8 Records out of 22207 Records

Perceived influence of the work environment on productivity among administrative staff : a case of University of Nairobi

Author: Musembi, Mercy Ndila

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Work environment ; Working conditions ; Employee morale ; Productivity ; Administrative support ; University of Nairobi, Kenya ; Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of the work environment on the productivity of administrative staff. The factors under investigation in the study were the physical environment, job related factors and the fringe benefits impact on administrative staff productivity. The study was guided by the specific objectives; to itientify influence of physical work environment on productivity among administrative employees in the University of Nairobi; to assess the relationship between the office ergonomics and employee productivity among administrative staff in the University of Nairobi and to establish the extent that job - related factors affect employee productivity among administrative staff at the University of Nairobi. The target population of the study consisted of 161 Senior Administrative staff and Administrative Assistant staff in six colleges, Central Administration and Students' Welfare Authority where a sample of 93 respondents was carried out. The researcher used both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data which included the questionnaires and five key informant interviews. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS). Study findings indicated that there is an impact of the physical environment with regard to the noise factor which was identified to be disruptive and difficult to control particularly among the open plan office design some offices. Job related factors were also indicated to have an impact on the productivity of employees which was ranked poorly by the study participants. The study respondents acknowledged the management's effort to provide fringe benefits in the course of their work among which medical cover was the most coveted. Respondents indicated that management should consider the harmonization of fringe benefits offered to staff across Departments and Colleges. Based on these findings the study made the following recommendations, the University of Nairobi should continuously assess the physical working conditions of administrative staff and implement measures. University management to increase the number of potted plants in staff work spaces to counter the effect of high humidity which has been observed to contribute to illness; The university of Nairobi management should consider harmonization of fringe benefits offered to administrative employees across the colleges .

Factors influencing vulnerability of female domestic workers in Nairobi County : the case of female domestic workers trained by centre for domestic training and development, Nairobi

Author: Ndulu, Simon Ikonze

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Domestic service ; Women ; Working conditions ; Centre for Domestic Training and Development, Nairobi, Kenya ; Vocational education ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influenced the vulnerability of female domestic workers in Nairobi County. Domestic work is viewed by many as difficult, dirty, and demeaning. The tasks involved are demanding and involve expending a lot of physical energy. Domestic workers are demeaned by being verbally and physically abused, payment of low wages and lack of job security. The vulnerability of domestic workers made the profession to be shunned, yet it is a sector, if positively developed, has a potential to absorb a large number of job seekers and dependants in productive economy. Local researchers have identified factors that push females into the service and some have recommended vocational training and awareness raising campaigns to help alleviate the vulnerability of the female domestic workers. Local and International Non-governmental organizations have tried to alleviate the challenges facing the female domestic workers by providing empowering skills. The Civil Society and Labour organizations have also facilitated awareness forums. Despite all these interventions, the abuse of female domestic workers persists with shocking experiences being reported from time to time. The objectives of the study were therefore to determine how vocational training or the lack of it; awareness of rights among the workers; their socio-economic backgrounds and prior work experience influenced the vulnerability experienced by the female domestic workers. Two design methods were employed in the study, namely the survey and descriptive research designs. The target population consisted of adolescent females trained by the Center for Domestic ~raining and Development (CDTD) between 2008 and 2009 in Nairobi County. Those interviewed came from ten estates scattered in Nairobi County. Purposive and snowballing sampling methods were employed to capture the in-depth information required for the study and also because locating the trained female adolescents was not possible without the help of the few that could be readily contacted. Aware of the low literacy level of the respondents, interview guides administered by the interviewer were used. The study found that despite enhanced vocational training and awareness raising interventions, female domestic workers were still vulnerable, earning an average of Kshs. 4552.00 per month which was nearly half the combined minimum wage and house allowance of Kshs. 8724.00 recommended by the 1 89th Convention of the 100th Conference of the International Labour Organization held in Geneva in June 2011. They were also overworked, averaging 12.6 hours per day without overtime compensation contrary to the stipulated eight hours a day. This was despite efforts to train them and create awareness of their rights. It was concluded that specific and enforceable legislation which established domestic work as sector of employment with its own regulator or commission was required.

Factors influencing performance of informal labourers in the construction industry in Karatina Municipality, Central Province, Kenya

Author: Njogu, Mercy Njeri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Karatina, Kenya ; Construction industry ; Manual workers ; Working conditions ;

Abstract:

Construction is a' wide industry and is composed of large segments such as Civil, Mechanical, Electrical Engineering and Building Construction. The activities of the Industry playa vital role in the process of economic growth and development created in the process of construction itself The industry is dominated by workers in both the formal and informal sectors. This study therefore sought to investigate into factors influencing the performance of informa11abourers in the construction industry. The objectives of the study were to: Establish whether terms and conditions of employment applied influence the performance of informal labourers, establish the extent to which occupational health and safety related requirements affect the performance of informal labourers and establish whether inadequate organization culture influence the performance of informal labourers in the .construction industry. Since the industry is wide, the study has been confined to informal labourers working in the building construction segment. The research adopted descriptive survey research design using both qualitative and quantitative research paradigms. Probability sampling design was used and was completed with stratified random sampling method. Questionnaires and an interview guide were used as data collection instruments and were pretested to ensure validity and reliability. Qualitative Data was analyzed using descriptive content analysis while quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results from the data analysis were represented using frequency tables and percentages. From the findings the researcher recommended embedding of labour rights to the context of decent work through re-examination of the legal framework in favour of the informal labourers. The study suggests that further research should be carried out to establish; influence of the male gender in the construction industry, influence of apprenticeship training on the quality of the construction industry products and challenges affecting fostering of social dialogue at the different levels of the construction industry.

Impact of safety and health audits on the working conditions in Nairobi Metropolis

Author: Mbatha, Stanley Mwangi

Awarding University: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Safety ; Health care ; Occupational hazards ; Work environment ; Working conditions ;

Abstract:

Safety and health auditing is a structured process of collecting independent information on the efficiency, effectiveness and reliability of the safety and health management system of an organization and drawing up plans for corrective action. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of safety and health audits on improvement of working conditions in workplaces within Nairobi Metropolis since introduction of safety and health audits in Kenya in 2004. Ten (10) workplaces, one management representative from each of the workplaces and a total of one hundred and thirty (130) workers were selected for this study. A Safety and Health audit database at DOSHS, workplace audit reports and questionnaires were used for the study. The study found that the number of workplaces that were audited from 2005 to 2008 increased from 315 in 2005 to 632 in 2008 marking an increase of 100.6%. However, only 6.35% of the workplaces consistently underwent auditing from 2005 to 2008 annually. Implementation of the recommendations contained in the safety and health audit reports by the workplaces averaged 65%, the major impediments to implementation being lack of adequate budgetary allocation to safety and health in the workplaces and follow up by DOSHS. Employers' commitment to safety and health was found to be marginal. Overall, there has been improvement of the working conditions within Nairobi Metropolis since the introduction of safety and health audits in 2004. The researcher recommends introduction of control audits and an action plan with a time schedule to expedite implementation of recommendations in the audit reports. A further study to determine the reason for marginal commitment towards safety and health by employers in Kenya and the extent to which Safety and Health Advisers have contributed towards promotion of a safety and health culture in Kenya is also recommended.

Influence of working conditions, teacher characteristics and students' academic performance on job satisfaction of secondary school teachers : a case of Suneka Division, Kisii Central District, Kenya

Author: Nyakundi, Patrick

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Suneka Division, Kisii Central District ; Academic achievement ; Secondary schools ; Educators ; Job satisfaction ; Rural areas ; Working conditions ;

Abstract:

Job satisfaction subject draws divergent reactions from different quarters of life depending on one's orientation and perception. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing secondary schools teachers' Job satisfaction in rural areas basing on the case of Suneka Division, Kisii Central District (South Kisii). It also sought to establish the influence of students' academic achievement in national examinations on teachers' job dissatisfaction. The study variables included factors influencing teachers' satisfaction as independent ones while teachers' Job satisfaction was a dependent variable. The study sample included 108 teachers drawn from a total population of 180, through random selection from the fourteen secondary schools in the Division. The study made use of teachers' questionnaires as the main instrument for data collection. Analytical survey method was used for data analysis. Both descriptive and inferential statistics techniques were applied in analyzing data. In this regard, frequencies, percentages and Chi-square (x2) were used respectively. The level of significance used was 0.05 in all cases of hypotheses testing. The results of the study indicated that working environment (conditions) had a significant influence on teachers' job satisfaction. It further showed that there was a significant relationship between students' academic achievement in national examinations and teachers' job satisfaction. There was also a significant relationship between teachers' personal characteristics and their job satisfaction. It was therefore concluded that teaching environment was a significant factor in teachers' job satisfaction. From the study findings, the researcher recommended that the Ministry of Education should restrict school registration to ensure that schools without basic facilities are not allowed to operate. Also teachers' remunerations should be addressed properly. The Teachers Service Commission should also provide clear guidelines for teachers' promotions on merit. Lastly, in regard to teachers' personal characteristics, teachers should develop positive attitudes towards their work through self-motivation strategies.

Effects of human resource management practices and KFC code implementation on workers' welfare on cut-flower firms : case of Thika District

Author: Mwaniki, Zipprah Waithira

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Horticulture ; Cut flower industry ; Human resource management ; Working conditions ; Labour contracts ; Kenya Flower Council ; Thika District ;

Abstract:

The study aimed at analyzing the effect of Human Resource Practices and KFC code implementation on employees within the cut-flower firms. The objectives of the study were to determine the status of human resource practices within the cut-flower firms after KFC code implementation; to find out whether the working conditions of workers have improved due to the new code implernentation; and, to find out what more need to be done to enhance proper management of human resources in the cutflower firms. The study was exploratory research since it was studying many variables and their relationships in order to further the researcher's understanding of the phenomena. The researcher adopted both the qualitative and quantitative research design. The study population consisted of 19 cut-flower farms. A complete list of these firms was obtained from the County Council of Thika, Permit Office which had a total of 19 registered cut-flower firms by November 2007. The nineteen firms were the target population. The study used both simple random sampling and stratified random sampling to arrive at the study sample. Simple random sampling was used to select 5 out of 19 cut-flower firms. From the selected firms, employees were then sampled out using stratified random sampling. They were categorized in respect to gender and terms of employment. Data were collected by the use of a questionnaire. Questions included both open ended and closed ended questions. The questionnaires were delivered to the specific respondents with assistance of two research assistants for three weeks to give all the respondents enough time to go through the questionnaires and answer the questions. This period of time also allowed the researcher to go back to the potential respondents who had not yet responded. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics - mean, mode, frequencies and percentages with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The nominal data were analyzed using qualitative approach where detailed descriptions were given. The study established that Kenya Flower Council code has not been fully implemented in cut-flower firms in Thika District. As a result of this, the working conditions in these firms are poor especially in relation to provision of protective clothing, employee harassment, unfair dismissals and provision of safe and reliable mode of transport for employees. The main goal of the introduction of the KFC code was to safeguard the working conditions and welfare of workers in cut-flower firms. Employees still feel that more can be done to improve their working conditions, giving rise to the recommendations that follow. Therefore, the researcher recommends that the Government should ensure that there is a government body - Common Code for all cut-flower growers. The Common Code will ensure that there is harmonization in the work conditions in cut-flower firms; the management of cut-flower firms should enhance the social welfare of its workers in terms of better remuneration, ensuring good health and safety, and job security of the worker; and, the employees should be given opportunity for further training and career development in order for them to fit even in other industries and also be able to cope with new changes in technology.

Gender and welfare system in Export Processing Zones : a case of export processing Zones in Kenya

Author: Owino, Geoffrey Otieno

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2004

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Export Processing Zones, Kenya ; Clothing industry ; Working conditions ; Gender ;

Abstract:

This study assessed work condition of the following three garment manufacturing enterprises, Baraka Apparels Nairobi, Altex Apparels Athi River and Kapric Apparels Mombasa in Kenya The results of the study show that the existence of export processing zones continues to be mired by a reputation for low wages, poor working conditions, sexual harassment and underdeveloped labour-relations systems. Working in such hostile environment makes workers vulnerable to exploitation. The study concludes that given the rigid nature in which these organizations are terms and conditions of work will continue to be deplorable Under such circumstances it is understood that the ideal work conditions would prevail in the export processing zone if minimal measures to ensure the welfare of the worker are taken into consideration.

Electrical safety management in the Kenyan informal sector : a case of Eldoret jua kali sector

Author: Mutai, Wesley Kiprotich

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2004

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Jua kali sector ; Eldoret, Kenya ; Electricity distribution ; Safety management ; Working conditions ;

Abstract:

The rate and pattern of industrial growth in Kenya in the last two decades has been unsatisfactory. Industry created too few jobs, and many industries tended to use inappropriate, capital intensive technologies. The manufacturing sector continues to depend heavily on imported equipment and raw materials, thus aggravating balance of-payments problems. The Kenyan government, however, has recognized the important role played by informal sector (Jua Kali) in addressing the challenges of poverty reduction and unemployment in the country. It creates jobs at relatively low capital cost as well as developing a pool of skilled and semi-skilled workers who are the base for future industrial expansion. Currently, the sector employs about four million Kenyans. Jua Kali sector is involved in the manufacture of a wide range of items which include: Farm implements, household utensils, electrical appliances, and specialized machine parts, among others. Electrical power supplies are essential to Jua Kali sector, just like for any other manufacturing sector. Electricity saves many man-hours of labour by providing energy for fixed and portable tools, equipment, and lighting. Normally, electrical power is supplied to consumers depending on the consumer's maximum expected load demand. This is dictated by the number and the types of consumer's electrical appliances. Some consumers, however, have a bad habit of illegally connecting and extending electrical power to unauthorized premises and also neglecting the electrical safety rules. Apart from being illegal, these extensions may not be complying with the regulations established by Ministry of Labour and the Kenya Bureau of Standards regarding both permanent and temporary domestic/industrial installations. Most of these illegal power extensions are used in open spaces where safety is usually difficult to observe. There are also high chances that these extensions contribute to overloading of power lines resulting in the damage of conductors, energy meters, transformers, and any electrical appliance connected to the lines. This research was aimed at establishing the status of electrical safety management in Eldoret Jua Kali sector. This study was carried out within the area covered by Eldoret Jua Kali association. The subjects comprised 65 electrical workshops/premises, which was about 75% of the registered electrical/electronic workshops/premises in Eldoret Municipality. The study was both quantitative by the use of self-administered questionnaire, and qualitative by use of interview discussions and observations. Descriptive statistics, Chi-Square was used to analyze the collected data. The results show that the majority of the Jua Kali operators do not adhere to the electrical safety regulations and requirements established by the Ministry of Labour and the Kenya Bureau of Standards. They also lacked the appropriate tools and equipment recommended for electrical services. Most of their workshops/premises were temporary. Those offering electronic services, however, were found to be operating in permanent workshops and had most of the recommended electronic tools and equipment. All in all, the Jua Kali working environment makes the operators more vulnerable to electrical hazards. The findings of this research might be used to reduce the cases of electric shocks and electric fires. They may also lead to economic use of electricity, which in turn reduces the over-stretching of power supply.