1670 Records out of 22207 Records

Determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya : case of Mandera West constituency

Author: Hassan, Ibrahim Bori

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mandera West Constituency/Constituency Development Fund/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Women's Enterprise Development Fund/Community development/Project management ;

Abstract:

The concept of community participation in development gained prominence in development discourse in the seventies and since then literature on the subject has grown dramatically. What was initially a radical critique of development has relatively quickly become a staple for development practice in the world. The incorporation of the locals in development projects has become a common phenomenon that almost every organization talks about. The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of community participation in government funded projects in Kenya, taking the case of Mandera West Constituency. In particular, the study examined the influence of community knowledge, leadership qualities, level of education and location of the Funds coordinating offices on community participation in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. The study adopted descriptive research design, on a target population of members of the Mandera West Constituency Development Fund (CDF), the Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) and the Women's Enterprise Development Fund (WEDF) committees, as well as ordinary community members. This consisted of a sample size of 405 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires with both close-ended and openended questions to enhance uniformity and to ensure maximum data collection and generation of qualitative and quantitative data. Analysis was done using both descriptive statistics and content analysis. From the findings, 66.6 % of the respondents were aware of existence of YEDF sponsored projects in Mandera west constituency, 41.6% indicated WEDF sponsored projects while 75% stated CDF sponsored projects. On leadership qualities and participation, most of the respondents had either negative or neutral perception on projects leaders in government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency. On location of community funds offices, it was revealed that 70% of the residents know the location of community development offices while the rest do not know. In addition, 67% agreed that the location influences community participation in the Constituency. In addition, there was little dispersion on responses from the respondents as was indicated by low standard deviation values of as low as below 0.5. On the level of education of the constituents, majority of the respondents think it influences the level of community participation in the projects. The researcher concludes that leaders' intelligence, communication skills, ability to plan as well as good educational background are highly effective in stirring the residents in participation in government projects. The study recommends that community knowledge should be enhanced through seminars, barazas, workshops, songs, ceremonies and places of worship in the area in order to enhance more participation in government funded projects. Additionally, more trainings should be enhanced by the government to the leaders and managers of government funded projects in Mandera West Constituency to ensure creation of good leadership qualities. The researcher further recommends that education should be emphasized in Mandera West Constituency to enhance community participation in community projects. The government should facilitate easy accessibility of the Community Development Funds Offices for greater participation of the community in the government funded projects.

Factors influencing sustainable funding of non-governmental organizations in Kenya : a case study of Sisters Maternity Home (Simaho) in Garissa

Author: Ibrahim, Ahmed Ali

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Sisters Maternity Home (SIMAHO), Garissa, Kenya/Nongovernmental organizations/Financial management ;

Abstract:

Sustainable funding has helped many NGO's implement diverse programmatic interventions which has not only benefited the communities but has also improved the standard of living. But tough economic times buoyed by global recession have in one way or another affected global funding. Many NGO's continue to cease operations by the day often due to lack of sustainable funding. The NGOs are overwhelmingly significant in most Africans search for their well-being, so deeply woven in the rhythms of their everyday lives and deeply entwined in their values, attitudes .. perspectives and decisionmaking. Many new NGOs fall into the pitfall of un-sustainability, as they operate for a summer or for a few years and then fade away. The failure of NGOs to sustain their work stems from many inadequacies. A lack of financial resources contributes to their demise. The purpose of the study was to examine the factors that affect financial sustainability of NGOs in Kenya with specific reference to Sisters Maternity Home (SIMAHO) in Garissa. In this study, exploratory research design was adapted. The target population of this study included the management team of the SIMAHO in Garissa. Stratified proportionate random sampling technique was used to select 67 respondents. This study made use questionnaires for primary data collection. Quantitative data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential analysis. Data collected through the open ended questions and analysis of documents was analyzed qualitatively through content analysis. The study also made use of various inferential statistics. The variable was factored in the multivariate regression model. The study found that donor relationship management contribute most to financial sustainability of nongovernmental followed by strategic financial management then income diversification while own income generation contributed the least to financial sustainability of nongovernmental organizations. The study recommends that in order to ensure that the NGOs remain sustainable, they should procure employees that are competent in strategic planning, plan implementation and financial analysis. The NGO management should increase their income sources from their usual ones. The management should ensure that they maintain a good relationship with the donors mainly by information management, ensuring there is accountability and meaningful communications.

Strategic responses to external environmental factors affecting the health sector : case study of Gertrude's Children Hospital

Author: Iraki, Wanjiru Njuguna

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/Environmental management/Health services/Hospitals/Gertrude Garden Children's Hospital ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Strategy evaluation and control at Ushuru Savings and Credit Cooperative Society Limited

Author: Juma, Joseph Hamisi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/Ushuru Savings and Credit Cooperative Society Limited/Savings and credit cooperative societies ;

Abstract:

The business world is in the process of a global transformation. Mergers, acquisitions, outsourcing and downsizing are becoming common word everywhere. International boundaries are fading in importance as businesses take on a more global perspective (Stevens, 2000). Strategic management takes a panoramic view of this changing business terrain and attempts to show how large and small firms can be more effective and efficient not only in today's world but tomorrow as well. Strategic management is the set of managerial decisions and action that determines the way for the long-range performance of the company. It includes environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy evaluation and control, evaluation and control. The objectives of the study were to establish strategy evaluation and control practices at Ushuru Sacco and determine the factors that influence strategy evaluation and control practices at Ushuru Sacco. The research was conducted through a case study method. A sample of six persons from the top and middle management was interviewed in order to gain an insight into what response strategies that this level of management applied in order to deal with the changing the strategic evaluation and control system. Content analysis technique was used to analyze the data. The study found that to ensure compliance with the strategy can go a long way in helping the Sacco gain a competitive edge, help in defining the business of the Sacco and also help in achieving right direction. The study finally concludes that initiatives are taken by management in creating and sustaining a climate within the Sacco that motivates employees in their implementation role with managers paying as much attention to planning the implementation of their strategies as they give to formulating them. Since this study adopted the interview method as the primary data collection method, the researcher suggests that a study be carried out using other methods of primary and secondary data collection to see whether there will be difference in the results.

Strategic responses by the National Bank of Kenya Limited to challenges of globalization

Author: Ingwe, Kennedy S

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/National Bank of Kenya/Globalization/Competitive advantage/Commercial banks/Banking industry ;

Abstract:

Globalization has brought competition to the door steps of most companies in every industry the world over. It is an attempt to reduce the vast world to a mere global village by facilitating interaction of people and business transactions through technological breakthroughs. A gap exists on the strategic measures that a fmancial institution operating locally should take to counter the challenges of globalization without necessarily trading in the international market. The National Bank Kenya thus becomes the focus organization that the study uses to fill up this knowledge gap. The research question therefore is: What strategic responses is the National Bank of Kenya putting in place to arrest the challenges of globalization? The objectives of the study were to establish the challenges of globalization faced by National Bank of Kenya limited and the strategic responses by the National Bank of Kenya Limited to challenges of globalization. The study used the case study design to gather qualitative data using an interview guide and it focused on the National Bank of Kenya Limited. The primary data upon being cleaned and presented according to the study themes was analyzed through content analysis (qualitative analysis). The fmdings reveal that the bank has not reviewed its mission for the last five years. Globalization has had an impact on every single department in the bank. As such, the bank has put in place strategies to counter the challenges of globalization. The study recommends that the bank should embrace the various aspects of globalization in its entire departments as they are mostly 'positive and beneficial to the company.

Application of credit default swaps to commercial banks

Author: Ikamari, Cynthia Amai

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Credit management/Default/Bad debts/Swap arrangements/Commercial banks/Banking industry ;

Abstract:

Commercial banks contribute significantly to the growth of a nation's economy. The profitability of commercial banks is largely attributed to the interest charged on loans they advance to their customers. If these loans are defaulted, banks face the risk of collapsing and the entire economy will be threatened. Banks use credit derivatives to protect themselves against credit risk arising from loan defaulters. Loan defaulting has been and continues to be a cause of financial distress in the banking sector . both locally as well as globally. More efficient approaches of managing credit risk need to be looked into. In this study, the application of credit default swaps as a credit risk management tool in the banking sector is looked at. Credit default swaps are shown to effectively transfer risk from commercial banks to insurance companies. Data relating to loan facilities sought by individual companies was collected from a local commercial bank. Additional data relating to treasury and corporate bonds was collected from the Nairobi Stock Exchange. Data was analyzed using the Hull-White Model of credit default swap valuation. The study shows that commercial banks are able to manage their credit risk efficiently using credit default swaps. From the data analysis, the results show that by paying a premium 0 f 513 basis points per year for a credit default swap contract, a potential loss of up to Kshs. 17,291,275.61 is avoided. This shows that by using credit derivatives, the profitability ofa commercial bank is increased as large sums of money that would otherwise have been lost to loan defaulters is put into other income generating activities.

Strategic responses by Kenyan airlines to the changes in the price of Aviation fuel

Author: Irungu, Eric Ndegwa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/Airline industry/Price increases/Gasoline ;

Abstract:

The study sought to determine the strategic responses by Kenyan airlines to the changes in the price of aviation fuel. It further investigated whether Kenyan airlines had adopted financial and/or non financial strategies, the extent to which these strategies had been implemented and the level of success that they had with these strategies in responses to the changes in the price of aviation fuel. The study was based on a census of the six airlines operating in Kenya. The respondents of the study were the Finance and Flight Operations managers in the respective airlines. A semi structured questionnaire was applied as the data collection tool which contained a mix of open-ended and closed-ended questions. Data was analyzed through the use of The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). It was observed that Kenyan airlines have adopted a number of strategies in response to the changes in the price of aviation fuel. These have been through fleet management decisions, weight reduction programs and modification of flight operations procedures. It was further observed that these strategies have been applied in differing degrees by the respective airlines with varying degrees of success based on the total savings achieved. The study suggests further research studies in the area of the air traffic management and different operational practices hold some prospect for reductions in fuel usage or mitigation of environmental effects of aviation.

Strategic responses by Aga Khan University Hospital to brain drain in the health sector in Kenya

Author: Imbuye, Isabel Injete

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management/Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya/Brain drain/Human resource management/Medical personnel/Hospitals ;

Abstract:

Organizations are environment dependent since no organization can survive without interacting with its environment. This dependency calls for organizations to tailor their strategic planning in line with changes in the environment. The objective of this study was to determine the strategic responses by Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi (AKUHN) to brain drain in the health sector in Kenya. A case study design was used where qualitative data was obtained by the respondent through interview method. An interview guide was used to guide the researcher as the study sought to get information from the senior management of AKUHN. The senior managers interviewed were, the Chief Executive officer, Marketing manager, CT manager, Human Resource manager, Finance manager and the chairs of academic programs. The data collected was analyzed through content analysis. The results of the study demonstrated that AKUHN is an open system organization and it responds to challenges in its internal and external environment. Brain drain phenomenon is a challenge in the health sector in Kenya and AKUHN responded by diversifying its core business by opening the Aga Khan University ,Opening up new sites, use of modem technology, introducing new products ,using collaborations and alliances, and finally by backward integration of labour.

The factors affecting the implementation of international public sector accounting standards in Kenya

Author: Hamisi, Kuti S

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: |University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Public sector/International accounting standards/Financial management ;

Abstract:

Reforms in Government's financial management systems and processes are becoming critical in response to increasing demands for greater transparency and accountability in the management of the public's finances. In Kenya as is widely acknowledged, there are fundamental problems that currently inhibit the efficiency and effectiveness of the GOK's finance and accounting functions. This is due to poor performance of basic financial functions, poor supervision, inadequate financial information and decision support, poor staff motivation and attitudes to accounting and accountability. These inherent problems have suggested as contributing to the slow progress by the Government of Kenya in implementing its Public sector reforms in Particular the IPSAS compared to other Countries of the W orId. The study sought to established factors affecting the implementation of IPSAS in Kenya hence the level of implementation. This study therefore was a descriptive study. It was designed to describe the extent of IPSAS implementation at the Ministry Finance. The target population was 38 Heads of accounting units and their deputies in 14 key ministries headquarters'. The sampling procedure used the stratified sampling method. This study gathered both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected at the source by the researcher. Secondary data was data previously collected by other researchers which was also used in this study. This study used descriptive statistics to describe a phenomena or an object. Infereretial statistics regression and con-elations were done to establish the extent to which the factors affected implementation of international public sector accounting standards in Kenya. From the findings, the study established that failure to tackle specific accounting issues, lack of adoption of information technology, lack of international financial support significantly affected implementation of international public sector accounting standards in the public sector in Kenya. The study concluded there are ftmdamental problems that currently inhibit the efficiency and effectiveness of the IPSAS implementation. Low level of technology adoption, poor NPFM reforms and adoption of IFMIS by -the Kenya Government, lack of political and weak legal framework, failure by parliament to enact new Financial management Act 2004 to recognize IPSAS, lack of trained and competent staff on the adoption of IPSAS systems of financial reporting were the factors that affected implementation on IPSAS in the government sectors. The study recommends that a legal framework to be crafted in order to prescribe IPSAS, all stakeholders and partners in the government embrace IPSAS reporting system in order to enhance financial management in the public sector, govennent upgrade Information technology and enhance adoption of ICT in order to cope with the financial data requirements of the IPSAS standards.

The impact of public debt on inflation, GDP growth and interest rates in Kenya

Author: Harmon, Emmanuel Y

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Debt management/Inflation/Economic growth/Gross Domestic Product/Interest rates ;

Abstract:

This research looks at the impact of public debt on three major. economic indicators (Inflation, GDP growth and Interest rates) in Kenya. The study was conducted with the objective of finding out the relationships that exist between these variables and public debt. The study draws upon secondary data on the mentioned variables published by the government of Kenya covering the period 1996 to 2011. Most prior researches on public debt focus on its links with single variables and sustainability issues. Findings from these studies vary across variables. Some studies show positive relationships, others negative relationships while others show mo relationships at all. The study adopts a descriptive research design in studying the impact of public debt on inflation GDP, and interest rates in Kenya. Using three simple linear regression models, the study finds out that there is a weak positive relationship on the public debt-inflationGDP growth link with the public debt-GDP growth link being the highest. A negative strong relationship is observed alone the public dept-interest rates link. On a general note, the study concludes that the Public Debt-Inflation-GDP growthInterest rates link cannot be found in a single analysis. The relationship varies across variables. While other variables show a weak relationship others portray a strong one. For instance, of the variables compared in this study public debt and interest rates show the strongest relationship. Next is the relation between public debt and GDP growth which is moderately weak; and finally public debt and GDP growth which shows the least among the three variables. Apart from sustainability concerns, high public debt levels may directly or indirectly harm economic growth. To mitigate this situation policy makers are urged to consider tightening and streamlining new borrowings to development needs and prioritize such needs to provide a conducive macroeconomic environment.