3 Records out of 22207 Records

Impact of parental involvement in early childhood education on children's socialization in Tigania North Division, Tigania East district preschools

Author: Andriano, Gitile Ikunyua

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Tigania North Division, Tigania East District ; Preschool education ; Parents and parenting ; Children and youth ; Socialization ;

Abstract:

The study sought to investigate the impact of parental involvement in early childhood education on socialization of pre-school children in Tigania North Division, Tigania East District, Kenya. Ex post facto research design was used in the study. All parents, teachers and children in Tigania North Division preschools were targeted. Interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data. Data was analyzed using frequencies and percentages. The study revealed that providing proper housing, health care, nutrition, clothing, safety, and creating home conditions that support children's learning improved pre-school children's socialization. The study also revealed that pre-school children's socialization is enhanced when parents are involved in provision of stationery, assisting in homework, allowing children to have time for school work, motivating children to work hard, showing love and affection, attending school parents' meetings to discuss children's issues and supporting school programs. It was also found that communication between parents, teachers and preschool children is important in children's socialization and performing of other school activities. From the findings, it is recommended that parents should be more involved in their children's daily learning activities in order to enhance children's socialization in early childhood education.

Income generating activities and their influence on academic performance in public secondary schools in Tigania East District, Kenya

Author: Lichoro, Peter Kinyua

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: School finance ; Farming ; Earned income ; Educators ; Academic achievement ; Secondary schools ; Tigania East District ;

Abstract:

Many countries in the world, Kenya inclusive have embraced the notion of basic education to include secondary schooling. On this basis the government of Kenya has introduced strategies aimed at improving access to secondary education, such as Free Day Secondary Education, opening of more secondary schools and addition of more streams to existing schools among others. However, in view of the diminishing resources and the growing competition for resource allocation among various sectors of the economy, the trend world over has been to reduce publics spending on education so as to release more of the scarce resources to other demanding sectors of the economy such as health and infrastructure (Coombs, 1983). Consequently there is increasing pressure on parents and communities to increase their financial support in order to place their children in secondary schools. Due to growing poverty levels among parents the amounts due to schools in form of schools fees are far way below what the schools require to run their programs effectively. This results to inadequate provision of learning resources in secondary schools. Njeru & Orodho (2003), World Bank (1995). The final effect of under provision of resources is a lowering of academic performance in national examinations. This study sought to investigate the influence of income generating activities on academic performance in Tigania East district. The study was guided by three specific objectives, namely; to examine the type of income generating activities engaged in by public secondary schools in Tigania East District, to establish the extent to which IGAS influence academic performance in public secondary schools in Tigania East District, to investigate the challenges faced by managers of public secondary schools in initiating and managing IGAS and their effect on academic performance in Tigania East District. The following research questions were formulated to guide the gathering of information for the study. What income generating activities are engaged in by public secondary schools in Tigania East District? What are the effects of income generating activities on academic performance in public secondary schools in Tigania East District? What challenges. Review of related literature indicate that IGAS have been used to raise supplementary funds for schools in different countries of the world as well as in Kenya. However, since no other study has been done in Tigania East District, this study sought to fill this gap. Descriptive survey design was adopted in the study where data was collected from the principals. BOG chairpersons, teachers and students. The study targeted 27 principals, 27 BOG chairpersons, 72 teachers and 340 students. The students were selected from among form 3 and four students. The total respondents were 460. Questionnaires and observations check list were used to collect data from respondents. The data was analyzed using SPSS programme and presented using tables, frequency tables, and charts. The study established a gender disparity among the principals, BOG chairpersons and teachers in favour of men. Majority of principals were aged between (68.2%) and 45 years while most of teachers were aged between 29 to 39 years. The findings indicated that most principals were holder of bachelors of education degree while only half of BOG chairpersons had diploma and degree level of education. The study r~vealed that all the principals had undergone some in-service training in resource management. The main source of school funds was fees and funds from FDSE although management of IGAS was still cited as a major challenge. Staffing topped the list of the most inadequate resource followed by physical infrastructure. This clearly showed the need for schools to generate additional funds through IGAs so as to enhance academic performance. The study showed that most IGAs were related to farming while few were based on hire of school facilities. The study established

Investigation of factors contributing to environmental degradation in Tigania North Division Tigania East District Meru County Kenya

Author: Mithika, T Aburuki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Tigania North Division, Tigania East District ; Environmental conditions ; Farming ; Soil conservation ; Water conservation ;

Abstract:

Environmental degradation which is simply defined as the deterioration of the earth's physical quality from ambient concentrations of pollutants was identified as a major challenge contributing factor to -low land productivity and depletion of water resources over the years in Tigania North Division. This came as a result of population growth farming methods, banditry and poaching activities and delayed land tenure systems. The people of this Division have been suffering over the years from food shortages and forest necessities This study was therefore carried out to investigate the factors contributing to environmental degradation in this particular division. The study method was descriptive and casual comparative in nature. The sampling procedure was multi-stage sampling method. The data was collected using personal interview method. The instrument used was a semi-structured questionnaire with open and close ended questions. The analysis was descriptive in form of measure of frequency tables and percentages. The major analysis method was inferential statistics a statistical package for social science (SPSS) was used to analysis data. The study targeted the farmers, the people working in the ministries of land. Those who have been land committees. Those working in the Ministry of environment and wildlife. The research was conducted by collecting primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from small scale farmers in the division with the help of research assistants. Pre-testing of the questionnaire was done in one of the locations not sampled in the division before actual administration in the field. The data was analyzed form the questionnaires using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The findings were then presented in frequency tables and percentages. The analysis was through descriptive and inferential statistics. The study findings showed that the challenges facing farmers in implementation of soil and water concentration measures were poor farming methods, high population growth lack of title deeds and the activities of banditry and poaching. The study therefore made recommendations to policy makers to formulate land policy on land demarcation and subdivision that will enhance soil and environmental conservation. From the study it was recommended that the government of Kenya should compensate those who have been demarcated parcels of land on the hills and in the marginal areas. It was also found that learning institutions should assist in tree planting, gabion building and the like. Training programmes should target all farmers and gender.