142 Records out of 22207 Records

Assessment of performance of youth enterprise development fund in Kenya: a case of Manyatta Constituency, Embu County

Author: Githinji, Michael

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Manyatta Constituency ; Embu County ; Youth Enterprise Development Fund ; Young adults ; Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

Entrepreneurship is the main driving force behind economic growth of any country around the world .. The government of Kenya created YEOF to help reduce youth unemployment through creating youth entrepreneurs. YEOF provide funds, train in business skins and creat market linkages for the youth ernrepreneurs. The researcher set out to investigate determinants of performance of youth Enterprise Development Fund: a case of Manyatta Constituency, in Embu County. The objectives ofthe study were; To establish bow YEDF bas perfunned in provision funds to youth in Manyatta constituency, Embu county. To determine how YEOF bas perfonned in providing trainings in business skills provided to youlb Many.tta constituency, Embu county and explore how YEDF bas perfunned in providing market linkages for products and services produced by youth in Manyatta constituency, Embu county. The literature review in the study reveals that, mere are various determinants of performance of any Youth Enterprise Development Fund, starting from training youth in business skills, provision of funds, creation of market linkage for youth produces and services, youths' socio-cuJtural background, goverment policies, amongst other factors.The research was cooducted in Manyatta constituency where there were 77 youlb groups funded by YEOF between 2007 and 2011 (YEDF status report 20ll). The study used descriptive research design and random sampling was used to select 72 youlb from 24 sampled youth groups. Questionnaires was used to collect data from the respondents. Data was analyzed by use of SPSS and presented in fonn of tables of frequencies and percentages. The study found that YEDF is doing well in funding and training of youtb but it is doing poorly in creating market linkages for youth produced goods and services. The study recommended that YEOF and other relevant stakeholders should consider setting up of business incubation centres for nurturing upcoming youth entrepreneurs. the education stakeholders need to tailor appropriate business skills training for the youth and government through YEDF should create poliCY framework that recognizes the importance of marketing of goods and services produced by the youth run busines.

Influence of youth initiated programmes on empowerment of the youths in Kikuyu division, Kikuyu district, Central province, Kenya

Author: Gachie, Steve Kariuki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kikuyu Division ; Kikuyu District ; Children and youth ; Young adults ; Groups ; Socialization ;

Abstract:

Youth initiatives represent an essential action within the community. It is aimed at empowering the youths to get involved in current issues. In allowing youths to get involved in a joint project, they offer concrete and lively involvement, through which youths come to an agreement on objectives and achieve results together. They also offer the opportunity for youths to try their hand at taking responsibility, negotiating between themselves and their surroundings, planning and promotion. By means of Youth Initiatives, youths have the chance to become actors in their own life and torch bearers for the future. It provides a platform for suggesting solutions and improvements at a local level through the creation of projects or tools and arouses the interest of other youths. Moreover, this action constitutes a remarkable means for providing experience in responsibility, autonomy and involvement for the benefit of a common interest. However, for sometime gap have existed where the youth lack formalized forums to initiate and develop their own programmes in Kenya despite the rampant poverty. This has precipitated the emergence of illegal groups that pose a threat to security. In Central Province, such groups like Mungiki have found their way in the community and especially among the youths. While the youths themselves have the potential to reach youth within their social contexts, at the same time to reach vulnerable and other marginalized youth, and to create a more enabling environment to support and sustain themselves. A gap remains, though, in terms of systematic analysis and evaluation of the influence of formal youth initiatives relating to youth empowerment in Central Province, Kenya. It is for this reason, that the research investigated on the influence youth initiatives to youth empowerment in Kikuyu Division, Kikuyu District, Central Province, Kenya. To realize the purpose of the study, a survey design was adopted. Simple random sampling was used to select the youth groups as well as inclusion and exclusive criteria for identifying the members. The sample population for this study was 100 members of youth groups and 20 officials giving a total of 120 respondents. This was drawn from the registered youth groups within the Kikuyu Division. Primary data was collected by use of two sets questionnaires, one for the members and the other for the officials. The questionnaires contained both open ended and structured questions. The statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for data processing and analysis. The study revealed that majority of the youths became empowered through the youth initiated programmes. The initiatives allowed them to make independent decisions, participate in community based activities and lead their own groups. These in turn empowered them more. In conclusion therefore, the study found that the youth initiated programmes have empowered the youths in Kikuyu Division, Kikuyu district, Central Province, Kenya. The study recommends that the youths should be encouraged to form youth groups where they can initiate programmes that will empower them. They should also plan their own objectives and make decisions to implement them in their youth groups. They should manage their own groups and be self reliant.

Determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo county, Kenya

Author: Gakio, Henry Mwaura

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Uhuru Youth Polytechnic ; Isiolo ; Isiolo County ; Vocational education ; Children and youth ; Young adults ; Colleges and universities ; Enrollments ;

Abstract:

This study was about determinants of youth polytechnics enrolment case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo County. Chapter one gives an overview on the subject matter from a global, African and Kenyan perspective starting from the colonial period to the present day governrnent policy on youth polytechnics in Kenya. The global perspective captures the views of UNESCO/World Bank and eminent scholars on youth technical training from across the world. The general research objective of this study was to investigate the determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru Youth Polytechnic in Isiolo County. The research questions and objectives of the study were also set in this chapter. This research problem was studied through the use of a descriptive research design. The target population of this study was the 35 students in Uhuru Youth Polytechnic, 15 Ministry of Youth Affairs' staffs currently serving in the Offices at Isiolo, 13 polytechnic Managers and 658 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but did not join secondary school making a target population of 721 respondents. A sample of 60% respondents was drawn from 28 management, instructors and ministry staffs, a census of 35 students and 242 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but never went to secondary school picked based on the Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) method. The total sample population for this study will be 721 respondents. This study utilized a questionnaire. Data collected was purely quantitative and it was analyzed by descriptive analysis. This generated quantitative reports through tabulations, percentages, and measure of central tendency. The findings were presented using tables and frequency distributions. In addition, the researcher conducted a multiple regression analysis. This study established that employability, variety of trade courses and applicability of trade courses was affecting the trainee enrolment rate in the youth polytechnic to great extent. It therefore made a recommendation that Youth polytechnics should ensure that the courses they teach have a ready market and are applicable. The study also found that quality of training affects the trainee enrolment rates in the youth polytechnic to a very great extent. The study therefore recommends that the management of the youth polytechnics should ensure that training methods used by trainers are of high quality. This study further therefore recommends that the management of youth polytechnics should ensure that the fee charged is reasonable and affordable to the residents of Isiolo County.

Government's role in entrepreneurship development in Kenya : A case of the Youth Enterprise Development Fund

Author: Gioche, Catherine W.

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Young adults ; Government aid ; Entrepreneurs ; Economic development ; Youth Enterprise Development Fund ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Factors influencing the uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) among youth in Garissa County, Kenya

Author: Balkheisa, Ibrahim Omar

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Garissa County ; HIV infection ; AIDS (Disease) ; Voluntary counseling and testing ; Young adults ; Teenagers ; Disease control ; Health services utilization ;

Abstract:

When the Government of Kenya declared HIV/AIDS a national disaster in 1999, Voluntary Counseling and Testing centers were introduced as an intervention strategy to combat the pandemic. Young people are a specific target group for veT and yet they have not been studied as an independent group in reference to their attitudes and beliefs toward veT uptake. Although VCT is becoming increasingly available in the developing and middle income countries, there is still reluctance for many people to be tested. There are several possible contributing factors that must be addressed if VeT is to have an important role in HIV prevention and care. The purpose of the study was to assess the factors influencing the uptake of VCT services among youth of between 15 to 30 years in Garissa municipality. A descriptive cross-sectional study design using quantitative and qualitative methods was used. The population in this study was 8,300 youths between 15 to 30 years in Garissa municipality. A multi stage sampling procedure was used. Firstly, all the seven facilities (Garissa Provincial General hospital (GPGH),Sisters Maternity Home (SIMAHO), Iftin VCT Centre, Alfaruq VCT centre, Mororo VeT centre, Police camp and Madogo VCT center)used in the study were put into clusters on the basis of them being public or private. The second stage involves selecting facilities in which to administer the questionnaires using systematic sampling. The number of facilities from which the questionnaire was administered was allocated proportionately to the youth population visiting the facility. The sample for each stratum was then shared equally among the strata facilities selected. Finally, clients coming for VCT service in those facilities were randomly picked and requested to respond to a structured questionnaire until the required sample.in the facility was attained. A sample size of 367 respondents was chosen out of which 247 successfully filled and returned the questionnaires. The study used a semi structured questionnaire as the primary data collection tool. The questionnaires was administered at the facilities using a drop and pick later method to the sampled respondents. Closed-ended questions were analyzed using nominal scales into mutually exclusive categories and frequencies by employing descriptive statistics. The study found that there is a strong positive relationship between the level of education, accessibility of VCT services, confidentiality of health workers and uptake of voluntary counseling and testing among the youth. The study also found that there is a negative relationship between stigma, cultural beliefs and uptake of voluntary counseling and testing among the youth. The study recommends that healthcare workers should use strategies such seminars and door to door visits to educate the residents of Garissa. The study recommends that healthcare workers should keep the information on individuals HIV status confidential and give assurance to the youth since most youth could not respond honestly to the study because of fear of victimization.

Effects of application of project management cycles strategy on the success of youth projects : a case of youth enterprise development funded group projects in Nakuru North district, Kenya

Author: Cheruiyot, Irene J

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nakuru North District ; Project management ; Young adults ; Youth Enterprise Development Fund ;

Abstract:

The project cycle management provides a structure to ensure that stakeholders are consulted and relevant information is available throughout the life of the project so that informed decisions can be made at key stages on the life of a project. Youth need to be empowered in the use of PCM through the promulgation of a participatory process. Studies have shown that detailed planning saves an enormous amount of time and resources in the long run. This study therefore sought to establish the effects of PCM strategy on the success of youth group projects in Nakuru North District. The specific objectives for the study were; to find out the effects of project identification and initiation on the success of youth group projects in Nakuru North District, to determine the influence of project planning on the success of youth group projects in Nakuru North District, to find out the role of project implementation procedures on the success of youth group projects in Nakuru North District, to find out the role of monitoring and evaluation on the success of youth group projects in Nakuru North District. To achieve the objectives, a descriptive survey of was carried out in Nakuru North District over a period of eight weeks. The target population was 30 youth group projects funded by Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) between 2008-2010. All the 30 groups were involved in the study. In each group three group officials were purposively selected giving a population of 90 respondents. Semi structured questionnaires were used to collect data from the respondents. Data was then analysed using percentages, frequencies, mean and Pearson Correlations to test relationship this was aided by statistical package for social scientists (SPSS version 11.5). The findings, ~~w~presented in tables. The findings revealed, that majority of the group meIhR~~?:(63.3%, 56.7%, 51.1%, 57.8%) indicated that they strongly agreed to have performed project planning and initiation processes, A positive Person correction (0.204, 0.171 and 0.469) was established between project identification and initiation processes and indicators of project success which were; sales of group projects, profits margins, and number of people employed respectively. Also most of the respondents (64.4%, 46.7%) applied planning processes. Also a positive correlation (0.217, 0.301, 0.217 and 0.279) was also revealed between project planning processes and indicators of project success which were; number of people employed, profits, rate of production and sales respectively. Contrary, most ofthe respondent (40%,41%) disagreed to have done implementation processes even though there was a positive correlation of the same (0.400, 0.156, 0.178) to reflect number of employees, profits and sales respectively as indicators of project success. Also (43.3%, 44.4%) did not apply planning and monitoring processes despite a positive Pearson correlation (0.162, 0.075, 0.260, 0.174) of sales of group projects, rate of production, profits and number of employee respectively. The study recommends that specific trainings needs ofthe youth and especially group leaders need to be done by the Ministry of youth and other stakeholders to ensure that youth get the skills that are necessary for them to mange projects and lead others. Specifically youth need to be capacity build on the implementation and monitoring and evaluation of their projects. The study recommends that another study to be undertaken on other factors affecting success of youth group projects other than the application of project cycle management.

The influence of enterpreneurship development on employment creation among the youth : a case study of Kikuyu district

Author: Wamahiu, Catherine W

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kikuyu District/Children and youth/Young adults/Groups/Self employment/Entrepreneurs/Job creation ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence . of entrepreneurship development on employment creation among the youth in Kikuyu District. Four research objectives were formulated to guide the study. The study employed the descriptive survey. The target population comprised of one hundred and sixty (160) registered youth groups in the district. and. who were: eligible for funding, The sample comprised of 108 respondents. Findings revealed th.at awareness, of entrepreneurial duties influenced employment. creation. Thestudy also.revealed that motivation.of.entrepreneurs affected employment creation. The study also, revealed ,that self perception influenced employment, creation: The study.further revealed, that entrepreneurship education and training influenced employment creation, Based on the findings it was concluded that awareness of entrepreneurial duties influenced employment creation. The' study also concluded that lack training for entrepreneurial duties and new youth entrepreneurs not often being familiar with entrepreneurial duties also influenced employment creation. The study also concluded that motivation of entrepreneurs affected employment creation. Based on the findings recommended that there is need to have formal training for the new entrepreneurs before they start their occupation. The study recommended that there is need to empow;er the youth in identifying their abilities in the entrpreneurship. It was also recommended that there is need. to cultivate in. the youth positive attitude towards self employment enable them understand that formal employment is not the only way of self development. Taking the limitations and delimitations of the study, it was suggested that a study of the factors influencing funds management by the new entrepreneurs needs to be carried out. The study also suggested that a study on the effects of formal training on the effectiveness of youth entrepreneurship should be conducted with another study on analysis of the factors influencing implementation of youth development policy among young enirepreneurs.

Influence of youth enterprise development fund on performance of youth business enterprises in Kitui Central district, Kitui county-Kenya

Author: Salee, Stephen Kitonga

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kitui Central District/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Young adults/Children and youth/Loans/Small business/Groups ;

Abstract:

This study vets out to investigate the influence of Youth Enterprise Development Fund on performance of Youth Business Enterprises in Kitui Central District, Kitui County, Kenya. This study was guided by following the objectives: To establish how utilization of Youth Enterprise Development Fund loan influences the performance of Youth Business Enterprises; to explore how training about the Youth Enterprise Development Fund loan influences the performance of Youth Business Enterprises; to determine the extent to which access to Youth Enterprise Development Fund influences performance of Youth Business Enterprises; to establish how educational levels and Youth Enterprise Development Fund influences the performance of Youth Business Enterprises; and to establish how adequacy of Youth Enterprise Development Fund influences the performance of Youth Business Enterprises in Kitui Central District, Kitui County. Descriptive survey research design was used in a quantitative research approach for this study. This study targets all 99 Youth Groups in Kitui Central District. Simple random sampling was used to select 30% of the Youth Groups giving a sample size of 30 Youth Groups. Thus, a sample size of 30% of the target population was adequately representative of the study population because the target population is small. A questionnaire with closed-ended items only was used. The questionnaire items was five-point likert rating scale of the range of (1-5 for example I-strongly agree; 2-agree; 3-undecided; 4-disagree; 5-strongly disagree). A research authorisation permit was obtained from the District Education Officer-Kitui Central and a copy given to District Youth Officer-Kitui Central to allow the study to be conducted in the district. Informed consent for participation was sought by asking for the respondent's permission before administering the questionnaire to the sampled Youth in the study. Questionnaire was administered personally, with the help of two research assistants by the researcher to the selected Youth who filled in the data and then collect the filled in questionnaire before leaving each of the selected Youth group participants. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics that involved frequency distributions, percentages and average values. Standard deviation value for research question (v) was calculated to compare the variability of responses across the entire sampled Youth group officials. The findings were presented in frequency distribution tables, mean and standard deviation values followed by explanations of the study results per table. This study concuded that there were poor utilization of YEDF loans, training about YEDF, access to YEDF loans, youth educational levels and adequacy of YEDF allocations among the youth groups which negatively influenced the performance of Youth Business Enterprises in Kitui Central District. It was recommended that the utilization of YEDF loan skills, training about YEDF seminars/workshops, access to YEDF loan among the youth, youth educational levels, and adequacy of YEDF allocations needed to be beefed up to enhance improvement in the performance of Youth Business Enterprises. Finally the suggestions for further related studies on the creation of youth employment opportunities through the State initiative in providing Youth Enterprise Development Fund loan facilities were also recommended in this study.

Influence of Youth Enterprise Development fund on youth empowerment in Kieni East district, Nyeri County, Kenya

Author: Wanyoko, Priscila Muthoni

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Children and youth/Young adults/Kieni East District/Small business/Loans/Self employment ;

Abstract:

Empowerment of youth is a very important issue in developing countries. In Kenya young people aged 15 to 34 year olds total 13.66 million, approximately 35.39% of the population (Kenya National Bureau of Statistics [KNBS], 2009).Though the youth are integral part of society, they lack skills to manage enterprises successfully and young people who choose to go into self employment have to face the problem of access to capital. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) on youth empowerment in Kieni East District, Nyeri County, Kenya. The study looks closely at YEDF, which is one of the government's initiative that targets at improving the livelihoods of the youth with a vision of 'A sustainable and growing fund, economically empowering Kenyan youth' . The study reviewed literature by vanous researchers and institutions on youth empowerment, training, capital, networking and self-awareness. The theoretical framework was based on Abraham Maslow's Basic Needs Theory. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and the study data was collected by use of questionnaires. A sample of 20% (twenty percent) of the 520 beneficiaries of the YEDF was randomly selected using a stratified random sampling design to get a sample size of 104 individuals. The data collected during the study were analyzed and the findings presented descriptively with supporting statistical techniques which were frequency distribution tables and bar graphs. The fmdings reveal that the youth had attended various trainings courses especially in book keeping and savings offered by YEDF and also training on individual values offered by other organizations. Sixty three percent (63%) of the youth were able to repay the YEDF loan as required and on time. However, 90% felt that the KshSO,OOO loan currently given was not enough and that their business would be better with a higher loan amount. The YEDF, together with other NGOs involved in youth development, has also opened networking avenues through which the youth come together to share ideas and hold joint events. Through all these activities and contacts the youth now feels better placed to serve society and to also be role models to other youth.

Influence of integrated intervention on the success of youth projects : a case of Nakuru municipality, Kenya

Author: Waitherero, Hannah

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nakuru, Kenya/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Children and youth/Young adults/Projects/Groups/Small business/Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

Youth Enterprise Development Fund Integrated Intervention is concerned with the provision of funds, entrepreneurial training, local and international market linkages and networking skills to youths. It is an initiative by the Kenyan government to empower youths through economic opportunities in terms of self employment. The main aim of the initiative was to address the problem of youth unemployment in Kenya. YEDF applied an integrated intervention where training, funding and marketing were seen as key components that are critical to the success of youth projects. However it has not been empirically assessed to determine what extent the use of this integrated approach has influenced the success of youth projects. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of integrated intervention on the success of youth projects in Nakuru Municipality. The objectives of the study were to: investigate the extent to which the provision of entrepreneurial training, funding and marketing influenced the success of youth projects. The study was significant to? academic/researchers, micro, small and medium enterprises in Kenya, governmental policy makers, District youth officers, youth group leaders and youths. The study adopted a descriptive survey design in which fifty nine youth groups who were the beneficiaries of the initiative were involved as the target population. Simple random sampling was used as the sampling technique to select respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires, descriptive statistics mainly percentages and frequencies was used to analyze data with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences computer programme. Findings of the study were presented in form of figures and tables. The findings of the study demonstrated that YEDF initiative was responsible for the increased youth gainful employment through training, funding and marketing. Entrepreneurial training on the other hand positively influenced the success of youth projects with a correlation test value of 0.272. The findings demonstrated that there was need for more training on entrepreneurial skills. YEDF financing was highlighted to have positively influenced the success of youth projects with a correlation test value of 0.244. However inadequate initial capital amount implied that the YEDF initiative should revise their policies in order to increase the loan amount with time. Findings further demonstrated that the marketing strategies provided by YEDF positively contributed towards the: competitive advantage of the youths businesses with a correlation test value of 0.210, through increase in number of customers, identification of new business opportunities, price negotiation and product/service delivery. However, findings showed that the marketing strategies were inadequate and there were suggestions for more marketing strategies especially international market linkages. As a remedy to sustainable success of youth projects, this study recommends, additional YEDF funding, more training sessions on entrepreneurial skills, more marketing strategies, review of YEDF policies on application requirements and quick processing of loans. The study, farther recommends collective responsibility in youth support initiatives not only by YEDF but by local and foreign agencies, NODs, and arms of the United Nations such as UNICEF, UNDP, and UNESCO as well.