstream commercial banks, savings and credit societies and microfinance institutions. However, with the passing of the microfinance bill of 2006, the government of Kenya defined the rules for financial credit provision to MSEs.The purpose of this research was therefore to establish the impact of credit financing on the MSEs growth. The purpose was guided by five objectives. The objectives were to determine the extent to which micro-enterprises in Kenya used the credit facilities offered by microfinance institutions, to establish whether maintenance of cash flow records by owners of micro-enterprises had any significance with regard to credit acquisition from micro financiers, to establish whether possession of business skills had an impact on the capability of micro-enterprise owners to seek credit from microfinance institutions, to establish if there was a significant difference in growth between micro-enterprises that operated with loans and those that did not, and lastly, to determine the extent to which micro-enterprises accessed credit from other sources of funding apart from microfinance institutions.It was found that although a number of respondents had borrowed money to boost their businesses, the majority preferred SACCOs or merry-go-round fixtures in the particular markets. Many (53%) respondents expressed the perception that MFIs charged high interest rates besides being rather harsh in their credit repayment terms. Further, many respondents had only a vague idea of what MFIs were or did. Apparently among the respondents, especially garment vendors, those who had borrowed money from one type of credit provider or another marked growth as compared to their colleagues who did not borrow. MSEs were short of credit to grow their businesses. Merry-go-rounds and SACCOs were cash-strapped, making it impossible for eligible credit seekers to get money when they needed it. MFIs had the capacity to bridge this gap because they had better capital base from savings accounts of customers and other financiers such as NGOs.

Christian perceptions of divorce in the church : a study of the Anglican Church of Kenya, Diocese of Nairobi

Author: Kinyua, John Kennedy

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Anglican Church of Kenya, Diocese of Nairobi/Divorce/Marriage/Adultery/ ;

Abstract:

Divorce as a legal dissolution of marriage has become a big challenge to Christians. The Church perceives divorced Christians as sinners and forbids them from takingpart in Church sacraments or ministries. In addition, Christians treat the divorced with contempt, suspicion and condemnation, which tends to turn them away from the Church, a situation that jeopardises the unity of the Church as the body of Christ. (Acts 2:42-47). Therefore, there was an urgent need to address the issue, and undertake researchto determine and document the perceptions of divorce among Christians and come up with suitable recommendations that contribute to resolve the issue.This study used qualitative and quantitative approaches to collect data from a total of 120 Christians, among them 18 divorced and separated Christians, 53 married Christians and 35 Church leaders.In addition, 14 Christians participated in focus group discussions. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussions and document analysis. The study revealed three dissenting views among the Christians. Majority felt divorce was a sin and should not be allowed at all and divorcees should be punished. The second group felt that divorce should only be allowed on grounds of adultery and desertion by a non-believing spouse. The third group indicated that any unbearable circumstances should be considered to dissolve the unhappy marriages. It was also established that the Church has been condemning and discriminating against the divorced. Lastly, Christians agreed that the Church should minister to the divorcees, and that the Church must extend God?s forgiving grace to the divorced Christians as well as prepare young couples to face the challenges before and during marriage. The clergy requires training in relevant disciplines in order to offer holistic ministry to the Church.