24 Records out of 22207 Records

An evaluation of training standards in Kenyan media colleges : a case study of public and private middle level media training colleges in Nairobi

Author: Wefwafwa, Job Allan

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Journalism/Training/Quality of education/Colleges and universities/Nairobi, Kenya/Media Educators and Trainers Association/ ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate training standards in Kenyan Journalism Colleges. Lack of professionalism and ethical conduct shown through mediocre stories written bereft of , balance and structure as well as defamatory and libel cases on the rise are by all standards evidence. Complaints from the public raised against journalism training in Kenya, prompted the Media Council of Kenya (MCK) in 2005 to facilitate the formation of Media Educators and Trainers Association (META) whose objective, among others, is to 'facilitate high calibre media educators with emphasis on producing 'thinkers' at University level and Technical personnel at Middle Level Colleges. The study was to establish if the objective has been or is being achieved. Questionnaires and scheduled face to face interviews were used. Purposive and random sampling were employed to obtain samples for use. Trainers, trainees and media houses workers formed categories of samples. Two questionnaires were developed targeting trainers and trainees while a face to face interview schedules were for the Media house workers. Statistical Package for social science (SPSS) was used to analyse the data collected and then coded. Tables and charts were used to tabulate the quantitative data gotten through open ended and closed- ended questions. The qualitative data from interviews and open ended questions were transcribed in accordance with the study objectives, and then quantified. The study findings show that most media colleges lack sufficient training equipment with computers as the most needed in colleges. Whereas trainers said newspaper is second needed, trainees said newsroom is second needed. Most Media houses were more contented with new journalists doing field reporting, followed by TV production while studio technical operations had least contentment. Whereas most trainers and students agree that insufficient training equipment is the commonest challenge in media training colleges, media house interviewees specify that it is lack of modern training equipment that affect most colleges. Least mentioned as a problem was sexual harassment; where trainers and trainees seem to conceal information on the issue since it is of mutual benefit to. Nothing else explains the common phrase Sexually Transmitted Distinctions (STDs) than the mutual benefit.

Social media revolution : exploring the impact on journalism and news media organizations

Author: Mwangi, Aline Wamaitha

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Social media ; Impact analysis ; Journalism ; News media ; Nation Media Group ; Standard Media Group ; Royal Media Group ; Radio Africa ;

Abstract:

The study sought to investigate the impact of Social media revolution on Journalism and News organizations. The objectives of the study were to explore the impact of social media on journalism and news organization; investigate how media personalities and news organizations are using social media in carrying out their roles and the integration of social media on traditional media and how it has transformed and continues to do so as they embrace social media. The study reviewed relevant literature from various international news organizations like Reuters, BBC and other online news blog sites are using social media sites like Twitter, Facebook and Y ouTube everyday to gather and disseminate news stories. The study sampled 4 media organizations: Nation media group, Standard Media group, Royal Media group and Radio Africa as its sample population. The researcher was able to observe and participate in the social media pages of all these news organizations on Twitter, Y ouTube and Facebook. Observing how often they posted as well as how the media personalities and journalists in these media houses used social media and interact with their audiences. A focus group discussion and interviews were carried out on journalists within the target population and the researcher identified the impact social media has so far had on journalism Qualitative data analysis was used to analyze the information collected via the Focus group discussion, interviews and observation and to determine the impact social media has had on news organizations and journalism. The key findings of the study indicate that it is now common practice for journalists and news organizations to integrate social media and post links on their social media pages that direct traffic back to the news organizations websites as well as compel audiences to traditional media. The project goes on to show that social media is not a passing phase but here to stay as most of those interviewed guaranteed that social media has not been exhaustively used and new ways of effectively using social media should be sought so as to use this technology that has reshaped not just journalism but all media industry.

An evaluation of the factors that impact on the practice of investigative journalism in Kenya : a case study of the Nation Media Group

Author: Mwamba, James Onyango

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Journalism ; Nation Media Group ; Socioeconomic factors ; Advertising ;

Abstract:

This study sought to evaluate the factors that impact on the practice of investigative journalism in Kenya using the Nation Media Group as a case study. It begins with a definition of an investigative journalist in Chapter One and gives a background of investigative journalism in Kenya, then briefly discusses the factors that have influenced the practice of the genre in Kenya. The chapter also discusses the problem statement where it is argued that Kenya needs investigative journalism now more than ever. It is argued that the development and practice of investigative journalism in Kenya has been informed by socio-economic, political ethical, professional and legal factors that merit studying. The general objective of this study is to evaluate the positive and negative factors that impact on the practice of investigative journalism in Kenya. Chapter Two has the literature review that informed this study. This section presents arguments from various scholars, and then traces the idea of investigation in journalism back to 1885 in England and the rise of modern-day investigative journalism to 1974 in America. This section also discusses socio-economic, political, legal and industry factors that have shaped the practice of investigative journalism in Kenya. Theories that guided the study are also discussed. Chapter Three discusses the methodology employed. This study uses a mixed approach as a methodology and employs both quantitative and qualitative approaches to research. The section also discusses methods of data collection, analysis and presentation employed. Chapter Four has data analysis, presentation and interpretation. The study employed SPSS to analyse data and uses tables and graphs as to present findings. The findings are discussed in prose. Chapter Five has a summary of the findings, recommendations and conclusion. One of the key findings of the study is that while education equips journalists with knowledge and experience, the success of an investigative journalist largely depends on one's practical skills. The study also found out that socio-economic and political factors play a huge role in promoting or hindering investigative journalism. The study concludes that advertisers are the elephant in the house and makes recommendations to improve investigative journalism in Kenya.

Media and constitution making : an assessment of their agenda setting role in the adoption of the new constitution in Kenya

Author: Kariuki, Rosemary Muthoni

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Constitutions/News media/Public opinion/Journalism ;

Abstract:

Agenda-setting theory is about transfer of salience from the mass media's pictures of the world to those in our heads. Elaborating Lippmann's perspectives, the core idea is that elements prominent in media's pictures become prominent in audience pictures. In the metaphorical language of the theory, the media agenda sets the public agenda. Theoretically these agendas could be composed of any set of elements. A vast majority of studies has examined and agenda composed of public issues. For these studies core assertion is that the degree of emphasis placed on issues in the mass media influences the priority accorded these issues in public. This proposition has been supported in more than 200 studies over past 25 years (Dearing and Rogers, 1996) in both election and non-election studies with considerable diversity in their geographical settings, time spans, news media and public issues studied. But agenda setting research has grown beyond this particular point of origin to encompass a wide range of communication situations, including the shaping of media agenda (Dearing and Rogers, 1996: McCombs, 1992). This study is given credence by the core functions of media such as surveillance or being a watchdog to the public, interpretation of facts and data and meaning of significant events, linkage with different elements of societies through advertising, transmission of value or socialization and entertainment. Media is seen as an important link between the public, and the opinion of the public and the decision-making processes of government. A key player in the construction or creation of the public and of public opinion and a means by which the public can come to play a direct and indirect part in the democratic process. 1 nus based on the atoremennonen core tuncnons of media, this study looks at the role of media in constitution making in Kenya, subsequently leading to the August 4, 2010 referendum and adoption of the new laws. An evaluation of the role played by media in the constitution making process in Kenya is critical in understanding how media influences the decision of the political players be they the legislators or voters in a democratic country. The same evaluation could shed light on the relevance of the agenda setting role of the media today. This study delves to establish if there was a causal relationship between the media agenda and the public in the constitution making process in Kenya. The role media played in influences the vote during the constitution referendum held on August 4, 2010. The study explains the role played by media in the constitution making process in Kenya and determines the role of media as opinion leader in influencing the constitution making process in Kenya McCombs (2004) says that agenda setting is a complex and intellectual maps still in the process of evolving. That the role of mass media in the formation of public opinion is changing. With the emergence of new technologies such as internet, mobile phones, cable and satellite television, in contemporary there is need to establish if the diversifying nature of mass media had an impact in the adoption of the new constitution. Did media shape the public opinion? What the public need to know is a recurring phrase in the rhetoric repertoire of professional journalism. Does media agenda really represent what the public need to know? It is common knowledge that most of the information we receive is not through direct experience but second-hand reality, a reality that is structured by journalist reports about this situations and events, through print or television. That daily news alerts us on the latest events and changes in the larger environment beyond immediate experience. That newspaper and television through there day to day selection and displaying news influence our perception. This ability to influence the salience of topics in the public agenda has come to be called the agenda setting roles of news media. Newspapers communicate

The impact of Pictorial presentation in Lifestyle and Pulse magazines on personal values of University of Nairobi students

Author: Njagi, Simon Kiraithe

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: University students ; Values ; Young adults ; Mass media ; Photojournalism ;

Abstract:

This study assessed the impact of photographic presentations in lifestyle magazines on Kenyan youth and their appreciation of societal values. This study looked at pertinent issues in relation to print and visual media including Television and internet. The study establishes the background to the study by placing the issues regarding the impact of media on the youth. Further, the study examines the theoretical framework that informs this study. The study will adopt the social learning theory and the uses and gratification theory to guide it. These theories explain the process of learning through social interaction with media and how people use media to satisfy certain individual needs. These theories aptly explained the impact of photographic presentations on the study sample. The study then examines related literature to capture studies and issues related to the topic. Firstly the review examines issues in personal values. Then the review examines issues related to visual representations in media and the effect of media on the youth as they occur in print and other media accessible to the youth. This study carried out a quantitative study that was descriptive in nature. It adopted a quantitative design due to the nature of the data that was used. The data was largely opinions drawn from interviews with respondents. The study site will be University of Nairobi. Random sampling was used to identify the sample universities and snowballing was used to identify the specific respondents for the study. A pre-study survey was carried out to identify willing participants for the study. The study finds that photographic presentations in lifestyle magazines do indeed influence the behavior and character of its audience and this is manifested in their perception of societal and individual values.

The future and prospects of online journalism in Kenya : a case study of the Standard online

Author: Kemboi, Kipkirui

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Journalism/Electronic publishing/Newspapers/Standard Online (Nairobi, Kenya)/Standard Group Limited/Internet ;

Abstract:

Online journalism is a relatively new medium in mass journalism. It has progressed rapidly in recent years since the development and widespread use of the Internet and World Wide Web. Technology changes rapidly, and thus the future of online journalism is exciting and virtually limitless. This study aimed at determining the future and prospects of online journalism in Kenya, case of The Standard Online. The study also sought to establish how adoption of online journalism influences efficiency in the media industry, investigate the challenges facing adoption of online journalism in the mass media industry and determine the benefits of online journalism in mass media industry. The design of this research was a descriptive survey research. The target population of this study was therefore 183 journalists working in The Standard Group. This study used simple random sampling to select 39 journalists out of the total 183 journalists. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data. The data was then summarised, coded and tabulated. Descriptive statistics such as means, standard deviation and frequency distribution were used to analyse the data. Content analysis was also used to analyse qualitative data from open ended questions. This study therefore recommends that the govemment should reduce tax on webhosting and internet services so as to increase the availability of internet services in the country. This will increase the accessibility of online services in most parts of the country. This study also recommends that The Standard Online should diversify its products to include advertisements in its websites. The study also recommends that the media industry should fully adopt online journalism so as to increase competition, which will subsequently enhance quality of news.

Lexical adjustments of sports language in three Kenyan Newspapers

Author: Njimu, Purity Njeri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Sportswriters ; Journalism ; Newspapers ;

Abstract:

This study analysed the use of lexical adjustments in sports-writing in three Kenyan newspapers. It investigated how lexical adjustments are used by sports writers using the lexical pragmatics theory by Reinhard Blutner (1998). The study sought to establish the role of context in interpretation of ad hoc concepts and the role of sports register in sports-writing. Three newspapers, The Nation, The Standard and The Star were purposely selected for the study because they have the highest circulation . and therefore best represent the country's newspapers. This project is organized in five chapters. Chapter one introduces the topic under study, the background to the study, the background to sports language, the statement of the problem, objectives, hypotheses, significance, scope and limitation, the literature review, and the research methodology. Chapter two discusses the relationship between sport and the mass media, how sports journalism is important and its contributions in sports-writing, sports-reporting, sportsanchoring and sports-photography. Chapter three focuses on the use of ad hoc concepts through the lexical processes of narrowing and broadening. Data from newspapers is analysed in this chapter to provide evidence that sports-writing relies on ad-hoc concepts to re-create past sports events and tell sports stories with more colour and a quicker tempo. Chapter four discusses sports register as part of sports language that is used in sportswriting. Football language is focused on as a representation that all sports have their own register that makes up the wider sports register. Finally, chapter five gives the summary, conclusions and recommendations for further research concerning the issues covered in this project according to the findings of the study.

Towards an examination and expansion of the agenda setting theory : did the media matter in Kenya's presidential election, 2007?

Author: Onyebadi, Uche

Awarding University: University of Missouri, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: Dissertation Abstracts International ;

Subject Terms: Journalism ; Media ; Media coverage ; Elections ; Politics ; Presidential elections ;

Abstract:

This study assesses the usefulness of the agenda setting theory in communications research outside its traditional European and American habitat. It examines Kenya (Africa), with the research question: Did the media matter in Kenya's 2007 presidential election? Furthermore, it examines the media's role just before and after the election in Kenya, to ascertain whether the media anticipated the nation-wide violence that rocked the country, and how that event was subsequently covered. Research results suggest issues, cognitive and affective media agenda setting influence on the public agenda, and positively answered the research question. Respondents also perceived media influence in their choice of political candidates. This study also found that the media did not anticipate or point to the possibility of a violent outcome from the election, but deeply resorted to peace journalism when the violence erupted and spread. Content analysis and survey were used in the study. Overall, this research adds to attempts to universalize the agenda setting theory. It shows that the theory is a learning process that affects decisions, not just showing media influence on what their audiences think about. It also points out the failure of the media in not going beyond horse-race issues in an election. On the other hand, it demonstrates the media's capacity as a force for cohesion and unity in times of national tragedy

Competitive strategies adopted by mainstream daily print media firms in Kenya.

Author: Mbugua, A Mungai

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2006

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Lower Kabete Library ;

Subject Terms: Media ; Journalism ; Competition ; Newspapers ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Coverage of Kenya?s 1992 parliamentary election petitions by Daily Nation and Kenya Times : a study of bias in news reporting

Author: Mwangi, Catherine Waithera

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2000

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Journalism ; Elections ; Media coverage ;

Abstract:

This study looked at the coverage of the filing and outcomes of the 1992 parliamentary election petitions as well as at the direction of coverage of petitioners to determine whether Daily Nation and Kenya Times were biased in their reporting. Bias was defined as the systematic differential treatment of KANU and Opposition candidates and supporters with regard to the extent, promincem and direction of coverage. A comparative analysis of the dailies was done to determine if they differed in their coverage. Content analysis method was used. All news stories published between 1993 and 1995 about the filing and outcomes of the petitions were included in the analysis. The units of analysis were the story, the headline and the sentence. The study found that the dailies are more likely to be biased when covering the events where petitioners are parlimentary candidates than when covering those where petitioners are the electorate. Barring the direction of sentences where Daily Nation treated KANU and Opposition candidates similarly, the daily was biased in favour of Oppositon candidates as far as selection of filing, withdrawal and dismissal of petitions as well as display of stories and slant of headlines were concerned. It was only in the slant of sentences that the privately-owned daily was biased in favour of Opposition supporters. Meanwhile, Kenya Times treated KANU and Oppostion candidates similarly in headlines. The daily was, however, biased in favor of KANU candidates as far as selection of dismissal and striking out of petitions were concerned. It was also biased in favour of KANU candidates with regard to the display of stories about filing of petitions and the slant of sentences. The government-owned daily was found to be biased in favor of KANU supporters only with regard to selection of petition withdrawal and the display of stories about filing of petitions. The findings reveal that many of the allegations of biased reporting that have been leveled against the two newspapers are indeed valid, at least as far as coverage of election petitions is involved. In the coverage of the 1992 parliamentary election petitioners, Daily Nation not only had a higher preference for most of the events where petitioners were Opposition candidates than it did for those where petitioners were KANU candidates, but also gave them more prominent coverage. Further, only Opposition candidates were referred to positively in the headlines. The daily treated Opposition supporters more favourably than KANU supporters in sentences. Kenya Times not only had a higher preference for the dismissal and striking out of petitions filed by KANU candidates than it did for those filed by Opposition candidates, but also attached more prominence to the filings by KANU candidates than it did to those by Opposition candidates. The daily further treated KANU candidates more favourably than Opposition candidates in sentences. In addition, Kenya Times had a higher preference for the petition withdrawals by KANU supporters than for those by Opposition supporters and attached more prominence to the filings by KANU than by Opposition supporters.