55 Records out of 22207 Records

Integration of corporate governance in strategic management at the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission

Author: Kemboi, Abraham Kipkoech

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Corporate governance/Strategic management/Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission ;

Abstract:

Corporate governance issues are of great concern in the world today because of its influences on the effectiveness and relevance of an organization's strategy. Organizations are more than ever, under increased pressure to be proactive in reforming various aspects of corporate governance to protect stakeholders' interests. A weak corporate governance results in weak organizational strategy, which seriously compromises the strategic positioning and success of an organization. The objective of this study was to determine the integration of corporate governance practices in strategic management at the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission. The research design adopted by the study was a case study. The study used primary as well as secondary data. The primary data were collected using an interview guide where as the secondary data were obtained from the Commission's manuals. The data was analyzed qualitatively using content analysis. The study found out that the commission practised corporate governance as evidenced by presence of a robust corporate governance instruments such as code of conduct, audit committee and a functional board/commissioners. Corporate governance has been incorporated in commission's strategic management as indicated in the commission's current strategic plan. From the findings, it was concluded that the major challenge faced in implementing corporate governance at Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission was mainly due to external political constraints and lack of internal stakeholder participation during strategy formulation. Arising from the findings, it was recommended that the Government of Kenya addresses political constraints affecting the Commission, and the Commission in tum encourages stakeholder participation in strategy formulation.

Role of ethics in supply chain management of oil marketing firms in Kenya

Author: Okwiri, John Paul Onyango

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Business ethics ; Supply chains ; Inventory management ; Petroleum industry ;

Abstract:

The objective of the study was to establish the role of ethics in supply chain management of oil marketing companies in Kenya and how ethics can be used to improve the supply chain process. The study considered all the fifty one oil marketing companies who pass their products through Kenya Pipeline system. A sample size of 500 respondents were selected using stratified random sampling for the supply chain practitioners in these companies Primary data was collected from 434 respondents through a survey by use of research administered questionnaires and subjected to rigorous data processing and analysis using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences. Business practices, relativism and idealism were identified as independent variables while ethical measures as dependent variable. The findings revealed that there is positive association between business practices, relativism and ethical measures. However, the research revealed that there is an insignificant negative association between idealism and ethical measures. It was noted that relativism (Beta = 0.731) is more influential at explaining ethical behaviour than business practices The study recommends that ethical behaviour concepts like honesty, integrity, probity, diligence, fairness, confidentiality, trust and respect should be encouraged, monitored and evaluated. It recommends that supply chain organizations and managers should institute ethics principles, moral standards, ethics training, ethics culture, code of ethics for their supply chain practitioners to establish integrity in the supply chain process. The study suggest that organizations should focus training not only on informing employees about compliance with regulations, but also on encouraging employees to behave in a way that is conducive to a strong ethical culture. The findings were also instructive in pointing out how organizations can tailor their ethics training to different levels of employees. Further research is recommended that will consider other variables other than business practices, relativism and idealism. The research recommended that longitudinal study should be carried out to find out the role of ethics over long period of time.

Response strategies adopted by Ministry of Tourism in dealing with ethical issues in International Tourism business in Kenya

Author: Musyoki, Meshack Mumo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management ; Ministry of Tourism ; Ethics ; International relations ; Tourism ; Business conditions ;

Abstract:

This research projects seeks to determine the response strategies adopted by the ministry of Tourism in dealing with ethical issues in the international tourism business in Kenya. This study is going to be beneficial to various players in the tourism industry which include the Ministry of Tourism itself, parasatals in the Ministry as well as related organizations for example brand Kenya. The literature review seeks to show response strategies visavis changes in the environment of an organization. It also covers the theory of international business, external environment and the organization. It also seeks to show the relationship between ethics and tourism, relationship between environmental strategy and internal capability and strategic responses. My research adopted a case study as its research design whereby the primary data was collected through an interview guide. It was semi-structured interview guide. The questions were carefully designed to enable adequate coverage necessary for research. The respondents were predetermined and they comprised of senior staff of the Ministry of Tourism. The research found out that ethical issues strongly influence the international tourism business in Kenya because it ends up seriously denting the image of the country as a tourist destination. It also decreases Kenya's competitiveness in global tourism business compared to other destinations in Africa. The research recommends further study response strategies adopted by the Ministry of Tourism in countering future negative effects of upcoming ethical issues in the tourism industry. It was noted that ethical issues are dynamic and keep on evolving hence the need to keep management updated on upcoming issues. Limitations of the research included shortage of finances, time, lack of enough data and lack of full disclosure by some respondents. However the findings of this research project will provide useful information for decision making to the various stakeholders in policy and theory practice.

A critical assessment of the effects of the media on students' perceptions on ethics and anti-corruption in Kenya : a case study of the University of Nairobi

Author: Mwangangi, Stephen Mbaluki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mass media ; University students ; Perceptions ; Ethics ; Corruption ; University of Nairobi, Kenya ; Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

The aim of this research was to identify the effects of the media on the perceptions of University of Nairobi students towards ethics and anti-corruption in Kenya. The research only focused on the University of Nairobi students as the key respondents. This study used qualitative methods including interviews, focus group discussions and participatory observation and applied the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behaviour. The study used purposive random sampling in selection of survey respondents. 200 respondents from the six colleges of the University of Nairobi were involved in the study. 12 Focus Group Discussions were held with 10 participants per group. Quantitative data was expressed in terms of numbers while qualitative (categorical) data was expressed by description summary and descriptive statistics gathered. The findings of the study showed that the media has positively affected students' perceptions towards ethics and anti-corruption. However, although knowledge and awareness on corruption in Kenya and in the University of Nairobi is high, adoption of ethics and anti-corruption is still low. Majority of Kenyans and university students still practice various forms of corruption. However, it is evident that the work of the media and CSOs in the fight against corruption in Kenya is being recognized. Awareness has not translated into perception change as most people would expect. This shows that other ways to educate people than the ones currently being used must be put in place. It is clear that use of other media platforms especially social media in the struggle can achieve a lot. The study has included recommendations to address corruption and change of perception towards ethics and anti-corruption in Kenya and in the University of Nairobi.

Factors influencing adoption of ethical behaviour in selected public organisations in Nairobi County, Kenya

Author: Mainga, Phillip Jamuhuri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Government employees ; Ethics ; Organizational behavior ; Nairobi County ;

Abstract:

Ethics has long been an outstanding issue in the day to day running of organizations over the past decades. The issue has however become more scrutinized due to the globalization trend which has put more pressure on organizations and governments to be more accountable and responsive to their consumers and citizens. In Africa, the efforts towards recognizing ethical values within governments have been more emphasized due to the high corruption and governance issues and unethical behavior evidenced in their public sectors. The study took a 'prognosis approach towards adoption of ethical behaviour at the organizational level with an endeavor to seek what is being done at the interaction level. The study sought to investigate the inherent steps taken by the specific government entities within the public service in adoption of ethical behavior in line with this piece of legislation. The study was guided by the following objectives; to identify the influence of institutional framework on adoption of ethical behavior within the public sector in Kenya; to establish the influence of communication on adoption of ethical behavior in sustainable development within the public sector in Kenya; to establish the role of education and training on adoption of ethical behavior within the public sector in Kenya. The literature review was done in line with the three study objectives of the study under the topic of the independent variables; Institutional framework, leadership and education and training and organizational culture. Chapter three consists of the research methodology that will be used and these include the research design which is of a descriptive survey of the target population which is public organisations (parastatals). The sampling procedure used was the simple random procedure. Data collection instruments were questionnaire which comprised of both close ended, open ended and Likert-based questionnaire items. The researcher used the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) to undertake descriptive statistics presented in tables and further interpretation provided. The study established that there were no policies within the public service organisations to protect employees who reported unethical conduct. Public service organisations were also found to be wanting in undertaking evaluation of ethical programmes. Communication on ethical conduct was done through management meetings at 18.1 %, 11.5% said through email messages, 57.4% said it was through training sessions and 13.0% indicated others, such as through shared folders in the organization and memos. The study established that 62.8% had received some form of training compared to 37.2% who said they had no form of training. The study gives the following recommendations; organizations should develop their own policies towards ethical management issues, executive or top management should be more engaged in ethical management issues. Education and training should also be tailored - according to organizational staffing, for instance according to departments which may present ethical dilemmas for employees such as procurement and finance departments. Areas of further study are also suggested.

Access to E-commerce in the ethical trade arena : a case study of Artisans in Kenya

Author: MacDonald, Megan

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Electronic commerce ; Business ethics ; WorldofGood.com ; Craftsmen ; 01 Malo Designs ; Bombolulu Workshops ; Jorova Crafts ;

Abstract:

As e-commerce increases its reach as the premier vehicle for global consumerism, the expectation exists that the benefits will reach producers in all comers of the globe. This study endeavoured to explore whether artisan groups in the developing world are experiencing the benefits of e-commerce by gaining direct access to consumers. Following a case study approach, the study identified one commerce arena ethical trade, and three artisan groups in Kenya whose goods were being sold on an ethical trade website pioneered by one of the world's largest e-commerce companies. 01 Malo Designs, Bombolulu Workshops and Jorova Crafts were selected based on their geographic diversity in Kenya and the different partners they worked with that led to their participation in the website WorldofGood.com. The study groups' history in the ethical trade arena, established relationships with international partners and desire to understand and increase their market impact ensured their willing participation in this study. The study identified the structures and process that facilitated each artisan group's participation on the website World of Good.com. The study finds that wholesale buyers from the west remain critical components of e-commerce participation by artisan groups in Kenya. The benefits of e-commerce remain a step removed from artisan groups, who continue to lack the technology, resources or an overalle-commerce paradigm in which to maximize their participation in this growing market vehicle. This study recommends that the government in Kenya enact and enforce policies to foster education, training and access to information technology resources. This can compliment the role of the buyers whose partnership with artisan groups remains critical. These buyers can assist in the training and exposure of artisan groups to the e-commerce platform. Such policy and training assistance can help promote an institutional shift in the artisan groups as they begin to conceptualize the new frontiers offered bye-commerce as a whole.

Sharing findings on sickle cell disorder in international collaborative biomedical research : an empirical ethics study in coastal Kenya

Author: Marsh, Victoria Mary Chuck

Awarding University: University of Oxford, England

Level : DPhil

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Sickle cell anemia ; Kilifi District ; Ethics ; Genomics ; Counseling ;

Abstract:

Against the background of a dilemma experienced by researchers during a genomics study at an established biomedical research centre in Kenya, the broad aims of this thesis are to develop appropriate responses to important ethical questions on sharing information on a common and serious genetic condition, sickle cell disorder, and assess the responsibilities of researchers in this regard. Using an empirical approach to normative reflection across two phases of qualitative research, I explore the nature of important moral concerns related to sharing sickle cell disease information from researchers? and community members? points of view; and develop a bottom-up normative analysis around the questions generated. This analysis interweaves community experiences, processes of community reasoning and ex situ normative reflection; placing community views and values centrally while referencing these to wider ethical debates, commentaries and guidelines in the literature. Two main outputs of this thesis are to provide recommendations for information sharing on SCD findings in the genomics study in Kilifi; and to propose a set of key issues to consider for this type of information in other studies and geographic settings. I conclude that researchers have a strong responsibility to share SCD information on affected children with families as a form of ancillary service (validating tests, counselling and care); but less responsibility to actively share carrier information. Concurrent responsibilities are working collaboratively with the Ministry of Health/District General Hospital to plan and implement services for SCD; ensuring counselling services support family stability as far as reasonably possible; and to build forms of community engagement and informed consent that counter risks of diagnostic interpretations of research.

An investigation into the role of radio broadcast in using behaviour change communication to deal with hate speech in Kenya; the case of Nation Media Group

Author: Gikonyo, Geoffrey Kamau

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nation Media Group ; Radio broadcasting ; Journalistic ethics ; Hate speech ; Negative ethnicity? ;

Abstract:

In partial fulfillment of a coursework in M.A Degree in Comn:unication Studies at the University of Nairobi, I come up with the idea of tackling Hate Speech. Thus hatched a topic entitled, An investigation into the role of radio broadcast in using Behavior Change Communication to deal with hate speech in Kenya; the case of Nation Media Group. The study was worth doing as problems related to hate speech have continued to increase since . postcolonial era. The emerging results have been harsh, as witnessed during the Post Election Violence (PEV) after the disputed 2007 General Elections (Waki Report; 2008). During PEV after PEV the economic growth rate in Kenya dropped, coupled with lose of lives and properties, as well denting the Kenyan image internationally. Behavior change Communication (BCC) is one of the most essential components of solving problems related to humanity. When planned well, BCC can be a very effective intervention to bring appropriate changes in behavior, especially among populations with high risk behavior. The research used secondary analysis and key respondent research to collect the data for the study. Thus this research project aimed at achieving the following objectives; assess the root causes of hate speech in Kenya, explore ways radio broadcast media can use BCC to eradicate hate speech in Kenya and establish the role of radio broadcast media in dealing with Hate Speech. The study found that Negative Ethnicity is one of the key causes of hate speech in Kenya, as well as politicians, journalists and ordinary Kenyans. Social-cultural aspects and legal features can be very crucial in enhancing behaviour change in regard to hate speech. Radio broadcast can play key role in handling hate speech in Kenya through its role of mobilization, entertainment and information. The results of the study will be used to engage the broadcast media in enhancing proper speech in Kenya, by involving all stakeholders notably the radio audiences, Non Governmental Organisations, international community, Kenyan government, media owners, foreigners, journalists and policymakers.

A critical analysis of the role of Kenyan Print Media in Conflict Management : Using 2007 Post Election Violence as a case study

Author: Ajowi, Sarah

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Conflict resolution ; Media coverage ; Journalistic ethics ; Post-election violence ; PEV use Post-election violence ; Daily Nation (Nairobi, Kenya) ;

Abstract:

The coverage of the pre- and post-election violence phases is negligible at best and only a few armed conflicts are covered in the violence phase. In Kenya, the media has been accused of exacerbating conflicts in most of the cases by mostly presenting their information in favor of some players in the political arena and exaggerating the ethnic and political divides in the country. The Post-Election Violence (PEV) that rocked the country in 2008 was as a result of the disputed 2007 Presidential Elections. This research focusing on print media in conflict management was a modest attempt to bridge this gap. It was an effort to bring to light the influence and insights into print media operating in Kenya and the role they play in conflict management where the Post-Election Violence of 2007/2008 was the context of focus. This research was a descriptive study aimed at analyzing the role of Kenyan print media in conflict management with particular reference to the Post Election Violence of 2007-2008. The target population of this study was the staff working in the Nation Newspaper. This involved the top, middle and low level management staff since they are the ones conversant with the role of Kenyan print media in conflict management with particular reference to the Post Election Violence of 2007 -2008.

Ethical challenges in collecting, using and sharing ethnicity-related data in genomics research in Africa : the case of the MalariaGEN Consortium

Author: de Vries, J

Awarding University: University of Oxford, England

Level : DPhil

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Ethics ; Ethnicity ; Genomics ; Malaria ;

Abstract:

The objective of this thesis is to critically examine ethical challenges in the use of ethnic data in genomics research in Africa, with a particular focus on ethnic stigmatisation. This thesis aims to develop a more informed understanding of the nature and implications of ethnic stigmatisation for genomics research in Africa, through the lens of a current genomics research project in Africa, the MalariaGEN Consortium. I conducted a qualitative empirical study investigating the perspectives of a variety of stakeholders in MalariaGEN. Interviews were conducted in The Gambia, Kenya, and the UK with members of research ethics committees, primarily investigators, fieldworkers and members of funding bodies. An analysis of MalariaGEN project documents was conducted to investigate the emergence of ethical concerns about the use of ethnicity in that project. I analysed data qualitatively using specialist software. Drawing on the data, I propose that ?harm? rather than ?stigma? may be a more accurate way of describing the challenge. Second, I propose that concerns about ethnic stigmatisation may at least in part be a response to the problematic history of using population categories in research. Third, I discuss the importance of clarifying how ethnicity is defined and why it is used in genomics research. Fourth, I argue that the potential for harm is accommodated in MalariaGEN in multiple implicit and explicit mechanisms that are not recognised when sharing project data. Fifth I argue that the potential for stigmatisation in genomics research may not be the result of intentional stigmatisation by malevolent actors, but rather the consequence of unintentional processes.