11 Records out of 22207 Records

Play and learning materials on the social developement aged 3-4 years accompanying their jailed mothers in Langata Women Prison, Nairobi County

Author: Isika, Jerusa Kasyoka

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Langata Maximum Women's Prison, Nairobi, Kenya/Sociology/Play/Child psychology/Prisons ;

Abstract:

This study aimed at investigating the influence of play and learning materials and their influence on the social development of children aged 3- 4 years living with their jailed mothers in Langata Women Prison in Nairobi Province, Kenya The research study looked at play and learning equipment and materials and their influence played on the process of social development of children. The study also looked at the interaction between children and their agents of socialization in prison. The researcher highlighted the influence of play and learning materials in the process of social development of children. The researcher used quasi-experimental design to collect information on the play and learning materials available, and make judgements regarding the degree to which accessibility and use of play and learning materials influenced the process of social development of children living with their jailed mothers in prison. Data on interactions was also collected. Independent and dependent variables were described respectively. The research targeted jailed mothers. female inmates with no children accompanying them, prison officers, ECD teachers and children aged 3-4 years living with their jailed mothers in prison community. Non-probability sampling technique was used to select the study area as well as the respondents involved in the study. Both simple random sampling and stratified random sampling were used to select the imprisoned mothers, their children aged 3-4 years living with them in prison, prison officers, female prisoners with no children accompanying them, while ECD teachers were selected purposively. Three instruments were used to collect data which included an interview schedule for jailed mothers and female prisoners, two questionnaires, one for the prison officers and the other for the ECD teachers. Observation checklist was also used to check what was actually on the ground, that is, availability, adequacy and use of play and learning equipment and materials by children, and social skills exhibited during interaction. The research instrwnents were piloted on a small representative sample identical to, but not included in the group that was involved in the actual study. After the instruments were found valid, logical and reliable, then the actual data collection took place. Data collected were analyzed by use of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that some play and learning materials such as swings, sand pit, climbing and sliding ladders which are important for social development of children were not available in prison. Play and learning materials which were available were not adequate such as bean bags, balls, ropes, flash cards and counters. Children of jailed mothers did not frequently use the said materials as did other children living outside the prison. Interaction between caregivers and children was not positive due to lack of affection and warmth on the side of the caregivers. Poor interaction, lack of play and learning materials, and their inadequacy, and lack of opportunity to frequently use the materials may affect social development of children. The researcher, therefore, recommends provision of adequate and a variety of play and learning materials to children. Children should be given the opportunity to frequently use the said materials and positive interaction between children and their caregivers should be encouraged Areas for further research are also suggested. It is hoped that the findings of this study will enable the stakeholders, Government officers, policy makers, prison administrators, ECD teachers and jailed mothers become involved in providing opportunities for children to use play and learning materials while in prison.

Meeting the psycho-social developmental needs of children in penal institutions in Nairobi County, Kenya

Author: Ogweno, Judity Oriya

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Children and youth ; Teenagers ; Juvenile delinquency ; Parents and parenting ; Prisons ;

Abstract:

There has been an increase in the number of children in conflict with the law who are being confined in penal institutions in Kenya. Yet these institutions seem to be faced with many challenges that could affect these children?s? psychosocial development. This study design is descriptive. The study population consisted of 386 children, 53 caregivers, four managers and four deputy managers. The sample from which the data were collected consisted of 56 children, 21 caregivers, one manager and three deputy managers. The sampling techniques were as follows; stratification and random sampling for the children, random sampling for the care givers and purposive sampling for the administrators. Data from the managers were collected using interview method while data from the children and the care givers were collected using questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were generated before analysis and interpretation. Information was then presented in form of frequency distribution, charts, tables and notes. The summary of the findings are: First, some of the major psychosocial factors in the children?s backgrounds that predisposed them to delinquency included parenting, lack of schooling, and the presence of alcohol and drugs in their family environments. Second, some practices in the institutions which contributed to the meeting of the children?s psychosocial needs included: orientation of children during admission, formal schooling, involvement in co-curricular activities, and visiting by relatives. Finally, the institutions faced challenges in: provision of basic needs, programming needs, lack of recreational facilities and training of the staff. The major recommendations were the need to empower parents economically and socially, the need for the government to supervise the institutions and monitor the practices therein. Then, the institutions need government support in terms of funding, training of caregivers, facilities and resource provision. The findings of the study may contribute to knowledge on various issues on children?s psychosocial developmental needs.

The impact of prison reforms on employees of Kenya Prisons Service

Author: Opado, Lucy Emily Jangara

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : Executive Master in

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Impact analysis ; Prison administration ; Reforms ; Correctional personnel ; Kenya Prisons Service ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

An assessment of social developmental needs of children living with incarcerated mothers in Langata Women?s Prison

Author: Mulusya, Pasqualine N W

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Women ; Prisons ; Prisoners ; Mothers ; Children and youth ; Babies ; Health care ; Langata Maximum Women's Prison, Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

Although Kenya is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), the state has fallen short on fulfilling its obligation, specifically with regard to safeguarding the interests of mothers who are pregnant and/or accompanied by their children in prison while serving custodial sentence. This study focused on the women jailed in Langata Women?s Prison. The Prison Act Cap 90 is inadequate in that the Act only makes provision for children up to four years to accompany their mothers to prison. It does not safeguard the interest of the children as their mothers serve their sentence. As a result, the children are exposed to poor health both at pre and post natal stages. Women and children are also not able to access medical care due to logistical problems, for example, lack of transport to the medical care clinics. They also have to be accompanied by security personnel and this could easily scare their children and also make it difficult for the mothers to open up to doctors due to fear and lack of confidentiality. They are exposed to poor nutrition as the children accompanying their mothers to prison rely on the diet prescribed in the prison menu which lacks some essential nutrients for healthy development of children. The main objective of this study was to assess the developmental needs of these children accompanying their mothers in prison and then make recommendations to policy makers in order to improve the conditions of facilities and services for children in prison. This study looked at the social developmental needs of children living with incarcerated mothers in the prison. The researcher used purposive sampling as the sampling choice. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussions and observation. The information was presented in the form of tables, pie chart and bar charts. The qualitative data was coded and systematically organized in themes, followed by sub- themes for meaningful interpretation. The researcher observed that these children exhibited social developmental problems. It was therefore important for these problems to be studied so that prison authorities could take care of children living with their imprisoned mothers. It seems that not many people have written or researched on this subject, yet social development is the basis for all other developments in child growth. This study utilized the qualitative design in its data collection and analysis. It used SPSS system to classify statistical data to construct meaning and interpret it. The main thing that this research found out was that children?s needs were not well taken care of while in prison. The study therefore recommended that the Kenya Prison Services that falls under the Ministry of Home Affairs should initiate a programmethat would ensure that the prison would attend to children?s needs while in prison.

Factors influencing perceived acceptance of change in prisons reforms in Kenya : a case of Nyeri Command prisons

Author: Iguna, John Kiragu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Prisons/Reforms/Ministry of Home Affairs (Kenya), Prisons Department/Nyeri, Kenya ;

Abstract:

Prison reforms are a vital component for the prison department to realize its mission and vision as spelt in the strategic plan. This is the reason why the Ministry of Home Affairs doubled its funding to enable realization of the prison reforms, Budget focus, (2008).The treasury increased its funding from 100 million Shillings to 200 million shillings, Budget focus, and (2008).The government has been steadfast in supporting the Prisons department reform itself into correctional centers of excellence but this has not been possible due to resentment by employees in the department who are reluctant to embrace the reforms positively and instead have resisted them making any meaningful change impossible. This therefore led to the need of undertaking a study to make an assessment of the factors that influence acceptance of change in Prison reforms in Nyeri Command Prisons. Specifically, the study assessed how independent variables like organization's culture, management practices, workers motivation and government policy influenced acceptance of change in the Prison reform programs. The entire study was divided into chapters each addressing a specific issue for example chapter one contained the background of the study whereby the global, regional and local aspect of Prisons reforms were discussed. Several examples of Prisons reforms from Germany, United States of America, India, South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya were discussed. The statement of the problem highlighted the bottlenecks that have prevented the realization of prisons reforms namely resistance by employees in Prisons establishment. In chapter two the literature review discussed the overview of prisons reforms in Kenya, factors underlying prisons reform in Kenya and a theoretical framework to reinforce the study. The third chapter examined the research design the study deployed which was a cross sectional survey design to enable the researcher to work with different categories of people at the same time. A mixed mode of data analysis was used in the study which summarized events using descriptive statistics. Stratified random sampling method was used in constituting the sample and data collection methods involved structured questionnaires and a guided interview guide. The fourth chapter highlighted data presentation, analysis and interpretation of the findings. Data was analyzed using Microsoft excel and SPSS software program and data presented using frequencies and percentage tables. In chapter five the summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations was highlighted and areas for further research provided.

The impact of prison reforms on the inmate rehabilitation programs in Kenya : a case study of Kamiti and Langata prisons

Author: Ogeto, Ambrose Ngare

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Rehabilitation of criminals ; Prisons ; Langata Maximum Women's Prison, Nairobi, Kenya ; Kamiti Maximum Security Prison, Kenya ;

Abstract:

This study set to find out the impact of prison reforms on the inmate rehabilitation programs in Kenya. It took a case study ofLangata and Kamiti prisons. Kenya prisons service is reported to have undertaken reforms since the year 2001. However, no study has been undertaken to ascertain the impact of the reforms on the rehabilitation programs. The objectives of this study were to determine the existing rehabilitation programs in Kenya Prisons Service, to establish the reforms which have taken place, the impact of the reforms and suggested reforms. The literature review covered the inmate rehabilitation programs, prison reforms, their impact on programs and suggested reforms. The review covered cases from the global level, Africa and Kenya. The research applied Differential Opportunity theory, the psychological theories and the Structural Functionalist theory to guide the study. The research sites were Langata Women and Kamiti Main Prisons. A total of 104 respondents were interviewed including 53 prison officers who were employed before the . year 2001 and 51 inmates who have continuously or variously served sentences of imprisonment since the year 2001. The study applied both qualitative and quantitative research methods through use of questionnaire, interviews and observations. Data analysis applied the statistical package for social scientists (SPSS) most specifically descriptive statistics. Some of the key findings include the following; there are rehabilitation programs existing within the prison service; reforms which have taken place, though appreciated by stakeholders, they are minimal and the department needs to put more efforts to realize a good spirit which has been noted.

Modifiable factors associated with active pulmonary tuberculosis : a case study of Nakuru G K prison in Kenya

Author: Anyangu, Samuel Amwayi

Awarding University: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Tuberculosis ; Disease ; Prisons ; GK Prison, Nakuru ;

Abstract:

Prisoners constitute a high risk group for acquisition of (MIB) infection compared to the general population. The living settings of prisons are very condusive for tuberculosis (TB). An age-sex matched case-control study was carried out between August and December, 2007. A PTB case was defined as 'any adult prisoner who had at least two i= = were recruited. Statistically significant factors independently associated with active PTB disease were: positive {P O.OOI8},frequencFactors associated with active PTB disease amongst adult prisoners are multifaceted and modifiable. A comprehensive multidisciplinary control and preventive approach involving prisoners, health officials and prison authorities should be adopted. The team will implement screening for TB upon prison entry, isolation of suspected cases, routine cross-matching of incoming inmates with local TB registry, HIV counseling and testing of all patients diagnosed of PTB, educating jail staff on sign and symptoms of PTB and encouraging prisoners to quit smoking. Further studies on the role of BeG vaccination in adults, ST! agent associated with PTB and molecular epidemiological studies to determine any epidemiological-linkage of tuberculosis spread amongst prisoners are warranted.

Rehabilitation and reintegration of prisoners : a case study of Nairobi West and Langata Women's Prisons in Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Agaya, Christine Juma

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Prisoners ; Rehabilitation of criminals ; Prisons ; Nairobi West Women's Prison, Kenya ; Langata Maximum Women's Prison, Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

The study examined the appropriateness of the prisoner rehabilitation methods used in the correctional facilities and eventually reintegration of these prisoners into the society. Reviews of relevant literature indicated that most research had concentrated on understanding the rehabilitation and the release of the prisoner back to the society. The objective of this study was to look at the existing prisoner rehabilitation methods and reintegration into the Kenyan the society. The methods used in data collection included questionnaires, interview and secondary data from related literature. Stratified sampling was used and a stratum of prisoners serving three years and above sentence was randomly chosen. The warders and key informants interviewed were randomly chosen from those found on site at the time of data collection giving a sample size of one hundred and eighty respondents. The SPSS computer package was used to analyze the data after coding it and the finding presented using both descriptive and inferential statistics

Indices of stress and burn out among prison warders

Author: Kamugi, J Wanjiru

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Prisons/Correctional personnel/Thika Prison/Stress/Burnout ;

Abstract:

This study was designed to investigate the extent to which prison warders in Thika Prison are stressed and the extent to which this negatively influenced or affected their morale and work performance. The study further explored the extent to which such independent variables like gender, age and work experience correlated with the amount of burnout experienced by warders. The inspiration of the study arose from the conviction that prison warders play a very important role in rehabilitating criminals and that their work should be sufficiently appreciated. It is in this light that the issue of warder burnout was addressed or considered important for investigation. The study targeted both the male and female warders of the prison. A total of a 100 warders took place in the study. Both the Chi Square (X2) and the One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) -.Mac test were used to test the hypothesis investigated. The findings show that prison warders in Thika prison are stressed and experience burnout, job dissatisfaction or low working morale. The trend of the results demonstrates that warder burnout is a critical problem in Thika prison that needs to be addressed seriously. It appears to be related to the brutality meted on the inmates by the warders and the attacks on warden by the inmates leaving one wondering if there is any relationship between such behaviour and stress, frustration and burnout. Implications of the study were drawn and recommendations were made aimed at throwing tight on the issue of warder burnout and hopefizlly enlightening the policy makers and planners on the need to look more critically into employees' mental health. Further research is suggested along the line taken in this study to strengthen the generalizability of findings arising from the present study.

Factors contributing to occupational stress among prison staff in Nairobi Province, Kenya

Author: Njihia, Peter Muchai

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Prisons ; Correctional personnel ; Stress ; Nairobi Province ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate tile factors most commonly contributing to occupational stress among prison staff in Nairobi. Tire study further attempted to find out whether there was a significant . difference on occupational stress causal Factors on the basis of age, gender, marital status, rank and years of experience. The sub-theme of the study was to make a case for staff counseling provision of counseling services for the prison staff A descriptive survey was employed in this study. A sample of size of 180 prison officers and warders from selected prisons was used. The samples were drawn from the major categories of tile prison institution, that is maximum security, medium security and remand prisons. An eighty item stress inventory for tile stall' was designed and used to gather data. The scoring method was based on the likert scale. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics including t-test chi-square. ANOVA The data collected was used to provide analysis for light hypothesis postulated in order to provide a basis for the research wor k It was evaluated by means of t-test, square are ANOVA. This analysis is based mainly on statistical significance: testing Consequently, the results do not establish with any certainty a causal link hetween any of tile demographic and occupational factors measured and reported stress at work. The results may be suggestive of such a link but more in-depth research would he necessary to establish its validity Due to the broad nature of the study undertaken it is farther recommended that tills study he used as a basis for further studies dwelling in depth on tile topics covered herein This study dwelt on external caused factors of stress, a replicate study on internal responses to stress would he appropriate The findings also correlate well with similar studies done in other countries on occupational stress among prison warders and police officers. The study strong recommends that come;dins; services he revamped in the prison service.