13 Records out of 22207 Records

Health information systems reform in Kenya : an institutionalist perspective

Author: Bernardi, Roberta

Awarding University: University of Warwick, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Information and Communication Technology ; Health ; Health information ; Donors ;

Abstract:

The development outcome of ICT and information systems in developing countries is often influenced by international development policies and the action of international actors such as donor agencies. In particular, ICT adoptions and implementations in developing countries may be influenced by the contradictions arising mainly from the tension between international managerialist development policies and the main rationalities of actors in the local implementation context. Based on the case study of health information systems in Kenya, the objective of this thesis is to increase the understanding of how these contradictions may affect the development and change potential of health information systems and ICTs in developing countries in relation to international development policies. Drawing on a dialectical perspective on institutional work, the thesis argues that the change and development trajectories arising from the implementation and usage of health information systems depend on how actors involved in the restructuring of health information systems i.e. donor partners, national decision makers and local health information systems managers and users respond to the ongoing dialectic between global and local pressures of institutional change and stability. The main findings of the research presented in this thesis point to the importance of analysing political donor relations and the institutional entrepreneurship of local actors in order to understand the change and development outcomes of health information systems and ICT in developing countries.

Factors affecting effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental organizations in Kenya : a case of USAID

Author: Kioko, Irene W

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Donors/Foreign aid/Optimization/International organizations/Nongovernmental organizations/USAID ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: (i) to establish the extent to which technical factors affect effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya; (ii) to determine the extent to which factors attributed to donor behaviour affects effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya; and (iii) to establish the extent to which managerial factors affect effective use of donor aid by International Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. In order to undertake the study a descriptive survey was used. The sampling frame was the listing of staff in the various departments of USAID in Kenya. Stratified sampling was used to select the staff of USAID who participated in the study. Each department was a strata, represented by the Head of department. In order to investigate the research objectives stated above, both secondary and primary data were collected and analyzed. Data analysis involved preparation of the collected data - coding, editing and cleaning of data in readiness for processing using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) package version 19.0. SPSS is preferred because it is very systematic and covers a wide range of the most common statistical and graphical data analysis. The data pertaining to profile of the respondents and their respective organizations was analyzed using content analysis. Factor analysis was performed to explore the underlying variance structure of a set of correlation coefficients. Confirmatory Factor Analyses was used to determine the ability of the adopted conceptual model in fitting the observed set of data. To better understand the characteristic of each variable, descriptive statistic analysis was used to illustrate the means, and the standard deviation of each research variable. Presentation of information was done with the aid of bar charts, frequency tables, percentages, standard deviations and mean scores. The information was presented and discussed as per the objectives. Further, the findings indicate that the factors that affect effectiveness of donor aid in Kenya include: technical factors; factors attributed to donor behavior; and managerial factors. The key areas mentioned include inadequate funding; wrong timing in funds disbursement; lack of/or inadequate human resource capacity (Knowledge and skills); lack of accountability (overstatement of prices and use of substandard materials); insecurity; disagreements among beneficiaries; and Social-cultural obstacles.

The impact of donor fragmentation and proliferation on aid effectiveness in Kenya

Author: Kimani, Marion Njoki

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Donors/Economic aid/Foreign aid/Effectiveness ;

Abstract:

The debate on aid effectiveness has been raging for a long time with various calls for it to be increased or dramatically reduced. The calls for aid reform have been the pt-ajor motivation for researching on this issue with a keen emphasis on the impact donor fragmentation and proliferation has had on aid effectiveness especially in Kenya. The major issues which have been investigated in this study are whether fragmentation is an impediment to aid effectiveness and whether there are significant efforts been made to address the issue. The thesis was approached from a theoretical framework of realism basically to determine the donor-recipient relationship and the methodology used was a combination of primary data collected from significant personnel in two government ministries and UN agencies tasked with coordinating donor resources. The study has found fragmentation and proliferation to be a critical issue which must be addressed and one which has led to the significant steps being made towards donor harmonization and coordination. It has also found that fragmentation is not the only issue impeding aid effectiveness in Kenya.

Factors affecting the effective implementation of donor funded projects in Kenya : a case of World Bank funded projects in Kenya

Author: Ouma, Daniel S

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Donors ; Project management ; Project finance ; World Bank ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to establish the factors affecting effective implementation of projects in Kenya, with reference to World Bank funded projects. This is because the despite the large amounts of donor funded projects aimed at facilitating development and alleviation of poverty, there is lack of effectiveness in ensuring that the objectives of the funding are achieved. The study was carried out using descriptive survey. The target population of the study was implementing agencies of the World Bank funded projects in Kenya. The sample was 21 implementing agencies. Data collection involved use of questionnaire and interview of 2 key staff involved in project implementation of each implementing agency. Data pertaining to the profile of respondents was analyzed through descriptive statistics, and more particular, the mean, standard deviation and the range was used. To identify the factors affecting the effective implementation of donor funds, the various scores were ranked with respect to the mean and standard deviation. Data presentation was done though the use of both tables and charts and the results obtained was presented and discussed as per the objectives and research questions of the study. The key findings of the study are as follows: factors that affect effectiveness of World Bank funded projects in Kenya include: adequacy of funding; timing of funds disbursement; adequacy of human resource capacity ; lack of accountability; procurement procedures and bureaucracy; disagreements among beneficiaries and social-cultural obstacles. From the findings 80% of the respondents indicated that procurement procedures and government bureaucracy is a major factor that contributes to ineffective implementation of projects. About 60% the respondents indicated that capacity building by the government, implementing agencies and donors is important to ensure smooth implementation of projects. From the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn as possible interventions that could be used to enhance the effectiveness of World bank funded projects in Kenya: Streamlining of government procurement laws; capacity building for staff of the donor agencies; use of local staff to overcome language and other socio-cultural factors; sensitization and training of beneficiaries; timely auditing of implementing agencies to ensure accountability; timely programme reports from project officers; frequent meetings with key stakeholders ; adequate collaboration and networking of all development partners.

The perceived impact of donor practices on aid effectiveness in Kenya

Author: Gachuhi, Joyce W.

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Perceptions ; Impact analysis ; Donors ; Economic aid ; Humanitarian aid ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Impact of donor-recipient relationship on aid effectiveness : a case study of the Kenya Red Cross Society

Author: Bury, Charles

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Donors ; Humanitarian aid ; Kenya Red Cross Society ; Quality of service ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Factors influencing sustainability of donor funded projects : a survey of health sector in Kenya

Author: Mwangi, John N

Awarding University: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Donors ; Projects ; Health services ;

Abstract:

The study was carried out to establish factors influencing sustainability of donor funded projects beyond end of donor funding period. Perhaps there is general assumption that organizations should develop the ability to sustainably continue to provide the ongoing health services beyond the donor funded period. Organizations should create a sustainable income model which should focus on the organizational operational efforts. Specific objectives were to: investigate whether there is government support providing favorable legal environment to the organizations; establish the organizational capacity in allocation and management of the available resources; find out the nature of strategies in place within the organizations for efficient service delivery and investigate whether the available infrastructure adequately supports the smooth running of the organizations within the health sector. The study therefore investigated factors influencing the organization's project sustainability and identified the interventions required post donor funding period. Twelve organizations and forty eight respondents were included in the study located in Nairobi Kenya. A questionnaire, Personal interviews and observation methods were used in the study. Interviews were necessary to clarify as well as compare data collected using the questionnaire. Results of the study indicated various interventions that do influence sustainability of donor funded projects. Alternative financing emerged as a critical factor that perhaps may to a large extent determine the closeout or continuation of the project activities. Unexpectedly the study revealed that the international organizations involvement in the project implementation is designed as an intervention to respond to emergency to bring relief instead of initiating and sustaining development that would eradicate poverty among those affected and infected by HIV/AIDS. The study also revealed that currently the donor funded projects may not to some extent be sustainable without the development partners funding despite the identification of sustainable factors such as organization capacity, advocacy, infrastructure and service delivery evolving in most of the organizations actively participating in the health sector; especially the small local NGOs. It is recommended that: the community be more involved, create awareness for alternative fund raising activities to supplement the donor funding, establish coordinated effort for the programs implementation under the host Government control and build capacity; as well as establish linkages with philanthropist and the private sector in order to achieve a more sustainable program in the health sector.

Systems integration and enhancement framework SIEF for donor organizations in Kenya

Author: Matheka, Leonard M

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Information management ; Information systems ; Donors ;

Abstract:

Generally donor funded organizations in Kenya have not taken the advantage of integrated management information systems. This revelation was an outcome of field study to establish the degree of organizational management systems and existence of generic integrated systems integration framework in leading donor-funded organizations in Kenya. Relevant literature reviews and field surveys across leading donor funded organizations in Kenya are carried out and results used as a basis for identifying the current systems degree of integration, opportunities presented by the current systems, limitations and basis for developing a generic systems integration framework that can be used across the entire donor funded organizations in Kenya and elsewhere. The framework is generic in nature and should be used as a guideline, modified and adapted into particulars of each case. The framework sets out the broad guidelines on how each organization intending to integrate it current and even future systems to realize a fully integrated application environment.

Analysis of donor influence in the development of NGO's strategic planning : a case study of selected local NGOs in Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Munio, Rosemary M

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Nongovernmental organizations ; Donors ; Financial aid ; Strategic planning ;

Abstract:

Over the past two decades, there has been an explosion in the number of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) engaged in various development activities in Kenya. There are 3,680 NGOs in Kenya and about 400 of them are based in Nairobi. The rapid increase has been as a result of development gaps left by the government particularly in social service delivery, which needed to be filled. Significant as well, has been the amount of external donor resources put at NGOs disposal. However, the growth of NGO sector has not always been accompanied by expected performance in service delivery as it is often expressed in the media and research reports. The question that has remained as poverty persists is how effective the planning models by NGOs are as advocated by various strategists. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence that donors have on the development of NGOs strategic planning process. The study targeted 110 local Kenyan NGOs based in Nairobi, and a deliberate effort was made to purposively select a representative sample from several sectors. Management personnel from these NGOs were approached and a questionnaire administered which was the main research tool. Primary data from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented in form of tables, graphs and narratives. The study established that the strategic plan has become an important planning tool and requirement from the time of NGO establishment. It requires no intervention or influence of anyone including donors. It is and should remain an initiative started and implemented by the NGOs management. It could however be facilitated through resource assistance by such partners as donors and other external stakeholders, like the government and beneficiaries. The study concluded that, NGOs need to correct the wrong impression in the minds of the public that, NGOs strategic planning's and subsequent projects implemented are donor driven. There is also a need for NGOs to involve fully their grassroots beneficiaries, particularly those in rural areas in the planning process given that they are a major stakeholder and the very reason for their existence. Further research in this area is recommended, mainly to identify the role of other stakeholders in the NGOs sector and the extent in which they can be fully involved in the planning process and local resource mobilization. There is also need to research for institutional internal capacities of the NGOs given the level of investment channeled to them by donors for and on behalf of their target groups.

Donors versus dictators : the impact of multilateral aid conditionality on democratization. Kenya and Malawi in comparative context, 1990-2004.

Author: Clinkenbeard, Steven E

Awarding University: University of Massachusetts, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2004

Holding Libraries: Dissertation Abstracts International ;

Subject Terms: Political science ; Donors ; Dictators ; Economic aid ;

Abstract:

Donors versus Dictators examines the 'exporting democracy debate' and the related issue of 'nation-building' as manifested in the foreign aid relationship in the post-Cold War era. This dissertation centers on two in-depth case studies of countries where all major donors froze aid on a multilateral basis in order to pressure authoritarian regimes to legalize opposition parties and hold democratic elections. Through careful historical process-tracing, hypotheses drawn from both sides of the debate and from the academic literatures on democratization, aid and economic sanctions are assessed with respect to the attempts at democratization in Kenya and Malawi from 1989 to 2003. Conclusions include the finding that aid conditionality is generally effective in producing multiparty elections and pushing the reform process forward in aid-dependent countries where incumbent regimes have historically been pro-Western and desire to remain engaged in the global economy. However, the ultimate effectiveness of donor policy in producing democratization in these cases has been limited by the patterns of ethnic cleavage within the recipient countries and the relative ability of the emerging constitutional and electoral systems to channel ethnic and clientelist politics in democratic directions, factors which have so far been beyond the scope and level of coherence of donor policy. (Copies available exclusively from MIT Libraries, Rm. 14-0551, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307. Ph. 617-253-5668; Fax 617-253-1690.)