52 Records out of 22207 Records

The Efficacy of Boards in Governance of local nonprofit organizations(NPO) in Kenya partnering with USAID/KENYA

Author: Amahaya, Cecilia

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Boards of directors ; Organizational structure ; Nonprofit organizations ; USAID-KENYA ; Foreign aid ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The role of external aid on Kenya's economic growth

Author: Sikuku, Dickson Simiyu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Economic growth/Economic aid/Foreign aid/ ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Factors affecting effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental organizations in Kenya : a case of USAID

Author: Kioko, Irene W

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Donors/Foreign aid/Optimization/International organizations/Nongovernmental organizations/USAID ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: (i) to establish the extent to which technical factors affect effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya; (ii) to determine the extent to which factors attributed to donor behaviour affects effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya; and (iii) to establish the extent to which managerial factors affect effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. In order to undertake the study a descriptive survey was used. The sampling frame was the listing of staff in the various departments of USAID in Kenya. Stratified sampling was used to select the staff of USAID who participated in the study. Each department was a strata, represented by the Head of department. In order to investigate the research objectives stated above, both secondary and primary data were collected and analyzed. Data analysis involved preparation of the collected data - coding, editing and cleaning of data in readiness for processing using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) package version 19.0. SPSS is preferred because it is very systematic and covers a wide range of the most common statistical and graphical data analysis. The data pertaining to profile of the respondents and their respective organizations was analyzed using content analysis. Factor analysis was performed to explore the underlying variance structure of a set of correlation coefficients. Confirmatory Factor Analyses was used to determine the ability of the adopted conceptual model in fitting the observed set of data. To better understand the characteristic of each variable, descriptive statistic analysis was used to illustrate the means, and the standard deviation of each research variable. Presentation of information was done with the aid of bar charts, frequency tables, percentages, standard deviations and mean scores. The information was presented and discussed as per the objectives. Further, the findings indicate that the factors that affect effectiveness of donor aid in Kenya include: technical factors; factors attributed to donor behavior; and managerial factors. The key areas mentioned include inadequate funding; wrong timing in funds disbursement; lack of/or inadequate human resource capacity (Knowledge and skills); lack of accountability (overstatement of prices and use of substandard materials); insecurity; disagreements among beneficiaries; and Social-cultural obstacles.

The impact of donor fragmentation and proliferation on aid effectiveness in Kenya

Author: Kimani, Marion Njoki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Donors/Economic aid/Foreign aid/Effectiveness ;

Abstract:

The debate on aid effectiveness has been raging for a long time with various calls for it to be increased or dramatically reduced. The calls for aid reform have been the pt-ajor motivation for researching on this issue with a keen emphasis on the impact donor fragmentation and proliferation has had on aid effectiveness especially in Kenya. The major issues which have been investigated in this study are whether fragmentation is an impediment to aid effectiveness and whether there are significant efforts been made to address the issue. The thesis was approached from a theoretical framework of realism basically to determine the donor-recipient relationship and the methodology used was a combination of primary data collected from significant personnel in two government ministries and UN agencies tasked with coordinating donor resources. The study has found fragmentation and proliferation to be a critical issue which must be addressed and one which has led to the significant steps being made towards donor harmonization and coordination. It has also found that fragmentation is not the only issue impeding aid effectiveness in Kenya.

The impact of foreign aid on economic growth in Kenya

Author: Kiumbe, James Muriithi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Impact analysis/Foreign aid/Economic growth/Economic expansion/Foreign investment ;

Abstract:

In economic terms, the justification of giving aid is basically to help push up Gross Domestic Product CGDP) of the recipient nations. In most cases, the beneficiaries are poor countries usually grappling with the twin challenges of low domestic savings and weak foreign exchange revenues. Such deficits mean the countries can hardly meet lheir economic growth goals meaning they have to seek capital resources in the form of donor aid and foreign direct investments to help prop up economic expansion. Over the years, debate has ensued over the effectiveness of aid, with scholars from both poor and rich countries unable to reach consensus over the same. In many Sub Saharan States, most studies have failed to establish a strong statistical link between economic growth and aid. Comparatively, in other regions, aid has directly yielded economic growth. This paper seeks to establish and explain the strong and consistent relationship between aid, investment and economic expansion in Kenya. The study uses a structural growth model involving aid and other control variables for the period 1970-2010. By applying causality tests, the paper establishes that, during the period under study, aid does not trigger a positive push on investment and economic expansion. However, there is a positive relationship between investment and economic growth. After carrying out a regression analysis on the model, the study establishes that aid causes a negative effect on economic expansion. The finding that aid has direct impact on growth in the structural model and that investments drive growth implies that aid is usually not invested but instead it is channeled to other expenses. Since aid is used for other purposes like salary hike payments and purchase of gasguzzler vehicles, this triggers increase in consumption which leads to increase in investments and thus growth. This is usually so when it comes to Kenya where this paper finds there lacked a strong relationship between economic expansion and aid.

The impact of foreign aid on private investment in Kenya, 1971-2010

Author: Gachanja, Patrick Maina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Foreign aid ; Investments ; Economic growth ;

Abstract:

The paper examined the impact of foreign aid on private investment in Kenya for a period of forty years, 1971-2010. The specific objectives of the study were to examine the impact of foreign aid on private investment, establish determinants of private investment and draw policy implications on the findings of the study. This was informed by the fact that in Kenya just like in other Sub-Saharan countries, there are high degrees of indebtedness, high unemployment, absolute poverty and poor economic performance. Average per capita income has also fallen since 1970 despite high aid inflows to the country. The study focused on private investment being one of the key factors that drive economic growth. Available statistics indicated that gross private investment has been falling since 1990. The study used the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) to establish the effects of foreign aid as dependent variable on private investment as the explanatory variable. Other explanatory variables considered were gross domestic product, interest rate, gross domestic savings, real exchange rate, value of imports and gross public expenditure. The findings of the study show that foreign aid did not lead to increased private investment. From the findings, the hypothesized positive relationship between foreign aid on private investment in Kenya have not been supported by the results if this study. But this may not be the case with other countries which follow different macroeconomic policies, have better investment environment,. have well developed financial markets or have fewer cases of corruption and non targeted expenditure. The growth of GDP contributed significantly to the growth of private investment. So the government should focus on those policies that lead to economic growth. This study however does not advocate doing away with foreign aid rather calls for more effective utilization on sectors that support flourishing of private investment.

Impact of foreign aid on economic growth in Kenya

Author: Sanda, Ben Masawa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Foreign aid/Economic growth/Foreign investment ;

Abstract:

The traditional rationale for foreign aid in the two gap model is that it fills the trade and savings gaps and through its macroeconomic effects raises a country's economic growth rate. However, despite receiving large quantities of foreign aid for a considerable long period of time, Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have continued to lag behind in terms of economic growth and development. This in turn has continued to cast doubt on to the effectiveness of foreign aid in stimulating economic growth. This study examines the impact offoreign aid on economic growth in Kenya using time series data for the period 1970 - 2008 using a modified Harrod Domar growth model. It is found that foreign aid has a positive impact on economic growth rate. However, the impact was found to be modest. It was also found that foreign direct investment was more effective in stimulating economic growth rate than foreign aid.

Evaluation of the implementation of Aid effectiveness after the signing of Paris declaration, 2005 : a case study of the Ministry of Finance, Kenya

Author: Onchoke, Stephen Makori

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Ministry of Finance (Kenya) ; Foreign aid ; Economic aid ; Effectiveness ;

Abstract:

The Paris Declaration, 2005 on Aid effectiveness represents a landmark achievement for the international community, which brings together a number of key principles and commitments in a coherent way. It includes a framework for mutual accountability, identifies a number of indicators for tracking progress on the part of donors and partner countries. In 2005, Kenya signed into the Paris Declaration on Aid effectiveness along with some of its bilateral and multilateral Development Partners, with the objective of stimulating broad based dialogue so as to achieve increased efficiency and efficacy in provision and management of aid flow to the country. This policy has been developed in the context of Paris Declaration, the Accra Agenda for Action (2008) and the New Constitution and has set ambitious goals that will respond to Kenya's situation and needs. Although donors have argued that they have changed their approach and conditionality has been replaced by country ownership, poverty reduction and pro- growth strategies, experience on the ground suggest otherwise. Lack of harmonization and alignment policies and programs among various donors' agencies continue to mar effective aid delivery to recipient executing agencies. The study notes with concern the little progress towards the use of national systems in delivery of aid despite the enormous efforts by government in areas of public financial management reforms, procurement reforms and strengthening institutions of fighting corruption. The study outlines some of the challenges facing the implementation of Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness and proceeds to discuss some of the policy recommendations the governments and donors should adopt towards making aid delivery more effective.

The effects of donor conditionality on EU/ACP policy implementation : the case of Community Developement Fund (CDTF)

Author: Odondi, Lynette Adhiambo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Community Development Trust Fund ; Project management ; Foreign aid ; European Union ; African, Caribbean and Pacific states ; ACP states USE African, Caribbean and Pacific states ;

Abstract:

The liaison between the African, Caribbean and Pacific states on the one hand and the European Union (ACP-EU) on the other is designed to facilitate provision of development assistance to the ACP states by the EU. In Kenya, the Community Development Trust Fund (CDTF) is one of the development agencies through which the EU provides this technical assistance and aid. The EU however in the implementation of the CDTF programme, employs rules and guidelines which rather than enforcing the objectives and principles of the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement, seem to undermine them. These rules and guidelines make certain assumptions and end up causing undue tension as a result are sometimes referred to as donor conditionality. This research study attempts to explain these assumptions and their implications for CDTF within the framework of the Modernisation Theory. The Modernisation Theory is impinged on the premise that Third World states go through a specific series of developmental stages which lead to industrialization and higher economic development and its attendant benefits, one of which is literacy. It is based on this premise that the European Union assumes a certain level of development among CDTF's project communities and therefore expects them to have the capacity to participate in a complex project application process. Low literacy levels and lack of capacity characterize the poor communities in Kenya. In effect therefore, she argues that the poorer communities are therefore cut out of the CDTF project application process. A category of communities who are not really the neediest and are therefore not the ones CDTF intends to target with its funding, are the ones who end up receiving the project support. This study carries out a review of the principles of the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement and their application in CDTF. It also reviews the specific instruments and tools used to implement EU policy. Some of these are the project application strategy and formats used. Views of stakeholders who are the EU, the CDTF Board of Trustees, Technical staff from CDTF and a community which has previously received funding under the Community Development Programme and CDP and are sought through questionnaires. A personal interview was conducted with the Programme Co-ordinator. This provides useful historical information which is not available anywhere else and serves to fill in gaps in the study. Findings confirm that poorer communities in the ASAL areas receive less funding from CDTF. Demographic data and statistics also reveal that the literacy levels and poverty have a converse relationship. Stakeholders who participated in the study overwhelmingly chose poverty, human development and other relevant indices as a basis for targeting the poor. They also suggest that CDTF takes affirmative action to enable poorer communities to participate in the project application process. Findings of the study however confirm that the sectors in which CDTF focuses are the appropriate ones and are also in line with the Government of Kenya country strategy. Recommendation is that the EU reviews the project application tools with a view to making the process simpler to promote access by the poorer Kenyan rural and peri-urban communities.

Challenges facing international Non Governmmental Organizations while implementing donor funded programs in Somalia : a case of International Labour Organization

Author: Ndegwa, Clement Mureithi

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : Master of Internatio

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Nongovernmental organizations ; Project management ; Foreign aid ; Somalia ; International Labour Organization ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE