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Vernacular radio and traditional music practices in Kenya : case study : Kamba radio of the Kamba community

Author: Kithome, Cecilia Katunge

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Radio broadcasting/Kamba language/Musyi FM/Audience profile/Kamba (African people)/Folk music ;

Abstract:

This study is about Kamba radio (Musyi FM) and traditional music practices of the Akamba. It seeks to understand the uses and gratifications Kamba radio audiences obtain from listening to music and whether traditional music is one of their preferred music. It also wants to find out whether the Kambas who listen to music have had their music preference influenced by the continued listenership of Kamba radio. The studied age categories of 13 to 75 subdivided into: teenagers, youth, young couples, middle aged and the elderly. The study looks into the music played by Musyi FM it being the popular Kamba radio in the study area. Music is a major reason why majority of Kamba radio audience do not tum off their radios. The study found out that music has a great range of uses and gratifications amongst the Kamba radio audience. Everyone who listens to Kamba radio within the study group has a need (s) gratified by music. The most common uses and gratifications across the age categories are: affective needs, social needs, informational needs and diversion. The study reveals that the traditional music practices of the Akamba have been influenced by the presence of Kamba radio. That Kamba radio has presented a variety of music to its audience. As such, they are able to request for the songs that they prefer. As a result, most of the songs that are played appeal to the age category which calls frequently to request for their preferred music i.e. youth, young couples and a number of middle aged people. Kamba people of all ages appreciate the value of traditional music in the community. They appreciate the fact that traditional music gratifies informational needs i.e. they learn of their roots. It also imparts good morals on the society unlike contemporary Kamba music benga which uses language without much caution. The study concludes that majority of Kamba radio audiences prefer traditional music for informational gratifications but not for aesthetic pleasure. It is only the elderly and the middle aged audiences who find traditional music pleasurable. It also concludes that Kamba radio is a good platform for promoting traditional music of the Kamba.

The role of community radio in promoting economic empowerment among women in Kenya : a case of Radio Mang'elete in Nthongoni location, Mtito-Andei Division, Makueni County, Kenya

Author: Kivindu, Festus Mutua

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Community development/Radio broadcasting/Information dissemination/Social conditions and trends/Women's studies/Radio Mang'elete/Nthongoni Location/Kamba language ;

Abstract:

The goal of this study was to explore the potential role of community radio in promoting economic empowerment among women in developing corqmunities and more specifically where men have taken a leading role in the management of society's resources. This inquiry was undertaken through the use of a case study of Mang' elete Community Radio, popularly known as Radio Mang'elete in NthongoniLocation, MtitoAndei Division. The station which is located in a semi-arid area is recognized as the pioneer community radio station in Kenya having been started by a group of women who felt marginalized and therefore needed a tool that could enable them voice issues that were affecting them to the rest of society. It is for this reason that the study sought to inquire if the radio in question has had any significant role in empowering women in Nthongoni Location through its daily programming as attributed in its slogan 'Wasya wa Maendeeo '-Voice of Development. In addition, the study is premised on the idea that, increasing programming content relating to issues that affect women will in tum give them a voice on matters that affect them in their daily community lives. According to this study, the term empowerment will be loosely defined as the ability of one to exercise choice, control or power in his/her life in order to achieve individual equality in society. Empowerment in this case, will be premised on the women's economic power as far as challenging their status quo in the community is concerned. However, the study will also make an effort to understand how the local women define economic empowerment within the context of their location. In order to understand further the role played by the radio in question, the study will also try to gauge if the women are involved in production of information, sharing of information amongst them and their ability to act on information disseminated to themthrough the station's local programmes. The study is guided by the conviction that community participation is a key tenet in the development and existence of community radio world over. Key to this study will be to look' at the economic activities that the target groups engage in and if the station has really spurred them to that direction. To achieve this, the study will make use of both conceptual and theoretical framework in trying to understand the impact of the local station on the target audience and how the locals have used information to develop themselves. Detailed literature review will be conducted in line with the objective of the study. In addition, In-depth interviews and questionnaires will be utilized as the data collection instruments. Lastly, data collected from the field will be analyzed accordingly and a summary of the findings will be presented as a final report of the study. Given the remote setting of Radio Mang' elete, the study is guided by the assumption that the locals have access to Radio Mang' elete and that community radio have the potential of promoting economic development in society.

An investigation into the role of radio broadcast in using behaviour change communication to deal with hate speech in Kenya; the case of Nation Media Group

Author: Gikonyo, Geoffrey Kamau

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nation Media Group ; Radio broadcasting ; Journalistic ethics ; Hate speech ; Negative ethnicity? ;

Abstract:

In partial fulfillment of a coursework in M.A Degree in Comn:unication Studies at the University of Nairobi, I come up with the idea of tackling Hate Speech. Thus hatched a topic entitled, An investigation into the role of radio broadcast in using Behavior Change Communication to deal with hate speech in Kenya; the case of Nation Media Group. The study was worth doing as problems related to hate speech have continued to increase since . postcolonial era. The emerging results have been harsh, as witnessed during the Post Election Violence (PEV) after the disputed 2007 General Elections (Waki Report; 2008). During PEV after PEV the economic growth rate in Kenya dropped, coupled with lose of lives and properties, as well denting the Kenyan image internationally. Behavior change Communication (BCC) is one of the most essential components of solving problems related to humanity. When planned well, BCC can be a very effective intervention to bring appropriate changes in behavior, especially among populations with high risk behavior. The research used secondary analysis and key respondent research to collect the data for the study. Thus this research project aimed at achieving the following objectives; assess the root causes of hate speech in Kenya, explore ways radio broadcast media can use BCC to eradicate hate speech in Kenya and establish the role of radio broadcast media in dealing with Hate Speech. The study found that Negative Ethnicity is one of the key causes of hate speech in Kenya, as well as politicians, journalists and ordinary Kenyans. Social-cultural aspects and legal features can be very crucial in enhancing behaviour change in regard to hate speech. Radio broadcast can play key role in handling hate speech in Kenya through its role of mobilization, entertainment and information. The results of the study will be used to engage the broadcast media in enhancing proper speech in Kenya, by involving all stakeholders notably the radio audiences, Non Governmental Organisations, international community, Kenyan government, media owners, foreigners, journalists and policymakers.

An evaluation of women's perceptions on the use of radio in family planning communication in rural Kenya. A survey of the Kisii County, Kisii Central district

Author: Asiago, Geoffrey Nyamwega

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kisii Central District ; Radio broadcasting ; Family planning ; Women ;

Abstract:

The main objective of this study was to investigate whether use of radio in family planning communication can influence women in uptake of family planning services in Kisii county, which is regarded in this study as representing women from rural Kenya. The Kisii population is rapidly growing thanks to high birth rate per woman, to an extent that resources are strained and land fragmentation has become severe that; yields are minimal and unsatisfactory to the local population. Radio is a traditional communication medium often preferred due its portability, accessibility and capacity to broadcast in local vernacular languages. The use of radio in family planning communication in Kisii is therefore important to address the high unmet need among the women in Kisii for family planning services. As evident from the research findings, most women in Kisii want to delay child bearing or even limit child bearing but do not use any modem family planning method. The findings show that the present radio messages are more commercial and advertorial than educational. Indeed, the results show that the National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development, (NCAPD), has no official policy for use of radio for family planning communication. To help achieve the objectives of the study, I used the theory of Diffusion of Innovations and Uses and Gratification theory. The assumption being that family planning methods are innovations themselves and their adoption closely follow the diffusion curve. The motivation behind women's choice of a given radio channel and program at a given time is assumed to be influenced by the satisfaction each draws from them. To achieve the study objectives, the study used both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 251 women aged between 15 - 49 on various issues among them their choice of radio station, whether they ever heard family planning messages on radio and whether they can be influenced by radio messages in uptake of family planning method. Key informant interviews were also conducted ,with Dr. Samuel Ogola, programs officer at NCAPD, Dr. Geoffrey Otomu, medical superintendent Kisii level five hospital, and one focus group discussion with women nurses from family planning clinic at Kisii level five to provide qualitative data that was important in formulating recommendations to policy makers and reinforce validity of questionnaire results. The study findings show that women in the Kisii county have a strong favorable attitude and ~ perception on use of radio for family planning communication. Over 80% of women respondents stated that they can be influenced by radio messages in making family planning choice.

The role of radio in empowering domestic workers : a case study of Nairobi

Author: Oirere, Deborah Bochere

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Domestic service ; Radio broadcasting ; Self image ;

Abstract:

This study assessed the domestic workers' gams after accessmg an FHI (Family Health International) sponsored programme aired on radio. Since the programme was interactive, the study investigated its efficiency and challenges programme producers encounter in reaching domestic workers through radio. A case study design was used in this research where sampled domestic workers from four training centres in Nairobi formed a case for the study. A simple random sampling method was used to select a representative sample of 21 respondents from the four training centres. Questionnaires and a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) were the main tools for data collection. Analysis of data collected employed the use of frequency tables, percentages, pie charts, bar graphs as well as a detailed description (qualitative representation) of the answers given by the respondents. The study was guided by Uses and gratification theory, Schramm's interactive model of communication and a Conceptual Framework. The three emphasize on active participation based on feedback, which allows the sharing of information, perceptions and opinions among the various stakeholders thereby facilitating empowerment of domestic workers. In fact, this was an attempt aimed at contributing to research in Development Communication. It has emerged that domestic workers gained from each of the four topics/issues (physical, social, economic and psychological) discussed on radio because more than 50% of the respondents agreed to have improved on these four areas. Respondents realized that maintaining good employer employee relationship enabled them to be respected and keep their job for a relatively longer period. Economically, respondents had started saving on the little earnings so as to enable them invest on a more sustainable economic venture. Self-esteem too for the respondents had considerably improved since they now could talk openly about even 'embarrassing' issues like assaults and sexual abuse by their employers. Participatory communication had led to exploration and generation of new knowledge aimed at addressing situations that needed to be improved. It is recommended that apart from radio, other means like the use of opinion leaders and worker Unions should be engaged proactively in reaching out to domestic workers to empower them. Again, it is recommended that organizations that empower domestic workers should use print, photographic and new media to assess how such media empower domestic workers.

The role of the radio in peace building : a case study of the KBC radio service among the Rendille, Borana, Burji and Gabra communities in Marsabit County

Author: Lechet, Lino Timado

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Rendille (African people) ; Boran (African people) ; Burji (African people) ; Gabra (African people) ; Marsabit County ; Radio broadcasting ; Conflict resolution ; Peace ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of the radio in peace building. It was a case study of the KBC radio service among the Rendille, Borana, Burji and Gabra communities in Marsabit County. The study has found that, the KBC sub-service stations are all rated lowly in terms of attention and coverage of conflict reporting and mobilization for peace. This was assessed in the parameters of frequency of capture of stories related to peace and conflict as well as the air time given to such stories and the number of times such a particular story that find itself in focus is repeated to stress it. From the respondents' responses, it is clear that not much attention is given to coverage of conflict and peace efforts in Marsabit County. It is my hope that as time goes by; restrictive policy framework of KBC will be relaxed to allow the sub-service stations more space in terms of determination of news, coverage and time on air. This may lead them to develop more relevant content for the local vernacular speakers.

Factors influencing use of radio in teaching and learning in secondary schools : the case of Starehe District in Nairobi County

Author: Mwara, Catherine Karimi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MDEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Starehe District ; Radio broadcasting ; Secondary education ; Teaching ;

Abstract:

Radio is an important instrument for educational instructions which has received considerable research in developed countries compared to the developing ones. In Kenya, for example, distance learning, through radio, has been used for a long time in the primary schools. This study examines the factors that influence the radio, as an instructional medium, in Starehe District Secondary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya. The study questions revolve around use of radio in teaching and learning, school administration support, availability of relevant teaching and learning materials. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Random, simple and purposeful random sampling methods and primary and secondary data were utilized in the study. Primary data was sourced from KIE documents and periodicals from the Ministry of Education. Secondary data is used as a review of literature and was sourced from written records in libraries. The Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) formed the major sources of secondary data. The head teacher and subject heads formed the group where the primary data focused. Qualitative and quantitative methods form the basis of data analysis. The study has shown that radios are lacking in secondary schools. Most Principals (88.9 %) give no administrative support to the radio teaching programme leading to lack of awareness by teachers (64 %) of the programme and non-incorporation of the programmes in the regular school time table by 100 % of all the schools. Furthermore, supplementary radio programme teaching materials were only available in 18.1 % of the schools. Similarly, 90 % and 73 % of teachers in Mathematics and Kiswahili, respectively, do not make any preparations for teaching the radio programme. It is recommended that Principals of schools should set aside a budget to ensure that radios are not only purchased for the purpose of teaching the KIE radio broadcast lessons but are also in good working condition. Principals should also make every effort and take responsibility to mainstream radio broadcast as an instruction medium in their schools by liaising with KIE to ensure that the relevant materials are delivered to their schools, ensure that apart from availing the radio that radio listening laboratories are available, teachers are sensitized, trained and motivated to embrace the radio broadcast programme. They must ensure that the radio broadcast programme is incorporated in the school regular timetable amongst others .. Also, KIE to develop a strong linkage with the schools for efficient implementation of the radio broadcast programme which should include putting in place a monitoring and evaluation programme.

An evaluation of the role of FM radio stations in empowering the youth to ensuring a sustainable economic future in Kenya : (A case study of youth residing in high rise estate in Nairobi)

Author: Igweta, Dorothy Kathambi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nyayo Highrise Estate, Nairobi, Kenya/Radio broadcasting/Children and youth/Social conditions and trends ;

Abstract:

The main concern of this research project was an evaluation of the role ofFM stations in empowering the youth to ensure a sustainable economic future in Kenya. The study focused on the youth residing in the Nyayo Highrise Estate in Nairobi. The aim of the study was to establish whether the FM Radio stations empower the youth to becoming economically independent, identify the method used by these FM stations in empowering the youth and to determine the impact these stations have made amongst the youth. The media has an economic- moral responsibility to act as a vehicle through which societal expectations can be voiced. It is-in the light of this that my stud sought to determine to what extent the FM stations (being part of the media) have empowered the youth in Kenya and if they have made an impact. The main findings of the study concluded that the role of the FM stations in empowering the youth in ensuring economic independence in Kenya is actually; wanting. This is because most of the respondents felt that these stations embark so much on entertainment at the expense of other important roles ofthe media which includes Education, Information, Arts just to mention but a few.

The impact of media clampdown on Kenya's Post election violence : the case of Kibera Division Nairobi

Author: Waimiri, Justus Kungu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya/Post-election violence/Media coverage/Radio broadcasting/Censorship/Regulation ;

Abstract:

When the government clamped down on live media coverage during the post election violence in January 2008, the assumption was that this would militate against further wide scale conflagrations that were presumably being promoted and even initiated by the media stations. This study comes in the backdrop of the 2010 Constitution of Kenya (PCK) referendum and the role the media continues to play in political discourse and more importantly political violence. Specifically, there has also been ongoing debate on the role vernacular media houses play and whether it is indeed time to reformulate the Communications Commission of Kenya Act 1999 and possibly deregister the vernacular stations altogether or strictly control their programming. If there is a grain of truth in the assertion that the mass media misdirected and even incited audiences on the events following the blotched 2007 General Elections, this study hypothesized that curtailing media freedom and/or out rightly closing down media stations as it happened, might as well have denied them the only opportunity to quell the fire they had presupposedly lit. Given that every media station has a category of loyal audiences and the fact that the government tried unsuccessfully to use alternative means to dispel information covered the media shows that the Government's decision to clampdown on the media was a policy flop. This study used the survey method to establish what communication channels replaced the live broadcasts and their impact on the violence. In particular the study looked at what were the alternative sources of venting after live broadcasts that had been shut down, the impact of closure of live broadcasts on the violence and the origination of grapevine after the clampdown. The study adopted an exploratory approach in collecting and analyzing the data. The study area was Kibera in Nairobi Province. A combination of quantitative and qualitative data was collected through structured questionnaires. In sum, the study found that the media ban contributed to more violence and that a similar policy decision should not be implemented in the future.

Evaluation of the impact and effectiveness of Kenya Institute of Education radio programmes in primary schools : a case study of Nairobi City Council Schools

Author: Nang'oni, Susy Ngaina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Primary schools ; Nairobi, Kenya ; Radio broadcasting ; Kenya Institute of Education ; Primary education ;

Abstract:

This study was aimed at evaluating the impact and effectiveness of Radio programmes In Primary Schools. The study was based on Nairobi City Council Primary Schools because of its location in relation to geographical environment. 'The study sought to find out the role of electronic media in the promotion of education and the development of educational media in Kenya since its inception after independence through the use of questionnaires. The teachers and learners questionnaires found out views on the reception, content, presentation, and scheduling of the radio programmes among others. From the study, it was affirmed that the quality of KIE radio broadcasts to schools is good and commendable to those who listen and to students who participated in the programmes. However the same evidence indicated that the programme is faced by difficulties such as low levels of funds, time table allocations lack of broadcast support materials and apparent apathy to the learners. To these extent, it is instructive that a lot of effort needs to be put on the way of ensuring that its implementation is effective to all