601 Records out of 22207 Records

Factors influencing girl-child academic performance in selected secondary schools in Kinango district Kwale county, Kenya

Author: Ikua, Aurelia Njeri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kinango District/Gender/Secondary school students/Enrollments/Girls/Academic achievement/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This research project was conceived as a result of observing disparity between the girls' education performance as compared to boys and the fact that there is gender discrimination in our society where the girl child is segregated against the boy child. It therefore sought to study 'factors influencing girl-child academic performance in secondary schools in Kinango District Kwale, County.' The data for the study was sourced from the DEOs office Kinango which clearly indicated that there is both low enrollment and poor performance for girls against the boys since 2007-2010. The disparity in performance was found to be 1 point with the girls lagging behind and the gap increasing each year. The historical background of the study adopting conceptual and theoretical framework, the problem statement, objectives of the study, research questions and hypothesis of the study and the purpose of the study were first carried out. The literature showed gender inequality in education has widely been acknowledged with the girl child lagging behind in academic performance as a result of many factors among them cultural factors, irresponsible sexual behaviour and harassments, lack of role models, overburdening them with household chores and the distance that they make to school. These were found to be embedded by the fact that our society is male dominated and roles are allocated on the basis of gender. The study sought to establish if academic performance is influenced by cultural beliefs discriminating the girl child, domestic chores assigned to the girl child, role models, sexual behavior of the girl and sexual harassments and school quality and location . A descriptive survey of quantitive and qualitative data was the most appropriate in collecting in-depth information using questionnaires and interview instruments. Prerequisite information to note the problem was gotten from the DEO's office. This included an analysis of KCSE results from schools that participated in the last five years, their enrollments data in terms of gender in order to get the population. Permission to collect data was sought from the principals of the schools by way of letter of transmittal. Questionnaires were then dropped in the sampled schools after prior arrangements with the principal. They were then filled by the students and the principals of the schools and collected at a later date. The DEO as Education Policies implementer was interviewed through visitation after prior arrangements were made to meet him and information was collected using notes taking technique. It was then coded and analyzed using SPSS and percentages got to determine how the factors that were studied affect performance of the girl child. The hypothesis of the study was also tested using chi square inference analysis technique. The findings were that the girl child's academic performance in Kinango is influenced by culture, domestic chores, role models, sexual harassments and distance. The conclusion was that poor academic performance was a matter of concern and needed to be looked into by all stakeholders. The study therefore recommended that community should be educated on the importance of the girl child, the government to put all the girls in a boarding school at subsidized fee to reduce the distance they make to and fro; lessen their involvement in domestic chores and reduce cases of sexual harassments on the way, separate girls' and boys' schools, post more female teachers and promote them into leadership positions and strengthen the guidance and counseling in schools. It also gave suggestions for further research on the factors determining the girl child secondary school enrollment in the region, a study into gender disparity of the teachers in the area, social economic factors influencing boys and girls performance in the region and finally a replication of the study in another district in the region. '

Factors that influnce the dropout of boys in public primary schools in Kenya, case of Kakamega Central district

Author: Inganga, Irene

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kakamega Central District/School dropouts/Boys/Primary school students/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

School dropout is a serious issue resulting from various causes. There is overwhelming statistics that higher number of boys is dropping out of school as compared to the girls. The underlying causes of dropout remains obscured and that is why this study sought to investigate the factors that influence dropout of boys in public primary schools. The general objective for this study is to investigate factors that influence boys' dropout in Kakamega Central District. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; to assess the extent to which school related factors, family economical background and environmental factors influences dropout rate of boys in public primary schools. The study employed descriptive survey design. The boys who dropped but came back to school were established through the school records such as class registers and the admission book. The current record from EMIS indicated that 2540 boys had dropped out but came back to school. From this population 104 boys were selected both from schools and out of school to participate in the study. Schools were selected proportionally by simple random sampling. Simple Random Sampling was also used on the 88 sampled schools to select the head teachers in Kakamega Central District. The head teachers, pupils and parents were the respondents for this study. Purposive sampling used to select school dropouts who not presently in school to be respondents. Purposive sampling is one that is selected in a deliberative and non random fashion to achieve a certain goal. The main instruments for data collection were questionnaires, interview schedules and school records. Data collected was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively through descriptive statistics. Validity of the instruments was checked by consultation from my supervisor from the School of Continuing and Distance Education. Reliability will be measured by test-retest technique. Operational definition of variables was used to guide in data analysis. The family background that had an immense influence on boys drop out were parents socio-economic status which include; family income, occupation, literacy level, family size and poverty. The study established that school related factors that causing dropout of boys were poor academic performance, teachers attitude, too much work in school and failure to pay school extra levies. Repeating of classes also discouraged pupils and had to drop out of school. Activities within the surrounding of the school and home were found to attract boys into cheap labor jobs. Most of the findings indicated that they chose to be out of school to create income in order to subsidize their parents' low income. The study recommends that the school head teachers should avoid forcing children to repeat classes unless they so wish. Repeated examinations should not be used as a means to sieve those who do not perform well instead they should be counseled to improve their performance. In this study the government was called upon to give a guideline on the extra levies charged in schools in order to curb the dropout of boys from schools. The community should be sensitized through the ministry of education on the importance of education. The study also recommends that the government to come with a law on age that should be allowed to ride bicycles and motor cycles as a business mean. As a basis for further research, the study should be conducted in the in the whole country to have an overview of the nation and apply the present findings.

Factors influencing management of HIV/AIDS in public secondary schools in Siakago division, Mbeere North district, Embu county, Kenya

Author: Gitari, Monica Cyombua

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Siakago Division ; Mbeere North District ; Secondary school students ; HIV infection ; AIDS (Disease) ; Health education ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The researcher carried out a study on the factors influencing management of HJV IAIDS in public secondary schools in Siakago Division, Mbeere North District. The objectives of the study were; To investigate the social fuctors influencing HIV IAIDS status in public secondary schools in Siakago Division in Mbeere North District, to examine the economic factors influencing HIV/AIDS in secondary schools in Siakago Division, Mbeere North District, To assess HIV/AIDS education awareness and its effects on management in Secondaly schools in Siakago Division, Mbeere North District and to find out the control practices in management of HIV/AIDS in secondary schools in Siakago Division in Mbeere North District. The study adopted the descriptive research design where the target population was 2616 and the sample size of 190 students. The study used both stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques. Data was collected using questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data. It was found from the study that alcohol and drugs were a major c:ontributor to the spread of mv I AIDS. The findings indicate that the students who came from families whose parents were employed or in business were economically empowered and that 84% had both parents, 14% were from single parents and 2% were orphans. Awareness on how the virus spreads created by the stakeholders was a major contributor on its effect on HIV I AIDS management. The control practices in maaagemeat of HIV I AIDS in public secondary schools in the area were majorty abstinence. According to the findings that were generated in the study at Siakago division, the researcher concluded this based on adequate conclusive evidence depicted from the summary of the major findings. The recommendations went to the Kenyan Government, the school management and medical praditioners and rese.ardIem. The management of HIV/AIDS in Mbeere North District was inftueoced greatly by the factors that were discussed in the study. The research findings will be of significance to the future research bodies as it will add to the existing body of knowledge on the management of HIV I AIDS in Kenya. The researchers will use the report as a reference point for future research. The policy makers in the health sector may also benefit as they will initiate? or come up with policy that addresses the various fBctors. LastIy~ 1he Government and NOOs will benefit as they will understand the management of HIV f AIDS in Siakago Division.

The influence of sponsorship programs on pupils retention rates in primary schools, Mutomo district Kitui county, Kenya

Author: Gachanja, Harun Githinji

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mutomo District ; Primary education ; Primary school students ; Sponsors ; School attendance ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Kenya like other developing countries all over the world has experienced an emergence of many NODs both local and international in the recent past. All of whom implement various child sponsorship programs though not much has been documented and the question that arises is, what influence do the sponsorship programs have on pupil's retention rate in primary school? Does the amount of funding, scope, mode of sponsorship and guardians role in sponsorship decisions influence the pupil's retention rates? The objective of the study was to establish the influence of the sponsorship programs on pupil's retention rates in Mutomo District Kitui County. The study focused on the sponsored children in Mutomo district. The research design was descriptive and a survey method was employed using structured questionnaires that were completed by the head teachers of the primary schools where the pupils attend. Focused group discussions were held with the caregivers and sponsored children. The 50 caregivers and 50 children were selected randomly from 3000 sponsored children and parents in the district. Questionnaires were administered to the 15 headteachers and 10 deputy headteachers from the 25 of the 59 schools we have sponsored children. The data derived was analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented in form of tables and figures. The independent variables were: the amount of sponsorship funds, Mode of sponsorship, scope of sponsorship and guardian participation in sponsorship while the dependent variable was the Pupils school retention rate. The research noted that amount, of funds; guardian participation, mode and scope have influence on pupil's school retention while other factors which influence retention rates included availability of mentors, commitment of pupils to education, child performance in school and sanctioned repetition of pupils in class. The amount of sponsorship was seen to have great influence retention if the amount caters for child needs and family. Sponsor to child and to family had a higher influence on pupil's retention for they tend to cater for the pupils environment. The participation of guardian in decision making was rated highly in pupils school retention It was noted that when guardians participate in the child's education he/she is able to identify the key problematic areas as pertains to learning. It could thus be concluded that Empowerment of guardians/families to be self-reliant could be effective in ensuring holistic child development. The sponsoring organizations need to increase the amount of sponsorship to cover all areas of a child's need and environment in order to be effective. This would include ensuring that sponsorship covers school needs to family needs to be able to change the overall child's environment that hinder school retention hence sponsorship should centre on modes and scopes that yield more results to ensure that it is effective in ensuring retention.

Influence of socio-economic factors on internal efficiency in the provision of secondary school education in Mukaa district, Kenya

Author: Gichuki, Duncan Mburu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mukaa District ; Secondary education ; Secondary schools ; School attendance ; School dropouts ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This study was carried out to investigate the influence of socio-economic factors on internal efficiency in the provision of secondary school education in Mukaa district. The objectives guiding the study were; to establish the effect of parents' poverty levels on access to secondary school education, to determine the influence of parental level of education on children participation in secondary education , to establish the extent to which gender preferences contributes to drop outs and access to secondary education, to establish the contribution of household duties and child labour on performance in national examinations, to investigate the contribution of family structure and stability on school absenteeism in secondary schools and to determine the influence of early marriages and sexual harassment on access and participation in secondary school education. This was a descriptive survey research that targeted 34 secondary schools in the district. All the 224 class teachers and 1583 form four students were targeted. Two schools were randomly selected for the pilot study. All head teachers from 32 schools participated in this study. 32 teachers and 170 students were randomly sampled. The instrument for data collection was the questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program and presented using tables, frequencies, percentages and charts .The analysis revealed several socio-economic factors influencing internal efficiency in the provision of secondary education in Mukaa District. These factors are parental poverty levels, parental level of education, gender preferences, household chores and child labour, family structure and stability and early marriages. The study found out that, cases of dropouts, absenteeism, repetition and poor academic performance are common in the district. Some of other factors contributing to drop out in the district are distance of school from home, lack of interest in schooling, peer pressure, indiscipline and drug abuse. From the findings of the study, the researcher gave several recommendations that will help to curb the problem and also offered suggestions for further research. The researcher recommends that the ministry of education in corroboration with other stakeholders should enhance laws that protect girl child, the community need to be sensitized to treat all children equally regardless of gender and the head teachers should be ready to readmit girls who drop out due to early pregnancy. The suggestions for further study include the need to replicate this study in many districts in Kenya, in order to find out whether the socio-economic factors affecting internal efficiency in school are the same and there is need to carry out a study on institutional-based factors that affect internal efficiency in secondary schools.

Factors influencing girls' access to primary education: a case of Maai-Mahiu Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) settlements, Naivasha district, Kenya

Author: Gathinye, Joan Muthoni

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Maai Mahiu ; Naivasha District ; Internally displaced persons ; Girls ; Primary education ; School attendance ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Kenya has made progress in narrowing the gap of girls' access to education in primary schools. However, there seems to be issues in provision of education to girls in IDP camps and settlements and in particular, in Maai - Mahiu IDP settlements. The purpose of the study was to examine factors influencing access of primary education among the girl child in Maai-Mahiu internally displaced camps, Naivasha District, Kenya. To achieve this, research objectives of the study were formulated. The research objective sought to establish the influence of household factors, school-based factors and government policy factors on girls' access to primary education in Maai-Mahiu IDP camps. Literature review was based on household factors, school based factors and policy factors affecting girls' access to education. The study was based on the Liberal feminism theory as espoused by Alison (1983) and grounded in a human rights frame work guided by a Right-Based Approach (RBA). The study adopted a descriptive survey design and targeted a population of 3 head teachers, 28 teachers and 217 pupils in Maai- Mahiu IDP camps. A sample of 3 head teachers, 28 teachers and 105 pupils was selected for the study using simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using questionnaires for teachers and pupils and an interview schedule for headteachers which had both closed and open ended questions. Data was coded and classified into major themes from which a summary report was made. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics supported by tables, pie-charts, frequency distributions and percentages. Data analyzed formed the basis for the research findings, conclusions and recommendations for the study. The findings on the influence of household factors on girls' education revealed that poverty, child labour, early marriages and pregnancies are some of the leading contributors to girls dropping out of school hence key barriers to access to education. The findings further revealed that school factors such as long distance to school, inadequate facilities, few female teachers and lack of sanitary pads have impeded on the girls' access to primary education. Further, the findings revealed that there is lack of implementation of existing laws and policies relating to compulsory and free primary education and those committed to elimination of all forms of discrimination against girls such as child labour, early/ forced marriages and readmission after child birth greatly influence girls' access to education. The study recommends that there should be commitments to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence to create a pillar for countering the barriers to access of education by girls.

Factors influencing transition rates from public primary schools to secondary school level in Murang'a East District, Kenya

Author: Gacheru, Jemimah Wangari

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Murang'a East District ; Primary education ; Secondary education ; School attendance ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The study sought to find out the factors affecting transition rates from public primary to secondary school in Murang'a East district. The objectives that guided the study were cost of education, economic activities of the parents, family background, socialcultural activities and school's physical facilities. The study had its target population as the headteachers in all primary schools in the district, learners in standard seven and parents from four primary school with children in standard seven and the District Education Officer. They were all four thousand nine hundred and ninety four in number. The stratified sampling method was used for sampling purposes. The sample size was thirty percent of the target population across the different strata and it was one thousand five hundred and eighteen respondents. The study employed the descriptive survey design. The data was collected by use of questionnaires, an interview schedule and focus group discussions and it was analyzed using descriptive statistics and thereafter presented by use of statistical means of tables pie charts and bar graphs. The study had the following findings. All the respondents perceived secondary school education as expensive and beyond the reach of many learners driven by the factor of having parents being unable to pay for it. The head teachers confirmed that they had occasion of parents lacking ability to pay for the children's secondary school education often at 84.21% and rarely at 15.79%. The response indicates that 21.05% of the headteachers were of the opinion that the parents and guardians had a very much interest in the learners performance, 42.1 % believed that the parents and guardians had a fair interest in the performance of the learners while 36.85% of the headteachers had the opinion that the parents and guardians did not have an interest at all on the performance of the learners. 73.68% of the headteachers affirmed to having role models from their institutions who can act as examples to the other learners very much while 26.32% attested to having it fairly. The study had the following recommendations Greater budgetary allocation should be made to the education sector and it should place a greater emphasis on the financing of secondary school education to cater not only for the tuition but other allied accompanying costs like boarding fees. This will greatly bring down the costs and help make the secondary school education more affordable and have a wider access to it by the many citizens missing out owing to the element of the costs involved. More focus should be placed on the rural economies in the quest to improve them. This can be by way of having industrialization programmes and activities meant to spur economic growth and bridge the inequalities between the rural and urban spheres. This will greatly impact on the levels of exposures the populace's disposable incomes and greatly impact on the capacity to pay for education programmes in secondary school and at higher levels. Parents should be sensitized on the need to have their children progressing and attaining high levels and standards of education. This should be done by way of involvement of community levels and opinion leaders from all spheres so as to shape the community's thinking and have a change of attitudes to attaching a higher value and premium to education. Communities should always seek to take change and intervene in situations threatening the livelihood and futures of young learners. Forums of awareness creation on the need to stem the tide of gender discrimination as a basis of deciding on the child to proceed to secondary school at the household levels should be created.

Factors influencing service delivery by Kenya Police Service: a case of Nairobi County, Kenya

Author: Gatiria, Zipporah Mboroki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nairobi ; Police ; Kenya Police Service ; Quality of service ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Organizations are striving to deliver services which meet the expectations of customers in today's competitive market. This study focused on service delivery in the Kenya Police Service which has been for a long time been criticized by both the media and members of public. The study was guided by the central assumption that there has been unprecedented criticism of the Police service despite the huge investment that the Government of Kenya has made in the department. The research was carried out within Nairobi County amongst officers deployed to perform general duties. While appreciating that there exists a whole range of variables that affect service delivery, the researcher explored training, welfare of employees, occupational stress and management style employed within the service and how they influence service delivery. The study was carried out using probability and non-probability sampling methods in order to obtain in-depth qualitative information to cover the entire service. The data was collected using close ended questionnaires and open ended questionnaires which gave respondent a chance to give their views. The findings arrived at revealed that these key variables of service delivery have been ignored to some extent. The training of the service need to be holistic and give room to views and experiences of the learners for this will give room to the learners to appreciate the learning for they are adult learners. The welfare of the service need to be addressed for employees cannot be expected to satisfy the public when they do not have adequate equipment, transport, uniform and also remuneration which is below the people they are expected to serve. The officers 'should be taken through counseling session so that they are able to deal with the occupational stress due to the work which as no time frame when one can be called for the services. The managers should give room to the officers so that there is free flow of communication and appreciate them; managers also need to be taken through management courses. It is on this basis that the researcher made recommendations that these factors need to be addressed if the Police service delivery is to be improved.

Influence of socio-cultural factors on participation of widows in selected non-governmental supported programmes, a case of Eldama Ravine division, Koibatek district, Kenya

Author: Ayabei, Jepkemoi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Eldama Ravine Division, Koibatek District ; Nongovernmental organizations ; Project management ; Widows and widowers ; Women ; Socioeconomic factors ; Traditions ;

Abstract:

This study sought to establish the influence of socio-cultural factors on widow's participation in non-governmental organization in E1dama Ravine Division, Koibatek District. In Order to accomplish this, the study was guided by the following objeetiws; To determine the extent to which family size influence participation of widows in NGO supported programmes, to establish the extent to which poverty influence participation of widows in NGO supported programmes to examine how stigmatization influence participation of widows in NGO supported programmes, and to establish the extent to which infringement of women rights influence the participation of widows. in NGO supported programmes in Eldama Ravine Division of Koibatek: District. The study adopted the descriptive research survey design. Probability sampling technique was be used in the selection of the study sample. Data was collected from the widows by the use of questionnaires containing structured and unstructured questions and a focus group discussion with leaders of different groups selected randomly from Friends of Ravine Women empowerment organization (FOREWO). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel software. The findings were presented in the form of tables for easier interpretation. Following the findings of this study it was revealed that most of the widows (67%) belonged to NGO supported programmes but their maximum participation was inhibited by socio-cultural factors that included family size, poverty, stigmatization and infringement of women rights. The study indicated that sociocultural factors influenced violation of the fundamental rights of widows in the study area as follows: High family sizes increased pressure On available family resources which encouraged majority of tile widows to seek assistance from NGO support groups. Poverty is prevalent among widows which leads them to seek support through participation in NGO supported programmes, Education increased the level of awareness of the roles of NGO support groups among women, most of the death of the husbands of the widows was unanticipated and thus they did not feel guilt about it and widowhood exposed to violation of their women rights including disinheritance of the properties and violence. Following these research findings, several recommendations were made which included; The government of Kenya to develop and implement strategies to assist widows to access and participate in NGO supported programmes and The Department of Gender and Social Development office should organize for sensitization of widows in order to make them aware of the funds available for them in their offices. It is hoped that the findings of this study may provide essential information to the govemment and NGOs to come up with programmes that are geared towards widow's economic empowerment to enable them raise their income levels and therefore minimize their dependence on the community.

Factors influencing the presence of women in labour force in Garissa District, Kenya

Author: Ebla, Haji Aden

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Garissa District ; Labour force ; Women ; Female employees ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE