101 Records out of 22207 Records

Perceived challenges of importation through the port of Mombasa faced by countries in the Great Lakes Region

Author: Juma, Caroline Tunu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Ports/Mombasa, Kenya/Great Lakes Region/Importers/International trade ;

Abstract:

In spite of technological improvements in transport, landlocked developing countries continue to face structural challenges to accessing world markets. As a result, landlocked countries often lag behind their maritime neighbours in overall development and external trade. While the relatively poor performance of many landlocked countries can be attributed to distance from coast, this paper argues that several aspects of dependence on transit neighbours are also important. Four such types of dependence are discussed: dependence on neighbours' infrastructure; dependence on sound cross-border political relations; dependence on neighbours' peace and stability; and dependence on neighbours' administrative practices. These factors combine to yield different sets of challenges and priorities in each country. The study has determined and assessed the importation challenges faced by countries of the great lakes region in East and Central Africa as they import through the port of Mombasa, Kenya. The countries of this region are majorly landlocked and are often faced with great challenges during trade. Consideration was mainly given to import trade since very few-studies have looked at import challenges in the region. The study determined and assessed the challenges of importing in the Great Lakes region guided by the research question. The study used a census survey of 30 respondents which consisted of Kenya Port Authority Managers, the Kenya Custom Authorities, clearing agencies and import clients from the region. The research design was descriptive in nature to portray an accurate profile of persons, events and situations (Robson, 2002). The study concludes with a brief set of policy recommendations. A detailed appendix presents a map of the region under survey and a survey questionnaire which was distributed to respondents on a drop and pick basis.

International trade finance products provided by Kenya Commercial Bank Limited to small and medium sized enterprises

Author: Inonda, Betty Ongaya

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: International trade/Bank services/Bank loans/Kenya Commercial Bank/Small business/Commercial banks/Banking industry ;

Abstract:

SMEs would rather deal with the dreaded unscrupulous 'middlemen than venture into the murky and deep waters of international trade. None of the studies done has sought to address the problem of inadequate take up of the international Trade finance products by SMEs with specific reference to KCB SMEs. This study therefore sought to answer the question as to why SMEs in KCB are not quickly taking up the International Trade finance products offered to them by the bank. The study used case study research design. The data was collected among interviewees were ten KCB SME customers and five KCB staff members. Data was collected using both primary and secondary data. The primary data was collected using interview schedules data was analyzed using content analysis. From the study findings, the study concluded that their various international trade finance transactions at Kenya Commercial Bank limited. This transactions included issuance of letters of credit, bank guarantees and discounting of invoices among other products. The study concluded that the considerations that KCB gives while dealing with international trade finance products provided to small and medium sized enterprises were collateral requirement, nature of business, number of years that the SME had been a customer at KCB, customers experience in the area of specialization, whether the customer was doing business with a sanctioned country. The challenges facing KCB while issuing international trade finance products to SMEs included knowledge gap, the collateral requirement, the middlemen, impatience among some SMEs and the sanctions. On ways to curb challenges faced by KCB were through conducting awareness campaigns to sensitize SMEs customers about the various international finance products, through implement fully the tiered collateral requirements, and through structuring transactions depending on clients' needs and ability to pay. The study recommends that bank management should review the policies guiding the provision of international trade finance products to the SMEs. The study also recommends that the management should conduct regular awareness campaigns to sensitize SMEs customers on various international finance products. The study also recommends that the management should review the collateral requirement by the SMEs

E-solution for fish marketing in Lake Victoria : case study of Muhuru Bay and Kirongwe

Author: Rabala, Paul O H

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Lake Victoria, Kenya/Fishing industry/Marketing/Electronic commerce/International trade/Computer based modeling/ ;

Abstract:

Lake Victoria is the second largest fresh water body in the world after Lake Superior and the largest in Africa. With its 69,000 km2 cover, the lake was designated as an economic growth zone with the potential to develop into a major common economic hub for East Africa countries. In fact, it was because of this potential that triggered border conflicts among the riparian countries. Considering the steep rise in fish demand both in the local and international markets and constant decline in fish yields since 1990s, urgent solution to these problems was necessary. E- Solution model was designed to provide a reliable and practical mechanism in improving fish trade along Lake Victoria. To achieve this goal, the study first investigated the existing e-commerce models relevant to fish marketing along 1. Victoria, conducted a case study to assess the needs and values of fish traders and developed e-commerce adaptive to the needs of all stakeholders in this trade. The analysis of the collected data from the field revealed that over 80% of stakeholders in this trade approved the adoption of ICT in the trade. This they cited will drastically change the negative perceptions fishermen have in the trade. The e-Solution model was tested to evaluate its validity and viability using a prototype developed using the principles, procedures and tools of Rapid Application Development (RAD) method. Various applications like PHP, MySQL and Frontline SMS was very useful for developing both web and SMS applications. This enabled provision of real-time fish marketing information to fish traders and the goal of the model of improving fish trade by ensuring transparency and equity in this trade was achieved. Since many users approved and supported actual implementation of the model, it was concluded that this study achieved its goal of developing a model that could be used by stakeholders to effectively and efficiently modernize fish trade along Lake Victoria. The model therefore will contribute towards making 1. Victoria a major economic hub for East Africa countries.

A dynamic E-commerce model using multi agent systems

Author: Sidede, Vincent Odhiambo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Electronic commerce/International trade/Computer based modeling ;

Abstract:

While there has been significant growth of e-commerce, most of the tasks remain manual. Placement of buy and/or sell requests have to be done manually from time to time. This inconvenience occasioned by the manual processes should be addressed by current developers. This study has addressed the need to have dynamism implemented in our e-commerce setup and identifies multi agent systems as a possible option that can be embraced. While there have been attempts at automating e-commerce most of the solutions are implemented conventional programming including object oriented development which cannot fully capture human intelligence in independent units and/or functionality. In this project, a model is designed and implemented; the same is tested in a semi live environment to validate the usability in a production environment. Independent units, agents interact with the environment (to capture with the circumstances) and interact with one another to make decisions as per the defined belief system , different e-commerce tasks are assigned to agents and these agents on the basis of the environment would be able to make decision and communicate with one another to accomplish the task at hand. The Multi agent implemented provides a truly scalable option for automating ecommerce. The functionalities can easily be extended through the definition of new agents. Keywords: E-commerce, dynamic, Agent, Multi-Agent System, Model, JADE

Factors that influence internationalization of SMEs : a case study of top 100 SMEs in Nairobi

Author: Richard, Elia

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: International trade/Small business/Business enterprises/Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Effects of suspension of train ferry services on trade in the Great Lakes region of Eastern Africa

Author: Thuranira, Franklin Nkonge

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Effects/Trains/Ferries/Water transportation/International trade/Great Lakes Region/Eastern Africa ;

Abstract:

Water transport is considered to be the cheapest mode of transport in the world. The Great Lakes Region of Eastern Africa is endowed with large water masses that, if properly harnessed and utilized, can play a facilitative role in enhancing inter-state trade within the region. The main lakes include Victoria, Albert, Kivu, Kyoga, Tang;nyika and Malawi. Rivers Nile and Kagera are also navigable to a certain extent. The British and Belgian colonial masters played their roles in pioneering the survey and launch of lake steamers and ships in these water masses but the emerging independent African states have only succeeded in running down the facilities. The existence of the Lake Victoria Marine Services (Train Ferry transport) dates back to the late 19th century when the then Uganda Railways reached the lake head at Kisumu. The IBEA Company that was then administering the territory where the railway passed launched steamers on the lake at Kisumu, with the first boat being commissioned in 1903. The services continued to expand and by the early 1960s, the lake transport network was well developed. The services formed an important link to the rail which had up to early 1930s not been extended to Uganda. Goods arriving by trains connected directly to the ships, on to the destination. With the construction of the central line in Tanganyika by the Germans, the marine services formed an efficient intermodal interchange from rail to lake and then to road and vice-versa. In this way, the services contributed to an increase in trade, employment and reduction in poverty. This is the service that was suspended by the new private company that took over the running of Kenya and Uganda Railway networks. The objectives of this study were to inquire into the importance of the Train Ferry services on trade in the Great Lakes Region of Eastern Africa and the effects of its suspension on this trade. The study employed the case study method. Interviewees from five major companies that used the ferry services prior to its suspension were interviewed using an interview guide. Their responses were recorded and the contents of the data collected analyzed for consistency. This has been presented using percentages, mean scores and line graphs. The research findings of the study are that the suspension of the Train Ferry services had a great impact on all the companies involved in the study. The main and most immediate effect was a lack of a cheaper, reliable, predictable and dependable means of transporting their goods across the region. They faced longer routes and increased cost of transport. They were, however, able to adjust quickly to the situation by looking for other, albeit more costly and less efficient, means of transport to ensure that the goods reached the market. The companies viewed the ferry services as very important and prayed for their re-instatement. Among the areas suggested for improvement by the interviewees was managerial support. The respondents were unanimous that there was a lack of such support in the past. They wished that in the event of re-instatement, this particular issue would be given prominence. The respondents also felt that it was important for the link between the rail and the lake to be made seamless to avoid situations where goods were held at the interchange point inordinately awaiting trains and or ferry connections. The respondents further emphasized the need to ensure that both the ferries and trains were technically sound to ensure an even more efficient service. Other suggestions were to lower the transportation rates which the respondents felt were unreasonably high, and to introduce vessels of various sizes that would cater for small, medium and large customers.

Application of Kenya VAT law to E-commerce

Author: Watako, Vincent Mulondo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : LLM

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Legislation/Electronic commerce/International trade/European Union/Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development/Value Added Tax ;

Abstract:

There has been tremendous growth in the realm of information technology which has come with benefits as well as challenges to the existing legal regimes. This thesis acknowledged a government's enormous task of finding ways of raising revenue and one such potential source of revenue for governments was identified as e-commerce. This thesis identified the impact brought about by e-commerce especially in regard to taxation and also investigated how e-commerce interacts with the traditional principles of taxation based on physical presence and physical delivery of goods and services. The thesis examined the concept of e-commerce and then explored the international initiatives to promote and regulate e-commerce by the United Nations, Organization for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD) and the European Union (EU). The thesis also delved on V AT as an indirect tax and investigated its nature. The existing legal regime on V AT at the international scene mainly the OECD and EU was canvassed in this thesis. The input of the EU in applying V AT regime to taxation of e-commerce was put forth as arguably the most advanced in the world and was therefore seen as providing a detailed understanding of the topic. A comparative study of those measures taken by India was made in this thesis coupled with an examination of the existing Kenyan V AT Law: The thesis conceded that e-commerce poses concomitant challenges especially in taxation of consumption taxes such as VAT. It also highlighted the challenges posed in taxation of VAT in e-commerce, together with recommendations for reform. The major challenges arise from the structural nature of internet and the ability to establish public and private global communications systems that are secure and inexpensive to operate.

Kenya's International Trade policy formulation and negotiations

Author: Riungu, Sennane G

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: International trade/Trade policy/ ;

Abstract:

International trade policy consists of bilateral and multilateral arrangements between countries I and dictates the terms of commerce between them. These trade policies and relations vary in ! scope and content but generally depend on the structure of the economy of a particular country. In developing countries, trade policy-making is shaped by the interaction of international and domestic factors - economic and political. At the international level, the processes of globalization play a major role in influencing and shaping subsequent trade policies. At the domestic level, policy-making is intimately linked with the nature of the public-private relationship as well as the autonomy of state agencies and their institutional strength and capacity. Trade policies and their coherency clearly have a bearing on the overall trade strategy pursued and consequently on the economic gains from trade. Kenya's trade policy development has evolved through the following distinct policy orientations: import Substitution Policies (1960s -80s); Trade Liberalization through Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs) (1980s) and Export Oriented Policies (1990s). Presently Kenya's Trade regime is guided by market-driven principles of liberalization under the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the increased efforts in the regional economic integration that has resulted in the establishment of the East African Community (EAC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA.) This study reflects on Kenya's international trade expenences and exammes the institutional arrangements and interaction of its actors in the trade policy formulation and negotiations processes. It also identifies and contributes to a better understanding of the factors that constrain effective formulation, negotiation, monitoring and evaluation of the country's international trade policy.

Foreign market entry strategies adopted by Kenya Seed Company Limited

Author: Koech, Lillian Chepkemboi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: International trade/Market entry/Kenya Seed Company Limited/Agribusiness/Seeds ;

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to establish the foreign market entry strategies adopted by Kenya Seed Company limited. The study had two objectives to meet: to determine the foreign market entry strategies adopted as well as the challenges faced by Kenya Seeds Company Limited in the foreign market. The study adopted a case study research design since it focused on Kenya Seed Company alone. Data was collected from the Senior Management and Heads of Departments through interview guides. The data was subjected to content analysis and the researcher made inferences based on the views of the respondents. It was established that Kenya Seed Company Limited has employed a number of foreign market entry strategies in Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania. They include: Establishing wholly owned subsidiaries; strategic alliances; use of agents and acquisitions. The challenges faced by the company include foreign currency fluctuations, sale of fake seeds as well as unfavorable rules and regulations. The company however, involves the foreign governments in trying to overcome the challenges.

Impact of user perceived web quality of service and non quality of service factors on adoption of E-services in Kenya : case study B2C Ecommerce

Author: Kathale, Paul Mutinda

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Information technology/Communications networks/Electronic commerce/International trade/Internet access/Web sites/Quality of service ;

Abstract:

The growth and advancement of information communication technologies (K'Ts) have significantly revolutionized the way companies do their businesses currently. More businesses are adopting use of web sites to gain competitive advantage in marketing their services. At the same time, eservice quality is becoming even more critical for companies to retain and attract customers in the digital age. Since any internet communication channel should integrate service quality, which holds a significant importance to eservice adoption, the purpose of this research was to investigate the extent to which web quality of service influence the adoption of ecommerce among the Kenyan online consumers. Through this, the research attempted to establish the key quality factors in web context that influence user adoption of business to consumer ecommerce. The research further investigated the non quality of service factors that potentially influence the adoption of Electronic Commerce apart from the eservice quality factors. Through this, the primary drivers and inhibitors to E-commerce adoption in Kenya were identified. The findings revealed that, in context of e-service quality, factor that are related to perceived risk namely privacy, security and e-trust were identified as the key quality factors that affect ecommerce adoption in Kenya. In case of non quality of service factors, perceived risk, legal & legislation environment were found to be key factors to adoption of ecommerce by Kenyan internet users. Other non quality of service factors found to play key role were perceived compatibility and perceived usefulness.