13 Records out of 22207 Records

Establishing the effects of Indian manufactured products on the textile and apparel industry in Kenya

Author: Mutisya, Harriet Mwelu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Effects ; India ; Manufactured products ; Imports ; Textile industry ; Clothing industry ;

Abstract:

This study attempted to explore the effect of India's manufactured products on the textile and apparel industries based in Nairobi and its surroundings, Kenya. The target population of study was all textiles and apparel manufacturing industries that are members of Kenya Association of manufacturers KAM and operate within Nairobi and its surroundings. This study used a purposive sample of 38 respondents. Questionnaires were used for data collection. Quantitative and Qualitative analysis techniques were applied. From the findings, the study reveals a number of conclusions. Most of the textiles and apparel manufacturing industries have been in operation for mote than 10 years. A majority of them are engaged in fabric and apparel manufacturing and record an annual turnover of over 100 million Kenya shillings. Product innovation; market development; improvement in technology; aggressive marketing; and changes in customer needs have contributed to the success of the companies to a great extent. Olobalization/regionalization, technological advancement, and improved customer awareness impacted on companies to a great extent. Companies' loss of market share and decline in profits has been affected to.a very extent by the Kenya-India bilateral trade agreement. Moreover, the companies have adopted moderately important strategies like market penetration, market development, and product development in order to remain competitive in the textiles and apparel industry. The study recommends that: textiles and apparel industries should also ensure that cotton production becomes a priority in their development policies in Kenya; and the OoK to intensively and expansively focus its policies extensively on investment in the textiles and apparel industry as well as the so much neglected cotton industry.

Competitiveness of Kenya's manufactured exports to the East African Community

Author: Ayieko, O Bernard

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Exports ; Manufactured products ; East African Community ; Common markets ;

Abstract:

Despite policy efforts to diversify exports, Kenya's export base is still largely dominated by primary products from the agricultural sector. Trade and commodity concentration has led to export earnings fluctuations which eventually leads to the problem of balance of payments, budgets deficits and does not permit future systematic economic planning. With dwindling fortunes in the agricultural sector due to vagaries of weather among others, it is imperative for policy makers to deal with the issue of diversification of the country's exports. This will help cushion the country against shocks arising from the instability in the foreign exchange markets especially for the primary products. This strategy will contribute to the development of new export markets for manufactured goods destined for the EAC. By using panel data this paper investigated factors influencing competitiveness of Kenya's manufactured exports to the EAC. The primary concern of policy makers and macroeconomic analysts is what factors promote or inhibit the flow of Kenya's manufactured exports to the EAC. The findings indicate that trade policy, captured by openness and nominal exchange has a large effect on export competitiveness, their coefficients are large. However, fixed capital formation which is a proxy for trade facilitation has a small effect on export competitiveness. Infrastructural development is not playing the rightful role in releasing export potential of the trading bloc; hence is a bottle neck on the export supply side. The national government should have a policy of infrastructural investment like construction of corridors and upgrading of railway system to increase accessibility and ease the movement of manufactured exports. Unit labour cost has a negative effect on export competiveness. EAC member countries are labour abundant and therefore productivity of labour is more important than numbers. The member countries should invest in research and development, health care, education and capital equipment to increase labour productivity that lower unit labour cost thereby increasing competitiveness of manufactured goods.Therefore, manufactured exports are important for Kenya's export matrix. It is therefore critical for the GOK and policy makers to work towards accelerating policies that will improye the volume of exports of manufactured goods to the EAC while drawing lessons from Asian tigers.

Determinants of manufactured exports in Kenya : a contol function approach

Author: Abala, Daniel Okado

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Manufactured products ; Productivity ; Exports ;

Abstract:

This study uses firm-level panel data from the manufacturing sector in Kenya to analyze the determinants of export propensity and intensity over the period 1992-2003. The focus of the investigation is on effects of total factor productivity on export propensity and intensity. The impacts of total factor productivity are estimated controlling for relevant exogenous covariates, such as location-specific factors and characteristics of firms, notably ownership structure, firm age and sunk investment. The thesis uses the panel data estimator, and the two-step control function approach, to account for fixed effects, endogeneity, unobserved heterogeneity, nonseparability, and sample selection bias in the estimating equations, thus ensuring that the parameters of export propensity and export intensity functions are properly computed. The main finding of the study is that export propensity and export intensity are highly responsive to total factor productivity. Total factor productivity elasticities of export propensity and intensity are 5.4 and 1.8, respectively, so that a 1 % increase in total factor productivity increases export propensity by 5.4%, with intensity rising by 1.8%. The other finding is that ownership structure of the firm and unobserved factors specific to firms, significantly influence export propensities and intensities. Taken together, these results provide valuable insights into the determinants of Kenyan exports, information that can be used to design policies to promote entry and stay of firms into the export markets, and to intensify sales there. It is found that an increase in the level of total factor productivity is key to competitiveness of Kenyan firms in regional and global markets. The findings of the thesis suggest that policy measures to increase export orientation of Kenyan firms should focus on improving total factor productivity, encouraging foreign capital investment, and on stimulating modernization of capital equipment employed by firms.

The effect of counterfeit products on company sales revenue of permit holder manufacturing firms in Nairobi (Kenya)

Author: Wanjala, Anne Nelima

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2006

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Counterfeiting/Manufactured products/Sales/Intellectual property/ ;

Abstract:

This study is about counterfeit products in general and their effect on manufacturing firms in particular. It sets out to examine the effect of counterfeit products on the sales of manufacturing firms who are diamond mark holders in Nairobi Kenya. This study explains the methodology that was followed to arrive at the stated conclusions. Using regression and correlation analysis, the study reveals that counterfeit products relate to sales of manufacturing firms and that firms are highly affected by counterfeit products; engage in active anti-counterfeiting activities. While the study reveals that counterfeit products are related to sales of manufacturing firms and that firms lose in terms of revenue, sales of the firms studied are increasing, and more so not all manufacturing firms fall victim of counterfeiting. The researcher recommends on he need of firms to keep data on expenditures incurred in carrying out the anti-counterfeiting activities and the need to assess the effectiveness of inspection of goods at the port of entries. Further research is needed on the demand and behaviour of consumers on consumption of counterfeit products.

Analysis of factors affecting efficient cement production in Kenya ( a case study of East African portland cement company limited)

Author: Salim, Sultan Habib Daghar

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ; Moi University Hospice Campus Library ;

Subject Terms: East African Portland Cement Company Limited/Cement/Manufacturing/Manufactured products/ ;

Abstract:

The objective of the study was to identify and analyze the factors that affect efficient cement production in Kenya and East African Portland Cement Company Limited was selected as a case study for the purpose. The variables under the study included rawmaterials, sources of energy, technology, staff issues and support functions performances. A representative sample of S6 staff was selected from the works department and the researcher used a combination of both quantitative and qualitative research methods. This involved a field survey where respondents were called upon to describe the factors that affected efficient cement production at EAPCC. Data was then collected and evaluated using descriptive statistics techniques and presented in tables, bar charts, pie charts, cylindrical charts and narratives. From the findings of the study, it was concluded that raw materials, sources of energy, technology, staff issues and support functions performances are factors that affect efficient cement production at EAPCC. In light of the findings, various recommendations were made so as to improve the efficient cement production at EAPCC with regard to the variables. They included; better raw materials and fuel quality control methods, sourcing of cheaper materials of consistent quality, establishing a research and development department, exploring the usage of coal as an alternative energy source against fuel, generation of own electrical power supply, lobbying KP&LCo Ltd for quality electrical power supply, modernization of the cement grinding plant, development of a human resource policy document and improvement of the procurement process among others.

An empirical investigation of the policy determinants of <<not given>>.

Author: Abudo, Peter Obade

Awarding University: Dalhousie University, Canada

Level : MDE

Year: 1994

Holding Libraries: University Microfilms International ;

Subject Terms: International trade ; Manufactured products ; Economic policy ; Structural adjustment ;

Abstract:

This study embarks on assessing and analyzing the policy environment suitable for the promotion of Kenya's manufactured exports to the industrialized world. It observes that a mixture of both import substitution and export promotional policies have been used to guide industrial development since independence in 1963. In order to accomplish the objectives of this study, a methodology involving an estimation of a well specified supply model for Kenya's manufactured exports is adopted, the results of which corroborate the theoretical arguments put forward for the expansion of manufactured exports from developing countries, i.e., that supply-side constraints (domestic policy variables) explain better the performance of these countries exports than demand- side variables. The estimated supply elasticities obtained in this study are not only plausible, but compare well with other similar studies. All the elasticities have the correct positive sign and their explanatory powers, except for the real exchange rate, are significant. The study concludes that domestic policy variables are crucial to the performance of manufactured exports. The policy implications that can be drawn to accommodate the structural adjustment programme are those aimed at promoting increased growth in manufacturing and achieving effective relative export prices.

Auto-ancilliary in Kenya : the study of the manufacture of leaf-springs, exhaust systems, filters, radiators, brake pads and batteries.

Author: Obere, John Almadi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 1987

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Component parts ; Components industry ; Automotive repair services ; Automobile industry ; Manufactured products ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Determinants of Kenya's manufactured exports : an empirical analysis.

Author: Okore, J O

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 1987

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Manufactured products ; Exports ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The bias against industrial exports in the Kenyan economy 1954-1980.

Author: Butcher, Arona Mahan

Awarding University: University of Virginia, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 1983

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ; University Microfilms International ;

Subject Terms: Trade policy ; Exports ; Manufactured products ;

Abstract:

This dissertation examines the foreign trade policies that were implemented in Kenya as well as evaluates the economic incentives for producers that emanate from these policies. An analysis is presented on the impact of import substitution and export promotion policies on the relative profitability of industrial production for domestic and for foreign markets. Estimation of effective rates of protection for Kenyan industries indicates that export production realized negative effective rates of protection while production destined for the domestic market realized very high effective rates of protection. Using a regression model, the effect trade policies have had on the performance of Kenya's manufactured exports is evaluated. The dependent variable is represented by Kenya's industrial exports to non East African markets. The independent variables that reflect import substitution and export promotion policies are respectively, the effective exchange rate applicable to imports and the effective exchange rate applicable to exports. The former represents in domestic currency what producers can charge for a dollar's worth of output sold in the domestic market taking into account the impact of trade restrictions, while the latter is defined as units of domestic currency received by an exporter for a dollar's worth of exports taking into account export promotional instruments. Both these variables are divided by a domestic price index to reflect the impact of domestic prices. This price index is further divided by the British wholesale price index. Kenya's exports to the East African markets are used to represent the impact of the East African common market on Kenya's industrial exports. The index of industrial production is also included as an independent variable. Since the average tariff rate is used to reflect the impact of import substitution on the supply of manufactured exports, a dummy variable is used to represent the effect of quotas and import licensing. The estimated model indicates that while export promotion policies encouraged production of industrial exports, the pursuit of import substitution had a negative impact on such production.

Industrial import-substitution in Kenya.

Author: Eglin, Richard William George

Awarding University: University of Cambridge, England

Level : PhD

Year: 1981

Holding Libraries: University of Cambridge Library ; Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Manufactured products ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE