838 Records out of 22207 Records

Determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya : case of Mandera West constituency

Author: Hassan, Ibrahim Bori

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mandera West Constituency/Constituency Development Fund/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Women's Enterprise Development Fund/Community development/Project management ;

Abstract:

The concept of community participation in development gained prominence in development discourse in the seventies and since then literature on the subject has grown dramatically. What was initially a radical critique of development has relatively quickly become a staple for development practice in the world. The incorporation of the locals in development projects has become a common phenomenon that almost every organization talks about. The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya, taking the case of Mandera West Constituency. In particular, the study examined the influence of community knowledge, leadership qualities, level of education and location of the Funds coordinating offices on community participation in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. The study adopted descriptive research design, on a target population of members of the Mandera West Constituency Development Fund (CDF), the Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) and the Women's Enterprise Development Fund (WEDF) committees, as well as ordinary community members. This consisted of a sample size of 405 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires with both close-ended and openended questions to enhance uniformity and to ensure maximum data collection and generation of qualitative and quantitative data. Analysis was done using both descriptive statistics and content analysis. From the findings, 66.6 % of the respondents were aware of existence of YEDF sponsored projects in Mandera west constituency, 41.6% indicated WEDF sponsored projects while 75% stated CDF sponsored projects. On leadership qualities and participation, most of the respondents had either negative or neutral perception on projects leaders in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. On location of community funds offices, it was revealed that 70% of the residents know the location of community development offices while the rest do not know. In addition, 67% agreed that the location influences community participation in the Constituency. In addition, there was little dispersion on responses from the respondents as was indicated by low standard deviation values of as low as below 0.5. On the level of education of the constituents, majority of the respondents think it influences the level of community participation in the projects. The researcher concludes that leaders' intelligence, communication skills, ability to plan as well as good educational background are highly effective in stirring the residents in participation in government projects. The study recommends that community knowledge should be enhanced through seminars, barazas, workshops, songs, ceremonies and places of worship in the area in order to enhance more participation in government funded projects. Additionally, more trainings should be enhanced by the government to the leaders and managers of government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency to ensure creation of good leadership qualities. The researcher further recommends that education should be emphasized in Mandera West Constituency to enhance community participation in community projects. The government should facilitate easy accessibility of the Community Development Funds Offices for greater participation of the community in the government funded projects.

Factors influencing vulnerability of women in refugee camps : the case of Dadaab refugee camp; Garissa County, Kenya

Author: Jegede, John Oluwatosin

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya/Refugees/Women/Sex discrimination/Gender ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study is to explore the factors influencing vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camp. Women consist of over 60 percent of the total population of this world's largest refugee camp and are perceived as the most vulnerable and marginalized group within the camp. research has the potential of providing involved or ganizations and institutions, whose mission is to protect people from the harmful repercussions of refugee crisis, with pertinent information that will aid in reducing the magnitude of difficulty faced by refugee women and so reducing the unnecessary burden of life for these women. Furthermore, the study will also provide future researchers with a useful pool of resources. Although refugee women issues have been addressed in the developed world and in some of the developing countries, not many studies have been done within the Kenyan context. Many Non- Governmental Organizations led interventions have brought women issues to people's consciousness and some short term measures to alleviate women's problems have followed. However despite these interventions women continue to suffer. The objectives of the study is thus to determine the influence of culture, level of education/awareness, law enforcement mechanisms, availability of opportunities on the vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camps. This research also reviews the pertinent literature that underpins this study from the global, African and local perspectives and also offers a conceptual framework and indicates the knowledge gap that the study intends to fill. The mixed research approach was employed; it consists of both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The study adopted a Cross-Sectional design which allows the researcher carry out the study in natural, real life settings and to ask a random sample of individuals to respond to a set of questions about their backgrounds, past experiences, and attitudes. Oral interviews were also employed. Study findings revealed that culture, level of education/awareness, law enforcement mechanisms and opportunities influences the vulnerability of women in Dadaab refugee camp. The study recommends that the needs of refugee women must be incorporated into all stages of refugee life, including in the granting and documenting of refugee status, and in the organization of refugee camps. The governments of states that accept refugees must modify their refugee protection system to account for persecution based on sex and gender, and must make the documentation process available to women. In the refugee camps, international relief agencies and large donor-coordination organizations, specifically UNHCR, must require that the Guidelines are followed and that women's rights are protected.

The influence of microfinance services in empowering women : a case of selected women groups in Eldama Ravine location, Baringo County, Kenya

Author: Jemuge, Maureen Chebor

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Eldama Ravine Location, Baringo County/Microfinance/Women/Small business/Groups ;

Abstract:

Women bear a disproportionate burden of the world's poverty. Statistics indicate that women are more likely to be poor and at risk of hunger because of the systematic discrimination they face in health care, employment and control of assets. It has been discovered that M.F.ls has come to the recognition that empowering women and developing communities are closely connected. In view to this, this study therefore has sought to bridge the gap by establishing the role of micro finance services in empowering women and women groups economically, socially and politically in Eldama Ravine Location, Baringo County. The objective of this study was to find out the influence of Micro Finance Services in empowering women and women groups in Eldama Ravine Location, Baringo County as well as to find out the effects that has had on women Socio-Economically. In order to accomplish the task, the methodology employed was in depth interview guide, and structured Questionnaires to collect the required data. The study was conducted in Eldama Ravine Location and the study drew its population from members of various women groups which were categorized to two strata - those financed by Micro Financing Institutions and those financed entirely from membership contribution. The results of this study showed that Micro Finance Institutions had played a huge role in empowering women economically where women have had the chance to acquire various assets and socially, they have been recognized in the society. Some of the recommendations made are that for women to be more effective in their strategic options for socio-economic empowerment, they need to invest the members' money in profitable business in order to increase the capital. It also recommended that the groups needed training on the management of the funds in order to make correct business decisions.

Influence of credit requirements on accessing constituency women enterprise fund among women self-help groups in Thika West District

Author: Githinji, Nicholas Ndiritu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Thika West District ; Women's Enterprise Development Fund ; Women owned businesses ; Loans ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to research on the influence of credit requirements on accessing constituency women enterprise fund among women self-help groups. The study was necessitated by the fact that despite the government effort to realize the 3rd millennium development goal of ensuring gender equality and women empowerment through women enterprise development fund programme as one of the flagship project under the social pillar of Vision 2030, women still remain stuck at micro-enterprise level because of the hurdles they face in accessing credit either through the government agencies or the financial lenders. The research objectives of the study highlighted are; generating viable business idea; the process vetting of loan applicants; the business experience of beneficiary groups and the cost of funds. The study is significant in that it addresses the hurdles that self-help women groups' face in accessing the women enterprise funds such as it provides the right intervention to improve utilization of the funds. The research methodology that this study employed was qualitative approach and in particular descriptive survey. The study adopted probability sampling and specifically random sampling in order to sample the target population. The study employed the administered questionnaires as data collection instruments where piloting was done to test reliability of the research instruments. The key findings of this study were that motivations of women in their informal groups are often tied to necessity and lack of other employment opportunities which drive them to initiate groups' project activities. Secondly, women groups rated the process of accessing fund as one the greatest hurdle because of the many stringent conditions to borrow. Thirdly, women in the informal sector reported that lack of skills and training in handling finances and also generating viable but sustainable business idea was also an obstacle to them. Last but not the least, where fund was accessible the cost of credit was found to be very expensive for most women groups which made the enterprises almost uneconomical to operate the financed projects.

Factors affecting women entrepreneurs' financial performance in Kenya : a case of Ngara market

Author: Gitari, Caroline Gatakaa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Women entrepreneurs ; Nairobi ; Credit ; Loan security ; Interest rates ;

Abstract:

The design of this research was descriptive survey research. The researcher targeted a population of 200 but sample 150 was obtained. A descriptive survey research seeks to obtain information that describes existing phenomena by asking individuals about their perceptions, attitude, behaviour or values. The data collected was analyzed using inferential statistics. After the data collection, the researcher was pre-processed the data to eliminate unwanted and unusable data which could have been contradictory or ambiguous, developed a coding scheme by creating codes and scales from the responses which then be summarized and analysed using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS). From the findings of the study most women entrepreneurs in the CBD Nairobi are of , youthful ages between 26-35 which is the most productive and energetic age group, in this age brackets is when most of the women entrepreneurs start businesses. At this point they have raised some capital from other sources. Another findings is the accessing of credit particularly for starting an enterprise is one of the major constraints affecting women entrepreneurs. Provision of soft loans is the major factor that hinders the women entrepreneurs in running the businesses effectively. They are either illiterate on how to access this financial aid, . Also lack of tangible security is another major blow to the women entrepreneurs in order to have access to any financial aid by the financial institutions who also charge high interest rates hence repayment and running the business at the same time becomes hard. The study recommends that the financial institutions should set some simple ways of accessing the fmancial facilities for the women entrepreneurs and give them at reasonable rate to enable them to repay with ease. The body of women entrepreneurs should carry out major seminars to educate the women on the major issues in running a business to success. They should also advice the women when it is necessary to take loan facility and how to go about it.

Emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness : an analysis of the banking sector in Kenya

Author: Gitonga, Purity Kithiru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Commercial banks ; Leader effectiveness ; Women executive leaders ; Emotional intelligence ;

Abstract:

Researchers have long attempted to understand the determinants of effective leadership. Research findings tend to indicate that emotionally intelligent leaders are effective leaders. The central notion underlying this research is that the relationship between emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness is moderated by organizational culture, leadership skills, adherence to ethical norms and demographic factors of age and gender. No known study had examined the association between the six concepts. The link between leader effectiveness and emotional intelligence had been examined independently in previous studies. The objectives that guided this study were (1) to establish whether male and female leaders differed in emotional intelligence competencies; (2) to establish the relationship between a leader's emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness; (3) to determine the moderating effect of leadership skills, organizational culture, adherence to ethical norms and demographic factors of age and gender on the relationship between emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness. The study was cross sectional in design and was conducted among top executives in the banking sector, drawn from the commercial banks in Kenya. Descriptive statistics comprising of means and standard deviations were used to show the average self -ratings. All ratings were made on point type Likert scale. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study had 6 hypotheses that were tested using statistical tests such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPCC) and hierarchical regression. The findings of the study revealed that gender differences in emotional intelligence are on specific competencies. Female executive leaders scored higher in certain competencies than male respondents. Women executive leaders scored higher in ability to bolster other peoples' talents and abilities, ability to be confident and sure of own capabilities, recognize and meet customer needs, ability to show empathy, understand other peoples' needs, feelings and emotions and conscientious. Male executive leaders scored higher in ability to have a positive view to life and issues, display honesty and integrity, solve problems, initiate and manage change and persuade others into desired change. A positive and significant relationship existed between emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness. Each of the four clusters of emotional intelligence (Self Awareness, Self-Management, Social Awareness and Relationship Management) was significantly correlated to leader effectiveness. The results of this study are in congruence with past studies that E1 and leader effectiveness are significantly related. The findings of the study revealed that demographic variables of age and gender and leadership skills did not significantly moderate the relationship between emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness. However, organizational culture and adherence to ethical norms positively and significantly moderated the relationship between emotional intelligence and leader effectiveness. The study concludes with implications for theory and practice and recommendations for further study.

Women's awareness of their land rights as enshrined in the new constitution : a study of Kibera Slums, Nairobi

Author: Guya, Alice Esther Awino

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kibera ; Nairobi ; Kenya ; Land rights ; Women ; Constitutional law ;

Abstract:

Land in Kenya is an emotive issue since agriculture and farming is the main economic activity in the country. Most women in Kenya depend on farming as a source of lively hood and yet women have not enjoyed security of tenure since the colonial period. However, the new Kenyan constitution which was promulgated in 2010 has very good provisions that cater for gender issues especially with regard to women's land and property rights. The general objective of this study was to establish the level of awareness among women of these provisions. The study sought to examine the problems women face with regard to land rights. The study was confined only to women in Kibera Slums, in the city of Nairobi. The research targeted 100 respondents who live in Makina and Kianda Villages in Kibera. Convenient sampling was used to select the individuals and the study was guided by the empowerment theory. Both Primary and secondary methods of data collection were used to garner quantitative and qualitative data. The survey was the main instrument of data collection and the technique made use of a standard questionnaire with both open and close ended questions. This was supported by 4 Focus Group Discussions conducted using FGD topics. Documentary materials, through library research provided secondary data. The study ascertained that Kenyan women faced many problems with regard to land rights including: discriminatory cultural laws which do not recognise that women should inherit land. The study also found a high level of lack of awareness of Kibera women on their land rights as enshrined in the new constitution. Nevertheless, they were aware of the provisions dealing with inheritance. With a high of ignorance about provisions in the new constitution that guarantee them land rights, Kenya women are unlikely to benefit in any meaningful way from these provisions. Rather than the constitution empowering women to own, control, and use land the same way men do, lack of awareness continues to disadvantage and render many women powerless. The study concludes that Kenyan women face many problems on a daily basis with regard to land rights and ignorance of the provisions in the constitution that address this continues to disadvantage them. The study suggests that for the provisions on land rights in constitution to empower women both social, economically and politically, there is an urgent need for civic education to enlighten them about these provisions and the ways in which they can use them as a tool for their economic empowerment.

Design-Jua Kali Craft Collaboration: a study of Laikipia beadwork in Laikipia district, Kenya

Author: Gitobu, Norah M M

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Laikipia District ; Women ; Beadwork ; Design ;

Abstract:

Over the past seven and a half years, this researcher has been involved in designing for the Jua Kali craft industry in Kenya. Her experiences, especially the challenges and frustrations, initiated this study and outcome. While preparing for the study, she came across Voluntary Services Oversees (VSO) Jitolee, which is an NonGovernmentalOrganization (NGO) that, among other projects, works with marginalized and poor communities in their Secure Livehood programme. The Secure Livelihood programme focuses on enterprise development initiatives as a means of creating economic empowerment for their target partners. Among these partners are the Maa speaking women of Laikipia disctrict who make beadwork. The researcher took up the opportunity of studying 'Design-Jua Kali craft collaboration' in this community. The study first explored the present role of design in the Jua Kali craft industry. This formed the backbone to the study which aimed at examining Design and Jua Kali craft collaboration and more specifically if the collaboration is beneficial and if so, how the relationship can be improved or made more effective. As background to this research, a review of secondary sources of information on the issues was conducted. The information was difficult to obtain because it is more often contained in consultancy reports from non scholarly efforts on the field rather than in published books or articles. Primary data was also collected to support the background data, examine any collaboration between Design and Jua Kali craft and explore how the collaboration can be made mutually beneficial.

Factors influencing utilization of cervical cancer screening services at Central Provincial General Hospital, Nyeri, Kenya

Author: Gichogo, Agnes Wangechi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Central Provincial General Hospital ; Nyeri ; Kenya ; Cervical cancer ; Medical screening ; Health services utilization ; Women ;

Abstract:

Cervical cancer continues to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity among women worldwide with almost half a million new cases each year .. Developing countries accounts for more that 800/0 of the world cervical cancer death In Kenya, cervical cancer ranks as the second most frequent cancer among women with about 3000 new cases annually. An opportunity to prevent occurrence of cervical cancer exists through cervical cancer screening for early detection and treatment of precancerous lesions before they develop to cancer. However, only a negligible proportion of women benefit from cervical cancer screening services in developing countries, including Kenya. A descriptive survey was carried out in Central Province General Hospital Nyeri, Kenya, to determine the factors influencing utilization of cervical cancer screening services among women between 15-60 years of age seeking Maternal Child Health / Family Planning (MCH/FP). Convenient sampling method was used to identify the required sample for the study. The survey was completed by 290 women who responded to a structured questionnaire. The questions that were asked generated information on the women's level of education, awareness on issues relating to cervical cancer screening services, family support and accesibility and utilization of cervical cancer screening services. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Utilization of cervical cancer screening services was found to be low at 24.7% despite the fact that the study group consisted of well educated women who had autonomy in decision making and good family support. Only less than 20% of the women knew the importance of cervical cancer testing and majority (80%) of the respondents could only mention one to two risk factors. The low level of awareness on cervical cancer screening services amongst the study group and the long waiting time in at the clinic are the of factors that negatively influenced in utilization of cervical cancer screening services . Therefore it is important for the Government through the Ministry of health to design and implement awareness campaigns on cervical cancer screening services. This should be done through the media, women groups and chiefs baraza's and should target both men and women in the communities. Doctors and nurses should also intensify health education on cervical cancer screening during every clinical contact. The Provincial General Hospital Should also consider outreach awareness creation and screening camps in order to take the services closer to the community instead of waiting for the women to come for the services at the hospital.

Influence of socio-cultural factors on participation of widows in selected non-governmental supported programmes, a case of Eldama Ravine division, Koibatek district, Kenya

Author: Ayabei, Jepkemoi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Eldama Ravine Division, Koibatek District ; Nongovernmental organizations ; Project management ; Widows and widowers ; Women ; Socioeconomic factors ; Traditions ;

Abstract:

This study sought to establish the influence of socio-cultural factors on widow's participation in non-governmental organization in E1dama Ravine Division, Koibatek District. In Order to accomplish this, the study was guided by the following objeetiws; To determine the extent to which family size influence participation of widows in NGO supported programmes, to establish the extent to which poverty influence participation of widows in NGO supported programmes to examine how stigmatization influence participation of widows in NGO supported programmes, and to establish the extent to which infringement of women rights influence the participation of widows. in NGO supported programmes in Eldama Ravine Division of Koibatek: District. The study adopted the descriptive research survey design. Probability sampling technique was be used in the selection of the study sample. Data was collected from the widows by the use of questionnaires containing structured and unstructured questions and a focus group discussion with leaders of different groups selected randomly from Friends of Ravine Women empowerment organization (FOREWO). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel software. The findings were presented in the form of tables for easier interpretation. Following the findings of this study it was revealed that most of the widows (67%) belonged to NGO supported programmes but their maximum participation was inhibited by socio-cultural factors that included family size, poverty, stigmatization and infringement of women rights. The study indicated that sociocultural factors influenced violation of the fundamental rights of widows in the study area as follows: High family sizes increased pressure On available family resources which encouraged majority of tile widows to seek assistance from NGO support groups. Poverty is prevalent among widows which leads them to seek support through participation in NGO supported programmes, Education increased the level of awareness of the roles of NGO support groups among women, most of the death of the husbands of the widows was unanticipated and thus they did not feel guilt about it and widowhood exposed to violation of their women rights including disinheritance of the properties and violence. Following these research findings, several recommendations were made which included; The government of Kenya to develop and implement strategies to assist widows to access and participate in NGO supported programmes and The Department of Gender and Social Development office should organize for sensitization of widows in order to make them aware of the funds available for them in their offices. It is hoped that the findings of this study may provide essential information to the govemment and NGOs to come up with programmes that are geared towards widow's economic empowerment to enable them raise their income levels and therefore minimize their dependence on the community.