195 Records out of 22207 Records

Assessment of performance of youth enterprise development fund in Kenya: a case of Manyatta Constituency, Embu County

Author: Githinji, Michael

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Manyatta Constituency ; Embu County ; Youth Enterprise Development Fund ; Young adults ; Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

Entrepreneurship is the main driving force behind economic growth of any country around the world .. The government of Kenya created YEOF to help reduce youth unemployment through creating youth entrepreneurs. YEOF provide funds, train in business skins and creat market linkages for the youth ernrepreneurs. The researcher set out to investigate determinants of performance of youth Enterprise Development Fund: a case of Manyatta Constituency, in Embu County. The objectives ofthe study were; To establish bow YEDF bas perfunned in provision funds to youth in Manyatta constituency, Embu county. To determine how YEOF bas perfonned in providing trainings in business skills provided to youlb Many.tta constituency, Embu county and explore how YEDF bas perfunned in providing market linkages for products and services produced by youth in Manyatta constituency, Embu county. The literature review in the study reveals that, mere are various determinants of performance of any Youth Enterprise Development Fund, starting from training youth in business skills, provision of funds, creation of market linkage for youth produces and services, youths' socio-cuJtural background, goverment policies, amongst other factors.The research was cooducted in Manyatta constituency where there were 77 youlb groups funded by YEOF between 2007 and 2011 (YEDF status report 20ll). The study used descriptive research design and random sampling was used to select 72 youlb from 24 sampled youth groups. Questionnaires was used to collect data from the respondents. Data was analyzed by use of SPSS and presented in fonn of tables of frequencies and percentages. The study found that YEDF is doing well in funding and training of youtb but it is doing poorly in creating market linkages for youth produced goods and services. The study recommended that YEOF and other relevant stakeholders should consider setting up of business incubation centres for nurturing upcoming youth entrepreneurs. the education stakeholders need to tailor appropriate business skills training for the youth and government through YEDF should create poliCY framework that recognizes the importance of marketing of goods and services produced by the youth run busines.

Factors affecting women entrepreneurs' financial performance in Kenya : a case of Ngara market

Author: Gitari, Caroline Gatakaa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Women entrepreneurs ; Nairobi ; Credit ; Loan security ; Interest rates ;

Abstract:

The design of this research was descriptive survey research. The researcher targeted a population of 200 but sample 150 was obtained. A descriptive survey research seeks to obtain information that describes existing phenomena by asking individuals about their perceptions, attitude, behaviour or values. The data collected was analyzed using inferential statistics. After the data collection, the researcher was pre-processed the data to eliminate unwanted and unusable data which could have been contradictory or ambiguous, developed a coding scheme by creating codes and scales from the responses which then be summarized and analysed using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS). From the findings of the study most women entrepreneurs in the CBD Nairobi are of , youthful ages between 26-35 which is the most productive and energetic age group, in this age brackets is when most of the women entrepreneurs start businesses. At this point they have raised some capital from other sources. Another findings is the accessing of credit particularly for starting an enterprise is one of the major constraints affecting women entrepreneurs. Provision of soft loans is the major factor that hinders the women entrepreneurs in running the businesses effectively. They are either illiterate on how to access this financial aid, . Also lack of tangible security is another major blow to the women entrepreneurs in order to have access to any financial aid by the financial institutions who also charge high interest rates hence repayment and running the business at the same time becomes hard. The study recommends that the financial institutions should set some simple ways of accessing the fmancial facilities for the women entrepreneurs and give them at reasonable rate to enable them to repay with ease. The body of women entrepreneurs should carry out major seminars to educate the women on the major issues in running a business to success. They should also advice the women when it is necessary to take loan facility and how to go about it.

Government's role in entrepreneurship development in Kenya : A case of the Youth Enterprise Development Fund

Author: Gioche, Catherine W.

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Young adults ; Government aid ; Entrepreneurs ; Economic development ; Youth Enterprise Development Fund ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Influence of entrepreneurial skills on the performance of Jua Kali artisans in Kenya : a case of Jua Kali artisans in Meru town

Author: Berengu, Patrick Theuri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Meru ; Informal sector ; Self employment ; Entrepreneurs ; Small business ;

Abstract:

Recently, there has been an explosive growth in world-wide interest in the jua kali sector as a panacea for the problems of poverty and unemployment. This interest is driven by crisis, great and growing need. and a conspicuous lack of viable options, yet the human realities of life in the jua kali sector remain largely a mystery. Many, perhaps most, of the current jua kali sector initiatives are not sufficiently well informed by a clear sense of what support measures are likely to work in future, much less about what has worked in the past. Many mistakes are being made, and many opportunities lost, with much avoidable human suffering. Within the last two decades a significant number of research works have been carried out on various issues relating to perfonnance of the jua kali sector towards national development. However, few empirical studies on influence of entrepreneurial skills on the performance of jua kali artisans have been established in Kenya. In an effort to contribute to the existing literature on the relationship between entrepreneurial skills and jua kali performance, a study of jua kali artisans in Meru Town was conducted. Specifically, this study examined the influence of entrepreneurial skills on the performance of jua kali artisans in a developing country like Kenya using the current operatingjua kali artisans in Meru Town as a case. The objectives of the study were; Influence of managerial skills on performance of jua kali artisans, influence of Technical skills on performance of jua kali artisans, Influence of IT skills on performance of jua kali artisans and influence of communication skills on performance of jua kali artisans. Performance was based on net profit and sales. The sample purposely consisted of 235 jua kali artisans who were selected using Stratified Random Sampling. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Data was collected using both open ended and closed ended questionnaires. The Design for the study was Correlational Research Design where it was established that there was a positive correlation between performance and entrepreneurial skills. The study established that managerial skills had a positive correlation with respect to performance with a correlation coefficient being r=O.204.On technical skills the correlation coefficient was 0.653 indicating a very strong correlation between technical skills and performance. With regard to communication skills the study established that there was a weak positive correlation between these communication skills and performance. The study therefore recommends training of jua kali artisans on entrepreneurial skills to enable them improve and grow their businesses.

Influence of women entrepreneurs' management skills on the performance of micro and small enterprises in municipality Division of Kakamega County, Kenya

Author: Awuor, Jacqueline

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kakamega, Kenya ; Small business ; Women owned businesses ; Entrepreneurs ; Management ; Women's Enterprise Development Fund ;

Abstract:

This study discusses the influence of women entrepreneurs' management skills on the performance of micro and small enterprises in municipality division of Kakamega County. The background of the study discussed women in the micro and small enterprises around the world, in Africa, in Kenya and narrowed down to municipality division of Kakamega County. This study addressed reasons why very few businesses owned by women grow both vertically and horizontally despite the government's intention to empower women economically as per the statement of the problem. The purpose ofthis study was to establish the influence of women entrepreneurs' management skills on the performance of micro and small enterprises in municipality division of Kakamega County. Objectives of the study were to examine how women entrepreneurs' financial management skills, explore how women entrepreneurs' technical skills, establish how women entrepreneurs' entrepreneurial skills, determine whether women entrepreneurs' networking skills and assess how women entrepreneurs' marketing skills influenced the performance of micro and small enterprises in municipality division, Kakamega County. This study adopted descriptive survey design with both qualitative and quantitative data collection approaches. A sample size of 132 respondents was drawn from a target population of 3000 women entrepreneurs within the municipality Division. Questionnaires were used to collect data. On validity of the instruments, the study used content validity while the test re-test method was used to test reliability which yielded a Reliability coefficient of 0.8. Out of the 132 respondents sampled, 119 questionnaires were returned and this was 90.2% return rate that was acceptable. The findings of the study was that women entrepreneurs' financial management skills, technical skills, entrepreneurial skills, networking skills and marketing skills have to be taken into consideration for women entrepreneurs to realize growth in their businesses. The study further found out that awareness on the relevant sources of finance is still low especially the Women Enterprise Fund. Most ofthe women entrepreneurs were quite skeptical about group-based loans as they felt it was quite punitive especially if a member defaults. On the contrary, the financial intermediaries given the responsibility to disburse individual loans had not created enough awareness on the Women Enterprise Fund loans. The study concluded that performance of women owned micro and small enterprises could only be achieved effectively through the government's intervention by devising other means of disbursing the loans. A countrywide monitoring and evaluation team to be organized at grassroots levels to ensure access to these funds. Based on the findings, the study recommended that seminars and workshops to be organized through churches and village barazas in order to sensitize women entrepreneurs on the required management skills. The government through the ministry of gender to work in partnership with the local organizations in planning for trainings. Trainings to be organized in a flexible manner to cater for all. This will help reduce poverty levels by improving their living standards and encourage growth. A comparative study should be done on the women entrepreneurs' uptake of Women Enterprise Fund loans. Entrepreneurship as an area of study to be incorporated in the school curriculum so that schoolleavers acquire the necessary skills in managing a business while still in school. This will help them venture into successful businesses and thus reduce unemployment rates.

The influence of enterpreneurship development on employment creation among the youth : a case study of Kikuyu district

Author: Wamahiu, Catherine W

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kikuyu District/Children and youth/Young adults/Groups/Self employment/Entrepreneurs/Job creation ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence . of entrepreneurship development on employment creation among the youth in Kikuyu District. Four research objectives were formulated to guide the study. The study employed the descriptive survey. The target population comprised of one hundred and sixty (160) registered youth groups in the district. and. who were: eligible for funding, The sample comprised of 108 respondents. Findings revealed th.at awareness, of entrepreneurial duties influenced employment. creation. Thestudy also.revealed that motivation.of.entrepreneurs affected employment creation. The study also, revealed ,that self perception influenced employment, creation: The study.further revealed, that entrepreneurship education and training influenced employment creation, Based on the findings it was concluded that awareness of entrepreneurial duties influenced employment creation. The' study also concluded that lack training for entrepreneurial duties and new youth entrepreneurs not often being familiar with entrepreneurial duties also influenced employment creation. The study also concluded that motivation of entrepreneurs affected employment creation. Based on the findings recommended that there is need to have formal training for the new entrepreneurs before they start their occupation. The study recommended that there is need to empow;er the youth in identifying their abilities in the entrpreneurship. It was also recommended that there is need. to cultivate in. the youth positive attitude towards self employment enable them understand that formal employment is not the only way of self development. Taking the limitations and delimitations of the study, it was suggested that a study of the factors influencing funds management by the new entrepreneurs needs to be carried out. The study also suggested that a study on the effects of formal training on the effectiveness of youth entrepreneurship should be conducted with another study on analysis of the factors influencing implementation of youth development policy among young enirepreneurs.

Factors influencing rural women entrepreneurs to access micro credit services in Sirisia Division, Kenya

Author: Silikhani, Regina Nafula

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Rural areas/Women owned businesses/Entrepreneurs/Microfinance/Sirisia Division, Bungoma District ;

Abstract:

This study was designed to investigate factors influencing rural women entrepreneurs to access micro credit services in Sirisia Division. The study aimed at finding out how infrastructure, education, traditions, collateral requirements and technology influenced rural women entrepreneurs to access micro credit services even in the advent of affordable rates. This study adapted a descriptive survey design as a major method of research where questionnaires were used to collect data from a sample of women entrepreneurs under the study. The instruments of data collection were reliable having been tested through the Test Rest approach. Concerning the validity of the instruments, content validity was applied to ensure that the instruments represented what they were designed to measure. The target population was 488 women entrepreneurs according to locations. A sample of 220 women entrepreneurs was selected through systematic random sampling. Collected data was then analyzed by use of descriptive statistics constituting frequencies and percentages. Previous studies had shown that microfinance institutions played a vital role in the economic development of many developing countries through the provision of a wide range of financial products and services to the rural poor, low-income households and micro and small enterprise. The study revealed that access to credit facilities by rural women entrepreneurs was greatly influenced by poor infrastructure, low level of education, inadequate collateral requirements and inappropriate technology. It then concluded that women entrepreneurs needed education and sensitization on business and financial management as well as embracing technology so as to minimize defaulting and exits. The study recommended that the policy makers put into consideration rural road network development and rural electrification so that rural women entrepreneurs enjoy doing businesses in the remote areas where their businesses operate and this will benefit even those outside the division and the society at large. Sensitization on the rights of women on property ownership should be reinforced for them to use valuable assets as security for loans. Rural women entrepreneurs also need technological enlightenment to enable them carry out activities concerning their businesses without relying on those with the knowhow. This will help them save on time and resources.

Influence of vocational training in initiation of entreprenual projects by trained women; a case of women empowerment project in Kilifi district

Author: Wanjohi, Angela P Ngina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kilifi District/Women/Vocational education/Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

Vocational training centers are continuing to train women in kilifi district and the women acquire the vocational skill but they have not fully utilized these skills to initiate entrepreneurship projects. The women are continuing to train despite the ones who have already acquired the skill having not initiated any entrepreneurial project. A cross examination of the challenges facing the women with vocational skills in comparison with various literature of studies done within the women entrepreneurship shows that indeed the entrepreneur education, economic status, socio-cultural factors and personal characteristics are a key influence. This study sought to explore the influence of vocational skills toward the initiation of entrepreneurial projects in Kilifi County. The study was conducted using descriptive survey. The data was collected using questionnaires and focus group discussion. 560 women were the target populations with a sample size of 232 women, out of the 232 sample size 222 questionnaires were responded to. A content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative responses, while descriptive statistics was used to analyze quantitative data. The research findings revealed that the training period, social cultural and personal characteristic influence the initiation of entrepreneurial project in kilifi District. The finding also revealed thatfor the women to be able to initiate entrepreneurial project the training period has to be for a year and above. The study recommends the introduction of more work-based learning and linking trainees with mentors to gain experience of a specific trade like integrated business, self-employment and entrepreneurial concepts into training activities, especially' in follow-up phases, and search for trainers with relevant backgrounds and familiarity with both the formal and informal sector. The researcher believes that the present study will help to guide the Ngo's offering vocational training on what to improve or implement so that the trainee are able to benefit through proper guidance towards starting up entrepreneurial projects.

Influence of integrated intervention on the success of youth projects : a case of Nakuru municipality, Kenya

Author: Waitherero, Hannah

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nakuru, Kenya/Youth Enterprise Development Fund/Children and youth/Young adults/Projects/Groups/Small business/Entrepreneurs ;

Abstract:

Youth Enterprise Development Fund Integrated Intervention is concerned with the provision of funds, entrepreneurial training, local and international market linkages and networking skills to youths. It is an initiative by the Kenyan government to empower youths through economic opportunities in terms of self employment. The main aim of the initiative was to address the problem of youth unemployment in Kenya. YEDF applied an integrated intervention where training, funding and marketing were seen as key components that are critical to the success of youth projects. However it has not been empirically assessed to determine what extent the use of this integrated approach has influenced the success of youth projects. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of integrated intervention on the success of youth projects in Nakuru Municipality. The objectives of the study were to: investigate the extent to which the provision of entrepreneurial training, funding and marketing influenced the success of youth projects. The study was significant to? academic/researchers, micro, small and medium enterprises in Kenya, governmental policy makers, District youth officers, youth group leaders and youths. The study adopted a descriptive survey design in which fifty nine youth groups who were the beneficiaries of the initiative were involved as the target population. Simple random sampling was used as the sampling technique to select respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires, descriptive statistics mainly percentages and frequencies was used to analyze data with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences computer programme. Findings of the study were presented in form of figures and tables. The findings of the study demonstrated that YEDF initiative was responsible for the increased youth gainful employment through training, funding and marketing. Entrepreneurial training on the other hand positively influenced the success of youth projects with a correlation test value of 0.272. The findings demonstrated that there was need for more training on entrepreneurial skills. YEDF financing was highlighted to have positively influenced the success of youth projects with a correlation test value of 0.244. However inadequate initial capital amount implied that the YEDF initiative should revise their policies in order to increase the loan amount with time. Findings further demonstrated that the marketing strategies provided by YEDF positively contributed towards the: competitive advantage of the youths businesses with a correlation test value of 0.210, through increase in number of customers, identification of new business opportunities, price negotiation and product/service delivery. However, findings showed that the marketing strategies were inadequate and there were suggestions for more marketing strategies especially international market linkages. As a remedy to sustainable success of youth projects, this study recommends, additional YEDF funding, more training sessions on entrepreneurial skills, more marketing strategies, review of YEDF policies on application requirements and quick processing of loans. The study, farther recommends collective responsibility in youth support initiatives not only by YEDF but by local and foreign agencies, NODs, and arms of the United Nations such as UNICEF, UNDP, and UNESCO as well.

Challenges facing women in accessing credit from microfinance institutions in Nakuru

Author: Waita, Jonathan M

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Women/Credit/Microfinance institutions/Small business/Entrepreneurs/Nakuru, Kenya/ ;

Abstract:

MFIs provide their members with financial and social intermediation services to help improve their businesses. Despite a multitude of studies devoted to the topic, the challenges affecting women borrowers have never been critically highlighted and their impact on women SMES in relation to empowerment of women entrepreneurs. This remains largely unexplored in Kenya. This study therefore sought to bridge the gap by establishing the effect of microfinance intervention on empowerment of women entrepreneurs in Nakuru town in Kenya. It focused on two specific objectives: To determine what motivates the women entrepreneurs to borrow from MFIS, the second aim was to examine the challenges faced by women when accessing loans. The population comprised 0[20 women entrepreneurs who had borrowed before from ECLOF Kenya. Purposeful sampling procedure was used to collect data from 20 members of ECLOF Kenya in the study area. Data was presented in the form of frequency distribution tables, graphs and pie charts which facilitated description and explanation of the study findings. Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) was used to generate frequency distribution tables. The findings showed that 60 per cent sited provision of collateral against as a major challenge when it comes to borrowing since of items required security for loan are owned by their husbands. 70 per cent argued that business performance made their loans be returned own made their loans be reduced. Environment and social cultural factors are also big embedment to access of loans by women. This paper reviews rural and semi-urban women's access to financial services, a key factor of successful rural development strategies. Designing appropriate financial products for women to be able to borrow and invest is essential to strengthen women's role as producers and widen the economic opportunities available to them. For this purpose it is essential to understand how context specific legal rights, social norms, family responsibilities and women's access to and control over other resources shape their need for capital and their ability to obtain it. The paper argues that it is important that development strategies that aim to boost women's productive capacity must enhance' women's direct access to financial services, i.e. not mediated through their husbands. This paper is report on 'Challenges that women entrepreneurs face in accessing loans from Microfinance institutions'. The field research covered 20 women en enterpreneurs from Nakuru town, as well as further in-depth interviews with 10 key informants composed of leaders and practitioners in the micro finance industry. The recommendations are the result of a research paper conducted by the researcher in process of undertaking an academic paper in master study. From this research it indicates that while each of the woman borrowers may face particular barriers from access to finance, there are also significant barriers to financing encountered by various women in business and intending to borrow. These barriers include, collateral requirements, business skills, cultural beliefs, and perception about women's borrowing all have significant effects on financing opportunity available to women. As such, while the focus of this project remains on investigating financing barriers faced by various women in accessing finance, for analytical purposes it was useful to contextualize these findings by situating them within the broader context of gender equality in relation to financing.