18 Records out of 22207 Records

Green supply chain management practices of the textile industry in Kenya

Author: Andebe, Esther Ondiso

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Textile industry ; Green supply chain management ;

Abstract:

The objectives of this study were to determine green supply chain management practices adopted by the textile industry in Kenya, and to establish the challenges in implementation of green supply chain management practices encountered by the textile industry in Kenya. The population of interest was 142 registered textile firms operating in Kenya. The respondents involved in this survey were managers of various garment manufacturing firms in Nairobi area. Collected data was captured and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics where, percentages, means and standard deviations were used. For easy understanding and interpretation hence drawing conclusion on findings, tables, graphs and charts were used. Findings of the study reveal that majority of registered textile firms operating in Kenya are medium in size with a number of employees between 21-50.The studies also showed that-the textile industry in Kenya has adapted green supply chain management practices to a minimum extent. Largely adopted practices were established to be; designing of products for repair and support of regulation on green put forward by the government. Both internal and external challenges were sited as causes to hindered progress of green supply chain management practices implementation in the textile industry in Kenya. The major challenge being practice of green wash by the industry while the least challenge was determined to be the lack of support for green supply chain management practices from- the middle level managers. It has been recommended by the study that challenges have to be dealt with to be able to successfully implement green supply chain management practices.

Establishing the effects of Indian manufactured products on the textile and apparel industry in Kenya

Author: Mutisya, Harriet Mwelu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Effects ; India ; Manufactured products ; Imports ; Textile industry ; Clothing industry ;

Abstract:

This study attempted to explore the effect of India's manufactured products on the textile and apparel industries based in Nairobi and its surroundings, Kenya. The target population of study was all textiles and apparel manufacturing industries that are members of Kenya Association of manufacturers KAM and operate within Nairobi and its surroundings. This study used a purposive sample of 38 respondents. Questionnaires were used for data collection. Quantitative and Qualitative analysis techniques were applied. From the findings, the study reveals a number of conclusions. Most of the textiles and apparel manufacturing industries have been in operation for mote than 10 years. A majority of them are engaged in fabric and apparel manufacturing and record an annual turnover of over 100 million Kenya shillings. Product innovation; market development; improvement in technology; aggressive marketing; and changes in customer needs have contributed to the success of the companies to a great extent. Olobalization/regionalization, technological advancement, and improved customer awareness impacted on companies to a great extent. Companies' loss of market share and decline in profits has been affected to.a very extent by the Kenya-India bilateral trade agreement. Moreover, the companies have adopted moderately important strategies like market penetration, market development, and product development in order to remain competitive in the textiles and apparel industry. The study recommends that: textiles and apparel industries should also ensure that cotton production becomes a priority in their development policies in Kenya; and the OoK to intensively and expansively focus its policies extensively on investment in the textiles and apparel industry as well as the so much neglected cotton industry.

Self reported Asthma among textile production workers in Nairobi , Kenya

Author: Musumba, Jairus

Awarding University: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Asthma ; Textile industry ; Occupational hazards ;

Abstract:

Few studies have been done to document occupational hazards in the textile manufacturing sector of Kenya's economy. The objective of this cross sectional study was to determine prevalence of self reported asthma among textile production workers in Nairobi. A multistage simple random sampling procedure was used to select both the factories and the persons who participated in the study. A questionnaire was administered to consenting workers to collect data that was analyzed using the SPSS software. Chi -square test, correlation test and independent T- tests were used to analyze the data. Three hundred and twenty participants from five factories were randomly selected for the study. Overall prevalence of self reported asthma was found to be 15.6%. A significant association between age and self reported asthma (p< 0.025, Odds ratio 2.54 (95 % CI 1.10 - 5.89) was noted. There was no significant association between level of education and self reported asthma (p> 0.394. Odds ratio 1.36 (95 % CI 0.72 _. 2.60). There was a significant association between coughing with wheezing and self reported asthma (p< 0.001. Odds ratio 15.67 (95 % CI 4.76 - 51.56). Attack of shortness of breath was the strongest symptoms associated with self reported asthma. The high prevalence of self reported asthma suggested that there is exposure to asthmagenic agents at the textile factory production line that was injurious to the worlers. Therefore, the study suggests that. there is need to put in place appropriate interventional measures to minimize the risk of exposure to asthmagenic agents among textile production workers in Nairobi. Kenya.

The political economy of foreign direct investment in Africa : the case of the Kenyan clothing and textile sector.

Author: Wanjiru, R

Awarding University: University of Leeds, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: Index To Theses ;

Subject Terms: Geography/Political economy/Foreign investment/Textile industry/ ;

Abstract:

New possibilities appear to be associated with the participation of developing countries in increasingly complex global divisions of labour which are orchestrated by multinational companies across borders. In this context, attention has turned to analysing the role of multinational enterprises in orchestrating global commodity chains in which developing countries can participate. There has been a growth of clusters and some instances of successful upgrading associated with participation in global commodity chains, mainly in East Asia and Latin America. The economic successes of Asian newly industrialised economies are held out as models on how poor developing countries can leverage the benefits of foreign direct investment to transform their economies and bring about wider development. What has been less well recorded is the existence of instances where foreign investment has not resulted in the expected benefits, despite participation in global commodity chains. Some of these cases are in Sub-Saharan Africa. This thesis builds upon existing research which analyses the nature of Sub-Saharan African economies? participation in global commodity chains. It provides further evidence of the lack of industrial upgrading, by examining the re-growth of the Kenyan clothing and textile industry and explores the broader economic development impacts of its participation in this particular global economy chain. Drawing upon survey and interview research, this thesis provides evidence of the characteristics of manufacturing establishments in the industry and examines the constraints on growth for the industry. Additionally, the research considers the extent and nature of upstream and downstream linkages, and provides evidence of multiple and inter-connected failures on the part of Government, parent companies and the end customers in promoting the long-term viability of the sector

A critical analysis of factors affecting industrial labour relation practices at export processing zones : a case study of textile industries in Ruaraka, Nairobi

Author: Otieno, Charles Ochieng

Awarding University: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Export Processing Zones, Kenya ; Textile industry ; Ruaraka, Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

This study seeks to critically analyze factors affecting industrial labor relation practices at Export Processing Zone with particular focus on textile industries in Ruaraka, Nairobi. EPZS are export oriented manufacturing or service enterprises that contribute greatly to the economy and social progress of developing countries like Kenya. EPZS are therefore given incentives like tax exemption and exemption from strict lab our law such as the employment act which provides for acceptable industrial labor relation practices including minimum wages. From the onset, undesirable labor relations in EPZS in particular textile industries have been too common thereby bringing to the fore the underlying factors that influence industrial labor practices in the EPZS. This study sampled 142 respondents based at textile industries in Ruaraka, selection bases on stratified random sampling. A sample of ten regulators were interviewed; Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Trade and Industry, and export processing authority as well as union officials and human resources managers. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire tested by pilot survey. Data collected using assisted questionnaire, likert scale and the interview schedule. Data collected analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS). Data presented in bar charts, histogram and frequency distribution tables. Research findings generally established poor IR in the EPZS and the study made recommendations on policy and legislative measures that need to be introduced to improve the IR practices in the Kenyan EPZS.

The effects of performance appraisal on employees of small scale medium enterprises in Nairobi : case of workers in small and medium enterprises dealing with clothing and textile within Westlands region

Author: Mburiah, Beth Wairimu

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya ; Performance appraisal ; Employees ; Small business ; Clothing industry ; Textile industry ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to establish the effects of performance appraisal on workers in Small and Medium Enterprises in SMEs in Textile Industry in Nairobi.According to Mutenyo (2004) lack of consistent, reliable, automatic and well defined policy on SMEs approval leading to promotion and recognition of achievements has led to a very low morale of workers. This effects of performance has led to dissatisfaction with work and has increased subsequent turnover. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population consisted of employees in Clothing and Textile Industry in Westlands region of Nairobi. Stratified random sampling was used to arrive at a sample of 150 respondents and data was collected by use of a questionnaire. Data collected was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics. The study sought to determine whether appraisal of workers lead to motivation and improvement of their performance. A total number of 59 workers completed the questionnaire and out of the 150 workers in the four selected SMEs . According to the study performance appraisal offered in SMEs had been a positive effects to those who had been transferred, promoted or demoted. The appraisal is also adequate despite the failure to effectively effect it on workers. From the stud it can be concluded that workers of SMEs have a positive perception towards performance appraisal. The study also concluded that appraisal is not an adequate factor that affects performance of workers, other interventions such as confidential report, working experience and exceptional performance needs to be addressed.

A survey of the relationship between strategic planning and performance in the textile manufacturing firms in Kenya.

Author: Musei, C Mukii

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2006

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Lower Kabete Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic planning ; Textile industry ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The impact of voucher training programme on the performance of textile enterprises in Machakos District

Author: Muia, Morris Mutisya

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Machakos District ; Training ; Entrepreneurs ; Financial performance ; Textile industry ; Small business ;

Abstract:

Textile sub sector play an important role in employment creation and economic growth. Voucher training programme conducted between the years 1997 and 2001 targeted established entrepreneurs in order to help their enterprises with potential for growth and employment generation. It focused attention on the skills upgrading needs of the SME sector. The objective of the programme was to improve the productivity of SME's and increase the income of entrepreneurs and their employees. This study was aimed at assessing the extent to which knowledge and skills acquired through training had developed entrepreneurs in Machakos District. The methodology which was employed in the research study was comprised of a survey research design. Micro and small enterprise owner manager who were trained in the World Bank voucher training programme were the target population, and a sample of one hundred owner managers were selected from the sample frame using simple random sample selection technique. Data collection was done by USing an interview guide (questionnaires) and the questionnaire was pre-tested to test its validity. The collected data was edited, coded and analyzed using descriptive statistical method. Analyzed data was presented using tables, charts and graphs. The overall picture from the study findings was that the enterprises benefited from the skills upgrading. 54% percent of the respondents saw training as an important component to country's development. Sales volume had increased to 45% with an increase of 30% profit. Financial control and business management improved with 60% and business operational strategies with 74%. Conclusions based on study findings on the impact of VTP was that there was a very commendable success in terms of business opportunities. business activities control (75%), financial management and control system(85%) and increase in business assets (45%), Recommendations made in the study were that, 8ME's should be enlightened on the importance and need for training, the government and NGOs should provide financial support for 8ME training and more training programmes in specific areas should be extended to other districts for the purpose of encouraging self employment .

Entrepreneurial behaviour in a competitive market : case study of small-scale processing textile firms in Eldoret town

Author: Wasike, Eliud R

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2004

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Eldoret, Kenya/Small business/Textile industry/Business conditions/Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

This study was set to establish how entrepreneurs in small-scale processing textile firms have survived the stiff competition in the industry. Liberalization and globalisation has accelerated a state of competitive business environment in Kenya. This has forced several large and small-scale textile industries to close down, GOK (199'6). This study focused on establishing the current state of textile market environment,determining the entrepreneurs' level of knowledge on market environment, various changes entrepreneurs made in their business as an adaptation strategy and the entrepreneurial behaviour in relation to the free market economy. The research methodology involved a cross-sectional descriptive study, which collected data on entrepreneurial behaviour in a competitive market. A sample of 84 owner managers of small-scale textile processing firms in Eldoret town was selected by simple random sampling from a population of 318 registered small-scale textile firms in Eldoret town. Data was collected using a interview schedule administered by the researcher himself. Data analysis was done using statistical and descriptive method used together with frequencies, percentages distribution and presented using tables, bar charts and pie charts. The results from the study showed that most enterprises were under sole-proprietorship type. Out of entrepreneurs interviewed 70.2% people were below the age of 40 years. The studies showed that 53.6% of the entrepreneurs demonstrated a moderate risk taking behaviour, 33.3% as risk averse and 13.1% risk takers. Most of the respondents used informal methods of information seeking; 1.9% used formal market research with a systematic data analysis. On work behaviour, the study showed that owner managers work an average of 9 hours a day and 6.5 days a week. The major adaptation strategies included specialization, cost reduction, pricing, diversification and quality improvement. It was noted that there was limited creativity and innovation regarding product design and business promotion. It is therefore recommended that entrepreneurs should take moderate risk, when starting their business through formal market research, invest in formal market research, product design and development to promote creativity and innovation. It was also recommended that entrepreneurs should be trained on decisionmaking techniques. Entrepreneurs in small-scale textile enterprises should adapt modem method of accessing current information such as Internet. The following techniques could be of great importance as adaptative strategy in competitive environment;specialization and business focus, cost reduction, price flexibility, quality improvement and diversification in related areas of business.

Factors influencing transfer of learning in micro and small enterprises in the garment-making industry in Kenya.

Author: Sikalieh, Damary Anyona

Awarding University: University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2003

Holding Libraries: Dissertation Abstracts International ;

Subject Terms: Education/Business conditions/Small business/Business enterprises/Textile industry/Training/ ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the extent to which participants in the voucher-training program were transferring the knowledge, skills and attitudes acquired during the training to their jobs. The key outcome of the study was the identification of trainee characteristics, training design, and work environment factors influencing the transfer of learning in micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in a developing country. Small business development includes the provision of training for prospective and incumbent entrepreneurs. However, training does not automatically translate into practice, creating the transfer problem. Transfer of learning is a critical outcome of human resource development and is the core of every training program. Data were collected through in-depth interviews from twenty-six voucher program participants in the garment making industry in Nairobi, Kenya. Results indicated that there was a high level of learning and in turn, full transfer of learning. The main trainee characteristics found to influence transfer of learning were motivation, self-efficacy, and ability. Other motivational factors in this context were the subsidized cost of training and the short training period. The training design factors were content identical to the participants' needs and job requirements as well as the training methods of explanation, demonstration, and practice, and the qualities of the training provider (friendliness, commitment, and knowledge of training content). The main work environment factors were support from co-workers and the availability of facilities, tools and equipment. Feedback appeared to be a significant factor affecting transfer of learning as all the participants felt the need for follow-up services. Action plans did not seem significant in the transfer of learning as the participants went on to transfer what they had learned without preparing them. The results of this study therefore suggest providing follow-up services, offering block courses, including the administrative as well as the business training to participants in MSEs.