53 Records out of 22207 Records

Determinants of early marriage of the girl child in Malindi District, Kilifi County, Kenya

Author: Njagi, Christine Kanini

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Malindi District ; Children and youth ; Girls ; Marriage ; Low income groups ; Families and family life ;

Abstract:

Early marriage remains a widely ignored violation of the health and development rights of girls and young women. Early marriage is culturally packaged as a social necessity, but in many cases this amounts to socially licensed sexual abuse and exploitation of a child. It is considered to be one of the most persistent forms of sanctioned sexual abuse of girls and young women. The purpose of this study was to identify the determinants of early marriage in Malindi District, Kilifi County. The study sought to find out how poverty, gender inequality, socio-cultural practices and education contribute to early marriage of the girl child. The research adopted a descriptive survey research design which enabled the researcher to capture information about attitudes of the respondents that are otherwise difficult to measure using observational. techniques. The main instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire due its practicability in terms of reaching a large number of respondents. The study had a sample size of 218 women below the age of 18 years and 10 key informants. The data collected was coded and analyzed using SPSS and presented in frequency tables. The findings of the study showed that poverty was ranked as the highest reason behind early marriage. Gender inequality was also seen to contribute to early marriage. This was evidenced by the disparity in age at the time of marriage between men and women thus proving that early marriage affects girl more than boys. Fear of stigma was also found to contribute to early marriage whereby young girls rushed to get married as a result of early pregnancy. Low level of education was found to cut across different generations thus leading to early marriage as education is not valued by the community. The study recommended that there is a need to urgently address the high poverty levels in Malindi District which was found to be the main reason behind early marriage. Girls should also be accorded equal opportunities for advancement rather than being sacrificed for their families. Finally, sensitization on the importance and benefits of education should be carried out to help alleviate the high poverty levels in Malindi District.

Family conflict and social capital dynamics in Kenya today

Author: Mkok, Sally Wamango

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Conflict ; Marriage ; Couples ; Families and family life ; Social capital ;

Abstract:

Inevitably, every marriage will face conflict. There are many sources of conflict, but fundamentally the individuals' background, philosophies, perspectives, personalities and thought patterns determine how conflict is handled in marriage. If it is handled negatively, it ends up in abuse and hurt. However, conflict handled maturely strengthens the marriage and the individuals. Couples in marriage need to adjust and understand that the adjusting process may take years. If frustration builds up during the initial years of marriage, it makes ground for abusive conflict and separation. Western cultures have evidently influenced our thought processes today as the statistics have reflected a growing number of divorce cases relative to media influence and westernization. This study therefore confirmed factors that cause conflict in families and the outcome of the conflict. There are obvious concern what impact there is in social network and capital on both the man and woman and more so if there are children involved after a separation or divorce in a family. This research paper established how the man and woman relate to their former social network (extended family, friends, in religious setup), will the investment to the former relationship got to waste or will it be sustained. The objectives of this study was to establish factors that cause conflict in families, explore the outcome of conflict in families and analyse the impact on the divorced/separated individuals on their social network and social capital. Marriage expands the social capital of both parties. The financial status improves as the study has established attributed to combined income and or shared ideas on financial planning. The marriage introduces new family members to the husband and wife through in-laws. They also gain new friends as a result of their relationship. Marital separation on the other hand diminishes the social capital. The study confirmed that the affected parties loose the relationship they once enjoyed with their in-laws and the friends they gained during their relationship. The financial capital is also adversely affected as the individuals have to make adjustments that degrade an earlier solid financial status.

Regional variation in age at first marriage in Kenya

Author: Lwaki, Ken Gao

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Marriage ; Age ; Demographics ; Social conditions and trends ;

Abstract:

The study set out to examine regional variation in age at first marriage in Kenya using data drawn from the 2008/09 KDHS. Specifically, it sought to find out the socio-economic, socio-cultural and demographic determinants of age at first marriage in; Nairobi, Central, Coast, Eastern, Nyanza, Rift valley, Western and North Eastern. The analysis was extended to national level to necessitate comparison. Two methods were employed in the analysis; survival life tables and proportional hazard model were used in the study. In addition, the study was guided by the United Nations (1988) framework for the study of marriage patterns. Age at first marriage was taken as the dependent variable. Seven explanatory variables were used in the study and these included: level of education, type of place of residence, occupation, religion, birth cohort, age at first sex and pre-marital birth experience. Life tables indicate that median age at first marriage differ by region of residence, level of education, type of place of residence,pre-marital birth experience, age at first sexual debut ,religion, occupation and one's birth cohort. For instance, generally women without any education and those with primary education enter into marriage earlier than their counterparts with at least secondary education. Women with premarital birth experience enter into first marriage earlier than their counterparts who don't have any pre-marital birth. Level of education, birth cohort, religion, type of place of residence, age at first sexual debut and pre-marital birth experience are significantly associated with age at first marriage at national level. At regional level, age at first sexual debut is significantly associated with age at first marriage in all the regions. Occupation is only significantly associated with age at first marriage in; Coast, Nyanza and Rift valley while religion is only significantly associated with age at first marriage in Coast. Birth cohort is significantly associated with age at first marriage in all regions except in Central region. The findings of this study suggest that improvement in educational attainment for women will play significant role in delaying entry into first marriage. In particular seeondary education should be made compulsory and accessible to women in all regions as a way of raising age at first marriage since higher level of education is significantly associated with lower risk of entering early into marriage. Adolescent Reproductive health programs with information on sexuality should be made easily available in all regions since women initiate sexual activities quite early and this may lead to early pregnancies/early child bearing/early marriage and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS. The children Act 2001 that outlaws early marriage should be enforced and should target regions with higher prevalence of early marriages.

Christian perceptions of divorce in the church : a study of the Anglican Church of Kenya, Diocese of Nairobi

Author: Kinyua, John Kennedy

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Anglican Church of Kenya, Diocese of Nairobi/Divorce/Marriage/Adultery/ ;

Abstract:

Divorce as a legal dissolution of marriage has become a big challenge to Christians. The Church perceives divorced Christians as sinners and forbids them from takingpart in Church sacraments or ministries. In addition, Christians treat the divorced with contempt, suspicion and condemnation, which tends to turn them away from the Church, a situation that jeopardises the unity of the Church as the body of Christ. (Acts 2:42-47). Therefore, there was an urgent need to address the issue, and undertake researchto determine and document the perceptions of divorce among Christians and come up with suitable recommendations that contribute to resolve the issue.This study used qualitative and quantitative approaches to collect data from a total of 120 Christians, among them 18 divorced and separated Christians, 53 married Christians and 35 Church leaders.In addition, 14 Christians participated in focus group discussions. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussions and document analysis. The study revealed three dissenting views among the Christians. Majority felt divorce was a sin and should not be allowed at all and divorcees should be punished. The second group felt that divorce should only be allowed on grounds of adultery and desertion by a non-believing spouse. The third group indicated that any unbearable circumstances should be considered to dissolve the unhappy marriages. It was also established that the Church has been condemning and discriminating against the divorced. Lastly, Christians agreed that the Church should minister to the divorcees, and that the Church must extend God?s forgiving grace to the divorced Christians as well as prepare young couples to face the challenges before and during marriage. The clergy requires training in relevant disciplines in order to offer holistic ministry to the Church.

Mobile phone adoption and marriages : a study of Nairobi families

Author: Njauini, Evah Nyaguthii

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mobile phones ; Marriage ; Conflict ; Families and family life ;

Abstract:

The inception of this research was informed by the numerous media reports of marital challenges and breakups that included issues related with mobile phone usage. A popular column by Phillip Kitoto in the Daily Nation newspaper has continually posted questions from aggrieved spouses and relationship partners seeking counsel on relationship matters. Conspicuously standing out are the many people who link their relationship problems to the mobile phone either questioning their spouses or partner's mobile phone behavior that arouses suspicion regarding their fidelity, or claims that they discovered their spouse's cheating from mobile phone text messages or suspicious phone calls. This study therefore examines the effect of mobile phone adoption on marriages. The study explores the effect of mobile phone adoption on marriages in Kenya and seeks to find out whether the mobile phone has contributed to breakups and increased strife in marriages. It involves a survey conducted in Nairobi - Kenya's Capital - involving a population of married individuals, professional counselors and religious leaders.

Social and Economic consequences of early marriage in low income area of Kibera slums, Nairobi

Author: Matheka, James K

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya ; Girls ; Teenagers ; Low income groups ; Marriage ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This research project brings out the social and economic condition of married adolescents girls in slum areas of Nairobi. It explore the counterintuitive assumptions that early marriage is a rural phenomenal. It is commonly assumed that early marriage only occurs in rural life style where cultural beliefs are more practiced and entrenched. Yet in urban centre, especially in slum areas such as Kibera, more girls are married before reaching 18 years. Nairobi attracts migrants from rural areas in search of education and livelihood opportunities. These migrating adolescents girls from rural in search for better prospects have no or very little social capital, little or no education, limited social network or trusted relationships and few economic opportunities. Many of the new migrants into Nairobi are also double disadvantaged because they live apart from the protective structures of family and away from communities where they are known and have reliable social network. To many of these adolescents, life in Nairobi is effectively life in the slums. Marriage therefore becomes an easier option to many of them. Results from this research project challenge the assumptions about girls programming and raises several questions about meeting the needs of our youth. Both Quantitative and Qualitative method of research were used. Using snowballing sampling, the study brought on board 31 married girls within a very short time. The results of this study prove that the problem of early marriage is bigger than usually reported. These girls face high level of isolations and limited job opportunities. Considerable number of married girls reported some form of physical violence often perpetrated by their spouses. Some married girls even blame themselves for the violence for fear of reprisal. This situation, combined with existence of risk behaviors', such as unprotected sex, gender based violence, political unrest and disturbing numbers of young girls who are unaware of basic human rights could slow down Kenyans efforts to achieve five of the eight MDGs by 2015.

The impact of education on marriage : a case study of highly educated women married to partners with low education stutus

Author: Oloo, Roseline Awino

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : Master of Internatio

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Impact analysis ; Education ; Marriage ; Wives ; Husbands ; Families and family life ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Factors that influence marital conflicts in urban areas

Author: Musuku, Catherine

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : Master of Internatio

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Marriage ; Conflict ; Families and family life ; Urban areas ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Influence of courtship on marital success

Author: Kairo, Lucy Wanjiru

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Marriage/Couples/Courtship ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Assessment of premarital counselling programmes in Kenya : a study of selected churches in Kasarani Division, Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Mutegi, Millicent M B

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: National Council for Science and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Premarital counseling USE Marriage counseling ; Marriage counseling ; Kasarani Division, Nairobi District ; Christianity ;

Abstract:

The benefits of vital marriage to both individuals and society's health and well being commend the expansion of higher quality marriage preparation programming. The major purpose of this study was to access the quality of the existing premarital counselling programmes in the Churches of Kasarani Division. The study explored the key objectives that guided the Premarital Counselling Programme, the content, the professional qualifications of the practitioners who implemented the programmes, the methods and resources used to achieve the objectives of the Programme. The study was also designed to find out the extent of satisfaction of the beneficiaries of premarital counselling programmes in the sampled Churches. A descriptive survey design was used in the study. The study subjects consisted of 62 respondents and 5 pastor Icounsellors drawn from 5 Churches in Kasarani Division, Nairobi District. Stratified sampling was used in purposively selecting three mainstream and two upcoming Churches. Questionnaires and interview guides were used in collecting data. Descriptive statistics in form of percentages and frequencies was used to analyze the results. The findings showed that the sampled Churches lacked standard premarital counselling programmes. The practitioners were guided by their objectives. The Objectives are in agreement with most of premarital counselling programmes extent in other countries in the World The study revealed that majority of the pastor/ counsellors were not adequately trained to promote the practice of professional counselling in the Churches. The sampled Churches, it was discovered, lacked adequate facilities and resources to carry out professional counselling services. Implications of the findings are drawn and recommendations for amending the situation are suggested.