47 Records out of 22207 Records

Influence of globalization on Kenya's Public Policy

Author: Omondi, Oscar Odondi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Globalization ; Public policy ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this research was to determine the influence of globalization on Kenya's public policy. The study begins by looking at the evolution of globalization. The thesis and hypotheses are clearly outlined and discussed in chapter 1 of the study. The study seeks to explore more on the processes of public policy making in Kenya and trying to find out how the forces of globalization affect these processes and its outcomes. The literature review was done with a wealth of extractions from well known authors and a rich source of publications to re-emphasize the fact that their ideologies were in line with the study objectives. This strengthened the study. The literature review focused a lot on the research questions and objectives. Thus, the areas largely explored in the literature review were economic internationalism, intergovernmental organizations and trans-border data flow. The study also explores in detail, the act of policy making, steps and outcomes in Kenya. In addition, the chapter seeks to further enhance the reader's understanding of globalization by exploring different forms of globalization. It gives a deeper introduction to globalization, taking the readers through the growth of globalization. Also, it explores the agents of globalization in detail including issues like economic internationalism, trans-border data flow, and intergovernmental organizations. The researcher then presents data analysis, presentation of data and interpretation of the collected data. This is done in form of graphs, tables and charts that clearly show correlation between the variables. This is accompanied by brief notes to explain each figure and chart, to further enhance the understanding of the data. Finally, the study gives the recommendation and conclusion. In this part, it is clear that Kenya's policy makers have to strengthen policies that encourage and foster manufacturing in the country so as to strengthen its position in the international market. Of course innovation and creativity will be instrumental in doing this. Also, in the conclusion, the study discusses the importance of peace and stability in Kenya's journey towards vision 2030.However, peace and stability cannot be achieved without good governance, yet human rights is obviously a prerequisite for good governance. In achieving all these, the international community through the agents of globalization have played a very significant role in the efforts to transform Kenya from a one party authoritarian state to a democracy. And even though the democratic institutions are still weak and need a lot more stronger policies to strengthen and enhance them, we can say so far the country is in the right path towards achieving internal . A lot of institutional reforms have been put in place in the last four years that still aim at making Kenya a more peaceful and stable nation and fostering good governance. Indeed, even in these reforms, the international community has played a significant role, more so through the Koffi Anan led panel of African Imminent Personalities. As a result of the study, it was recommended that public policy formhlation and its outcomes should consider the process of globalization and its outcomes. This is because, as found out by the study, globalization and its forces significantly affect the lifestyle of the Kenyan citizens making it a force to reckon with while formulating public policies. The recommendations were drawn from the data collected from a total of 83 respondents. The study took a downward-upwards approach as opposed to vice versa by interviewing the ordinary Kenyans and a few experts on issues to do with public policy. The researcher thought the opinions of the ordinary Kenyans were of utmost importance, since public policy is aimed at improving their lives. Therefore, there was need to gather their views on what they think is important for them, and what they think would enrich their lives. These views were later consolidated and

Public participation in environmental decision-making in Kenya : analysis of law and policy

Author: Nbiba, Jane Wanjiru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : LLM

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Decision making ; Environmental policy ; Environmental law ; Public policy ;

Abstract:

In recent years public participation has become to be seen as a vital part of addressing environmental problems and bringing about sustainable development. In this context, vacating the limits of solely relying on technocratic bureaucratic monopoly of decision-making, allows governments to adopt policies and enact laws that are relevant to communities and take into account their needs. The principle of public participation holds that those who are affected by a decision have a right to be involved in the decision-making process. Public participation implies that the public's contribution will influence the .decision. Borrowing from the advancement of Public participation as part of a 'people first' paradigm shift, this study challenges the concept that 'big is better' and the logic of centralized hierarchies, advancing alternative concepts of 'more heads are better than one' and arguing that public participation can sustain productive and durable change. The right to public participation is to a considerable extent enshrined by laws of the land and the notion of public participation in environmental decision making (EDM) and is gaining currency in post-modern democratic practice. However, there is little concomitant and literal engagement of the people at the earliest stages of environmental assessments. Access to environmental information for all who choose to participate in such decision-making is integral to the concept of environmental democracy. The policy of access to information, provides the foundation, and advocates providing basic information to the public. Informed with basic facts about the quality of their environment, citizens can become active participants in identifying and resolving issues at both local and national levels. Across the globe, many countries have adopted this policy and have shaped it to meet their particular needs. Advocacy in matters related to the environment has coalesced around the notion of public participation in EDM The role of the community sector in helping these decision-makers to make good decisions .. cannot be over-estimated. While public participation has been advanced as a means of democratizing environmental management and conservation of the country's ecosystem, it is surprising that there are very limited compliance mechanisms or proper processes that have been put in place on how it can be actualized Individuals and community groups find it very difficult to participate meaningfully in environmental decision-making unless they have access to information relevant to the decision to be made. Ideally, the public should have access to the same information as the decision-maker.In practice, this rarely occurs. The study seeks to establish the nature and contours of public participation in EDM, with specific focus on the environmental legislations, policy and practice in Kenya; to establish the efficacy and efficiency of the provisions of environmental related law in advancing public participation in environmental matters in Kenya; to identify factors limiting the ability for participatory environmental decision making in Kenya; and, to make appropriate recommendations on policy, legislation and practice where weaknesses exist, with a view to strengthening public participation on environmental decision-making. The study posits that unless homage is paid to these conundrums, ours is likely to be a mere perfunctory erection of legislative frameworks without proper. ideological foundations or normative processes that nurture them. In this regard, the study states at the outset that public participation in EDM must entail a bold but radical remodification of the concept and its normative edifice. This will not be attained by merely creating institutions with lofty aims, but rather, in a deliberate process of political transformation that is interwoven with virtues of democratic environmental governance and normative processes. Or else, public participation will continue to re

Public private partnership by Local Authorities in Kenya : Legal and policy lessons for County Governments

Author: Mikangi, Nasenya Irene

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : LLM

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Public private partnerships ; Local government ; Legislation ; Public policy ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Factors influencing participation by physically challenged persons in public decision making organs in Gucha District

Author: Wangwe, Wycliffe Namulata

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Gucha District/Handicapped people/Public policy/Decision making ;

Abstract:

In Kenya, many government and international instruments have focused almost entirely in the involvement and participation of the physically challenged persons in all aspects of decision making organs. Participation as a concept of development entails involvement in decision making process by the disadvantaged members of the society at all levels on matters that affect their day to day lives. The study focuses on the factors influencing participation by physically challenged persons in public decision making organs in Gucha district. The study was guided by the following objectives: 1.To determine whether gender of the physically challenged persons influence their participation in public decision making organs in Gucha district. 2.To establish whether education level of physically challenged persons influence their participation in public decision making organs in Gucha district. 3.To examine whether income levels of the physically challenged persons influence their participation in public decision making organs in Gucha district. 4.To determine whether assistive devices influence participation of physically challenged person in public decision making organs in Gucha district. The research methodology used in this study was survey design., the sampling technique used in the study was sample random sampling where four out of seven divisions were sampled based on geographical structures. Data for the study was collected using questionnaires to a target population of 503 and the total number of respondents for the study were 150 as a sample size which is 30% of the target population. Collected data was corded entered ,cleaned and analyzed using Statistical package for social sciences.

Turning politics into action : an evaluation of the implementation of persons with disabilities act 2003-Kenya

Author: Sidha, Zedekia

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Handicapped people/Persons with Disabilities Act (2003)/Legislation/Public policy/Human rights ;

Abstract:

The fundamental objectives of enacting the Persons with Disabilities Act (No. 14 ) of 2003 were: 'to provide for the rights and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities; to achieve equalization of opportunities for persons with disabilities; to establish the National Council for Persons with Disabilities; and for the connected purpose' (Persons With Disabilities Act (N014) of 2003:283). This study explores the extent to which these objectives have been realized, what policy instruments have been used to achieve these objectives, which of these have worked well and which have not. It was guided by the systems theory of public policy implementation and employed field survey as a data collection method. It was conducted in three Kenyan cities namely; Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu. It involved 48 government officials, 56 persons with disabilities, 20 parents of children with disabilities and 20 leaders of disabled person's organizations (DPOs). The study established that a number of steps have been taken by the government towards promoting the human rights of persons with disabilities since the Act was enacted in 2003. The study established that there was a marked improvement in the level of access to education, employment and other social amenities for persons with disabilities. The researcher observed, however, that most of the policy promises outlined in the Act have remained unfulfilled. None of the eight government ministries which the Act mandates different responsibilities in its implementation process for example, had employed a disabilities inspector. To this end there was no one in these ministries to monitor how well they were doing in the process of promoting the human rights of Persons with Disabilities. In addition to the foregoing in most communities visited stigma and discrimination against persons with disabilities was still prevalent. There was also evidence that persons with disabilities were lagging behind the rest of the Kenyan population in key development areas such as employment, education and health. This slow progress in expanding opportunities for the Persons with Disabilities has resulted to losses for the persons with disabilities and the economy at large in terms of under- developed human capital, loss of output from productive PWDs and loss of income for their households. The study recommends the establishment of an institutional assessment and capacity building programs for the National Council for Persons with Disabilities. These assessments should focus on financial and human resource requirements analysis, reporting lines between the Council and other government ministries involved in the PDA implementation process and the governance systems of the Council. It also recommends inclusion of disability mainstreaming in the performance contracts of the permanent secretaries of all eight government ministries which the Persons with Disabilities Act mandates to play one role or the other in its implementation process. In addition to these all government ministries should employ disability inspectors as outlined in section 43 of Persons with Disabilities Act to monitor its implementation process.

The impacts of engendering public policy in Kenya: a case study of Kenyan women in international relations

Author: Gichangi, Mercy Wairimu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Gender ; Public policy ; International relations ; Women ;

Abstract:

This study sought to examine the impact of engendering public policy in Kenya and studied Kenyan women in international relations in the eyes of those serving in international jurisdiction and those in the local sphere who have been able-to influence international public policy. The Methodology of research was through both primary and secondary data analysis. Primary data was collected from interviews with women in public offices locally and internationally. The interviews were personal interviews in the form of Non-Scheduled NonStructured interviews. The study relied heavily on secondary data which was collected from various sources such as library research, internet searches, past thesis, academic papers and dissertations, summary of journals, government documents. This study established that public policy in Kenya has been going through an engendering process despite fundamental social and structural barriers that tend to exclude women from public office. This engendering process of public policy in Kenya has resulted in an increase in women representation public office and the impact women have in public policy both locally and internationally. It is not merely for altruistic reasons but because of favourable policy and institutional framework, mainstreaming of public policy; which is having policies and programmes that facilitate women participation and translating programmes into practice to remove social and institutional barriers.'

Foreign aid, donors and policy formulation in Kenya : a challenge to contemporary theories of policy making

Author: Mburu, Joseph M

Awarding University: University of York, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Foreign aid ; Public policy ;

Abstract:

This thesis makes three contributions. First, it shows that, beyond ideas of policy transfer, most contemporary models of public policy-making fail to take into account the exogenous and non-domestic sources of, and demands for, policy innovation or reform. This is particularly the case in respect of post-colonial states, like Kenya, where there is a high level of aid-dependency. Second, I illustrate this with two detailed case studies of policy formation in Kenya the privatization process and the anti-corruption programme. Both show the profound influence of foreign donor agencies (as non-domestic constituents of the policy and hence political process) not only on the shape, direction and form of policy, but often on the precise wording and content of the policies and their legislative embodiment. Third, I suggest that in the light of this evidence, there is need to rethink and revise models of public policy-making in the post-colonial African state. Moreover, having shown the extent of donor involvement in two key areas of public policy-making in Kenya, I point out that this story raises profoundly troubling if not contradictory implications for external donors? concerns about democracy (and especially democratic governance), state autonomy and sovereignty. Chapter 2 is a literature review of policy-making models and points to their deficiencies when analysing post-colonial states and external factors. Chapter 3 analyses the history of Kenya?s models of policy-making. Chapter 4 outlines the magnitude of aid flows to Kenya over time, while Chapter 5 illustrates the importance of that aid to Kenya. Chapter 6 discuss the evolution and forms of aid conditionality in Kenya since independence. Chapter 7 and 8 each focus in detail on the two case studies on privatization and anti-corruption.

A framework for public participation in the conservation process in Kenya.

Author: Sudi, W.M

Awarding University: University of Lincoln, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2004

Holding Libraries: Index To Theses ;

Subject Terms: Urban and regional planning/Conservation/Public policy ;

Abstract:

One of the most intractable global cultural heritage challenges today is the conservation of cohesive high-quality urban areas, or indeed while cities. There is no shortage of debate and earnest words about what should be conserved, the cultural significance of these elements to world heritage, the physical works that should be undertaken to conserve them and the pressing need for continuous action. After reviewing many documents on this subject, it is all too easy to feel encouraged by the strength of the interest and by the clarity of ideals and principles. But such feelings quickly turn into despair when the towns, cities and urban quarters discussed are actually visited and examined. The gap between rhetoric and action is alarming and appears to be growing. So great is the discrepancy between the two that some scrutiny or review of current conservation practices to the problem of urban areas seems to be urgently required. In that backdrop, this research study aims at providing a conservation practice that addresses that conservation challenge. Departing from conventional approaches, most of which focus on physical measures and technical interventions, a sociological perspective, which addresses ?real? issues inherent in conserving such a complex and dynamic cultural resource, is proposed. Conservation for Real, as this perspective to urban conservation is being referred in this study, is based on integrated policies and inclusive approaches. This research sets out to establish the basis of ?Conservation for Real? and formulate a Strategic Framework for including relevant stakeholders in the conservation process in Kenya. The Framework will outline a Plan of Action which includes objectives, roles and responsibilities of participants, tools to enable them to participate in the conservation process. This thesis is organised along three interrelated Sections. In the first three chapters, Section One explores the broad subject of urban conservation; highlighting the concept and the way it is practised in Kenya. In the next three chapters, Section Two focuses on the phenomenon of public participation, highlighting conceptual issues, processes as well as practice. In the last two chapters, Section Three concludes with a Strategic Framework for the conservation process in Kenya as well as study conclusions and recommendations for further research.

Political economy of education and health in Kenya.

Author: Miguel, Edward Andrew

Awarding University: Harvard University, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2000

Holding Libraries: University Microfilms International ;

Subject Terms: Economic development ; Labour economics ; Education ; Public policy ; Public health ;

Abstract:

This research is motivated by the current economic development challenges confronting Africa. sub-Saharan Africa has experienced a dramatic economic collapse during the past two decades, with average per capita income falling sharply in most African countries. This thesis contributes to the literature on African growth by providing original evidence on important and previously examined links between public policy formation, health, and education in Kenya. The region of Kenya that forms the backdrop for this study is typical for Africa in terms of income levels, social divisions, and disease burden, suggesting that the results may have broader implications for other African countries. Chapters 1 and 2 examine the impact of ethnic diversity on local public good provision in rural Kenyan primary schools. The identification of a causal relationship of ethnic diversity on school funding relies on the fact that local ethnic diversity is largely exogenous: ethnic settlement patterns were determined by wars in the l9th century and have since remained stable. Chapter 1 presents the first micro-level evidence that higher levels of ethnic diversity are negatively related to local public goods funding in sub-Saharan Africa. The change from complete ethnic homogeneity to average local ethnic diversity is associated with 30 percent lower average school funding in western Kenya. The theoretical model suggests that pupil sorting among schools introduces an upward bias in ordinary least squares estimates of the relationship between ethnic diversity and school funding, which is found in the data. Chapter 2 (co-authored with Mary Kay Gugerty) discusses the politics of Kenyan local school committees and identifies mechanisms through which ethnic diversity affects schools. We find that parent participation in school activities and teacher attendance are sharply lower in ethnically diverse areas. In the theoretical model, the inability to sanction and contract across ethnic groups implies that public good provision is lower in diverse communities. The important role of social sanctions in sustaining public good provision is supported by evidence from school committee meeting records. Chapter 3 (co-authored with michael kremer) evaluates the impact of an inexpensive public health intervention-a school-based deworming project-on educational outcomes in rural Kenyan primary schools. Medical treatment was randomly assigned across schools. After one year, deworming is associated with large average school participation gains of 5 percent (pupils are considered participants if present on the day of an unannounced visit). The result points to the important role that tropical disease may play in reducing school attainment and labor productivity in Africa.

L'analyse d'une politique publique au Kenya : l'exemple de la gestion des ordures solides ? Nairobi aujourd'hui.

Author: Mathieu, M?rino

Awarding University: Ecole Doctorale de Sciences Politiques, France

Level : DEA

Year: 2000

Holding Libraries: French Institute for Research in Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Public policy ; Waste disposal ; Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE