149 Records out of 22207 Records

Factors that hinder small holder dairy farmers in Kiambu East District from adding value to raw milk

Author: Gathara, Joyce Njoki

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Dairy industry ; Farmers ; Kiambu East District ; Value added ; Milk ; Business conditions ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Smallholder integration into agricultural markets : a case study in Laikipia, Kenya

Author: Buhlmann, Eva

Awarding University: University of Bern, Switzerland

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Bern Institute of Geography Library ;

Subject Terms: Laikipia, Kenya ; Agriculture ; Marketing ; Farmers markets ; Farmers ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

An analysis of livelihood improvement and smallholder beekeeping in Kenya.

Author: Carroll, T

Awarding University: University College, Dublin, Ireland

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Beekeeping ; Farmers ; Honey ;

Abstract:

The majority of Kenya?s poor live on small scale farms and agriculture is the country?s main economic activity. Recent years have seen rapidly increasing population, land fragmentation and as a result increasingly smaller farms in Kenya. There is therefore a need to diversify livelihoods on small scale farms to tackle rural poverty. Beekeeping is a potential livelihood diversification option with ready local and international markets for honey and other bee products and has been widely promoted in the country by government and development agencies. Beekeeping offers many potential benefits including income, health and environmental. Beekeeping has traditionally been considered an activity of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands in Kenya. However, with increasing population there has been increasing environmental degradation and reducing forest cover and an increasing need to adapt beekeeping to small scale farms. As a result there has been a move away from more extensive beekeeping systems to intensive beekeeping. This study examined beekeeping as part of smallholder mixed farming systems in mid-high altitude areas of Kenya. The potential of beekeeping, as an appropriate livelihood strategy for smallholder farm households was examined using the sustainable livelihoods framework. The study was undertaken over a 6-year (2004-9) with over 300 small-scale farmers in Kenya?s Rift Valley Province. Secondary data on Kenyan and African bees and beekeeping was analysed including a number of research studies of significance on Kenya beekeeping. In addition farmer beekeepers were interviewed using a survey questionnaire while case studies were conducted with beekeeping groups and data was collected from research apiaries in combination with an action research process carried out with beekeepers over a two year period. Beekeeping was found to be a valuable and largely unexploited livelihood diversification option for small scale farmers. Important benefits from beekeeping in the study area were income, food, medicine, an improved sense of well-being and enhancement of the natural environment. Honey, the main bee product traded by beekeepers, obtained good local prices and there was a strong local demand for honey. Compared to maize, the staple crop of most Kenyan farmers, it was found that a typical 10-hive enterprise generated earnings equivalent to the average local production from 0.86 ha of maize. While markets exist, honey yields and returns remained low compared with their potential. Beekeepers had many challenges to contend with such as defensive bees, pests, absconding by bees, low hive occupation and low yields. The defensive nature of the bees with potential livelihood risk was found to be a likely deterrent to more small scale farmers keeping bees.

Surplus appropriation in rural households : a study of the beneficiaries of the One Acre Fund project in Western Kenya

Author: Wekesa, Gideon Wafula

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Farmers/Family income/Rural areas/Households/Credit/One Acre Fund/Western Kenya/ ;

Abstract:

Rural households often have extra resources not required for immediate consumption at some point in the year. Tapping into those extra resources to help rural households towards improved livelihoods is a great avenue for enhancing livelihood sustainability in rural areas. The research focused on beneficiaries of One Ac:.re Fund Project in Kanduyi Division. This is a project that supports rural farmers to maximize return from their maize farming activities. The farmers are taught best farming methods, they receive farm inputs in the form of loans and receive field extension services until when they harvest their produce then they are facilitated to store and market their produce gainfully. This study sought to examine the characteristics of households benefiting from the One Acre Fund, how the households use surplus and the factors that determine surplus appropriation the households. There are a number of researches that have been done to document the characteristics of Kenyan households. Other studies have been done in East Africa and other countries on factors that influence investment decisions in poor households. This study was inspired by the thinking that rural households are engaged in farming activities that help them generate some surplus. However, little research has been done to document how rural households use surplus and the factors that influence use of extra resources not required for immediate consumption. The aim of the research was to generate information on factors that influence surplus generation and use of surplus in rural households. Such information can inform government policy and approaches by development actors interested in empowering rural communities. A structured questionnaire was administered to 60 beneficiaries of the One Acre Fund sampled using systematic random sampling technique. Key informant Interviews were done with Field officers from the One Acre Fund while focus group discussions were held in three locations with community facilitators. The data collected provides information on household characteristics, surplus use in the households, and factors that influence use surplus within the households. Information gathered was analyzed quantitatively using descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data was analyzed through generation of descriptive summaries. Data collected shows that households benefiting from the One Acre Fund are vulnerable due to small land holding, high unemployment, and relatively big household size, high dependency due to many children below 15 years and cash scarcity. The main household characteristic that affects surplus generation in the households is engagement in off farm and non-farm activities. Household's that engage in off-farm and non-farm activities had higher surplus than the households that relied only on farming. Quantity of farm produce used in a household is dependent on the household size. This means that household size is a major determinant of amount of surplus that a household can accrue in a year. Due to the mentioned household characteristics, household surplus use is geared towards investment in children's education, intensifying agricultural production, diversifying livelihood e.g. by starting business or building social capital in order to find helping hands during adversity. School fee is the major surplus expenditure item for the sampled households. This is largely because of perceived benefits of education where people in the area view education as a key to life in the changing socio-economic environment. School fees and basic needs like better shelter notwithstanding, many households are concerned with household livelihood diversification and spend their surplus or plant spend surplus on items such as buying milk cow, starting or expanding business and buying more land. The main household characteristics that influence surplus available to households are household size, household composition, and employment status of hous

Factors influencing income of smallholder tea producers in Chinga division, Nyeri South district, Nyeri county, Kenya

Author: Kireru, John Kagiri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Chinga Division, Nyeri South District/Tea/Agricultural production/Chinga Tea Factory Company/Farmers/Income ;

Abstract:

Agriculture influences the social, economic and political development of man over the years . .: The purpose of the study was to examine the challenges influencing tea income of small holder farmers in Chinga Division of Nyeri South District. The objectives of the study were: To examine how drought and frost influences tea income of the smallholder tea producer in Chinga Division, to establish the extent to which cost of energy influences tea income of the smallholder tea producer in Chinga Division, to assess the extent to which farm management practices influences tea income of the smallholder tea producer in Chinga Division and to determine how value addition influences tea income of the smallholder tea producer in Chinga Division. The study used a descriptive survey design. Smallholder tea farmers and staff of Chinga Tea Factory Company in Nyeri South District were included in the study. Systematic random sampling was used to select 186 smallholder tea producers and simple random to select 14 staff members of Chinga Tea Factory Company. Questionnaires were used to collect data from smallholder tea producers and staff while secondary data was collected from factory data. Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used to analyze the data and the results presented using bar charts, tables, graphs, averages and percentages. From the findings, it was clear that that the factory had establishing tree nursery to improve the entire environment targeting an average of 80, 000 and above within January and February of 2012. The factory regulates farm management practices at a great extent where tea within the company had geographical indication mark. The study further established that the company used electricity as fuel and that deduction of cost in energy affect cost of production too highly. On the same the study established that the factory engaged in planting tree seedlings on free land in order to improve the entire environment. On farm management practices, the study found that factory offered training to the farmers where farmers benefited by the training by gain practical knowledge and increased tea production by 0.4 - 0.7 of total previous production, this was as a result of Apply fertilizers, mulching and manure adequately which was mainly provided by the KTDA. It is recommended that for farmers not to encounter huge losses during the drought and frost sessions, they should observe instructions given from the company and grow plants that are resistant to drought and frost. The outcome of this study will be important to farmers, marketers, field officers and other stakeholders.

The effects of cooperative societies in enhancing the welfare of dairy farmers in Githunguri

Author: Nganga, Loise

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Cooperatives ; Standard of living ; Dairy industry ; Farmers ; Githunguri, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Contextualized farmers' products marketing application : case of Marigiti market

Author: Ndeke, Angela Mbula

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Agricultural commodities ; Farmers markets ; Marketing ; Marigiti Market ;

Abstract:

Agriculture remains the most important economic activity in Kenya, although less than 8% of the land is used for crop and feed production. Less than 20% of the land is suitable for cultivation, of which only 12% is classified as high potential (adequate rainfall) agricultural land and about 8% is medium potential land. The rest of the land is arid or semiarid. About 80% of the work force engages in agriculture or food processing. Farming in Kenya is carried out by small producers who cultivate no more than two hectares (about five acres) using limited technology. These small farms, operated by about three million farming families, account for 75% of total production. Farmers have challenge of marketing their products due to lack of adequate information on the available markets and prices. Most farmers relay on brokers who exploit them. Due to lack of good and reliable marketing systems, some products do get spoilt or fetch very poor prices, or are lost in the market. Marigiti Market was selected as a case study in this research project, being the largest farmer's market in Kenya that deals with all types of farm products, focus was on the farmers, suppliers/traders and exporting companies. The Products marketing process was analyzed and a mobile based solution was developed using the evolutionary prototyping. Results from the application prototyping, indicate that this could be a viable solution. Farmers use SMS to sell their products and view current prices and markets, while traders use both SMS and website to market products both in local and international markets.

Effects of public procurement procedures on financial performance of farmers' Cooperative Societies in Kiambu County

Author: Njoroge, Peter Kimani

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Effects ; Purchasing ; Public finance ; Financial performance ; Farmers ; Savings and credit cooperative societies ; Kiambu County ;

Abstract:

Procurement is the acquisition of goods and/or services at the best possible total cost of ownership, in the right quality and quantity, at the right time, in the right place and from the right source for the direct benefit or use of corporations, individuals, or even governments. Simple procurement may involve nothing more than repeat purchasing. The study sought to establish the effects of public procurement procedures oIl' the financial performance of farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County. In specific, it sought to determine the effect of professionalism, financial management, records management and response time in the implementation of public procurement procedures on financial performance of profit making farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County. The target population was stratifIed into farmers' Cooperative Societies, which formed 10 strata. In each stratum, the study used simple random sampling technique in coming up with a sample of 3 employees from procurement department from each firm. This study utilized a questionnaire to collect primary data and analyzed through descriptive statistics. From the findings, professionalism in implementation of public procurement procedures ensures assessment of the procurement procedures in profIt making farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County. On financial management, majority of the profIt making farmers' cooperative societies faces difficulties in decision-making process leading to lost opportunities for financial growth. From the fmdings most of the cooperative societies experiences challenges in securing record and data. The study recommends that profit making farmers' cooperative societies in Kiambu County should ensure proper competitive recruitment of the procurement personnel. This will enhance professionalism in public procurement procedures. The study recommends proper adoption of response rate strategies, which incorporates technology. Response time in procurement in consideration to competitive environment includes lower procurement costs, faster cycle times, reduced maverick or unauthorized bllying, more highly organized information, and tighter integration of the procurement function with key back-office systems.

Factors influencing loan repayment behaviour of smallholder cereal farmers : the case of National Accelerated Input Access Program, Kenya

Author: Olwalo, Willis Onyango

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Loans ; Repayments ; Cereals ; Farmers ; National Accelerated Agricultural Inputs Access Programme ;

Abstract:

This study aimed at investigating factors that influence loan repayment performance of smallholder cereal farmers in Uriri District. The study focused on socio economic factors captured by the following five objectives: - to examine the extent to which the amount of loan advanced influence loan repayment performance of smallholder farmers, to establish the extent to which awareness of terms of loan influence loan repayment of smallholder cereal farmers, to examine the extent to which value of collateral securities influence loan repayment performance of smallholder cereal farmers, to determine the extent to which training in financial management influence loan repayment performance of smallholder farmers, and to determine the extent to which experience in farming influence loan repayment performance of smallholder farmers. A descriptive survey design was used to investigate factors that influence loan repayment performance of smallholder farmers in Uriri District. Data was collected using one set of questionnaire for smallholder cereal farmers in Uriri District. This instrument was piloted and tested for validity and reliability. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the data analysis. Findings of the study, indicated that factors that influence loan repayment performance of smallholder cereal farmers in Uriri District were amount of loan advanced, awareness of terms of loan, value of collateral securities, training in financial management and years of farming experience. The study recommended that financial institutions should increase the amount of loan advanced to farmers in order to improve their loan repayment performance. Further recommendation suggests the need of organizing more training for farmers. This will enhance their understanding of terms of loan and enhance their loan repayment. The study further recommended that the Ministry of Agriculture needs to create awareness of available schemes as well policy makers to incorporate socio economic factors of beneficiaries influencing loan repayment performance when coming up with such policies. The study suggested that studies should be carried out in other factors such institutional and cultural which might be affecting loan repayment performance of farmers be identified.

Marketing challenges affecting small scale dairy farmers delivering milk to Limuru Milk Processors Limited

Author: Masika, Alex

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Marketing ; Small business ; Dairy industry ; Farmers ; Milk ; Limuru Milk Processors Limited ;

Abstract:

The milk industry in Kenya has significantly contributed to the national economy, household incomes and food security of the nation. However, this industry is faced with a myriad of technical, economic, institutional, processing and marketing problems. The focus of this study is the marketing challenges faced by small scale dairy farmers delivering milk to Limuru Milk Processors. The study used a descriptive survey research design. Primary data was used to collect data using semi structured questionnaires. Before processing the responses, the completed questionnaires were edited for completeness and consistency. The data was then coded to enable the responses to be grouped into various categories. hereafter, data was analyzed using descriptive and factor analysis methods. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data. Factor analysis was used to summarize the variables into an easily understandable framework. The study found out that informal market, quality aspect and consumer perception and government policy and regulation influences marketing of dairy products to a great extent. The study therefore recommends that the government should barn the informal market to stabilize the milk prices in the market. It also recommends that the milk industries obtain modern plants and techniques of production and packaging to improve on quality and make products more appealing to customers. The study finally recommends that the government should offer subsidies to milk companies when importing plants and parts.