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The role of media in curbing corruption in Kenya : the case of the Nation and the Standard media groups

Author: Mutala, Ruth Ngina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2912

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Media coverage ; Corruption ; Nation Media Group ; Standard Media Group ;

Abstract:

This study focuses on corruption in Kenya and the roles that the media play in curbing the problem. According to the Transparency International corruption Index 20 II, Kenya lies towards the bottom as one of the most corrupt countries, at position 154 out of 183 with a perception Index of2.2. Over the years, billions of shillings have been lost through numerous corruption deals, hence deepening the levels of poverty in the country. The problem of corruption in Kenya has existed since independence and seems to only have increased with every new government. Due to the magnitude of the problem, it has become necessary to use all means possible to curb the menace. This study examined the roles that media play in the fight against corruption. Through the agenda setting function, the media have the potential to create awareness by keeping the corruption stories high on the public agenda. At the same time, the media through various gatekeepers, the reporters, the editors and the managers decide what information gets to the masses. The amount and type of information published in the dailies is influenced by various factors such as governance, media regulation and ownership. Both quantitative and qualitative data were used to investigate the roles that media play, the effect of reporting corruption stories and some of the challenges the media experience in performing these roles. Among the findings of the study were that the war against corruption cannot be won without the involvement of media. That the media playa crucial role in creating awareness as well as in putting the government in check and pressuring it to prosecute cases that were reported. It was also found out that a lot of gatekeeping was done from the various levels of management, the editorial team and that many corruption stories went unreported. The media were experiencing numerous challenges such as political influence and the influence of the owners of the media firms. There was need to enhance the freedom of the press (to protect journalists) both through the law and the in-house regulation, thus to ensure more effective and objective reporting of corruption stories and other stories of human interest.

Challenges facing women media practitioners in Kenya

Author: Mugwe, Rosemary N

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Gender ; Women ; Broadcasting industry ; Women's studies ; Kenya Broadcasting Corporation ; Royal Media Group ; Standard Media Group ; Nation Media Group ;

Abstract:

The existence of gender inequalities has continued to undermine human and social development for many decades. Eliminating gender inequality to allow for equal opportunities in all industries including the media is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. Although globally women media practitiouers are making significant contribution as workers in the media sector, they are faced with numerous challenges while pursuing their careers in the sector. The aim of this study was to investigate the challenges facing women media practitioners in Kenya and identify ways through which these challenges can be overcome. The study intended to provide a platform to relevant stakeholders in the media industry for addressing gender issues and concerns. The study adopted the gender theory of liberal feminism, a gender theory based on egalitarianism/equality of opportunity and freedom developed by Wollstonecraft. A conceptual framework was logically designed to describe the model of problems, causes, strategies and results of women and challenges in the media houses. The study was based on the assumption that women media practitioners in Kenya face numerous gender-related challenges in their work, which are common and can be overcome. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey, focusing on Kenya's four major media houses, the Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC), Royal Media, Standard group and Nation Media Group. The target population comprised of women media practitioners in the editorial department of the four major media houses in Kenya. Purposive sampling method was used to select the target population. A semi- structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents followed by interviews to complement the questionnaire survey. Data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively by descriptive statistics and presented in tables, charts, graphs and written narratives. The study established that majority of women face gender related challenges to career advancement such as sexual harassment, lack of a clear career path; women are rarely given decision making roles; there's lack of child care policy in the media houses and there is unequal division of labour. The findings also indicated that management's commitment to gender balance and sensitively are still below average and the corporate culture does not support women's participation and career advancement. It was concluded that sexual harassment is of serious concern, gender awareness is far from realisation and most journalists are not aware of the policies that are in place in their respective organizations. The study recommends for media owners and policy makers to develop practical approaches to address gender related issues and concerns at all levels in the media industry. Four areas for further research to establish more insights on gender disparities are recommended.

Social media revolution : exploring the impact on journalism and news media organizations

Author: Mwangi, Aline Wamaitha

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Social media ; Impact analysis ; Journalism ; News media ; Nation Media Group ; Standard Media Group ; Royal Media Group ; Radio Africa ;

Abstract:

The study sought to investigate the impact of Social media revolution on Journalism and News organizations. The objectives of the study were to explore the impact of social media on journalism and news organization; investigate how media personalities and news organizations are using social media in carrying out their roles and the integration of social media on traditional media and how it has transformed and continues to do so as they embrace social media. The study reviewed relevant literature from various international news organizations like Reuters, BBC and other online news blog sites are using social media sites like Twitter, Facebook and Y ouTube everyday to gather and disseminate news stories. The study sampled 4 media organizations: Nation media group, Standard Media group, Royal Media group and Radio Africa as its sample population. The researcher was able to observe and participate in the social media pages of all these news organizations on Twitter, Y ouTube and Facebook. Observing how often they posted as well as how the media personalities and journalists in these media houses used social media and interact with their audiences. A focus group discussion and interviews were carried out on journalists within the target population and the researcher identified the impact social media has so far had on journalism Qualitative data analysis was used to analyze the information collected via the Focus group discussion, interviews and observation and to determine the impact social media has had on news organizations and journalism. The key findings of the study indicate that it is now common practice for journalists and news organizations to integrate social media and post links on their social media pages that direct traffic back to the news organizations websites as well as compel audiences to traditional media. The project goes on to show that social media is not a passing phase but here to stay as most of those interviewed guaranteed that social media has not been exhaustively used and new ways of effectively using social media should be sought so as to use this technology that has reshaped not just journalism but all media industry.