139 Records out of 22207 Records

Impact of income generating activities on students' retention rates in public secondary schools in Vihiga district, Kenya

Author: Chepkoech, Selina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary schools ; Vihiga District ; School attendance ; School finance ; Earned income ;

Abstract:

Education is crucial for social economic development of any nation. The importance of education in nation development is best captured by Todaro (1989) who asserts that 'a country which is unable to develop the skills and knowledge of her people and utilize them effectively in national economy, will be unable to develop anything else'. The importance of secondary education in stimulation of social economic development of any nation have been documented in several studies and a number of government policy documents (Psacharopolous, 1985; Ayot and Briggs, 1992). The purpose of this study was to establish the impact of income generating activities on students retention rate in public secondary schools in Vihiga district. Four objectives guided the study; establishment of type of income generating activities, the amount earned from various income generating activities, how funds earned from income generating activities were being used to mitigate students' retention, how income generating activities were being managed and the challenges schools were experiencing in exploiting income generating activities as alternative source of education financing. The literature review exploited empirical findings on income generating activities in schools and what different authors have written on the same. The study employed descriptive survey research design. A population of 22 Principals, 22 bursars, 22 class teachers and 220 form four students were used in the study. Due to the small number of schools as target population, saturated sampling was used. Questionnaires, interview schedule and observation checklist were used as research instruments. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statements while qualitative data was incooperated in interpretation of research findings based on field experience. The findings of the study indicate that income generating activities which could have eased the burden of educational financing was not fully exploited. It concluded that most principals lacked entrepreneurial and business skills to exploit income generating activities as an alternative source of education financing to promote students retention. The study recommends that since there is high potential for income generating activities to contribute towards school budget, they should be enhanced to mitigate retention in public schools in Vihiga district. The school principals should be equipped with entrepreneurial and business skills to make them effective in exploiting income generating activities and make significant contribution cost of education and promotion of students retention. The study further recommends that similar study should be carried out in other regions to find out if the findings can be generalized.

The impact of free primary education on the provision of quality education in Kenya : a comparative study of Thogoto and Karai zones, Kikuyu division

Author: Wafula, Carolyne Mukoya

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Primary education/School finance/Quality of education/Thogoto Zone, Kikuyu District/Karai Zone, Kikuyu District/School dropouts/Class size ;

Abstract:

This study set out to investigate the impact of free primary education on the provision of quality education in Thogoto zone, which represented the urban and Karai zone which represented the rural. The two zones in Kikuyu Division, Kikuyu District were selected as the sample ofthe study. The objectives of the study centred on the enrolment, retention and completion rates of pupils after enrolment, pupils class participation, adequacy of educational resources, their condition, challenges and possible solutions to help improve the quality of education. Ten schools were sampled for .the study. Simple random sampling was used to pick five schools from rural and urban zones. The respondents for the study were; pupils, teachers and head teachers. Three sets of questionnaires were used in the collection of data. Descriptive statistics; tables, bar charts and graphs were used in data presentation. The study established that both rural and urban schools experienced an increase in pupil population following the introduction of FPE. This led to a number of challenges such as; inadequate teaching force, increased workload for teachers, high teacher: pupil ratio, low class participation and overstretched facilities. Pupils of different entry levels were also enrolled in the classes of their choice especially in rural schools. Retention and completion rates were affected as some drop outs were experienced in both categories of schools with rural schools reporting the highest. Rural schools had higher indiscipline cases and laxity among the pupils in class participation as compared to urban schools that attracted pupils who were self-driven and therefore eager to learn. This was partly associated to the policies in education on children rights that prohibits corporal punishment and the parents and guardians who left the responsibility of their children to the governrnent ever since FPE was introduced. Urban school teachers were not fully prepared to handle the changes that came up due to FPE programme since they were used to handling small classes. Class participation was also affected by the deplorable conditions of facilities in rural schools. Inadequate facilities were more pronounced in urban schools as compared to the rural schools. The government provided learning materials in both rural and urban schools though the writing materials were not enough in rural schools as compared to urban schools. The study has established that FPE has been beneficial to rural schools than unban schools especially in provision of learning materials for pupils. The study has further established that FPE has impacted on the quality of education in both urban and rural primary schools. It is recommended that the government and other relevant stakeholders especially parents should work towards the improvement of quality of education by providing enough learning resources such as toilets play equipment, classroom furniture and classrooms, especially in rural schools. There is need to employ more teachers to cater for the increasing number of pupils in schools.

Determinants of school enrollment among public day secondary school students in Butula district, Kenya

Author: Were, Andrew Isaya

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary schools/Enrollments/Child labour/Gender/School finance/Butula District/School dropouts/Education policy/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting the enrolment of students in public day secondary schools. Four objectives guided the study: establishing how child labour affects children's enrolment in day secondary schools; determining the extent to which gender inequalities influence children enrolment in public day secondary schools; and determining how school safety and hygiene standards influence enrolment, and establishing how tuition free secondary education has affected children's enrolment in public day secondary schools in Butula District. The literature review revealed that students who are orphaned ,inadequate funds to cater for tuition, infrastructure and school safety items, sanitary items, inadequate funds under the free secondary education and teaching / learning materials were the main factors affecting enrolment of student in Public day secondary schools. The study was guided by the human capital theory and a conceptual framework presented the relationship between educational resources, educational policies and enrolments in public day secondary schools. A descriptive survey design was used to guide this study. Students, class teachers and principals in the public day secondary schools in Butula District filled and returned questionnaires and the analysis was made using both quantitative and qualitative methods and presented in form of frequency tables. The findings of the study show that secondary education is still heavily in the hands of parents although the Ministry of Education pays tuition fees. Parents are responsible for the payment of development fund, uniform, caution money, and harambee fund. This situation has put pressure on the parents as most schools sent home students who could not afford to pay the required amount of fees. Measures adopted to improve the security and hygienic environment in schools include the acquisition of the relevant security and hygiene facilities like water, lighting, waste disposal facilities, school gate, school fence, lockable classrooms, first aid kits, grills on windows and security officers. Many secondary schools have invested heavily in the creation of a friendly learning environment. In the line with the gender policy in education many schools provide girls friendly latrines, boys' urinal pits and boys' latrines. The schools readmitted girls who dropout due to pregnancy after guidance counseling and medical checkup. The education system is strongly affected by students' participation in child labour. The main reasons for children participation include the need to meet basic needs, pay school fees and supplement income. Poverty is the main factor pushing the students out of school into the work. This study concluded that schools need to work closely with the government in enforcing the ban on child labour; diversely their sources of income in order to keep the poor and vulnerable students ion schools; provide a secure schools environment through the provision of facilities like the fire extinguishers and promote gender friendly learning environment through the provision of gender friendly learning facilities.

Influence of devolved bursary funds on student access to secondary school education in Kenya : a case of Bumula district Bungoma County

Author: Wakwabubi, John S

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary school students/Secondary education/Bumula District/School finance/Student financial aid/Constituency Development Fund ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to establish, ,the influence of devolved' bursary funds on student access to secondary schools education, in Bumula district Bungoma County. This research. was guided by five objectives that included; identifyingdevolved bursary fund selection criteria used by committee members to disburse devolved bursary funds, composition of the devolved bursary fund selection committee's membership,' accessibility to devolved bursary funds information by the students, disbursement procedures for devolved bursary, funds and harmonization of various types of devolved bursary funds. The study was carried out in21public secondary schools in Bumula constituency, Bungoma County. The rstudy used the descriptive study design. This design involved the measurement, classification, analysis, comparisons, and interpretation of data The current study was carried out in Bumula district, Bungoma County, Kenya The district has 21 secondary schools with a total student population of3,842 based on D.E.O s office. Of this student population bursary recipient in the 2012 form four cohorts was 90. The study population comprised of 90 students in the 2012, form four cohorts who had benefited from the devolved bursary funds over a period of three consecutive years. In addition 28 class teachers of the bursary recipients and 13 committee members of the Bumula constituency development fund were interviewed. This study sought to find out how the devolved bursary funds administered influenced access to secondary school education in Kenya This is an important area of study that had not received adequate attention from earlier researchers. In view of this, the findings the study show that selection of the bursary' .recipients in the study schools revealed that56o/00f respondents were unsatisfactory with theselectionprocesswhile 44% indicating that the process was satisfactory. it is recommended that all school stakeholders' should be encouraged to attend regular workshops on devolved bursary funds to gain an insight on how to manage the program for proper discharge of their functions.

Factors influencing provision of teaching and learning resources in Early Childhood development and education in Matinyani district

Author: Kilonzi, Penninah Martha

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Matinyani District/Preschool education/Educational resources/School finance ;

Abstract:

This study sought to establish the factors influencing the provision of teaching and learning resources in Early Childhood Development and Education in public centers of Matinyani district, Kitui County in Kenya. Most of the public pre-schools lack teaching and learning resources which are extremely important in child's holistic development, as children learn better through experiencing, exploiting, discovering, restructuring, speaking and listening. This study was based on these factors influencing provision of teaching and learning resources; namely government grants, environment and community participation. The study objectives were to establish the extent to which the grants, environment and community participation influenced the provision of teaching and learning resources in pre-schools. The study adopted a descriptive survey design with two questionnaires for teachers and head teachers. Stratified sampling was used to get respondents from four zones of Matinyani district. Purposive sampling was used to get male and female respondents covering 45 ECDE teachers and 24 head teachers. Data collected was analyzed by use of descriptive, inferential statistics using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The study revealed that most learning resources come from the environment, that community participation is important and that there is little -government grant influence on the provision of teaching and learning resources. The study recommended school's curriculum within the schools to incorporate learning skills and knowledge on sustainable utilization, conservation and development of a rich environment to ensure continued access to appropriate national TIL resources within the schools. Also government support to such initiatives would serve as a motivation to both the schools and the parental community towards such initiatives. The community should also be mobilized and sensitized to increase participation and knowledge on their importance on provision of teaching and learning resources.

Role of management in performance of economic stimulus projects in educational institutions, Nyeri South district, Kenya

Author: Kinyua, Ann Margaret Wangui

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nyeri South District/Schools/School finance/Project management/Economic policy ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to establish the extent to which specified management issues affected performance of ESP projects in the educational institutions of Nyeri South District. The institutions in which the projects were being implemented included D.E.B Muslim, Kericho, Muhito and Thukuma primary schools. The secondary schools under the programme were Muthuaini, Kihatha, Muruguru, Giakanja, Mukurweini Boys, South Tetu and Kihuthi secondary schools. A descriptive research design was used Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were applied. The target population included all the project team members of projects under ESP in educational institutions ofthe two constituencies ofNyeri South District, which are Nyeri Municipality and Mukurweini constituencies. Judgmental and stratified sampling procedures were used. The rationale behind using judgmental sampling was that the extent to which each member of Board of Governors or school committee was involved varied, with some taking key roles, fur example the school principal or headmaster. Questionnaire and structured interview guide methods were used fur data collection. Stratified sampling was used because different problems could be experienced in different categories of team members. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 fur windows. The analysis involved descriptive content for qualitative data and descriptive statistics for quantitative data. Results from the analysis were presented using frequency tables. Findings revealed that majority of the projects had been organized into life cycle phases and necessary infurmation concerning the projects had been availed to them Some project management tools were largely in use for the projects while others were less utilized Financial management tools were available for most of the projects. However, conformance of actual spending to the budget was on average. On procurement, most of the projects had the materials they needed. Majority of them however did not have a specialized materials manager. Majority of the projects used the earliest start schedule, whereby resources were committed at the earliest possible time. The researcher concluded that project management skills were evident but some important planning tools were missing. This was attributed to inadequate sensitization on the tools' importance. Commitment of stakeholders was found to be high, which was attributed to their being involved in the project from the very beginning in identifying the needs. On finances, the researcher found that the committees made good use of the available funds, and concluded that this was due to the project management skills members were in possession of. On procurement, the researcher concluded that materials managers should be dealing with procurement issues and not project managers. The researcher recommended that all head teachers and principals should be provided with project management skills. Further recommendations were that private institutions of learning should be included in development programmes like ESP, and that identification of projects should be guided by needs and not local politics. It was also recommended that the ministry of finance should monitor allocation and spending to ascertain that money allocated fur projects in the national budget is spent as stated in the budget. In addition, procurement of future projects' materials should be left to materials' managers as opposed to project managers. The researcher recommended further research on a larger sample of the ESP because the programme is country wide, and to have other sectors besides education also researched on.

The impact of financial controls on financial efficiency of free secondary education funds among secondary schools in Murang'a County

Author: Kinuthia, Victoria Wanjiku

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: School finance/Financial management/Secondary education/Secondary schools/Murang'a County ;

Abstract:

Education plays an important role in human empowerment; towards achieving this Government of Kenya introduced the FPE in 2003 and five years later the FPE. This study was conducted with the objective of establishing the impact of financial controls on the financial efficiency of FPE funds in Murang' a County. In order to achieve this objective, primary data was collected from 32 random stratified selected respondents using questionnaires. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics including mean, frequency and percentages were used to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the borrowers. A regression model was used to analyze the determinants of loan repayment. From the research findings, it was established that 40.0 percent of the schools had below 500 students, 32.0 percent of them had 509 to 999 students and 28.0 percent of them had 1000 to 1499 students. This suggests that most schools in Murang'a country have a small number of students. Murang' a County secondary schools should also remove the loopholes under purchasing since these controls were found to have a negative impact on financial efficiency. The study also recommends training for school heads together with their deputies on financial management. The study concluded that, even though all financial controls are perceived as critical, there were some controls that had a positive impact while others had a negative impact on financial efficiency. Financial efficiency goes hand in hand with the performance of schools.

Influence of income generating activities on teaching and learning environment in public secondary schools in Bungoma South District-Kenya

Author: Nyonje, Dickson Achumbi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bungoma South District ; Secondary schools ; School finance ; Educators ; Learning ; Curricula ;

Abstract:

Although the government has tried to intervene and support financing of Public Secondary School in the country through Free Secondary Education Program the problem of financing still exist in our schools. Due to this issue Public Secondary Schools came up with alternative of supporting their institutions financially a part from relying on government donations only. On of the most popular mechanism of financing schools undertaken for this purpose was introduction of Income Generating Activities (IOA).Different projects were started in many schools in the country to create some money for the schools operations. This research study sought to identify the influences produced by income generating activities on teaching and learning environment in public secondary schools in Bungoma South District. The study also has an aim of establishing other unexploited lOA advantages that can be acquired by all schools in the Country undertaking these project. The study addressed the following objectives to investigate the extend to which lOA influence teachers working conditions, to determine the level at which lOA influence students learning process, to examine how lOA influence curriculum implementation and to investigate the extend to which, lOA influence support system in Secondary schools. The research design that was employed for this study was descriptive survey. It involved collection of data by administering questionnaires to a sample of individuals .The questionnaires were given to ten Head teachers ,ten Bursars and one hundred and forty two heads of departments who form up in total a sample size of one hundred and sixty two .After data collection the responses were organized ,coded and entered into the computer for analysis using descriptive statistics. The analysis was give out basing on percentages ,mean, mode, median, frequency and standard deviations. From the research findings it was evident that factors relating to adoptions of lOA activities in schools are categorized in three broad categories namely: Teacher Working Conditions, Student Learning Factors and Improvement in Curriculum. Further studies were recommended for future researchers on the topic so as to compare their results with the ones of this report.

Impact of bursary schemes on retention of students in public secondary schools in Gem district, Kenya

Author: Onuko, Anyango Jenipher

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary school students ; Gem District ; School finance ; Constituency Development Fund ; Educators ; Low income groups ;

Abstract:

The secondary schools bursary scheme was introduced by the Government in the 1993/1994 financial year. It was issued directly from the Ministry of Education to Schools to enhance access, ensure retention and reduce disparities and inequalities in the provision of secondary school education. In 2003 Ministry of Science Education and Technology in line with government policy on decentralization, devolution and empowerment of communities, suggested that from financial year 2003/2004, the funds would be administered to constituency and district levels (MOEST, 2003}. Fortunately, the same year NARC government came up with a secondary school bursary scheme for the same purpose though it was by CDF with funds from the Ministry of Planning. In particular, both bursaries are targeted at students from poor families, those in slum areas, those living under difficult conditions, those from pockets of poverty in high potential areas, districts in Arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL), orphans and the girl child. This study sought to examine the impact of bursary schemes on retention of students in public secondary schools in Gem District. The study was guided by the following objectives: To assess how adequacy of bursary schemes fund impact on retention of students; to examine the extent to which consistency of bursary schemes fund impact on retention of students; to assess how socio economic background of students impact on retention of students in public secondary schools; to determine the level at which public sensitization on bursary schemes impact on retention of students. The study was guided by the theory of socialist economics of education. A theory that redistributes income from the rich to the poor so as to create equality of being. The study sourced requisite data from 322 students' beneficiaries, 24 senior teachers and 12 Principals. The respondents were drawn using a combination of random and purposive sampling procedures. The study adopted descriptive design which was used to analyze primary data. Data was analyzed using frequency distributions, cross tabulations with SPSS and MS-Excel software packages. Qualitative data in form of experiences, opinions and suggestions, were analyzed using qualitative procedures and were used to strengthen quantitative findings. The results of the study indicated that majority of beneficiaries were funded from CDF 78% and then followed by SESBAF 14%. Similarly, other students received both 6%. Even so, there were very strong convictions that bursary schemes were only supplementing students' fees and not generally paying school fees wholesomely. On the contrary, the data collected from schools further revealed that significantly higher number of beneficiaries 63% got bursary from other bursary providers, well-wishers and parents supplement respectively. Further findings revealed that students were not assured of continuous funding and that the disbursements were not in line with the school calendar year. This therefore motivated this study to recommend for allocation of more funds to constituencies and financing of a few beneficiaries adequately to completion, disbursement of funds to constituencies in line with schools calendar year. On the same note, without good governance and efficient management of Constituency Bursary Committees in relation to allocation of bursaries to beneficiaries in schools and financial management in particular, investment in education from any source would not bear the necessary fruits. Consequently, a research could be carried out to investigate the impact of NGO bursary scheme on retention of students in public secondary schools and a further study on school initiative programmes to ensure students retention in public secondary schools.

Influence of economic stimulus funding on head teachers' provision of instructional infrastructure in public secondary schools in Kisii County, Kenya

Author: Ochora, Naftali Mbute

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary schools ; Kisii County ; School finance ; School administration ; Educators ; School boards ; School buildings ; Educational resources ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of the economic stimulus funding on head teachers' provision of instructional infrastructure in public secondary schools, in Kisii County, Kenya. The study was guided by four objectives: to determine the extent to which ESP affects the provision of class rooms in public secondary schools, to establish ow ESP affects provision of boarding facilities, to assess the relationship between ESP funding and provision of teaching-learning resources, to examine the extent to which ESP funding influences provision of workshops. The research questions were derived from these objectives. All literature reviewed related to the study was reviewed under the following categories; status of educational resources in public secondary schools, student teaching learning boarding facilities , relasnionship between ESP and teaching- learning , classrooms and the influence of ESP on laboratories and workshops. A descriptive survey research design was used in the study. The population of the study consisted of 12 principals, 200 teachers and 1300 form three students. A self-administered questionnaire was used for the study to gather data from the sampled respondents. The collected data was classified, tabulated and analyzed by use of descriptive statistics. A positive relationship was obtained with a correlation coefficient of 0.8110 for principals and 0.750 for teachers. From the study the following major findings were made: that the principals and school management boards had attended seminars and workshops in school funds management, and principlas had guidelines on documentation of ESP funds. Also monitoring agencies from both the ministry of education and ministry of public works were practised to ensure that structural standards were maintained . The study recommends that teachers and the head teachers need to be trained to ensure that they have the right skills to manage school funds. The study made the following suggestions for further study:a comparative study on the factors affecting students' academic performance in the Arid and Semi Arid Lands ( ASAL ); a study on contribution of ESP funding on access in public secondary schools to be conducted to cover a wider scope not only a county.