24 Records out of 22207 Records

United Nations procurement system in developing countries : case of United Nations humanitarian agencies in Somalia

Author: Ibrahim, Daud Sheikh

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: United Nations/Purchasing/Developing countries/Humanitarian aid/Somalia ;

Abstract:

This study sought to establish how the UN procurement system can be used as a tool of development in Somalia. The specific objectives included examining d1e bottlenecks in the procurement system and exploring the benefits and spillovers that accrue to the local people where UN procurement system is in use. To achieve the main objective, a content analysis of major documents at the UN humanitarian agencies in Somalia concerning procurement was conducted. Interviews from key officers in the divisions that are centrally placed in procurement processes were carried out to get an in-depth view of the challenges that hinder smooth implementation of procurement processes as a development tool in developing countries. The study can be of significant interest to the Public Procurement Oversight Authority in Kenya and can be used for policy formulation by the humanitarian agencies in the republic using the case of Somalia-based UN agencies. The research also advanced the work of previous scholars and academicians in the field of procurement and country development. Based on the research findings the study concluded that procurement complexity and lack of political will have combined to undermine the benefits that could accrue to the locals and the country of operation for UN humanitarian agencies. Similarly, the environment under which the humanitarian agencies operate has become very crowded with the increasing involvement of non-state players who in most cases have a different vision of development. The study anticipated and encountered limitations in terms of literature material and lack of cooperation from respondents but this was dealt with through extra reading, team discussions and consultations specifically with colleagues and counterparts from UN humanitarian agencies to make the final report a success.

Challenges faced by small and medium enterprises in accessing public contracts in Bondo, Kenya

Author: Abuya, Joshua Olang'o

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Small business ; Government contracts ; Government purchasing ; Bondo District ;

Abstract:

This study focused on establishing the challenges SMEs faced in accessing public sector contracts in Bondo District. The study was anchored on the EU Directives on public contracting from which PPDA (2005) and PPR (2006) were drawn to regulate public procurement. Compliance to EU Directives has been seen to disadvantage SMEs in accessing public sector contracts in favor of large enterprises. The Kenya Government has been in the forefront in advocating for the youth access to Government Contracts. This has been evidenced by the Presidential Directive on Youth Access to Govermnent contracts by allocating 10% of all public contracts to SMEs. Despite this preferential treatment of SMEs, comparative tallies of public contracts secured by SMEs in Bondo against those secured by large enterprises are still very small. The study had twin-objectives, one being to determine the main challenges faced by SMEs in accessing public sector contracts in Bondo District besides determining the types of public contracts often secured by SMEs in Bondo District. The research design adopted was stratified random sampling of SMEs in which self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. A sample size of 136 SMEs out ofa population of210 SMEs were selected. The collected data was analysed using descriptive statistics. From the study perceived corruption, large documentation level, inavailability of public contracts, lack of information access, lack of feedback, large lot sizes, existing framework arrangements, lack of capital, long procurement time-scales, bureaucratic procurement procedures, stringent selection criteria, inaccurate contract information, cost of tendering, poor business infrastructure unfavorable taxation regime and pre-qualification were the major challenges SMEs face in accessing public sector contracts in Bondo. Again the study found that SMEs in Bondo which to some extent secured public sector contracts were found to have mostly drawn their public contracts from the Office of the President, Local Authority, Roads & Public Works and Agriculture & Regional Development. In conclusion, there are still a number of challenges that SMEs in Bondo are facing in accessing public sector contracts. These challenges need to be addressed by both the government and SMEs management. To accomplish this, the study recommends that further research be carried on how these challenges could be reduced both by government contracting authorities and/or SMEs themselves. Further research could also be carried on the initiatives the government has put to facilitate SMEs access to public contracts. Research could also be done on contribution of the level of education of procurement officers in achieving value for money during public procurement.

Procurement practices in Kenya's public corporations

Author: Abdi, Abdullahi Hassan

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: National Social Security Fund (Kenya) ; Parastatals ; Purchasing ; Risk management ;

Abstract:

This study was carried out to establish with an aim of establish the procurement practices among state corporations in Kenya. The study singled out National Social Security Fund as a case study. The respondents were selected through stratified random sampling from among the NSSF employees. A total of 29 respondents participated in the study. Data was collected through a questionnaire which was administered by drop and pick method. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS and the findings were presented in tables, graphs and pie charts. The study concluded that there are a number of procurement practices prevalent at NSSF. They include: segregation of duties among the employees of procurement department; maintaining all documentation relating to the tendering process; maintains continuous improvement programs with strategic suppliers; measures costs involved in producing and delivering product and services; encouraging a range of suppliers to bid for the supply of various products and provision of services and approval of long term projects by the governing board. There are some practices that were found not to be common such as proper risk management and the board not involved in auditing of procured materials for defects. The researcher recommends that NSSF needs to come up with better risk management mechanisms.

The perceived effect of public procurement law on procurement efficiency and effectiveness among parastatals in Kisumu County, Kenya

Author: Aleri, Chrisostom Odaya

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kisumu County ; Parastatals ; Government purchasing ; Legislation ; Transparency ; Accountability ;

Abstract:

This study sought to evaluate the perceived effect of the procurement law on efficiency among parastatals in Kisumu, County, Kenya. Parastatals organizations operating in Kisumu county were taken as a case study as they are key implementors of the public procurement law. The research recognizes the importance of the law in public procurement since effective public procurement helps in efficient public financial management by ensuring that only sufficient and necessary public funds are invested in assets. The main objective of the study was to find out the perceived effect of the procurement law on efficient and effective public procurement. The research adopted descriptive case study design. Data were collected from 25 respondents who were drawn from procurement officers of parastatals. Primary data were collected through the administration of a structured questionnaire. The data collected were then summarized by calculation of percentages and represented in frequency distribution tables. The Likert scaling method was used to determine the weight of the respondents' perception on the procurement law influences. This study found out that the law has had a significant influence on procurement performance in parastatals. While the same law has had an equally significant influence on transparency and accountability of the procurement process in parastatals. The study recommends, among other recommendations, that public procurement procedures should be reviewed with the aim of accommodating many of the stakeholders' views so as to improve on the perception further from what the study found out. These results are important to the management of Parastatals, the government, Public Procurement Oversight Authority and suppliers of goods and services since efficient procurement helps all of them to assist in managing public finances effectively.

The influence of improved Information and Communications Technology on procurement service delivery among state corporations : a case of Kenya Rural Roads Authority-Nairobi

Author: Wakoli, Pamela Nanjala

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Information technology/Communications networks/Purchasing/Quality of service/Parastatals/Kenya Rural Roads Authority/ ;

Abstract:

Procurement and information communications technology (lCT) are some of the most rapidly growing in the developed world today. State corporations in Kenya are adopting information and communication technology (K'T) as a tool to improve transparency, effectiveness in service delivery, through implementation of information systems (ISS). Despite this, little research has been done to identify the influence of information communications technology on procurement service delivery among state corporations thus forming the basis of the study; and the objectives included: to investigate how the availability of computerization/automation (lCT) influence procurement service delivery; to examine how competence of procurement professionals and practitioners in lCT influence procurement service; to determine how the effectiveness of lCT influence procurement service and to explore how integration of lCT in procuremnet with the existing system influence procuremnet service delivery in Kenya Rural Roads Authority.This study therefore adopted a descriptive survey design methodology because the researcher collected cross sectional data on influence of information communications technology on procurement service delivery in Kenya Rural Roads Authority. The main instrument for data collection was open and closed-ended questionnaire, which was administered, targeting the total population through census survey, therefore no sampling was required. Data was collected, cleaned, coded and analyzed with the aid of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) package; descriptive statistics analysis were used to help in drawing comparisons and conclusions. The results obtained were for the general population. The study established that the information communicatrions technolodgy had a positive impact on procurement service delivery, to all other operations and relevant insitutions in Kenya Rural Roads Authority (KeRRA). Most of the employees had basic lCT skills in KeRRA; though there is need for more training and awareness to all employees and initiate lCT programmes that inter-links all the departments/functions.

Lean procurement methodologies used by large scale manufacturing firms in Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Kabuga, Mary W

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Manufacturers/Corporate purchasing/Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

Lean procurement process has been revolutionized, leading to a number of success stories from companies. These companies join a growing number of businesses in a myriad of industries that have revamped their operations to be leaner and more efficient, all to a variety of benefits and to overcome the critical barriers in the lean procurement practices. To do this, firms apply different methodologies to manage their lean procurement. Most firms have not been able to formulate the right methodologies required to achieve this objective in their lean procurement process. However, the objectives of this study areto determine the lean procurement methodologies being implemented by large scale manufacturing firms; to determine the benefits of implementing lean procurement methodologies among large scale manufacturing firms; and to establish the critical barriers to the implementation of lean procurement methodologies by large scale manufacturing firms in Nairobi, Kenya. Descriptive survey design was used to carry out the study. The population of the study constituted all the large scale manufacturing firms within Nairobi. The sample of this study consisted of 60 large scale manufacturing firms. Self administered drop and pick questionnaires were distributed to the head of purchasing/procurement/supply chain management currently employed by the large scale manufacturing firms in Nairobi. The data collected was analyzed with the use of means, standard deviation, and factor analysis with the aid of statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS). The methodologies adopted by large scale manufacturing firms influenced lean procurement and positively aided manufacturing firms to possess competitive advantage. Of primary consideration, the methodologies adopted by large scale firms included lean thinking, e-procurement, good supplier relationship management and the control movement of materials using the Kanban system and the benefits of implementing lean procurement methodologies also include eliminating waste in all procurement cycles, reduce lead time, reduce inventory, reduce cost, improved customer satisfaction and improved demand management. The critical barriers that the research established in the implementation of lean procurement methodologies to be affecting large scale manufacturing firms included lack of system thinking, resistance to change, poor planning, lack of adequate resource, lack of skills and expertise and the lack of clarity supply chain waste. This study will be of great importance to the policy makers in the manufacturing industry as they will use the methodologies, benefits and established critical barriers in the implementation of lean procurement methodologies used by large scale manufacturing firms in Nairobi, Kenya in gaining competitive advantage by adding value and avoiding waste.

Accountability in public sector procurement : a case study of the State Law Office

Author: Kiawa, Florence Mumbi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : LLM

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Government purchasing/Accountability/Public sector/State Law Office ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Effects of public and disposal act on procurement in Parastatals in Kenya

Author: Ngari, Margaret Kagendo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Effects ; Legislation ; Public finance ; Public Procurement and Disposal Act (2005) ; Purchasing ; Parastatals ;

Abstract:

The public procurement system in Kenya has evolved to an'orderly and legally regulated system governed by the PPDA, 2005. Prior to this, in Central Government it was governed by Treasury Circulars from 1969, then the Supplies Manual of 1978, before the promulgation of the Exchequer and Audit (Public Procurement) Regulations, 2001.The PPDA, effective as of 1st January 2007, applies to all procurement of goods, works and services, as well as the disposal of assets by public entities. The Public procurement processes is a complex issue because of the multiple interests and objectives it strives to achieve simultaneously coupled by the multiple regulatory policies and bodes it has to adhere to. The objective of this study was to look at the effects of PPDA on public procurement in Parastatals in Kenya. However the specific objectives were to establish the effect of PPDA on the procurement process in Paratatals in Kenya and find out the challenges to the implementation of the PPDA. The study adopted a cross sectional descriptive research design. For the purposes of this study, the population of interest was all parastatals in Kenya based in the Nairobi County. The study adopted proportionate stratified Sampling design. Primary data was collected for the purpose of this study. It was collected using interviewer administered questionnaires. The questionnaires were piloted with three subject experts before final administration. The filled questionnaires was inspected for completeness and edited. The study targeted a sample of 30 respondents out of which 22 respondents filled in and returned the questionnaire giving a response rate of73%. The study concluded that PPDA improved the competitiveness of the procurement processes among parastatals. In addition PPDA improved the quality of services and goods delivered, and finally it promoted ethical standards among Parastatals in procurement. On the challenges of PPDA, the study concluded that corrupt officers, unresponsive bids ignorance of the PPDA guidelines, inefficiency of the PPOA on enforcing the penalties to the offenders and lack of organizational incentives & pressures for Public procurement guidelines implementation were to a great extent challenges.

Effects of public procurement procedures on financial performance of farmers' Cooperative Societies in Kiambu County

Author: Njoroge, Peter Kimani

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Effects ; Purchasing ; Public finance ; Financial performance ; Farmers ; Savings and credit cooperative societies ; Kiambu County ;

Abstract:

Procurement is the acquisition of goods and/or services at the best possible total cost of ownership, in the right quality and quantity, at the right time, in the right place and from the right source for the direct benefit or use of corporations, individuals, or even governments. Simple procurement may involve nothing more than repeat purchasing. The study sought to establish the effects of public procurement procedures oIl' the financial performance of farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County. In specific, it sought to determine the effect of professionalism, financial management, records management and response time in the implementation of public procurement procedures on financial performance of profit making farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County. The target population was stratifIed into farmers' Cooperative Societies, which formed 10 strata. In each stratum, the study used simple random sampling technique in coming up with a sample of 3 employees from procurement department from each firm. This study utilized a questionnaire to collect primary data and analyzed through descriptive statistics. From the findings, professionalism in implementation of public procurement procedures ensures assessment of the procurement procedures in profIt making farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County. On financial management, majority of the profIt making farmers' cooperative societies faces difficulties in decision-making process leading to lost opportunities for financial growth. From the fmdings most of the cooperative societies experiences challenges in securing record and data. The study recommends that profit making farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County should ensure proper competitive recruitment of the procurement personnel. This will enhance professionalism in public procurement procedures. The study recommends proper adoption of response rate strategies, which incorporates technology. Response time in procurement in consideration to competitive environment includes lower procurement costs, faster cycle times, reduced maverick or unauthorized bllying, more highly organized information, and tighter integration of the procurement function with key back-office systems.

Factors inhibiting implementation of Public Procurement Act (2005) and its regulations in Kenya : a case study of Kajiado North District

Author: Mburu, Job Kamau

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Purchasing ; Legislation ; Public finance ; Public Procurement and Disposal Act (2005) ; Kajiado North District ;

Abstract:

Management in many organizations is focused on identifying and streamlining key business process to reduce costs, grow revenues and manage assets. Business processes include procurement process, marketing process, accounts payable process and research and development process. In the public sector, increasing the rate of internal compliance with the procurement process is a continuing challenge. The management executive team must get to the root causes of circumventing supply and develop strategies to eliminate or reduce these causes. The study aimed at establishing the factors inhibiting implementation of the public procurement and disposal act (2005) and its regulations in Kajiado North District. Towards the realization of this objective, a case study research design was used and the researcher interviewed seven members of the district tender committee with different background of professional line and various years of experience in the district. The data was collected through the use of interview guides that had been prepared to guide the researcher in establishing the factors inhibiting implementation of the public procurement and disposal act (2005) and its regulations. The findings from the study indicated that the district faces a number factors that inhibit implementation of PPDA ranging from budgetary restrictions, outside pressures, project approval, professionalism, record keeping, donor conditions and procurement planning. Due to time and financial constraints, this study considered Kajiado North District tender committee members and did not consider views from other people within the district. All the seven respondents targeted were available for the interview and this contributed positively to the success of this study. the research recommended that the PPDA be revised to address challenges that are making it difficult to implement. It also recommends that procurement professionals should be engaged early in the project concept development to ensure success when it comes to implementation. The study has suggested further research including carrying out a similar research in other districts and other government agencies and also repeating the research after some time to find out if the factors will have changed.