15 Records out of 22207 Records

Effects of corruption on economic growth in Kenya

Author: Lwamba, Alex Moi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Economic growth ; Corruption ; Economic impact ;

Abstract:

This paper empirically investigates the effect of corruption on economic growth in Kenya using Ordinary Least Squares estimation method. Before estimation, unit roots were tested in the time 'series data from 1975- 2008 using Augmented Dickey Fuller tests. The tests indicate that corruption, GDP per capita income, foreign direct investment and population growth are integrated of order one i.e. [1(1)]. The OLS estimates show that the effect of corruption on economic growth is indeed negative and statistically significant. From the period 1975-2008, the result indicates that by increasing one unit of corruption perception index, the level of GDP per. capita increases by 0.622051. On the other hand, a unit increase in corruption perception index results into 0.639323 increase in the growth rate of GDP per capita income. From the policy perspective, efforts should be made to discourage corruption.

Public sector management reforms in Africa : analysis of anticorruption strategies in Kenya.

Author: McAntony, Tilla Sewe

Awarding University: Syracuse University, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Political science ; Reforms ; Public sector ; Corruption ;

Abstract:

This study discussed the steps undertaken by the government of Kenya and civil society groups to curb corruption in Kenya from 1994 to 2002. It examined the extent to which these steps have been, or were likely to achieve their goals given the high level of corruption, clientelist politics, and tribal divisions. Using a methodology that combines desk review, documents analyses, observations, interviews, and situational knowledge of the country, this study contributes to the following: first, to anticorruption practice by providing a framework for sequencing reforms. The framework is useful for analyzing sources of corruption by signaling out the significance of a country's governance contour and political economy as underlying causes of corruption. Second, the study contributes to public administration research by highlighting the importance of a country's governance and political mobilization on corruption. This is particularly important in a complex ethnically-divided society like Kenya, where governance contour should not be taken as given because it tends to 'hide' informal centers of political patronage. Yet, these factors have largely been overlooked in public administration literature and anticorruption practice. Thus, this study fills an important gap in practice and literature by offering an analytical framework for analyzing and dealing with the problem of corruption on the basis of an examination of processes of governance. In this regard, the study is less concerned with the question of testing econometric hypotheses or surveys--the conventional paradigm for public administration and anticorruption practice--than with answering the question of how changes in governance in an ethnically complex society create vulnerabilities for corruption and challenges for reforms

Clientelism, competition and corruption : informal institutions and telecommunications reform in Kenya

Author: Macharia, Lilian (Laila) N

Awarding University: Stanford University, USA

Level : PhD

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Dissertation Abstracts International ;

Subject Terms: Law ; Informal organization ; Telecommunications ; Corruption ; Competition ;

Abstract:

Kenya's composite profile in the 1990s-a head start in telecommunications indicators, a relatively broad economic base, a strong market orientation, public frustration with poor service, a macro-economic crisis with high donor involvement, enthusiastic international investors and an autonomous and centralized government-made it a classic case for success in telecommunications reform. However, attempts to effect meaningful change failed and by the turn of the millennium, the sector's performance lagged that of its African peers and of less developed countries on the continent. This study focuses on the role played by informal institutions-namely clientelism and corruption-factors that have hitherto received inadequate attention in the literature on economic reform. It argues that while reform was ostensibly advancing through formal government commitments to international financial institutions, a parallel, less explicit, narrative was unfolding in the larger political arena in Kenya during the reform period. Widespread evidence shows that, facing increasing competitive pressure from democratization, political elites relied increasingly on misappropriated public resources to finance and consolidate their base and to fend off the encroaching opposition. Thus, the supposed change agents, key elites in the telecommunications sector and beyond, were reluctant reformers as they stood to lose influence and access to monopoly rents and illicit wealth if the sector was privatized and liberalized. The existence of these vested interests offers a compelling explanation for the gaps between espoused commitment to reform and actual implementation. The study concludes that telecommunications reformers in Kenya and elsewhere should pay more attention to informal institutions as they re-engineer formal laws and regulation. Further, greater recognition is needed that failures in performance and reform may be rooted in political factors. Often reformers will be unable to successfully achieve sectoral reform unless it is in a context of larger efforts to improve both economic and political governance.

The interface between foreign direct investment and corruption in Kenya : legal & institutional issues

Author: Karanja, Kabage

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : LLM

Year: 2005

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Law Campus Library ;

Subject Terms: Foreign direct investment/Corruption/International law ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa : a comparative assessment of Kenya, Nigeria, and Zaire/Congo.

Author: Ondieki, Kennedy Geoffrey

Awarding University: University of Nevada, USA

Level : MA

Year: 1997

Holding Libraries: University Microfilms International ;

Subject Terms: Corruption in government ;

Abstract:

Legally, politically, academically, and culturally, political corruption eludes clear, precise, and comprehensive definition. It is a universal phenomenon that afflicts every political system. It means different things to different people. It manifests itself in a variety of ways in both developed and developing countries. It is considered morally, economically, politically, and socially devastating. This thesis addresses the dynamics of political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa and explores some central and perplexing questions. How is it that one of the most serious problems in sub-Saharan Africa receives such limited attention despite its magnitude, pervasiveness, and consequences? Is political corruption a cultural characteristic of the African continent? What do the peoples of Africa think about political corruption? What are their historical, cultural, and contemporary explanations for corruption, i.e., its definitions, causes, effects, and remedies? Indeed, we cannot understand political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa outside the framework of the legacy of colonialism, neo- colonialism, the 'big men', tribalism and nepotism, underdevelopment, and frustrated economies. These factors are discussed in detail. Three country case studies-- Kenya, Nigeria, and Zaire/Congo--are discussed to demonstrate how corruption can frustrate, impede, and paralyze all developmental efforts, administrative performance, economic growth, and social and political integration in Africa. Finally, some critical remedies are suggested to eradicate political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa.