104 Records out of 22207 Records

Impact of Housing Development on the Kenyan Economy : the case studies of housing finance institutions

Author: Aderibigbe, AkoladeHazan

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Housing developments ; Economic impact ; Home financing ; Mortgage companies ; Housing Finance Company of Kenya Limited ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Slum upgrading in India and Kenya : investigating the sustainability

Author: Cronin, V

Awarding University: University of Cambridge, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Slums ; Informal settlements ; Housing ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This research follows a qualitative methodology to investigate the sustainability of differing slum upgrading interventions. Four case studies have been examined; two in Kenya and two in India, demonstrating a range of physical upgrading approaches. Alternative slum upgrading delivery models have been selected covering housing rehabilitation and in-situ water and sanitation upgrading and demonstrating top-down and bottom-up approaches. The case studies are of varying ages and were implemented via partnership with differing agents including government, NGO, CBO, private developer and donors. The influence and design of the delivery model upon the upgrading sustainability has been assessed via stakeholder perception during extensive fieldwork. The data gathered has been analysed according to four key themes: status of life for slum-dwellers today, perception of upgrading success, institutional reform from external factors and development aspirations. Data was gathered via semi-structured interviews with slum-dwellers and project stakeholders using a ground-level methodology that enabled the capture of personal and honest accounts. Analysis of the data has found that there are many misconceptions around slums which can affect the sustainability of measures to upgrade informal settlements. The way that international development organisations and westerners view slums is often very particular and not always resonant with the way that slum-dwellers view their living situations. Priorities for development are not always consistent across stakeholders. For sustainability, any slum upgrading activity must be sensitive to the situation of an individual community and culture, and not assume that the residents are unhappy living in desperate poverty, as it has been shown, many choose to reside in a slum. Slums may be dirty, poorly serviced, and overcrowded but are also places of great human energy, community spirit, kindness, hardworking creative and happy places that many consider home.

Factors influencing growth of informal settlements : a case of Bangladeshi slum, Changamwe constituency, Mombasa county, Kenya

Author: Righa, Edwin Mwacharo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bangladesh, Changamwe Constituency, Mombasa County/Low income groups/Urbanization/Affordable housing/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This research study was on the Factors Influencing Growth of Informal Settlements: A Case of Bangladesh Slum, Changamwe Constituency, Mombasa County. In spite of all efforts and the introduction of various housing policies in the country, informal settlements continue being a permanent feature in our community. In view of this, the study sought to investigate the factors influencing the growth of informal settlements in Bangladesh slum, Changamwe constituency. In particular it sought to determine the. extent to which industrialization, poverty, unemployment and population growth contribute to the growth of informal settlements. The study was conducted through survey method. Data was collected using questionnaires and guides from 90 household heads obtained through cluster sampling in Bangladesh slum and 10 key informants purposively selected. It was then analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and presented in tables percentages and t-test. The study revealed that informal settlements were the product of rapid urbanization and industrialization in that, most of the people who were living in the slums worked in the many factories and industries surrounding the area. The study also revealed that the levels of poverty in the community were high and this played a major role in the choice of housing for community members, most of whom could afford cheap, informal settlements. Further, unemployment and its associated problems contributed immensely towards the growth of informal settlements in the community because most of the unemployed people lived in alternative settlements that were not expensive. Finally the study revealed, due to the large family sizes, the respondents, most of whom were poor chose to live in cheaper, informal housing. Further research could be carried out to establish the impact of devolution and the establishment of devolved units on the growth of informal settlements.

The role of board of directors in corporate governance at the National Housing Corporation, Kenya

Author: Kimuyu, Cornelius Mulinge

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Boards of directors/Corporate governance/National Housing Corporation of Kenya ;

Abstract:

There has been dissatisfaction in the recent past with the way power is applied in corporate entities. The exercise of control over the affairs of corporate entities has been marred by irregularities and prominent weaknesses to collapses and loss of public investments. Collapse or failure of corporate entities is often associated and blamed on the board of directors. This blame comes in the form of complains of ineptitude, corruption, greed and incompetence. Although the board of directors has been depicted in theory as the heartbeat of the corporate entity, its role with regard to corporate governance remains largely unexplored. Mechanisms of appraising the role and performance of boards of directors have also not been clearly developed. This study was set out to delve into the role that the board of directors at National Housing Corporation plays towards achieving good corporate governance. Data was collected from board members, senior management and technical staff and was appropriately analyzed to arrive at useful recommendations. The study found that the role of the board of directors in corporate governance is yet to be clearly understood and that rather than facilitate the smooth running of the affairs of the corporate entity, it has become an impediment. There are complains of meddling from both the board and the management alike. These challenges are attributed to the loopholes created by the system of appointing and appraising board of directors' performance. The study recommended that appointments to the board be made meritorious and structures be put in place to clearly set out the boundaries of responsibility between the board and management. Further study should be devoted to the relevance of the board of directors in today's corporate divide and the sources of conflict between management and the board of directors.

Relationship between risk based audit and corporate governance of state corporations in Kenya

Author: Kipngetich, David

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Housing developments/Houses/Prices/National Housing Corporation of Kenya ;

Abstract:

The emergence of new business risks has compelled many organizations to reformulate strategies and to elevate the status of internal auditing. Thus, risk-based internal auditing has emerged as an important contributor to effective risk management and improvement of Corporate Governance of state corporation. The Corporate Governance effectiveness requires appropriate risk based audit practices hence effective and efficient internal audit. For the purpose of this study, the researcher sought to find out how Risk Based Auditing relate with Corporate Governance of state corporations in Kenya. This study adopted descriptive research design. Simple random sampling technique was adapted to select sample size of 40 respondents from 40 selected state corporations. Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation and frequency distribution were used to analyze the data. Data presentation was done by the use of percentages and frequency tables for easy of understanding and interpretation. The study found that there is a strong positive relationship between Corporate Governance and Risk Based Audit Practices such as Risk Assessment, Risk Management, Annual Risk Based Planning, Internal Auditing Standards and Internal Auditing Staffing. These practices should be enhanced to be able to detect risks on time and concentrate on high risk areas leading to increased transparency and accountability. From the findings, the study recommends that management in state corporations should adopts effective risk based audit practices to enhance effective and efficient Corporate Governance in State Corporation.

The determinants of house prices by National Housing Corporation in Kenya

Author: Kiplimo, Sirma

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Housing developments/Houses/Prices/National Housing Corporation of Kenya ;

Abstract:

This paper studies the determinants of house prices by National Housing Corporation (NHC) in Kenya. The main question addressed is whether the conventional fundamental determinants of house prices, such as GDP per capita, real interest rates, and construction costs, have driven observed house prices in Kenya. This study relied on secondary data. The research adopted a case study of National Housing Corporation. Regression analysis was used to analyze the data and find out whether GDP per capita, real interest rates and construction costs determined house prices by NHC The study shows that house prices in Kenya are determined to a large extent by the underlying conventional fundamentals and some transition-specific factors, in particular institutional development of housing markets and housing finance and quality effects. There appears to be a strong correlation between the house prices and conventional determinants (GDP per capita, real interest rates, and construction costs). A summary regression showed that the variables considered could explain that house prices were really determined by these variables.

Determinants of investment for affordable urban housing in Kenya, (in the period; 1982-2009)

Author: Kilonzo, Hilary Mati

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Housing needs/Investments/Affordable housing/Urban areas ;

Abstract:

This paper empirically investigates the determinants of investments in affordable urban housing in Kenya from 1982 to 2009.The supply of housing units and the demand for the same have consistently failed to show an equilibrium behavior overtime .This has resulted to shortages in the expected annual production of houses to ensure that all Kenyan households are decently and adequately provided with one of humanity's basic need, a house. Manifestations of the shortages are clearly evident in the exponential growth of slum and squatter settlements. This has serious consequences on the environment and the social fabric of the society. The current policy framework has not addressed the housing shortage. The study adopts the theoretical framework of neoclassical investment model developed by Jorgenson (1963) and applied in several investment studies. A linear investment function was developed and multiple regression conducted using the ordinary least squares method(OLS). The independent variables included urban population , gross public investments, gross domestic savings, inflation rates, lending rates, credit allocation to the housing sector, unemployment rates, gross housing investments in units lagged three years , gross capital stock of houses in the country lagged one year and a dummy variable representing political uncertainty in the country at every electioneering period after 5 years. The dependent variable was gross housing investments in units. The data used is secondary and was obtained from official publications of government agencies and international bodies. The regression results after first difference, using the OLS methodology, showed that gross public investments, gross domestic savings, inflation rates, lending rates, credit allocation to the housing sector, gross housing investment lagged three years, gross capital stock of urban houses in the country lagged one year and political uncertainty were all statistically significant at 5 per cent. The urban population and unemployment rate were statistically insignificant. These variables explained seventy four per cent of the variations in gross housing investments in units in the country. The lending cates and unemployment rates negatively influence gross housing investments in the country. The conclusion was that the independent variables highlighted above are key determinants necessary to guide housing investments decisions in Kenya so as to achieve affordable urban housing as a policy approach of the government.

Influence of prefabricated houses on the city housing problem : a case of Kibera slums in Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Oranga, Beryl Sylvie

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya ; Housing ; Low income groups ; Prefabricated buildings ;

Abstract:

The question of housing is the most fundamental of social problems relating to the environment. All over the world people are trying to find ways of reducing the city housing problems so as to provide its people with decent housing for living and upgrade their living conditions. This study sought to investigate the influences of prefabricated houses on the city housing problem, a case of Kibera slum in Nairobi, Kenya. The research objectives outlined were to: investigate the influence of cost of prefabricated houses on city housing problem; establish the influence of sanitation of prefabricated houses on the city housing problems and the impacts of security of prefabricated houses on the city housing problems. The literature review has an overview of Kibera slums as well as a detailed review of the variables under study. The literature review also highlights how prefabricated houses have been used to address the city housing problems around the world with the use of affordable locally available materials. Conceptual framework has also been discussed and illustrated indicating the variables under study which include sanitation, cost and security of prefabricated houses against the city housing problems. The conceptual framework has also illustrated the moderating variables (enforcement of building codes, Iso standards and government policies) and intervening variables (socio economic activities and perception of the residents) and their effect on the main variables under study. The study adopted a mixed mode research approach with a descriptive research design. The target population under study was the households of Kibera in the following villages; Makina, Mashimoni, Laini Saba, Silanga, Kambi Muru, Katwekera, Kianda, Lindi, Kisumu Ndogo, Kichinjio, Raila and Soweto. Data was collected from a sample of 50 households out of the target population of 1,214 households by use of questionnaires for the residents. Focus group discussions based on the variables under study was held with a sample of four key people from each village. The data collection instruments were pretested using the key informants from the villages in Kibera before full application was done. Triangulation was done to ensure validity by asking the same question in different ways to ensure validity. A pilot test was also done with the key informants before conducting the study to ensure reliability. Operationalization of variables was presented to show the overview of the study. The data collected was processed through tabulation and tallying, thereafter it was coded and analyzed by use of measures of central tendencies, dispersion, percentages as well as content analysis. The data was presented using tables and frequency distributions. The summary of the findings have also been outlined and discussed based on the variables under study. Conclusions have been made based on the information obtained. Finally study recommendations have also been made and suggestions for further research recommended as such will add great value to this research project.

Factors influencing consumer choice of housing in Kenya : the case of middle income households in Nairobi

Author: Nkonge, Dominica Gakii

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Consumer attitudes ; Product choice ; Housing ; Middle income ; Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Perceived influence of employee participation on the change management at the Ministry of Housing, Kenya

Author: Ongaga, Dorcah Buyaki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Employee involvement ; Changes ; Strategic management ; Ministry of Housing (Kenya) ; Housing ; Government agencies ;

Abstract:

With the advent of Performance Contracting (PC) government Ministries and departments and their workers are expected to deliver quality service in the pursuit of their objectives. In view of the forces of change, the Ministry of Housing is committed to facilitate the provision of decent and affordable housing for Kenyans and to operate a quality management system in accordance with the requirements of ISO 9001 International Standards (IS). Implementation of change is therefore very crucial to the fortunes of any organization as it is through the successful implementation of change decisions that the goals and objectives of an organization can be achieved to improve organizational performance. Employees are the fuel that runs the engine of the organization and it is believed that their non-involvement in the change process creates tensions between management and staff. This study therefore, sought to determine the perceived influence of employees' participation on change management at the Ministry of Housing. The study employed a descriptive survey method. The sample targeted 80 employees from the Ministry of Housing Headquarters in Nairobi. Data was collected by administering questionnaires. Data analysis and presentation was done by use of average scores, tables and regression analysis. The research findings suggested that employee participation contributes to effective change implementation and also creates an enabling environment for belongingness and ownership of the organization. It is recommended that information must be communicated in such a way that all employees no matter the level is aware of what is going on in the organization at any particular point in time.