2477 Records out of 22207 Records

Challenges facing quality assurance and standards officers in supervising implementation of secondary school curriculum in Tigania Central Division

Author: Imathiu, Jacob Kilemi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Tigania Central Division/Secondary education/Curricula/Supervision/Quality of education ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Relationship between competitive strategies and performance of chartered private universities in Kenya

Author: Getembe, Cyrus

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Colleges and universities ; Competitive advantage ; Quality of education ;

Abstract:

Competitive strategies analyses the core competencies and capabilities of a firm vis-a- vis the competition and the customers' needs so as to select the position the firm will take in order to survive and compete successfully. Today's dynamic markets and technologies have called into question the sustainability of competitive advantage. Several competitive typologies have been developed to explain how firms compete, however, porter's generic strategy types seem to integrate the central concepts of these typologies. These are; Cost leadership, differentiation and focus strategies. This study seeks to establish the perceived relationship between competitive strategies and performance of Chartered Private Universities in Kenya, Census survey data was collected from the top management of Chartered Private Universities in Kenya. This data was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis techniques for intecp,e1ation. It was ascertained that Private universities use more of focus strategies [eUowed by differentiation and cost leadership respectively. The findings showed a general positive relationship between competitive strategies and performance. The strength of the relationship was positively strong on differentiation strategies than in focus strategies and cost leadership strategies; however, the latter showed a negative correlation with performance. This confirmed porters (1980) stuck - in- the middle argument. The findings show that there is a relationship between competitive strategies and performance of Private Chartered Universities in Kenya Universities therefore need to adopt these strategies to remain more competitive in the market.

Factors influencing management of HIV/AIDS in public secondary schools in Siakago division, Mbeere North district, Embu county, Kenya

Author: Gitari, Monica Cyombua

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Siakago Division ; Mbeere North District ; Secondary school students ; HIV infection ; AIDS (Disease) ; Health education ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The researcher carried out a study on the factors influencing management of HJV IAIDS in public secondary schools in Siakago Division, Mbeere North District. The objectives of the study were; To investigate the social fuctors influencing HIV IAIDS status in public secondary schools in Siakago Division in Mbeere North District, to examine the economic factors influencing HIV/AIDS in secondary schools in Siakago Division, Mbeere North District, To assess HIV/AIDS education awareness and its effects on management in Secondaly schools in Siakago Division, Mbeere North District and to find out the control practices in management of HIV/AIDS in secondary schools in Siakago Division in Mbeere North District. The study adopted the descriptive research design where the target population was 2616 and the sample size of 190 students. The study used both stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques. Data was collected using questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data. It was found from the study that alcohol and drugs were a major c:ontributor to the spread of mv I AIDS. The findings indicate that the students who came from families whose parents were employed or in business were economically empowered and that 84% had both parents, 14% were from single parents and 2% were orphans. Awareness on how the virus spreads created by the stakeholders was a major contributor on its effect on HIV I AIDS management. The control practices in maaagemeat of HIV I AIDS in public secondary schools in the area were majorty abstinence. According to the findings that were generated in the study at Siakago division, the researcher concluded this based on adequate conclusive evidence depicted from the summary of the major findings. The recommendations went to the Kenyan Government, the school management and medical praditioners and rese.ardIem. The management of HIV/AIDS in Mbeere North District was inftueoced greatly by the factors that were discussed in the study. The research findings will be of significance to the future research bodies as it will add to the existing body of knowledge on the management of HIV I AIDS in Kenya. The researchers will use the report as a reference point for future research. The policy makers in the health sector may also benefit as they will initiate? or come up with policy that addresses the various fBctors. LastIy~ 1he Government and NOOs will benefit as they will understand the management of HIV f AIDS in Siakago Division.

The influence of sponsorship programs on pupils retention rates in primary schools, Mutomo district Kitui county, Kenya

Author: Gachanja, Harun Githinji

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mutomo District ; Primary education ; Primary school students ; Sponsors ; School attendance ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Kenya like other developing countries all over the world has experienced an emergence of many NODs both local and international in the recent past. All of whom implement various child sponsorship programs though not much has been documented and the question that arises is, what influence do the sponsorship programs have on pupil's retention rate in primary school? Does the amount of funding, scope, mode of sponsorship and guardians role in sponsorship decisions influence the pupil's retention rates? The objective of the study was to establish the influence of the sponsorship programs on pupil's retention rates in Mutomo District Kitui County. The study focused on the sponsored children in Mutomo district. The research design was descriptive and a survey method was employed using structured questionnaires that were completed by the head teachers of the primary schools where the pupils attend. Focused group discussions were held with the caregivers and sponsored children. The 50 caregivers and 50 children were selected randomly from 3000 sponsored children and parents in the district. Questionnaires were administered to the 15 headteachers and 10 deputy headteachers from the 25 of the 59 schools we have sponsored children. The data derived was analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented in form of tables and figures. The independent variables were: the amount of sponsorship funds, Mode of sponsorship, scope of sponsorship and guardian participation in sponsorship while the dependent variable was the Pupils school retention rate. The research noted that amount, of funds; guardian participation, mode and scope have influence on pupil's school retention while other factors which influence retention rates included availability of mentors, commitment of pupils to education, child performance in school and sanctioned repetition of pupils in class. The amount of sponsorship was seen to have great influence retention if the amount caters for child needs and family. Sponsor to child and to family had a higher influence on pupil's retention for they tend to cater for the pupils environment. The participation of guardian in decision making was rated highly in pupils school retention It was noted that when guardians participate in the child's education he/she is able to identify the key problematic areas as pertains to learning. It could thus be concluded that Empowerment of guardians/families to be self-reliant could be effective in ensuring holistic child development. The sponsoring organizations need to increase the amount of sponsorship to cover all areas of a child's need and environment in order to be effective. This would include ensuring that sponsorship covers school needs to family needs to be able to change the overall child's environment that hinder school retention hence sponsorship should centre on modes and scopes that yield more results to ensure that it is effective in ensuring retention.

Determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo county, Kenya

Author: Gakio, Henry Mwaura

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Uhuru Youth Polytechnic ; Isiolo ; Isiolo County ; Vocational education ; Children and youth ; Young adults ; Colleges and universities ; Enrollments ;

Abstract:

This study was about determinants of youth polytechnics enrolment case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo County. Chapter one gives an overview on the subject matter from a global, African and Kenyan perspective starting from the colonial period to the present day governrnent policy on youth polytechnics in Kenya. The global perspective captures the views of UNESCO/World Bank and eminent scholars on youth technical training from across the world. The general research objective of this study was to investigate the determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru Youth Polytechnic in Isiolo County. The research questions and objectives of the study were also set in this chapter. This research problem was studied through the use of a descriptive research design. The target population of this study was the 35 students in Uhuru Youth Polytechnic, 15 Ministry of Youth Affairs' staffs currently serving in the Offices at Isiolo, 13 polytechnic Managers and 658 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but did not join secondary school making a target population of 721 respondents. A sample of 60% respondents was drawn from 28 management, instructors and ministry staffs, a census of 35 students and 242 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but never went to secondary school picked based on the Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) method. The total sample population for this study will be 721 respondents. This study utilized a questionnaire. Data collected was purely quantitative and it was analyzed by descriptive analysis. This generated quantitative reports through tabulations, percentages, and measure of central tendency. The findings were presented using tables and frequency distributions. In addition, the researcher conducted a multiple regression analysis. This study established that employability, variety of trade courses and applicability of trade courses was affecting the trainee enrolment rate in the youth polytechnic to great extent. It therefore made a recommendation that Youth polytechnics should ensure that the courses they teach have a ready market and are applicable. The study also found that quality of training affects the trainee enrolment rates in the youth polytechnic to a very great extent. The study therefore recommends that the management of the youth polytechnics should ensure that training methods used by trainers are of high quality. This study further therefore recommends that the management of youth polytechnics should ensure that the fee charged is reasonable and affordable to the residents of Isiolo County.

Influence of socio-economic factors on internal efficiency in the provision of secondary school education in Mukaa district, Kenya

Author: Gichuki, Duncan Mburu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mukaa District ; Secondary education ; Secondary schools ; School attendance ; School dropouts ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This study was carried out to investigate the influence of socio-economic factors on internal efficiency in the provision of secondary school education in Mukaa district. The objectives guiding the study were; to establish the effect of parents' poverty levels on access to secondary school education, to determine the influence of parental level of education on children participation in secondary education , to establish the extent to which gender preferences contributes to drop outs and access to secondary education, to establish the contribution of household duties and child labour on performance in national examinations, to investigate the contribution of family structure and stability on school absenteeism in secondary schools and to determine the influence of early marriages and sexual harassment on access and participation in secondary school education. This was a descriptive survey research that targeted 34 secondary schools in the district. All the 224 class teachers and 1583 form four students were targeted. Two schools were randomly selected for the pilot study. All head teachers from 32 schools participated in this study. 32 teachers and 170 students were randomly sampled. The instrument for data collection was the questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program and presented using tables, frequencies, percentages and charts .The analysis revealed several socio-economic factors influencing internal efficiency in the provision of secondary education in Mukaa District. These factors are parental poverty levels, parental level of education, gender preferences, household chores and child labour, family structure and stability and early marriages. The study found out that, cases of dropouts, absenteeism, repetition and poor academic performance are common in the district. Some of other factors contributing to drop out in the district are distance of school from home, lack of interest in schooling, peer pressure, indiscipline and drug abuse. From the findings of the study, the researcher gave several recommendations that will help to curb the problem and also offered suggestions for further research. The researcher recommends that the ministry of education in corroboration with other stakeholders should enhance laws that protect girl child, the community need to be sensitized to treat all children equally regardless of gender and the head teachers should be ready to readmit girls who drop out due to early pregnancy. The suggestions for further study include the need to replicate this study in many districts in Kenya, in order to find out whether the socio-economic factors affecting internal efficiency in school are the same and there is need to carry out a study on institutional-based factors that affect internal efficiency in secondary schools.

Factors influencing form two boys and girls choice of KCSE subjects in Kiene division, Nyeri North District, Kenya

Author: Gathaiga, Peninah Nyaruai

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kiene Division ; Nyeri North District ; Secondary education ; Secondary school students ; Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education ; Curricula ; Gender ; Careers ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence form two boys and girls in their selection ofKCSE subjects in Kieni Division Nyeri North District. Research questions were formulated to guide in the study and data collected from 120 student respondents out of a total of 130.Findings revealed the students were provided with the necessary information concerning KCSE subject choices. The information was given by the teachers. It was also found out that gender did influence boys and girls choice of subjects. Majority ofthe students agreed that there were subjects for girls and for boys. Students respondents in their response showed that they believed that art based subjects were for girls while science based subjects were for boys. Further findings revealed that guardians level of education and occupation did not fully influence students choice of subjects though some guardians influenced their children on what subjects to take since they were educated hence more aware of the needs of the job market which mostly determines what subjects are required. Boys and girls aspired career and level of education influenced their choices of KCSE subjects. Teachers also influenced the boys and girls on their choices. This is in the subjects they taught. In the light of the research findings it was recommended that boys and girls should be provided with adequate information on the importance of the subjects that they study in schools. That there should be professionally trained career teacher-counselor in all schools. It was recommended that there is need for involvement of parents in the education of their children

A framework for integrating ICT in the teaching and learning process in primary teacher training colleges in Kenya

Author: Gichuhi, Wang'ang'a

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Colleges and universities ; Teacher education ; Curricula ; Information technology ; Communications networks ; Educators ;

Abstract:

lCT was only recently introduced as a subject in PITCs in 2004. The Ministry of Education (MOE) through the Kenya Education Sector Support programme (KESSP) came up with plans to set up ICT infrastructure and provide personnel in order to implement the plans. The problem with KESSP program was that it placed emphasis on providing infrastructure but did not consider teachers' skills, attitudes and beliefs and policy and support in integrating ICT in PTTCs. This study set out to develop a framework for integrating Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning in Primary Teacher Training Colleges (PTfCs) in Kenya. It also sought to detennine the success of the program by finding out: The prevailing lCT skills levels among tutors and students; tutors' and students' attitudes towards ICT integration; the provision of ICT Infrastructure and ICT policy and support on lCT integration in PITCs. This was to enable the researcher come up with a framework that would be used to integrate ICT in the teaching/learning process inPTTCs. The main data collection method that was deployed is likert type scaling questionnaires. Interviews were also carried out to capture information not obtainable from the Questionnaires. The study found that that both lecturers and students had moderate levels of ICT skills and that ICT skills have the greatest impact on ICT Integration. In addition it established that there is not sufficient ICT infrastructure in PTTCs. It notes that ICT policy and support is just fairly good in the PTTCs. There are positive attitudes towards ICT by both lecturers and students. However these positive attitudes do not have a lot of impact on ICT integration. The study recommends a framework that emphasizes on imparting more ICT skills on tutors as this would have the greatest impact on integration. Provision of ICT infrastructure is still insufficient and therefore needs to be looked into. Strengthening of ICT Policy and support should be done as this is the weakest factor among the four factors considered.

Influence of teachers' motivation on students' performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in public secondary schools in Imenti South district Kenya

Author: Gitonga, Dinah Wanja

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Imenti South District ; Educators ; Secondary education ; Academic achievement ; Motivation ; Secondary school students ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of teachers' motivation on performance of students in KCSE in public secondary schools in Imenti South District. Five research objectives were formulated to guide the study. The research objectives were to identify the factors influencing the motivation of teachers in public secondary schools in Imenti South district; determine whether teachers' age has any influence on student performance in KCSE in public secondary schools; establish whether working conditions of the teachers has any influence on students' performance in KCSE in public secondary schools; examine whether professional development of the teachers has any influence on students' performance in public secondary schools and lastly to establish whether teachers' remuneration has any influence on students'performance in KCSE in Public secondary schools in Imenti South district. The study adopted a descriptive survey. The sample was 100 respondents. Data were gathered by use of questionnaires. The analysis was done using the Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Linear Regression. Findings revealed that conducive working conditions had been provided by the schools. It is expected that with conducive working condition in schools, teachers would be motivated to perform better hence good students' performance in the examinations. Finding also revealed that age of the head teachers negatively influenced school performance. Findings also revealed that there was a strong relationship between professional development and KCSE performance in secondary school. Regression analysis on whether KCSE performance was influenced by remuneration factors revealed a strong relationship between remuneration related factors and school performance in secondary school. Based on the findings it was concluded that working conditions provided conducive learning atmosphere which teachers to perform better hence good students' performance in the examinations. The study also concluded that teachers' age negatively influenced (-0.65) school performance. This implied that the more teachers are advanced in age the poorer the school performance. The study also concluded that influenced performance revealed a strong relationship between working condition and school performance in secondary school. The study further concluded that there was a strong relationship between professional development and KCSE performance in secondary school. It was also concluded that there was a strong relationship between remuneration related factors and school performance in secondary school. Based on the findings it was recommended that schools' B.O.G and TSC should improve the intrinsic motivation factor of teachers, by recognizing the teachers for their achievement by writing commendation and recommendation letter to them, as inclusion in decision making that affect them. Teachers should be provided with opportunities for professional growth. There should be a promotion procedure with an aim of shortening the promotion period but pegging it on students' performance in the KCSE. B.O.G/TSC should improve the extrinsic motivation factors. Headteachers as well as teachers should capitalize on a more reward based system than punitive measures to enhance discipline and eventually desirable KCSE performance. The researcher suggested that a replica of the study should be carried out in the districts other than Imenti south District, to explore whether public secondary schools in different districts are exposed to the same influence of teachers' motivation on the performance of students. A study on relationship between teachers' motivation and KCPE performance should also be investigated for comparative purpose and finally a study to be . conducted to investigate whether high level of motivation of teachers have any influence on students performance in KCSE in public secondary schools in Kenya.

Factors influencing girls' access to primary education: a case of Maai-Mahiu Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) settlements, Naivasha district, Kenya

Author: Gathinye, Joan Muthoni

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Maai Mahiu ; Naivasha District ; Internally displaced persons ; Girls ; Primary education ; School attendance ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Kenya has made progress in narrowing the gap of girls' access to education in primary schools. However, there seems to be issues in provision of education to girls in IDP camps and settlements and in particular, in Maai - Mahiu IDP settlements. The purpose of the study was to examine factors influencing access of primary education among the girl child in Maai-Mahiu internally displaced camps, Naivasha District, Kenya. To achieve this, research objectives of the study were formulated. The research objective sought to establish the influence of household factors, school-based factors and government policy factors on girls' access to primary education in Maai-Mahiu IDP camps. Literature review was based on household factors, school based factors and policy factors affecting girls' access to education. The study was based on the Liberal feminism theory as espoused by Alison (1983) and grounded in a human rights frame work guided by a Right-Based Approach (RBA). The study adopted a descriptive survey design and targeted a population of 3 head teachers, 28 teachers and 217 pupils in Maai- Mahiu IDP camps. A sample of 3 head teachers, 28 teachers and 105 pupils was selected for the study using simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using questionnaires for teachers and pupils and an interview schedule for headteachers which had both closed and open ended questions. Data was coded and classified into major themes from which a summary report was made. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics supported by tables, pie-charts, frequency distributions and percentages. Data analyzed formed the basis for the research findings, conclusions and recommendations for the study. The findings on the influence of household factors on girls' education revealed that poverty, child labour, early marriages and pregnancies are some of the leading contributors to girls dropping out of school hence key barriers to access to education. The findings further revealed that school factors such as long distance to school, inadequate facilities, few female teachers and lack of sanitary pads have impeded on the girls' access to primary education. Further, the findings revealed that there is lack of implementation of existing laws and policies relating to compulsory and free primary education and those committed to elimination of all forms of discrimination against girls such as child labour, early/ forced marriages and readmission after child birth greatly influence girls' access to education. The study recommends that there should be commitments to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence to create a pillar for countering the barriers to access of education by girls.