144 Records out of 22207 Records

Factors affecting access to universal primary education by nomadic pastoralists : a case of Sankuri Division, Garissa District,Kenya

Author: Auma, George Wesonga

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Pastoralists ; Sankuri Division, Garissa District ; Primary education ; School attendance ;

Abstract:

Nomadic pastoralists are tens of millions of people mainly residing in Africa, the Middle East and South, South-West and Central Asia. Their contribution to socio-economic and political development is great. Thus the importance of examining factors affecting access to UPE by Kenya's nomadic pastoralists. They have largely been excluded from access to UPE despite numerous interventions by the government since early 1960's. This research employed descriptive design. The study involved learners, parents, classroom teachers, head teachers and QASO as target population. The research findings indicate learners' characteristics (F (7, 65) =4.0; P<O.005) that pointed out average score and age, household characteristics (F (4, 65) = 15.604; P<O.05) that identified household income and distance, and community factors (F(3, 65) = 38.286; P<O.05); that picked on role model as the only factors affecting access to UPE by nomadic pastoralist. Resource input (F3, 65) =9.669; P<O.05) that had supply of learning materials, supply of qualified and motivated teachers and supply of school facilities were found not to be affecting access to UPE by nomadic pastoralists. Therefore the study recommends Open Distance Learning, involvement of private sector in nomadic education and abolition of all school levies as measures to increase effective access to UPE by nomadic pastoralists. The study suggests areas that need further research which include alternative education model for nomadic pastoralists and transition rate of education for nomadic pastoralist from primary to secondary. The research findings add to the body of knowledge of nomadic education. The findings and recommendations can be replicated with varying degree to a similar population elsewhere. The findings are useful to all education stakeholders who might refer to this report for appropriate educational intervention in nomadic pastoralists' education.

Determinants of effective food aid distribution among Turkana pastoral women in Kerio Division : case of World Vision Kenya

Author: Namur, Joseph Emathe

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: World Vision Kenya ; Kerio Division, Turkana District ; Food programs ; Turkana (African people) ; Pastoralists ; Women ; Humanitarian aid ;

Abstract:

Food is a critical resource. Therefore, reaching beneficiaries who would otherwise suffer the effects of malnutrition and hunger, in a timely manner and in an appropriate form is especially important for the effectiveness of food aid distribution. If done right, food aid can contribute effectively to development strategy, by safeguarding the most valuable asset of the poor who are embroiled in food deficits due to famine and drought. For a long time food aid has been a reserve of most humanitarian organizations. This is perceived to have created a lacunae that demonstrates that they can work at their pace; thus crushing the reason and mandate of saving lives in times of crisis or disasters such as famine. The study examined the determinants of effective food aid distribution among Turkana pastoral women in Kerio division: case of World Vision Kenya. The purpose of the research study was to evaluate the determinants of effective food aid distribution among Turkana pastoral women in Kerio division. It was pursued by examining socio-cultural, political factors, humanitarian logistics and stakeholder engagement. Recommendations that determine effective food aid distribution among Turkana pastoral women in Kerio division are provided. The systems theory was found to be relevant to the study because of the actions of interaction and cooperation that is required amongst humanitarian agencies, states, private sectors and communities as they carry out interventions related to food aid distribution. The research adopted a descriptive survey design that enabled the description of the variables that determine food aid distribution. The sampled population consisted of 55households that were systematically sampled using the Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) in the study due to their relative small number. An interview schedule for staff engaged in food aid distribution and a questionnaire targeting women at household level were administered. The data was collected, coded and analyzed quantitatively with the help of statistical package for Social sciences (SPSS) version 12 and qualitatively through content, and theme analysis. The findings of the study revealed that social-cultural (63.79%), political 42(72.41%), humanitarian logistics 33(86.84%) and stakeholder engagement 52(89.66%) factors had a direct influence on effective food aid distribution among pastoral women in Kerio division of Turkana district. In conclusion, the study found out that four factors namely; humanitarian logistics, stakeholder engagement, social-cultural and political factors influence effective food aid distribution among pastoral women in Kerio division of Turkana district. Women (supported by 78.95% respondents) should- play an active role in food aid distribution because they are the primary care-givers of the household in African context. Time (agreed by 87.93% of the respondents) should be highly considered by humanitarians as they execute their logistics. Food aid distribution should be depoliticized (agreed by 89.47% respondents) and stakeholder engagement upheld (agreed by 89.66% respondents) so as to realize efficacy in food aid distribution. The study recommends that the community needs to be involved in the distribution of food aid to increase the level of community involvement and ownership of the food aid distribution program to enhance its effectiveness. It also recommends that food aid distribution program needs to be de-politicized as much as possible; and that the government should take the lead in mobilizing its resources and those from humanitarians to improve efficacy in food aid distribution. Suggestions for future research include carrying out studies in areas that experience food deficits because of other catastrophes such as floods, consider food aid programs that supply food to men or to the whole community and carry out research in the larger Turkana County to compare findings and be able to draw a broader scale of understan

Influence of socio-cultural factors on cattle rustling among pastoral communities in Kilgoris Constituency, Narok County

Author: Oloolumbwa, Anne Seenoi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Socioeconomic factors ; Social life and customs ; Cattle ; Rustling ; Pastoralists ; Kilgoris Constituency ;

Abstract:

The socio-cultural factors considered to influence cattle rustling in Kilgoris Constituency, Narok County, include; income level, formal education level, cultural practises and leadership. Low income level has an influence on cattle rustling as this is taken as an alternative means of meeting the daily needs, especially after drought andlor diseases outbreaks. Low level of formal education among pastoralists attributed to factors such as local customs, traditions hostile to change, the nomadic lifestyle itself and insufficient attention by govemmmts to alternative models of schooling has left them with limited opportunities of pursuing economic benefits thus cattle rustling. The pastoral set up characteristics of strong cultural practises compel members to resort to coercive means of wealth acquisition to address needs like dowry payment indeed influence cattle rustling. The type of leadership in a traditional set up plays a role in cattle rustling by either discouraging the practises or enhancing it. This entirely depends on the role played by the leaders or their opinions. The purpose of this study was to highlight on the sociocultural factors that have potential to influence cattle rustling in pastoral communities with reference to Kilgoris Constituency, Narok County in particular. This research report is organised in five chapters. Chapter one introduces the topic and generally highlights on the background to the study, problem statement, purpose of the study, objectives of the study, research questions, significance of the study, limitations and delimitations of the study as well as definition of significant terms as used in the study. Chapter two presents systematically how the sociocultural factors, namely; income level, formal education level, cultural practises and leadership influence cattle rustling. It sites literature from various references that account for the effects of socio-cultural factors globally, regionally, in Kenya and locally. It also has the theoretical, together with the conceptual framework. Chapter three covers the research methodology that is broken down to research design, target population, sampling size and sampling procedure, research instruments, how the instruments were piloted, their validity and reliability checked, data collection procedures, data analysis techniques, ethical considerations and operational definition of variables. Descriptive survey research design was used because it allows the researcher to gather useful information, summarize the data, interpret and present the results. Most of the data collected was qualitative in nature highlighting the descriptive influence of socio-cultural factors on cattle rustling. However, quantitative data was generated from responses about frequency of cases of cattle rustling in relation to the socio-cultural factors identified in the study, where validity and reliability of the instruments was ensured. Analysis of data collected using Statistical Packages of Social Scientists was done. Chapter four deals with data analysis, results and discussion of the findings on the influence of social cultural factors on cattle rustling among pastoral communities in Kilgoris Constituency. The data was analyzed with the help of a computer software namely Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). This enabled the researcher to present the data in frequencies, percentages and summarized in tables. The chapter is divided into two main sections, namely results and discussion of the findings. Chapter five presents the summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations based on the analysis on the influence of social cultural factors on cattle rustling among the communities in Kilgoris constituency. The findings of this study may be useful in developing policies targeting the pastoral communities. The District Security and Intelligence Committee (DIDC), peace committees and other development partners may find the study useful in understanding t

Factors influencing selection of rural financial services by pastoral communities of Kenya : a case of Loita Maasai Community in Loita Division, Narok County

Author: Olando, Sitati

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Rural areas ; Financial services ; Pastoralists ; Masai (African people) ; Loita Division ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to establish factors influencing selection of rural fmancial services in pastoral communities of Kenya using experiences from the pastoral Loita Maasai community in Loita Division, Narok County. The study aimed to achieve three main objectives, namely: (i) Examine how fmancial viability influences selection of rural fmancial services by the pastoral Loita Maasai community in Loita Division; (ii) Establish how environmental sustainability influences selection of rural fmancial services by the pastoral L~ita Maasai community in Loita Division; and (iii) Establish how socio-cultural acceptability influences selection of rural fmancial services by the pastoral Loita Maasai community in Loita Division, Narok County, 28 respondents were purposively sampled from the 6 Pastoral Community Development Authorities (PCDAs), fmancial institutions operating in Narok region, Provincial Administration, opinion leaders, community based development groups, and programme officers from NGOs operating in the area. The study recorded an excellent response rate of 82%. The fmdings, discussions and recommendations contained in this report will be useful input for designing suitable rural development strategies for reducing poverty and accelerating development in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs). It is expected that outputs of the study will inform various stakeholders in the local development sector as well as micro-finance industry about the critical success factors for developing sustainable rural fmancial systems in pastoral communities especially the Loita Maasai. The study adopted a sample survey design to help undertake descriptive research. Apart from questionnaires and interview guides, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was used to engage the target community leaders, women and youth groups on the study topic. More than 80% of the target respondents from the elders' council, women and youth groups were interviewed during a political leaders meeting held on 31st August 2012 near Ilkerin shopping centre. Most of the quantitative data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and presented using frequency distribution tables. The Atlas TI software was used to synthesize qualitative information into a coherent description, similar responses given appropriate code frames and excerpts extracted from the narrative. According to the study fmdings on fmancial viability, there were no formal fmancial institutions in Loita Division though the Division was profitable for fmancial institutions. At the same time, support to community owned fmancial providers, a consumer-friendly loan repayment system, consumer protection policy and pro-poor components influence selection of rural fmancial services by pastoral communities such as the Loita Maasai. On the environmental issues, the ability of the model to provide a number of opportunities to improve environment sustainability, association, and community coordinated implementation of the conservation and rural fmance components influence its selection. On the social cultural concerns, the ability to build mutually supportive culture, provision of social funds to support education, ritual rites and access to health as well as contribution to social status and building of trust has influenced the choice of fmancial services in pastoral communities. The study recommends that further research be conducted in another constituency where a different economic activity is practiced, in agriculture or fishing regions, on the same topic in order to generate a broader understanding of the factors influencing selection of fmancial services in multi-cultural pastoral society. It is also recommended that research be conducted to establish the impact of gender issues on local development in pastoral communities such as the Loita Maasai of Narok County.

The effects of statutory justice approaches on traditional conflict management mechanisms : the case of Borana Community in Upper Eastern Kenya between 1963-2011

Author: Lakicha, Yusuf Ali

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Judicial process ; Customary law ; Conflict resolution ; Alternative dispute resolution ; Boran (African people) ; Pastoralists ; North Eastern Kenya ;

Abstract:

Northern Kenya is an arid part of Kenya, inhabited by the pastoralists who traverse the vast region on seasonal migrations as they seek sufficient pasture and water for their livestock. The harsh weather conditions and the shrinking range resources base has made pastoralists inhabitants of the region go through severe hardships in their survival manoeuvres to protect their lives and that of their livestock from the threats of the drought. This survival manoeuvers has occasionally resulted in conflicts among the communities. The conflicts of late have had numerous casualties, due to proliferation of small arms and weapons from the neighbouring unstable countries like Somalia. Due to the regions marginalization most state institutions are not adequately equipped, staffed or facilitated to handle their respective service delivery to the people. In particular the judiciary is among the least developed state institutions in the region. The courts only exist at district headquarters and are poorly staffed, with cases of one magistrate being shared by two or more districts being common. Hence the judiciary has little effect as deterrence to the perpetrators of conflict. The study sought to establish historical and contemporary factors that has contributed to conflicts among the pastoral communities in North Eastern Kenya and assess how these communities realise justice under customary laws and evaluate the effectiveness of this traditional justice system and how it should be formally included in the national policy to provide for a legal pluralism to ease pressure on the formal justice system and enhance access to justice. This study against all this odds facing the Northern Kenya region shows how the indigenous Borana community has alleviated these conflicts over the range resources through their institutions of range resources conflict management. These institutions which have checks and balances and defined division of roles have been preserved by the community and are active to this day. This is what has made their pastoralism livelihood viable and feasible despite the numerous challenges. The study further demonstrates how the justice regimes of the indigenous community appeals to their socio- political organization and demographic dynamics. Their justice system is restorative and seeks at all times to restore and repair the broken victim, offender and community relationships. The formal justice systems on the other hand is seen as alien to their value systems and does not take into account how the local pastoralist's communities understand and define crime and resolve disputes or conflicts. The study uses the restorative justice theory which builds reconciliation and reintegration and restoration of offender back into the society as opposed to the formal justice system which is retributive, punitive and aimes to make offenders suffer as much as the victim if not more. This study demonstrates analytically the socio-political and socio-legal aspects that characterize the customary and formal justice institutions and shows the existence of tension between them that needs to be addressed through a legal framework that accommodates the two in one that is legal pluralism. This is to allow the effective operations of customary justice systems without fear of contradicting the formal systems, and to have the customary restorative justice systems decisions of conflict resolutions and range resources management as binding upon the state.

Factors influencing implementation of sustainable restocking projects in Lagdera District, Garissa County, Kenya

Author: Idriss, Sahal Kolon

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Lagdera District/Livestock/Pastoralists/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Livestock among pastoralists are a social and cultural paradigm, as well as a means of deriving main livelihood and financial capital. Restocking will have the greatest impact on communities who aspire to a collective future based upon livestock keeping with strong traditional values toward livestock. The research study is aimed at investigating factors influencing implementation of sustainable restocking projects whether it has longterm impact on the lives and livelihood of poor pastoralists in Lagdera District of Garissa County. If the -implementations of restocking projects are forces of change impacting pastoralist communities, there is a need to account for shifting community values, aspirations, norms and behavior regarding livestock-keeping. The objective of this study was extent the project design, community perception, community training; environmental effects and community socio-economical status influenced the implementation of the restocking project. To develop best practice guidelines, indicators and tools to implementation of the restocking projects to increase positive outcomes and enhance the impact ofrestocking as a means of poverty reduction among the pastoralist communities. The expected benefit of the study was to acquire knowledge on restocking benefits, the best method of conducting it, relevant time of restocking and how best to implement sustainably the restocking programs. The study targeted the beneficiaries of all the previous restocking program carry out within Lagdera District for the past three years and all the organizations that implemented. Random sampling technique was conduct to come up with the48 respondent households out of 104 beneficiaries in the whole District. Questionnaires were administered to the household heads and organization field officers who were the key persons when the project was being implemented. The Questionnaires had two sections on the demographic data and the other section on the topical issue' Before the actual research, permission was sought from the Ministry of Livestock Development (District Livestock Production Officer both in Lagdera and Garissa) in order to interview the pastoralists. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) was used. The data information collected was analyzed by use of tables, frequencies and percentages. The study findings concluded that discriminatory attitudes of the implementers towards women headed households and lack of participation of the communities in selection of the beneficiaries. It was also found that traditional methods of community self restocking was not considered for sustainability. But similar study is recommended to be replicated for other districts of same agro-ecological environment.

Diffrerences in cardiovascular disease, biochemical risk markers, physical activity and nutrition between an urban and pastoral sample in Kenya

Author: Gitahi, Theuri

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Cardiovascular disease ; Nutrition ; Physical fitness ; Urban areas ; Pastoralists ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in blood pressure, cardiovascular disease bio-chemical risk markers, physical activity and nutrition, between an Urban (US) and Pastoral (PS) sample, in the context of the global epidemiological transition taking place globally causing a shift in mortality and morbidity from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases. A total of 133 adults from both samples meeting the inclusion criteria, were randomly recruited from clusters in sub-locations, villages and homesteads from available demographic data available from Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) on Kirisia and Kibera divisions in Samburu and Nairobi, in Kenya. Data was collected using questionnaires, venipuncture, blood pressure measurement and anthropometric measurements. Resulting data was stratified and analyzed by locality, gender and age-category using SPSS V 11.5 and computed in terms of percentages and frequencies. Chi-square test was used to test for differences in proportions. Student t-test and ANOV A were used to compare means where applicable and in cases where there were more than two means being compared. The level of significance at 0.05 was used for the statistical tests. In case of significant F-ratio, post-hoc analysis was done using DMRT. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to identify predictors of cardiovascular disease, p-values <0.05 were considered significant. There was no difference in proportions between the two groups. Means for SBP, apoB, apoA, apoB/A ratio, Co-QlO, were significantly different at p<.019, p<.OOl, p<.OOl, p<.OOl and p<.OOl respectively, between these two samples. Means for lifestyle factors: MET mins/week (physical activity), Lymphocytes, BMI and MUAC (nutrition status markers) were significantly different at p<.OOl, p<.027, p<.OOl and p<.OOl respectively. Mean nutrient intake was significantly different at p<.030, p<.039, p<.OOl, p<.009, p<.025, p<.049 and p<.OOl, for protein, carbohydrates, dietary cholesterol, SAF A, MUF A, ORA and Folic acid between the two samples. Mean %B. Fat and WC were significantly different at p<.OOl and p<.OOl in the two samples respectively. MUAC in both samples could be used to predict Systolic BP. Lymphocytes count could be used to predict Co-QlO in the US while derived % B. Fat could be used to predict ApoB/ A ratio in the PS. The Urban sample had a higher CVD risk than the Pastoral sample therefore perhaps at a more advanced stage of the epidemiological transition.

Factors influencing conflict resolution among arid land pastoralists of Kenya a case of Isiolo County

Author: Adan, Bika Gamba

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Isiolo County ; Pastoralists ; Conflict resolution ;

Abstract:

The Northern Arid part of the republic of Kenya has experienced conflict for a long time. The conflict in this region can be described as protracted, it has been generally accepted that protracted conflict have a profound negative consequences for the people of the region and the county of Isiolo is located in that region. This study focused on the reasons why conflict resolution has not been achieved even as enormous resources were spent in the region. The study narrowed down to the influence of government policy, culture, and natural resources in the conflict and its resolution. In reviewing literature related to peace building and conflict resolution in general, both theoretical and empirical literatures were utilized. Particularly, discussions on the theories of conflict management and conflict resolution, and their relationship with conflict resolution were examined. The study was mainly based on descriptive research design. Participants' were selected using cluster sampling techniques. Key informants were identified and interviews were conducted through the use of questionnaires. In addition in-depth interviews with opinion leaders were conducted. Descriptive statistics and graphical presentation were used. The study established that government policy affects conflict resolution in Isiolo County. It was clear that endemic poverty and low levels of education in the border areas are major conflict drivers. The study also concludes that major natural resources that are conflict triggers in the county include water for livestock, pasture and grazing land. Climate change and a land tenure system that invests authority in institutions insensitive to unique requirements of pastoralists do not improve the situation. The study also deduces that cattle rustling, circumcision to mark the passage to adulthood, livestock numbers as an indicator of riches, dowry payment and female genital mutilation causes conflict in Isiolo County. The study recommends that the government should increase the frequency of regular dialogue meetings, sensitize communities on importance of peace building, promote grassroots approach to peace building while avoiding workshops and boardroom level meetings that had achieved little in the past. Further, there is need to encourage social cohesion through appreciation of cultural differences and the promotion of, and appreciation for diversity. Unity in diversity should be taken as a possible avenue and opportunity to resolve conflicts in Isiolo County.

Institutional and socio-cultural factors influencing management of mobile schools for nomads in Wajir County, Kenya

Author: Abdi, Ibrahim Abdi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Wajir County ; Pastoralists ; Education ; Schools ;

Abstract:

The study was undertaken to explore the institutional and socio-cultural factors that influence management of mobile schools in Wajir County of Kenya. The objectives of the study were: To examine the effects of pupils participation in Koran schools on the management of mobile schools; establish the effects of children's participation in pastoral activities in the management of mobile schools; analyse the effects of the level of teaching and learning resources on the implementation of formal curriculum; explore the effects of participation of parents and donors in the management of mobile schools and finally identify the socio-cultural challenges affecting management of mobile schools. This study used explorative survey research and was guided by Marlow's motivational theory in order to achieve the research objectives. The target population for the study was 381 from which a sample of 44 respondents comprising 11 mobile schoolteachers, 22 parents and 11 key informant persons were identified using judgement and geographical cluster sampling procedures. The selection of these participants was based on the fact that they are involved in nomadic education. The research instruments used for the study were questionnaires, semi-structured interview and focus group discussion. The research instruments were administered by the researcher in person. The questionnaire were collected immediately, semi-structured interview responses were written in the spaces on the schedule while extra information was recorded using mp3 gadget and later transcribed. The FGD data was written down on flip charts and immediately rewritten in computer word format. The return rate for FaD and the questionnaire was 100% while the semi-structured interview had a 67% return rate. The data collected was quantitative and qualitative in nature. The nata collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Excel computer programmes to produce descriptive statistics presented in tables of frequencies and Bar graph. The qualitative data was used to strengthen the quantitative data. The study findings showed various interrelated factors influencing the management of mobile schools. These were institutional, socio-cultural factors and additional miscellaneous factors. Institutional factors include defective managerial practices by mobile schoolteachers among others where by only 25% of the mobile schoolteachers had formal training. The socio-cultural factors established by the research were high mobility of nomadic families (100%) and children's participation in pastoral activities (73%). Drought, poverty and distance of nomadic homes from towns were also mentioned as other factors that affect the management of mobile schools. From the study, the following recommendations were made: Redesign curriculum, content and learning materials to reduce its scope of teaching and learning to arithmetic, reading and writing (3Rs) only; change the evaluation modes to Cover application of concept and mastering of skills rather than the current conventional ways; shift from the conventional ways of preparing professional records and develop a hybrid record keeping style such as writing what is to be taught, how it would be taught and with dates and remarks; educating and capacity building parents and School Management Committees (SMCs); encourage and facilitate nomads to move and settle in clusters to sustain learning for their children and in the process improve management; encourage and sponsor nomadic pupils Who transit to formal schools so that they act as role models; encourage the mobile schools to partner with formal schools for transition, professional guidance and learning materials.

Pastoralists adoption of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) : an examination of its effects on their livehoods in South Wajir, Kenya

Author: Abdirizak, Mohamed Nur

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Pastoralists ; Wajir South District ; Information technology ; Communications networks ; Abaqkoorey, Habasweine Division, Wajir South District ; Dadajbula, Sabule Division, Wajir South District ;

Abstract:

Using Purposive sampling method in selecting typical pastoral settlements from the two sublocations - Abaqkoorey from Habasweine Division and Dadajbula of Sabule Division of Wajir South District and data analysis based on descriptive statistics such as mean, mode, median, frequency distributions and percentages, the study was aimed at investigating the levels and benefits of pastoralists' adoption of Information and Communication Technology in Wajir South District, Kenya and levels of access to ICT and its contribution to food security. It further sought to explore the types and sources of information accessible to pastoralists in Wajir South as well as risks and benefits involved in using traditional and/or Modem information sources. The analysis did not exhibit any statistically significant variations across household characteristics in accessing modem sources. The pastoralists rely heavily on tradition sources as opposed to modem sources and there is a high level of traditional information sharing amongst the pastoralists, attributable to the high levels of illiteracy, lack of technical knowledge and awareness among adults and limited coverage of modem information sources. However, the analysis indeed indicates that cost, knowledge/education, proximity to ICT centers and availability of supportive infrastructure for modem ICT services determine the extent to which these facilities are used and limited the use of different variety of ICT sources. Though the development of ICT use in Wajir South District is still in its infancy, it is evident that, irrespective of cost of modem ICT, the gains realized by adopting them among pastoralists have been immense and have had a far-reaching influence upon the livelihoods of the residents in terms of earnings improvement, knowledge transfer and participation in both rural and other development programs in the district as opposed to usage of traditional sources of information. Key Words: Information and Communication Technology, Dadaab, risks and benefits, modem and traditional information sources.