163 Records out of 22207 Records

Government's role in entrepreneurship development in Kenya : A case of the Youth Enterprise Development Fund

Author: Gioche, Catherine W.

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Young adults ; Government aid ; Entrepreneurs ; Economic development ; Youth Enterprise Development Fund ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Influence of relief food supplies on socio economic development of the recipient communities : a case of Nguni division of Mwingi East district, Kenya

Author: Kyavoa, Charles Kakundi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nguni Division, Mwingi East District/Economic development/Food security/Humanitarian aid/Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of relief food dependency on the socio- economic development of the local communities in Nguni division Mwingi East District in Eastern Province. The study focused on identifying the main factors contributing to relief food supplies dependency among the local communities and the socio-economic effects of relief food dependency on the local communities and to understand which alternative economic activities they practiced. The sample size consisted of aid agencies representatives, district officer, chiefs and household heads. The respondents were sampled from Nguni division. Simple random sampling methods were applied to pick the required sample size for the study. Data was collected by use of two instrUments. These included interview schedules for relief aid agencies and district officer and questionnaires for chiefs and local house hold heads. Data collected was analyzed by use of descriptive, inferential statistics with the help of Statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study revealed that there was a gender imbalance in the leadership roles since majority of chiefs and household heads were male. Drought and political instability contributed greatly in relief food supplies dependency. This call for research to pinpoint what the stakeholders can do to enhance self reliance and self dependency. Since Subsistence farming is the most preferred alternative economic activity practiced by the local community more efforts should be addressed into improving fanners to adopt modem methods of fanning. The researcher further recommends that the govenunent should put in place measures to curb lowering of grain prices due to increased amounts of relief food since relief food is sold at lower prices by recipients hence lowering the demand for fanners' grains due to increased supply.

Utilization of donor funding and its effects on economic developement of the intended beneficiaries

Author: Kiplang'at, Yator Koech

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Financial management/Donations/Funding/Economic development/Project finance/Nongovernmental organizations ;

Abstract:

This research study was carried out to examine the utilization of donor funding by Non-governmental organizations within a contractual period, identify the contributing factors and the effects on economic development of the intended beneficiaries. In order to achieve its objectives, this research used a descriptive research design and a survey of fifteen NGOs with a total of forty five projects implemented in the last six years, the response rate in terms of organizations was 73% and 64% of the projects. The data used is primary and secondary which were collected through structured questionnaires. Once the pertinent data was collected, the researcher carried out editing for errors and omission before analyzing the date. The analysis of the same was done through frequency and percentages calculation and presented in tables and charts. The study established that there is 59 % underutilization of the funding as per budget level usage, 91 % of the sampled organizations requested for a no-cost extension period to enable them complete the activities and a further 27% returned the fund balance to the donors. This means beneficiaries were unable to receive the services/goods as intended and or if they do, it is at a high cost during the no-cost extension period; hence impact negatively in their economic development.

The generation y consumer behaviour and its influence on economic pillar of Kenya Vision 2030

Author: Ng'ang'a, Rahab Mugure

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Generation Y ; Consumer behavior ; Economic development ; Kenya Vision 2030 ;

Abstract:

Young people in emerging nations are growing up as their herizons, buying power, and future prospects continue to brighten. This rising young world, exposed to global media and global consumer culture through the Internet, represents the next frontier for branding. The general objective of this study was to determine the Generation Y consumer behavior and its influence on the economic pillar of Kenya vision 2030. The specific objectives of this study were: To determine the buying patterns of Generation Y in Kenya; To determine the buying behaviors of Generation Y in Kenya; To establish the factors that influences the buying patterns and behaviors of Generation Y in Kenya. The research is a descriptive survey. The population of interest in this study included Generation Y consumers in Kenya. Stratified random sampling technique was used. Primary data was collected using questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze data. The study found that social-cultural environment such as educational level influenced the buying decision generation Y to a large extent while reference groups, family, roles, status and respondents' position in the family was to a moderate extent. Also study concludes that psychological factors influenced the buying decision of the respondents to a moderate extent. The study established that factors due to marketing effort had the highest mean among all other factors thus had the greatest influence on buying behavior and patterns of Generation Y. The study found that practical needs to a large extent can trigger the need to buy a product. It also established that respondents got information when making purchase decision from testing and using the product ( experience), friends and internet to a large extent. The study determined that most respondents will recommend the same brand/product to another person and they make a repeat purchase of the same brand when satisfied after using a product whereas when dissatisfied, most of them will switched to another brand and grumbled to friends and relatives. The study concluded that most respondents would consider to a large extent investing in a business, buying a mobile phone and buying a laptop when they have extra cash.

Response strategies of industrial and commercial development corporations to changes in the external environment in Kenya

Author: Njagi, Stephen Ndegwa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management ; Industrial development ; Economic development corporations ; Environmental management ;

Abstract:

Strategy of the firm is the match between its internal capabilities and its external relationships. Ideally, an organization wants a close match with its environment which is underpinned by its resources and values. A host of external factors influence a firm's choice of direction and action and, ultimately, its external structure and internal processes. Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) in Kenya were set up to provide long term finance to prioritizedsectors as part of the industrialization strategy. For four decades since its formation, the Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation (ICDC), like all other DFIs in Kenya, was a highly effective DFI. In the past two decades however, it has become a peripheral player in the financial and investment services market. This study sought to find out the changes in the external environment that the Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation considers to affect them most, the response strategies it has adopted, and their effectiveness. The study used a case study research design. The main data for this study was secondary data, which involved in- depth interviews with the respondents. The data was analysed using content analysis. The findings from the study showed that there were major changes in the external environment that affected the Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation and its effectiveness in the market. The Corporation made a number of strategic responses to counter the changes. Some of the changes were beyond the control of the Corporation; hence the responses made were not sufficient to counter the changes. However, there were additional responses identified which would have made the responses more effective.

Economic diplomacy : dimensions and implications

Author: Okoth, Jacqueline A

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Diplomatic and consular services ; International relations ; Economic development ; Economic growth ;

Abstract:

The traditional role played by the diplomatic personnel has been expanded to include new demanding roles and activities, among them, economic diplomacy. This growing interest in economic diplomacy does not always meet with the expected understanding and preparedness. This study looks at the broad dimensions of economic diplomacy as well as the practical and policy implications for strategy in the conduct of economic diplomacy. Both realism and liberalism have been used as approaches to a better understanding of this subject; realism on the one hand, embodied in the pursuit of national economic interests and states as actors amid competition; and, liberalism on the other hand, embodied in domestic and international cooperation, partnerships and participation of non-state actors. Desktop research was complimented by participant observation in order to collate the relevant information and thus highlight some of the aspects of economic diplomacy. The study calls for a multidisciplinary approach in order to effectively maximize on economic gains. This is vital due to the diverse nature of economic opportunities and avenues for economic diplomacy in the search for economic growth and economic development of a country. Economic diplomacy takes into consideration various development needs as well as interests touching on national economic development and economic growth. This means, therefore, that economic diplomacy is much broader than international trade, much more involving and tied very much to the everyday conduct of diplomatic activities. The challenge is to understand what inclusive economic diplomacy entails, the interests at stake, the actors involved, the domestic and international influences and how these factors interact in the pursuit of economic growth a1}d. economic development. In this regard, effective economic diplomacy would be determined by the strategies implemented in the conduct of external economic relations. It would also embrace a synergy of actors, interests, interactions and decision-making processes at domestic level and international , levels.

Multinatioanl enterprises and host nations : contribution by Coca-cola to Kenya's economy

Author: Mutiso,Roselyne Nzilani

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Multinational corporations ; Coca-Cola Company, Kenya ; Host country ; Economic development ;

Abstract:

The last two decades have seen a steady upsurge in the number of multinational corporations established in emerging economies, especially in Africa. International Business scholars have been comparatively uninterested in analyzing the role ofMNEs in relation to emerging economies, and consequently, this area has not received due attention. As such the current study sought to establish the contribution of The CocaCola Company, a multinational corporation, to Kenya's economy. The study was guided by the following objectives, to determine the various factors favoring the establishment of Multinational enterprises like The Coca-Cola Company in host nations like Kenya, to establish the various contributions of Multinational enterprises like The Cow-Cola Company in the development of host economies specifically the Kenyan economy and to determine the challenges plaguing investment of Multinational enterprises specifically The Coca-Cola Company in host economies like the Kenya. Purposive sampling procedure was used to arnve at the sample of the heads of Marketing, Procurement, Quality Assurance and Logistics, as well as the Chief Executive Officer at The Coca-Cola Company. A semi -structured interview guide was used to collect data from the heads. The data was coded or broken down into manageable categories on a variety of levels and then examined using conceptual and relational analysis. The study established that: Establishment of Coca-Cola Company in Kenya is favored by an ideal investment climate, globalization pressure on Kenya and other emerging economies, economical human and natural resources as well as political stability; the Coca-Cola Company has contributed to the development Kenya's economy through introduction of modem technologies and superior taskforce training in the local context, as well as corporate transactions with local firms thereby boosting their productivity as well as overall national economic growth; challenges facing investment of the Coca-Cola Company in Kenya relate to tough regulatory powers by local authorities, high power and fuel costs, fluctuation of the Kenyan shilling, and pessimistic perception of the company.

Factors affecting entrepreneurs' performance in Kenya : a case of Nairobi Women Groups in the Central Business District

Author: Mugo, Lucy Waruguru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Central Business District, Nairobi, Kenya ; Entrepreneurs ; Women's studies ; Women owned businesses ; Economic development ;

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate factors affecting women entrepreneurs' performance in Kenya. Women being the backbone of economies in developing countries and specifically in Kenya, playa significant role to ensure their families' well being. The study sought to determine how women's entrepreneurship affects economic growth and development and the impact on women's entrepreneurship in economic development. The study would benlfit stakeholders since it provides information that can be used to formulate policy. The study would be a source of reference material for future researchers on other related topics; it would also help other academicians who undertake the same topic in their studies. The financial institutions would endeavour to offer community service, do business and come up with appropriate products for women in business. The study advocates women education through seminars to help them keep proper record which shows proper business operation, and help them assess the business margins and mark-up to weigh the rate of business returns on their own. The design of this research was a descriptive survey research. A descriptive survey research seeks to obtain information that describes existing phenomena by asking individuals about their perceptions, attitude, behaviour or values. The data collected was analyzed using inferential statistics. After the data collection, the researcher pre-processed the data to eliminate unwanted and unusable data which could have been contradictory or ambiguous, the researcher, developed a coding scheme by creating codes and scales from the responses which was then summarized and analysed using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS).

The role of M-Commerce in developing countries and the impact of international trade : a case study of M-Pesa in Kenya

Author: Munyao, Charles Kyalo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mobile money transfer ; Developing countries ; International trade ; M-Pesa ; Economic development ;

Abstract:

Mobile commerce is defined as the transfer of money through the use of handheld devices with the most common of this being the use of the mobile phones. It is a fast growing phenomenon which in some parts of the world like Kenya has witnessed a major revolution. That mobile commerce has brought about huge economic developments/impact is not in doubt. Due to its rapidly evolving nature and different characteristics, it is proving to be a rich area of study especially potential benefits for different stakeholders. This study highlights a number of the economic developments both within Kenya and other developing countries. The study uses Kenya as a case study; to show how the industry has been before, as well as a review and analysis of current statistics within the industry and also information from interviews with key stakeholders. But most importantly, the study seeks to explore links between the economic developments brought about by M-commerce and international relations through international trade. It examines activities of different actors in the mobile commerce phenomenon, international trade and linkages brought about by M-commerce and show the hitherto un-researched link in academia.

Influence of women group development projects on the livelihood of women : in Sabatia Division, Vihiga County, Kenya

Author: Alumasa, Haran Said

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Sabatia Division, Vihiga County ; Women ; Small business ; Economic development ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

This research was designed to establish the influence of Women Group Development Projects on the livelihood of women in Sabatia Division. Different studies have been done in different parts of the world in regard to women group development projects and their livelihood as indicated in the Literature review of this study. This study was to investigate and find out whether other researchers' findings are true in Sabatia division,Vihiga County on women group development projects. Chapter one has highlighted on the background of the study which shows that women have been languishing in poverty in the whole world but women have started women development projects which influence their lives either positively or negatively. The research objectives outlined in this study were to establish the influence of women group development projects such as Dairy farming, Business activity (Hardware, Cereals, and vegetables), Poultry keeping, and tree planting on the livelihood of women in Sabatia Division. The significance of this study will be used for reference by Future researchers who may have an interest in the same area of study. The government and non governmental organizations policy and decision makers will find the findings, conclusions and recommendations useful in their line of duty. Chapter two discussed the literature review on women group development projects globally, locally in Kenya and gives their findings on factors that influence women group development projects on the livelihood of women. It summarizes on the livelihood factors such as income, savings, education, health, also Government policies as a moderating factor and personal factors, culture, factors of production, Technology, religion and credit saccos as intervening factors . The study adopted descriptive survey design as a major method of research. Data was collected by the researcher from the target population of 1600 women group members. Sample size of 161 respondents was used under the study. Stratified sampling technique was used to single out women groups as a homogenous group. Other method included simple random sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires and interviews. Data was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics comprising of mean, frequency tables and percentages. The key findings revealed that women had involved themselves in women group development projects for their livelihood. They had earned some income; they had saved, educated their children and had accumulated some assets from their development projects. The women livelihood had improved a bit but the situation was still wanting for a better livelihood. The women lack knowledge/skills in monitoring and evaluation on project development and don't have positive attitudes in what they do and the way they look at things. It was also revealed that women encounter very many challenges in their specific development projects. The study concluded that women livelihood was still below average because what they got from their development projects was not sufficient for livelihood. The study recommended that women should be educated so as to be empowered with necessary skills/knowledge and also change their attitudes and look at things and do them positively. The government should strictly follow up good policies and laws. Also provide grants to well run development projects to entice others to do good work. The government and other stakeholders to employ and attach project experts to each development projects for technical advise, monitoring and evaluation of development projects. Lastly Project development issues to be included in Education curriculum at all levels so that at whatever level one drops out of school, will know what group development projects are and what they mean in our society.