119 Records out of 22207 Records

Determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo county, Kenya

Author: Gakio, Henry Mwaura

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Uhuru Youth Polytechnic ; Isiolo ; Isiolo County ; Vocational education ; Children and youth ; Young adults ; Colleges and universities ; Enrollments ;

Abstract:

This study was about determinants of youth polytechnics enrolment case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo County. Chapter one gives an overview on the subject matter from a global, African and Kenyan perspective starting from the colonial period to the present day governrnent policy on youth polytechnics in Kenya. The global perspective captures the views of UNESCO/World Bank and eminent scholars on youth technical training from across the world. The general research objective of this study was to investigate the determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru Youth Polytechnic in Isiolo County. The research questions and objectives of the study were also set in this chapter. This research problem was studied through the use of a descriptive research design. The target population of this study was the 35 students in Uhuru Youth Polytechnic, 15 Ministry of Youth Affairs' staffs currently serving in the Offices at Isiolo, 13 polytechnic Managers and 658 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but did not join secondary school making a target population of 721 respondents. A sample of 60% respondents was drawn from 28 management, instructors and ministry staffs, a census of 35 students and 242 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but never went to secondary school picked based on the Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) method. The total sample population for this study will be 721 respondents. This study utilized a questionnaire. Data collected was purely quantitative and it was analyzed by descriptive analysis. This generated quantitative reports through tabulations, percentages, and measure of central tendency. The findings were presented using tables and frequency distributions. In addition, the researcher conducted a multiple regression analysis. This study established that employability, variety of trade courses and applicability of trade courses was affecting the trainee enrolment rate in the youth polytechnic to great extent. It therefore made a recommendation that Youth polytechnics should ensure that the courses they teach have a ready market and are applicable. The study also found that quality of training affects the trainee enrolment rates in the youth polytechnic to a very great extent. The study therefore recommends that the management of the youth polytechnics should ensure that training methods used by trainers are of high quality. This study further therefore recommends that the management of youth polytechnics should ensure that the fee charged is reasonable and affordable to the residents of Isiolo County.

Influence of teaching-learning resources on transition rates of Diploma students at Ramogi Institute of Advanced Technology, Kisumu County, Kenya

Author: Aguda, Josephine Angeline

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Ramogi Institute of Advanced Technology, Kisumu, Kenya ; Vocational education ; Quality of education ; Educational resources ;

Abstract:

Technical and Vocational Education and Training represents a significant feature of education and training provision through which both continuing and training requirements are met. It attempts to straddle the needs of lifelong education and training as well as the immediate requirements of the work place. Favorable attitude towards institutions physical facilities and quality teaching learning resources promote transition in Technical and Vocational Education and Training. On this backdrop most states and governments, Kenya government included are pursuing the aspect of development to ensure achievement of national development goals of education. The study aimed at establishing factors influencing students' transition rate in Ramogi Institute of Advanced Technology, Kisumu County. The study was guided by the following objectives: to assess the extent to which funding influences students' transition, to establish how buildings and classrooms influence students' transition to investigate the cost of teaching- learning materials and its influence on students' transition and to assess how students' welfare and sanitation facilities influence students' transition. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study. Stratified sampling design was used in the selection of respondents. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample the registrar and heads of departments. All the collected data was edited and coded to eliminate any errors that may be made by respondents. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used to describe data using tables and charts. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to compute the analyzed data. The study found out that the transition rate of students in Ramogi institute of advanced technology was very low. Up to 51.19% of the students failed in their KNEC examinations and therefore, failed to transit to graduation. The factors that caused this state of affairs were; inadequate and unreliable funding of the students' education which accounted for up to a 58.06% dropout rate. Expensive and numerous teaching- learning materials that the students were expected to buy contributed to up to 82~ 1 % transition rate. Although the state of institutional buildings and classrooms, adequacy of furniture and comfort ability rated 48.38% below average, they had no effect on students' transition. The study revealed that funding and teaching-learningmaterials were significant factors on students' transition rates and they contributed to up t07l.06%. The study recommends that the administration should seek to undertake income generating projects such as agricultural projects to mobilize funds for development. The study also recommends that, the institution buys its own teaching and learning materials that very needy students can use rotationally and lastly the study recommends that, the institution mobilizes stakeholders to assist in improving the welfare of the students by increasing the number of classrooms, have adequate teaching and learning materials, provide adequate and good furniture and improve the state of sanitation facilities. The study suggests that, similar studies should be done in other TIVET institutions in other provinces so as to compare with the findings of this study. The study also suggests that, future researchers should explore the contribution of institution personnel on the poor transition rate from third year to graduation. The study further recommends that, future researchers should carry out similar study with an introduced emphasis on the contribution of students' discipline.

Influence of vocational training in initiation of entreprenual projects by trained women; a case of women empowerment project in Kilifi district

Author: Wanjohi, Angela P Ngina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kilifi District/Women/Vocational education/Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

Vocational training centers are continuing to train women in kilifi district and the women acquire the vocational skill but they have not fully utilized these skills to initiate entrepreneurship projects. The women are continuing to train despite the ones who have already acquired the skill having not initiated any entrepreneurial project. A cross examination of the challenges facing the women with vocational skills in comparison with various literature of studies done within the women entrepreneurship shows that indeed the entrepreneur education, economic status, socio-cultural factors and personal characteristics are a key influence. This study sought to explore the influence of vocational skills toward the initiation of entrepreneurial projects in Kilifi County. The study was conducted using descriptive survey. The data was collected using questionnaires and focus group discussion. 560 women were the target populations with a sample size of 232 women, out of the 232 sample size 222 questionnaires were responded to. A content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative responses, while descriptive statistics was used to analyze quantitative data. The research findings revealed that the training period, social cultural and personal characteristic influence the initiation of entrepreneurial project in kilifi District. The finding also revealed thatfor the women to be able to initiate entrepreneurial project the training period has to be for a year and above. The study recommends the introduction of more work-based learning and linking trainees with mentors to gain experience of a specific trade like integrated business, self-employment and entrepreneurial concepts into training activities, especially' in follow-up phases, and search for trainers with relevant backgrounds and familiarity with both the formal and informal sector. The researcher believes that the present study will help to guide the Ngo's offering vocational training on what to improve or implement so that the trainee are able to benefit through proper guidance towards starting up entrepreneurial projects.

Implementation of the disability policy : views on physical accessibility, economic empowerment and vocational training by members of Tujiinue Support Group

Author: Wambugu, Anne Wanjiru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kenya Disability Act/Disability/Legislation/Handicapped accessibility/Socioeconomic factors/Vocational education/Tujiinue Support Group/Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya/ ;

Abstract:

People with disability, have often been marginalized and faced difficulties as a result of their disability. The government of Kenya recognizes that disability cuts across all sectors of development and should be an integral part of all national planning. The government has therefore continued to create a conducive environment for different players to enable them incorporate disability issues into policies and programmes. The purpose of this study was to establish the views of persons with disability on the implementation of the disability policy. The research objectives were to find out the accessibility of the physical environment, the availability of economic empowerment programs and availability of vocational training services to persons with disability. The target population was the persons with physical disability, characterized by mobility limitations. The respondents were drawn from Tujiinue support group in Kibera. Snowballing sampling technique was used in selection of study respondents. Four key informants were used to supplement the study findings. Two were from the ministry of Gender and Sports, Culture and Social Services while two were from the national council of persons with disability. The data collection methods that were used were schedulestructured interviews, a focus group discussion and case studies. The study findings showed that most of the respondents felt that accessibility of the physical environment to persons with disability continued being a challenge with a majority of the respondents (92%) saying that they experienced problems while trying to access buildings that had not complied with the adjustment order cited in the disability act. The study revealed that persons with disability were yet to be economically empowered. The 5% job reservation stipulated in the disability act for persons with disability was yet to be achieved. The financing institutions also were yet to begin advancing loans to persons with disability as capital to create self employment hence lead to self reliance. The study also showed that a high proportion (90%) of the respondents indicated that they had not gone through any form of vocational training to help them gain skills in starting own business or securing employment. The findings indicated that there was need for increased access to technical, vocational, entrepreneurial and professional training opportunities for persons with disability as stipulated in the disability act. The study concluded that despite the Disability Act having been enacted in 2004, persons with disability felt that the implementation of the policy needed to be fasttracked especially concerning the physical accessibility, economic empowerment and provision of vocational training for the persons with disability. It is recommended that the government should ensure adjustments and modifications are implemented as the Disability Act stipulates in order to have a physical environment that will be more disability friendly. Secondly, 5% of job opportunities stipulated in the Disability Act should be availed to the persons with disability to ensure that persons with disability are able to earn a livelihood and help themselves. The study finally recommends that vocational training should be more accessible to persons with disability as this will promote gainful employment and self-employment.

School-based factors influencing students' enrolment in technical subjects in secondary schools in Dagoretti district, Nairobi county, Kenya

Author: Kiruja, Christine Gacheri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Dagoretti District/Secondary schools/Secondary school students/Educators/Curricula/Counseling/Vocational education/Educational resources ;

Abstract:

The study sought to find out the school- based factors that influence students' enrolment in technical subjects in secondary schools in Dagoretti district, Nairobi County. The objectives of . the study were: influence of physical facilities, school policy, the curriculum and extent of career guidance services on students' enrolment in technical and creative arts subjects in secondary schools. The study used descriptive survey design that used both qualitative and quantitative methods in presentation and drawing of inferences. Out of 400 teachers, the researcher used simple random sampling to select 10% of those teaching Technical and Creative Arts subjects'. All the 10 head teachers' were targeted. The study used simple random sampling to select 10% Form Three students hence 400 which translate to 20 students per school meaning a total of 420 respondents were involved. The research instruments were questionnaires for students, head teachers and teachers and observation. A pilot study was carried to determine validity and reliability of the instruments. Validity of the instruments was detennined using expert help from lecturers in the Department of Educational Planning and Administration; while . the reliability of the instruments was carried out using test pre-test method. A correlation coefficient of 7.4 was determined using Spearman prophecy technique. Quantitative data used descriptive statistical analysis presented using tables and percentages since they are easy to interpret. For qualitative data, coding and assigning labels was done. Common themes were obtained from the data collected and clustered in a patterned order. The data was then entered into the computer using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17. The findings of the study were that schools had a wide range of physical resources namely classrooms, computer laboratories, special rooms and workshops that were not adequate; most schools studied had a policy of forcing students to enroll for computer studies. The school curriculum had a direct influence on the students' enrolment in technical subjects which was determined by availability of physical facilities and school policy. Agriculture, Home science and Music were the most common technical subjects offered in schools. Career guidance services are adequately available in schools and majority of students sought guidance from careers teachers before enrolling in technical subjects. Based on the findings it was concluded that schools have adequate physical facilities. Students are mostly allowed to enroll in certain subjects freely without being forced although some schools have a policy of forcing students to do certain technical subjects like computer studies. Challenges facing enrollment of students in technical subjects were inadequate practical materials and shortage of teachers. Career guidance services are available in schools. The study suggested that a nationwide study be conducted on the factors that influence enrolment in technical subjects.

Determinants of enrolment in technical and vocational training in Youth polytechnics in Nyeri County, Kenya

Author: Ndiritu, Jane Nyawira

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nyeri County ; Colleges and universities ; Vocational education ; Enrollments ; Young adults ; Children and youth ;

Abstract:

Enrolment in any academic institution is crucial as far as that institution's existence and survival are concerned. This study sought to investigate the determinants of enrolment in technical and vocational training in youth polytechnics in Nyeri County. Three objectives guided the study; to establish the college related factors that influence enrolment in YPs, to determine the government policies that enhance enrolment in YPs and to establish the extent to which home- based factors influence enrolment in YPs. The theoretical framework of this study was derived from the human capital theory. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. Data collection involved administering questionnaires to students and HODs and an interview schedule to provincial youth training officer. The target population comprised of 192 finalist's students, 85 HODs and the provincial youth training officer. A sample of 17 YPs was randomly selected. A sample of 192 students from the sampled YPs was selected using stratified random sampling. The research instruments were validated using content. validity. The test re-test technique was used to measure the reliability ?of research instruments. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive 'statistics and presented in percentages and frequency distribution tables. The statistical package for social sciences computer package was used to analyze the data. The key findings of the study show that inadequate and outdated physical facilities, irrelevant courses, low academic qualifications of trainers, inadequate trainers and parents' negative attitudes towards YPs influence enrolment of students in YPs in Nyeri County. The recommendations of the study were that; there is need for the government to provide adequate and modern equipment and tools, the courses offered in youth polytechnics should suit the labour market demands, attainment of pedagogical skills by trainers to enable them offer quality training to make YPs attractive, use of affirmative action to encourage female students to enrol in male dominated courses and the government need to sensitize the parents to change their negative attitudes towards the YPs. The study suggested that a similar study be carried out in other counties in the country for comparison purpose.

Factors influencing youth enrolment levels in Public Youth Polytechnics in Mombasa County, Kenya

Author: Ngumbao, Jane Kang'ombe

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mombasa County ; Vocational education ; Colleges and universities ; University students ; Enrollments ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The study investigated the effect of economic status, socio-cultural factors, historical factors, quality of education and Youth Polytechnic administration structures on youth enrolment levels in Public Youth Polytechnics in Mombasa County, Kenya. The ability to cater for the cost of education denoted economic status, socio-cultural factors revolved around issues of gender and class structures, people's perception towards vocational training was assumed to emanate from historical factors, availability of training inputs, outputs and outcomes represented quality of education and administration structures were assumed to enhance effectiveness and efficiency in Youth Polytechnics. The study particularly sought to identify and give suggestions that could help assist Public Youth Polytechnics in Mombasa County to improve their enrolment levels. The study was considered due to the fact that the Youth Polytechnics absorption capacity of Primary School leavers has continued to be low despite the increase in the number of schoolleavers who do not make it to Secondary School and the minimal impact that Government programs to rehabilitate Youth Polytechnic have had on enrolment levels. The study was conducted through descriptive survey research design. Data was collected using questionnaires from 349 youth, 205 yp trainees and 15 instructors. The youth were selected from a target population of 4826 youth who are members of various youth bunges in Mombasa County through the use of Cluster sampling technique while all trainees and instructors in Public Youth Polytechnics within Mombasa County were included in the study. The data was analyzed using Frequencies, Percentages and the Chi-square test statistic and presented in tables. The study established that gender based socio-cultural factors, socio-cultural backgrounds, family's ability to pay school fees, availability of physical infrastructure, and value of the educational certificate have a significant influence on youth enrolment levels. The study concludes that economic status, socio-cultural factors and quality of education are factors influencing youth enrolment levels in Public YPs in Mombasa County. It recommends the formulation of regulations to ensure yP fees are affordable to the target population, introduction of more gender oriented courses, intensification of sensitization programmes on the value of yP education and the integration of vocational training into the mainstream education system. The researcher suggests that a similar research with a much wider focus and an independent research on the effect that a central governing body would have on youth enrolment levels in YPs be done.

The impact of value analysis implementation on service delivery at Kisumu Polytechnic

Author: Obiero, John Abuto

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Impact analysis ; Value analysis ; Services ; Quality of education ; Higher education ; Colleges and universities ; Kisumu Polytechnic, Kenya ; Vocational education ;

Abstract:

In the age of increasing competition for financial resources, innovation and improved value across all industries and levels of government, Value analysis methodology has become useful in government, process design, construction, and manufacturing industries as a tool to optimize projects, administration, business and manufacturing processes, and to facilitate product development. The benefits of value analysis include decreasing costs, increasing profits, improving quality, improved speed of service delivery and performance, and enhancing customer satisfaction. Although it is the government of Kenya policy to ensure the delivery of quality technical training at low cost, it has remained elusive. Various interventions have been sought and implemented by the policy makers to improve on service delivery and performance. For example a series of management strategies have been designed and implemented, but still the cost of training has remained high, performance in national examination has remained poor, especially in engineering trades, laxity in service delivery speed, inadequate technological approaches and lack of operational coordination in most institutions. As a result of these Kisumu Polytechnic implemented Value analysis, though defined as process re-design and cost reduction strategy to address these problems. The main objective of this study was to establish the impact of Value analysis implementation on service delivery at Kisumu Polytechnic, the study specifically, sort to determine the impact of V A on the following variables; Cost reduction, examination result, speed and quality of service delivery, management system improvement vendor relations, enhancing customer satisfaction and improved operational coordination. The study was carried out using a descriptive research design. Respondents of the study comprised 345 respondents, distributed as follows; students 280, staff 45 and suppliers 20. Primary data was collected by use of structured questionnaires and interviews which were presented on the Principal, the deputy Principal and the Registrar. Descriptive statistics and content analysis was used to summarize the data. The results have been presented using tables. The study concludes that the staffs at Kisumu Polytechnic are aware of the implementation or operationalization of VA. The findings revealed that improvement on most services have been realized to a medium extent. The examination administration, cost reduction, technology (MS) have not reasonably improved. On the other hand the institution has done well on vendor relation, payment of cheques and generally procurement processes. The institution appreciated that proper coordination must be established and reliable teams must be put in place to oversee value analysis process, so that the desired improvement index can be realized. The study recommends that the quality of service delivery need to be improved to attract and retain customers (students). Top management should support the implementation of VA at Kisumu Polytechnic. Technology to be improved and that roadblock to collaboration between departments need to be addressed. Staff training and competence be encouraged and offered to the staff and finally practical training procedures for the students need to be improved and enhance accordingly. The study suggests that for the success of VA implementation, standard VA implementation schedule or procedures need to be followed to the latter. The study recommends that further research should be conducted on the Challenges of Value analysis implementation on service delivery at Kisumu Polytechnic and that further research on the impact of Value analysis on service delivery be done on other colleges, Universities and industries in Kenya.

Socio-economic factors influencing students participation in middle level colleges in Machakos district, Kenya

Author: Makenga, John Mutuku

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Machakos District ; Colleges and universities ; Vocational education ; Enrollments ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

In the recent past, there has been mushrooming of middle level colleges both public and private. In these colleges, students register in huge numbers, however, in Machakos district the number is small compared to the neighbouring districts. This study therefore sought to establish the socio-economic factors influencing students' participation. The study was guided by four objectives; on how parental level of education, family financial status, the cost of education and government policy interventions influence the student's participation in middle level colleges in Machakos district. The literature review was in conformity with the research objectives. The theory guiding the study was human capital theory advocated by Schultz. The study adopted descriptive survey design where variables were studied as they were without manipulation. The target population included 1 S colleges the total number of study respondent was 539 and they were sampled using total population of the principals' and Krejcie and Morgan table for the tutors and students. Data was collected using questionnaires, content analysis and interview schedule. The data was analyzed using SPSS where questionnaires were coded and fed into the Scientific Package for Social Studies (SPSS) programme to generate frequency tables. Through data analysis the study established that; 40percent of the students are of age 20-24 years while 30percent are of age 15-19 years. The study establish that 50 percent of the study were pursuing professional certificate course. The professional certificate courses are popular among the students because of hard economic times and high rates of unemployment prompting students to take courses that may enable them get a job soonest possible after the course. However, some take diploma and higher diploma courses in order to pursue degree courses later. On the influence of parental level of education on student's participation in middle level colleges, the study revealed 80percent of the students come from homes whose parents have secondary education and above and 100percent of the students were found to have parents with higher level of education. In general the study established that there are socialeconomic factors that influence the students' participation in middle level colleges. These factors include, the patents level of education where children from household with educated parents dominates in colleges because parents attach value to education, the financial status of the parents where fmancially stable parents send their children to school while financially unstable parents are unable to pay college fees making their children rely on well wishers, the church and their relatives to meet college expenses. The other factor includes, the cost of education and the government interventions such as subsidies, loans advanced to the students, setting minimum qualification grade for admission of the students.

Influence of drugs and substance abuse on discipline among students in technical training institutes in Nairobi County, Kenya

Author: Mutuku, Teresia Nthenya

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nairobi County ; Vocational education ; University students ; School discipline ; Drug abuse ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of drug and substance abuse on discipline among students in Technical Training Institutes in Nairobi county. Four research questions and objectives were formulated to guide the study. The study objectives were to identify various drugs and substances commonly abused by students, to establish discipline problems resulting from drug and substance abuse among students, to determine the extent to which drug and substance abuse among students affects their class attendance and to identify the administrative strategies used to prevent and control the use of drug and substance abuse among students in the Technical training institutes. The study used a descriptive survey design. Questionnaires and interview guides were the research instruments. The sample size of the study consisted of 4 principals, 4 Heads of guidance and counseling, 40 teachers and 380 students from four technical training institutions in Nairobi County. Content validity was determined with expert help from lecturers in rhe department, while reliability of the instruments was done using the test- retest technique. A correlation coefficient of 0.7 was determined using the Pearson's Product Moment formula. Questionnaires were personally administered on agreed date and collected immediately they were filled in. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences and was presented in bar graphs, pie charts, and tables. The study findings showed that most of the students(175(60.6%) in Technical training institutes had abused drugs. The findings of the study indicated that commonly used drugs are alcohol, miraa, Tobacco/Cigarettes and marijuana. The study also found out that there is influence of drugs and substance abuse on discipline among students, (59.9%) were of the opinion that drug taking contributes to most of the indiscipline cases in the Technical institutes. The findings of the study reviewed that drug and substance abuse among students affects the class attendance in Technical Training Institutes. About 59.5% of students are involved in truancy and absenteeism. Students and teachers rarely hold forums through which issues of drug and substance. Guidance and counselling was the main strategy used by the institutes in dealing with issues of drug and substance abuse. The study conclusions were made based on the findings that drug and substance abuse is rampant in Technical training institutes and there is need for stringent measures to be undertaken to address the challenges in order to reduce the effects caused on student behaviour, moral and social interactions as well as overall performance. Therefore the researcher recommends that all policy makers including Ministry of education in collaboration with other government agencies like Nacada should set up suitable programs that can be used to educate the youth. The Institutes should strengthen their rules and regulations so that the students can attend classes as required. The government should effectively and vigorously enforce laws governing sale of alcohol and tobacco to youth including using underage youth to buy alcohol and tobacco products. Moral guidance should be provided to the youth through involvement in church activities and community work during their leisure time while at home. The study suggested that a nationwide study be carried out to determine the status of drug and substance abuse. A study should controlling drug and substance abuse.