4 Records out of 22207 Records

Impact of income generating activities on students' retention rates in public secondary schools in Vihiga district, Kenya

Author: Chepkoech, Selina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary schools ; Vihiga District ; School attendance ; School finance ; Earned income ;

Abstract:

Education is crucial for social economic development of any nation. The importance of education in nation development is best captured by Todaro (1989) who asserts that 'a country which is unable to develop the skills and knowledge of her people and utilize them effectively in national economy, will be unable to develop anything else'. The importance of secondary education in stimulation of social economic development of any nation have been documented in several studies and a number of government policy documents (Psacharopolous, 1985; Ayot and Briggs, 1992). The purpose of this study was to establish the impact of income generating activities on students retention rate in public secondary schools in Vihiga district. Four objectives guided the study; establishment of type of income generating activities, the amount earned from various income generating activities, how funds earned from income generating activities were being used to mitigate students' retention, how income generating activities were being managed and the challenges schools were experiencing in exploiting income generating activities as alternative source of education financing. The literature review exploited empirical findings on income generating activities in schools and what different authors have written on the same. The study employed descriptive survey research design. A population of 22 Principals, 22 bursars, 22 class teachers and 220 form four students were used in the study. Due to the small number of schools as target population, saturated sampling was used. Questionnaires, interview schedule and observation checklist were used as research instruments. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statements while qualitative data was incooperated in interpretation of research findings based on field experience. The findings of the study indicate that income generating activities which could have eased the burden of educational financing was not fully exploited. It concluded that most principals lacked entrepreneurial and business skills to exploit income generating activities as an alternative source of education financing to promote students retention. The study recommends that since there is high potential for income generating activities to contribute towards school budget, they should be enhanced to mitigate retention in public schools in Vihiga district. The school principals should be equipped with entrepreneurial and business skills to make them effective in exploiting income generating activities and make significant contribution cost of education and promotion of students retention. The study further recommends that similar study should be carried out in other regions to find out if the findings can be generalized.

Income generating activities and their influence on academic performance in public secondary schools in Tigania East District, Kenya

Author: Lichoro, Peter Kinyua

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: School finance ; Farming ; Earned income ; Educators ; Academic achievement ; Secondary schools ; Tigania East District ;

Abstract:

Many countries in the world, Kenya inclusive have embraced the notion of basic education to include secondary schooling. On this basis the government of Kenya has introduced strategies aimed at improving access to secondary education, such as Free Day Secondary Education, opening of more secondary schools and addition of more streams to existing schools among others. However, in view of the diminishing resources and the growing competition for resource allocation among various sectors of the economy, the trend world over has been to reduce publics spending on education so as to release more of the scarce resources to other demanding sectors of the economy such as health and infrastructure (Coombs, 1983). Consequently there is increasing pressure on parents and communities to increase their financial support in order to place their children in secondary schools. Due to growing poverty levels among parents the amounts due to schools in form of schools fees are far way below what the schools require to run their programs effectively. This results to inadequate provision of learning resources in secondary schools. Njeru & Orodho (2003), World Bank (1995). The final effect of under provision of resources is a lowering of academic performance in national examinations. This study sought to investigate the influence of income generating activities on academic performance in Tigania East district. The study was guided by three specific objectives, namely; to examine the type of income generating activities engaged in by public secondary schools in Tigania East District, to establish the extent to which IGAS influence academic performance in public secondary schools in Tigania East District, to investigate the challenges faced by managers of public secondary schools in initiating and managing IGAS and their effect on academic performance in Tigania East District. The following research questions were formulated to guide the gathering of information for the study. What income generating activities are engaged in by public secondary schools in Tigania East District? What are the effects of income generating activities on academic performance in public secondary schools in Tigania East District? What challenges. Review of related literature indicate that IGAS have been used to raise supplementary funds for schools in different countries of the world as well as in Kenya. However, since no other study has been done in Tigania East District, this study sought to fill this gap. Descriptive survey design was adopted in the study where data was collected from the principals. BOG chairpersons, teachers and students. The study targeted 27 principals, 27 BOG chairpersons, 72 teachers and 340 students. The students were selected from among form 3 and four students. The total respondents were 460. Questionnaires and observations check list were used to collect data from respondents. The data was analyzed using SPSS programme and presented using tables, frequency tables, and charts. The study established a gender disparity among the principals, BOG chairpersons and teachers in favour of men. Majority of principals were aged between (68.2%) and 45 years while most of teachers were aged between 29 to 39 years. The findings indicated that most principals were holder of bachelors of education degree while only half of BOG chairpersons had diploma and degree level of education. The study r~vealed that all the principals had undergone some in-service training in resource management. The main source of school funds was fees and funds from FDSE although management of IGAS was still cited as a major challenge. Staffing topped the list of the most inadequate resource followed by physical infrastructure. This clearly showed the need for schools to generate additional funds through IGAs so as to enhance academic performance. The study showed that most IGAs were related to farming while few were based on hire of school facilities. The study established

An empirical investigation on private returns to education in Kenya

Author: Warugongo, John Ngugi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Higher education/Rates of return/Earned income ;

Abstract:

Investment in education is one of the most important factors of the social and economic development of modem countries. In Africa much emphasis is placed on the need to increase the level of human capital, through improved education access, to sustain high economic growth. This emphasis has given rise to renewed interest in obtaining estimates of private rates of returns to education (RORE) so as to understand the motivations which individuals have for their education and thus be in a position to inform policy makers. Education is known to be an important determinant of earnings in market economies. The primary objective of this research was to investigate the variation in the return to different levels of education and to estimate the rate of returns to education in the Kenya. The study endeavored to determine the relationship between years of schooling and earnings (rate of return) in Kenya using KIBHS data. The effect of the amount of time in the labour force on earnings is also examined and an attempt made to highlight and calculate the private rates of return to graduates of different educational levels according to sectors of the economy and sex of the graduate. The descriptive statistics and ordinary least squares (OLS) estimation results reveal that the mean monthly earnings of workers increase with more years of schooling. The private rate of returns is low for graduates of primary education. It is higher for secondary education graduates and highest for university graduates. It has also come out clear that the mean earnings increase with higher years of labour market experience. Male and female benefit from increased education level but males' rate of return surpasses that of females in both secondary and university education levels. Increasing the years of schooling, training, and experience of workers has a significant effect on the earnings of the individuals. Thus, efforts should be made to improve the quality and investment in this level of education by encouraging private individuals to invest in and pay for higher education

Assessment of alternative ways of supplementing the cost of secondary school education in Kenya : a case of Bomet District

Author: Thiongo, Mary Njeri

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Bomet District/School finance/Secondary schools/Earned income ;

Abstract:

The central problem of this study is that despite the continued increase in expenditure on education by the government, there is still a chronic problem in financing education in Kenya. It is estimated that three quarters of secondary school-age population has no access to secondary education in Kenya. This has led to a major drawback in secondary education because of failure by the system of financing to provide funds to cater for the increased social and private demand for education. The purpose of this study was to assess alternative ways of supplementing the cost of secondary school education in Bomet District. The main objective of the study was to explore the possibilities of other sources of financing secondary .school education in Bomet. Relevant literature was reviewed especially on the developments in financing of education and past studies on income diversification to determine the gap in financing of secondary education. The study was based on Schultz Human Capital Theory. This is a theory that advocates for investment in education for its future benefits both pecuniary and non-pecuniary. The study adopted a sample survey research design and sampling of schools was done using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Stratification was done on the basis of administrative divisions while simple random sampling was done to select subjects for the study. A sample of 22 schools was used which represented 30% of the 70 secondary schools in the district. Data was collected using questionnaires and oral interviews. Questionnaires were administered to head teachers and teachers, while interviews were conducted to selected members of BOG/PT A. Data was presented, analyzed and interpreted by use of descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the findings; while inferential statistic Mann- Whitney (u) test was used to test hypothesis. The study established that there were income generation activities that had been established in most of the schools visited. However, they were faced by some constraints that hampered their expansion. It was also established that teachers and parents were in support of internal income generation, and that teachers' perception towards them was quite positive. However, it was established that despite the sources of finance having been diversified, they were still not adequate to meet the budget requirement in schools. Based on these findings, the study concluded that despite the pitfalls identified, internal income generation was the most viable option for revenue diversification. However, to make it dependable and sustainable, the following recommendations were made: that intensive monitoring and supervision of financial records oflGAs proceeds should be embraced; qualified personnel to run the IGAs should be engaged; and proper accounting of IGAs revenue should be promptly done among others. This was deemed necessary to curb the problem of mismanagement that was largely cited as a major problem with IGAs development. The study was useful because it will provide relevant information to educational planners and the government pertaining to fmancing of education in Bomet District.