2 Records out of 22207 Records
Author: Muraya, Julius Njire
Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya
Level : LLM
Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;
Globally, the last three decades have seen intensified reforms in public procurement in two predominant ways: Bounding discretionary powers within clearly defined transactional rules and opening government contracting to the market discipline of full and fair competition. Kenya has been no exception. Nonetheless, a growing number of scandals and value of loss through corruption in public procurement provide compelling evidence that more has to be done than merely wrestling public procurement from the government's control. This study looks at the phenomenon of corruption in public procurement to challenge the reflexive tendency to fireproof procurement through more intense regulation of the processes coupled with heavier penal sanctions for breach. It makes a case for a recast of the accountability regime. Corruption is identified as a force of an insidious nature, finding host from within and outside the prescriptive rules and the market ordering. It threatens the stability of the new accountability regime. To leverage against debilitating corruption, it is argued that infusion of the diffused social accountability mechanisms of civic oversight and participation is an imperative. This study makes a compelling case for the mainstreaming of social accountability by pointing at the space, place and potency of its mechanisms in the fight against public procurement-related corruption in the Kenyan context. Key words: Corruption, public procurement, social accountability.
Author: Ondieki, Kennedy Geoffrey
Awarding University: University of Nevada, USA
Level : MA
Holding Libraries: University Microfilms International ;
Subject Terms: Corruption in government ;Abstract:
Legally, politically, academically, and culturally, political corruption eludes clear, precise, and comprehensive definition. It is a universal phenomenon that afflicts every political system. It means different things to different people. It manifests itself in a variety of ways in both developed and developing countries. It is considered morally, economically, politically, and socially devastating. This thesis addresses the dynamics of political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa and explores some central and perplexing questions. How is it that one of the most serious problems in sub-Saharan Africa receives such limited attention despite its magnitude, pervasiveness, and consequences? Is political corruption a cultural characteristic of the African continent? What do the peoples of Africa think about political corruption? What are their historical, cultural, and contemporary explanations for corruption, i.e., its definitions, causes, effects, and remedies? Indeed, we cannot understand political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa outside the framework of the legacy of colonialism, neo- colonialism, the 'big men', tribalism and nepotism, underdevelopment, and frustrated economies. These factors are discussed in detail. Three country case studies-- Kenya, Nigeria, and Zaire/Congo--are discussed to demonstrate how corruption can frustrate, impede, and paralyze all developmental efforts, administrative performance, economic growth, and social and political integration in Africa. Finally, some critical remedies are suggested to eradicate political corruption in sub-Saharan Africa.