228 Records out of 22207 Records

E-waste management framework for Kenyan universities

Author: Itere, Benson Maina

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Electronics/Waste disposal/Hazardous substances/Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

Electricals and electronic industry is one of the fastest growing industries which is largely due to technological advancement. This has resulted to computers and other related equipment becoming obsolete with a very short period of just few years. According to Rachna (2008) the rise of information society, increased affordability of new product and technological achievements which make it easy to purchase a new electronic equipment rather than repairing or upgrading old products, have all led to increase in the amount of e-waste materials produced. The biggest concern with e-waste materials is the presence of toxic materials such as lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic, PVC containing plastics, printer cartridge inks and toners that pose significant health and environmental risks when end-of-life equipment are disposed of. Most of the Universities in the country do not have an e-waste management guideline despite being among the highest consumers of electrical and electronic equipment. In carrying out the study, the researcher studied both public and private Universities that are within the Nairobi environs. For every University, two categories of questionnaires were administered; one to the head ofICT and the other for the general staff. The study established that, the amount of e-waste generated by Kenya Universities is increasing at a rate of more than 100% per annum due to the continued increase in the use of computers and other related equipment. However, about 40% of the e-waste generated remains in stores for years before disposal due to lack of proper e-waste management systems. It was also revealed that, sale of e-waste material as second hand to individuals and other organizations was the most preferred disposal pathway followed by donation to other needy organizations. Conclusively, we recommended that, both the Universities and electronic and electrical equipment suppliers to create more awareness and disseminate information on the dangers associated with improper handling of e-waste materials and on the available disposal options. Another recommendation we made was on the Universities to establish more collaborations, alliances and partnerships with other stakeholders to facilitate and allow knowledge and ideas to be shared in order to ensure that, the more appropriate decisions are being made when managing e-waste materials.

Relationship between competitive strategies and performance of chartered private universities in Kenya

Author: Getembe, Cyrus

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Colleges and universities ; Competitive advantage ; Quality of education ;

Abstract:

Competitive strategies analyses the core competencies and capabilities of a firm vis-a- vis the competition and the customers' needs so as to select the position the firm will take in order to survive and compete successfully. Today's dynamic markets and technologies have called into question the sustainability of competitive advantage. Several competitive typologies have been developed to explain how firms compete, however, porter's generic strategy types seem to integrate the central concepts of these typologies. These are; Cost leadership, differentiation and focus strategies. This study seeks to establish the perceived relationship between competitive strategies and performance of Chartered Private Universities in Kenya, Census survey data was collected from the top management of Chartered Private Universities in Kenya. This data was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis techniques for intecp,e1ation. It was ascertained that Private universities use more of focus strategies [eUowed by differentiation and cost leadership respectively. The findings showed a general positive relationship between competitive strategies and performance. The strength of the relationship was positively strong on differentiation strategies than in focus strategies and cost leadership strategies; however, the latter showed a negative correlation with performance. This confirmed porters (1980) stuck - in- the middle argument. The findings show that there is a relationship between competitive strategies and performance of Private Chartered Universities in Kenya Universities therefore need to adopt these strategies to remain more competitive in the market.

Determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo county, Kenya

Author: Gakio, Henry Mwaura

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Uhuru Youth Polytechnic ; Isiolo ; Isiolo County ; Vocational education ; Children and youth ; Young adults ; Colleges and universities ; Enrollments ;

Abstract:

This study was about determinants of youth polytechnics enrolment case of Uhuru youth polytechnic in Isiolo County. Chapter one gives an overview on the subject matter from a global, African and Kenyan perspective starting from the colonial period to the present day governrnent policy on youth polytechnics in Kenya. The global perspective captures the views of UNESCO/World Bank and eminent scholars on youth technical training from across the world. The general research objective of this study was to investigate the determinants of enrolment in youth polytechnics: a case of Uhuru Youth Polytechnic in Isiolo County. The research questions and objectives of the study were also set in this chapter. This research problem was studied through the use of a descriptive research design. The target population of this study was the 35 students in Uhuru Youth Polytechnic, 15 Ministry of Youth Affairs' staffs currently serving in the Offices at Isiolo, 13 polytechnic Managers and 658 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but did not join secondary school making a target population of 721 respondents. A sample of 60% respondents was drawn from 28 management, instructors and ministry staffs, a census of 35 students and 242 youths who did their KCPE in 2011 but never went to secondary school picked based on the Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) method. The total sample population for this study will be 721 respondents. This study utilized a questionnaire. Data collected was purely quantitative and it was analyzed by descriptive analysis. This generated quantitative reports through tabulations, percentages, and measure of central tendency. The findings were presented using tables and frequency distributions. In addition, the researcher conducted a multiple regression analysis. This study established that employability, variety of trade courses and applicability of trade courses was affecting the trainee enrolment rate in the youth polytechnic to great extent. It therefore made a recommendation that Youth polytechnics should ensure that the courses they teach have a ready market and are applicable. The study also found that quality of training affects the trainee enrolment rates in the youth polytechnic to a very great extent. The study therefore recommends that the management of the youth polytechnics should ensure that training methods used by trainers are of high quality. This study further therefore recommends that the management of youth polytechnics should ensure that the fee charged is reasonable and affordable to the residents of Isiolo County.

Factors influencing implementation of a business continuity plan: the case of Mombasa Polytechnic University College

Author: Gogo, Nixon Mumbo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mombasa Polytechnic University College ; Kenya ; Colleges and universities ; Information systems ; Corporate planning ; Emergency preparedness ;

Abstract:

The research paper is about factors influencing implementation of Business continuity Plan, The case of Mombasa Polytechnic University College. The purpose of the study was to determine the internal and external factors that contribute to successful implementation of Business Continuity Plan the case of MPUC. Today when people think of disasters that could disrupt their lives, they think of natural disasters such as tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. However, a disaster is not limited to natural types. In fact, a business disaster is any unplanned, extended loss of critical business applications due to lack of computer processing capabilities for more than a 48-hour period. Most organizations concentrate more on disaster avoidance compared to disaster recovery planning. Business continuity Plan is a clearly defined and documented operation plan that guides organizations to reduce, respond, recover, resume, restore and return to full recovery. Typically it covers key personnel, resources, services and actions required to ensure critical business functions can continue within planned levels of disruption. The organisational structure and IT infrastructure of small to medium sized organisations usually differ a lot from those of large organisations. For this reason one can argue that the BCP methodologies utilised in large organisations (over 500 staffs) might not be ideal for implementation in smaller organisations (>500 staffs). One could further argue that the difference in BCP methodologies, addressing smaller companies, would be mostly implementation based. For that reason an implementation method for BCP methodologies that will ensure simple implementation would prove useful. This study is relevant because large and complex organizations have utilized various factors and the successful implementation of these BCP programs depends on effective management of these variables. This research is based on two different questionnaire surveys: one targeted IT experts: survey 2A in the administrations and another targeted IT Personnel (technicians): survey 2B in different departments in MPUC.A total of 35 respondents of this study were sampled by carrying out interviews with IT Experts (15 respondents) and IT Personnel (20 respondents) both at administrations and departmental level. The 15 IT experts were selected purposively from the administrations in the MPUC. Most of them are involved in the following areas: IT technical support, IT systems analyst, IT system administration, IT planning, Web server management, datal storage administration and IT consultation. The target people in the second questionnaire survey 2B were selected randomly from different departments conducting different IT businesses. The study employed a survey design incorporating descriptive research. The data, which is quantitative in nature, was analysed using SPSS to generate chi-square statistics, giving chi square values as is illustrated in the analysis. The outcome of the analysis were interpreted and presented using frequencies and tables. The paper advocates the need of a design plan strategy for implementation of BCP in institution imparting higher education. This study concludes that the factors influencing successful implementation of Business Continuity Plan the case for MPUC, include organization management, top management support, the IT Vendors, IT Customers, IT network Infrastructure. These factors have a significant influence on successful implementation of BCP, in MPUC, Mombasa, Kenya. The study may thus assist decision makers in coming up with remedial measures to improve the implementation of on-going BCP programs, and also in the designs of future BCP programs.

Influence of learner support services on enrolment of learners in distance education programmes at the University of Nairobi. A case of Bachelor of Education (Arts) from Borabu district

Author: Getuba, Mary Mabuti

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MDE

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: University of Nairobi ; Distance learning ; Administrative support ; Colleges and universities ; University students ; Borabu District ; Academic guidance counseling ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of Learner Support services in the enrolment of learners in Distance Education programmes at the University of Nairobi. The case of learners from Borabu District. The study had three research objectives namely; The extent to which administrative learner support services influence enrolment of learners in DE programmes at the UON from Borabu District, to assess how technological learner support services influences enrolment of learners in DE programmes at the UON from Borabu District, and to establish the influence of guidance and counseling and peer learner support services on the enrolment of learners in DE programmes at the UON from Borabu District. The study used research survey design which involved a quantitative design. It targeted a population of three hundred and twelve students (312) and a sample size of thirty one (31 ).Stratified random sampling was used. The research instruments used were questionnaires. Data collection began once permission was sought from the University of Nairobi. A pilot study was done on a selected group of the target population after which the questionnaires were then given to the target population. The data was then analyzed using descriptive statistical analyses and the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) The study established that there was no much difference in gender with regards to enrolment. The majority of the respondents were aged between 31 and 40 years of age and were married. From the study findings dispatch of examinations, requirement of courses, and registration were some of the administrative learner support services that were highly rated crucial for enrolment while on the other hand dispatch of course materials, orientation, record keeping and advertisement of courses were lowly rated. It was observed that all the respondents had mobile phones. More than half of the respondents accessed learning materials from the Internet and had e-mail addresses. Fax services were not considered as technological learner support services as none of the respondents indicated its utilization as a learner support service. The study revealed that less than half of the respondents owned computers and knew how to use them. In regard to guidance and counseling support services, the study revealed that encouragement services, motivation and time management services were fully provided. The least provided guidance and counseling support services were giving directions and career choice. The study recommended that the university to consider setting up sub regional centers at each district provide an expert in guidance and counseling, set up a computer lab at the regional centres and provide learning materials in soft copy. The study suggested that further research to be carried out on the influence of learner support services in the enrolment of learners in other districts to find out whether they have similar experiences or impact on learners.

A framework for integrating ICT in the teaching and learning process in primary teacher training colleges in Kenya

Author: Gichuhi, Wang'ang'a

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Colleges and universities ; Teacher education ; Curricula ; Information technology ; Communications networks ; Educators ;

Abstract:

lCT was only recently introduced as a subject in PITCs in 2004. The Ministry of Education (MOE) through the Kenya Education Sector Support programme (KESSP) came up with plans to set up ICT infrastructure and provide personnel in order to implement the plans. The problem with KESSP program was that it placed emphasis on providing infrastructure but did not consider teachers' skills, attitudes and beliefs and policy and support in integrating ICT in PTTCs. This study set out to develop a framework for integrating Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning in Primary Teacher Training Colleges (PTfCs) in Kenya. It also sought to detennine the success of the program by finding out: The prevailing lCT skills levels among tutors and students; tutors' and students' attitudes towards ICT integration; the provision of ICT Infrastructure and ICT policy and support on lCT integration in PITCs. This was to enable the researcher come up with a framework that would be used to integrate ICT in the teaching/learning process inPTTCs. The main data collection method that was deployed is likert type scaling questionnaires. Interviews were also carried out to capture information not obtainable from the Questionnaires. The study found that that both lecturers and students had moderate levels of ICT skills and that ICT skills have the greatest impact on ICT Integration. In addition it established that there is not sufficient ICT infrastructure in PTTCs. It notes that ICT policy and support is just fairly good in the PTTCs. There are positive attitudes towards ICT by both lecturers and students. However these positive attitudes do not have a lot of impact on ICT integration. The study recommends a framework that emphasizes on imparting more ICT skills on tutors as this would have the greatest impact on integration. Provision of ICT infrastructure is still insufficient and therefore needs to be looked into. Strengthening of ICT Policy and support should be done as this is the weakest factor among the four factors considered.

Factors influencing university managers' participation in distance education : a case of public universities in Kenya

Author: Gikonyo, Naomi Wairimu M

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Colleges and universities ; Distance learning ; Computer assisted instruction--CAI ; Educators ; Management ;

Abstract:

The world today continues to move into the development of various non-traditional methods of reaching the growing numbers of people who cannot, or who will not attend conventional institutions, but who choose to learn away from their teachers. This has created the need foruniversities to direct resources and efforts to the macro-factors that would increase university managers' participation in distance education and also increase the rate of adoption of distance education in the universities. This study was concerned with the analysis of factors influencing university managers' participation in distance education in public universities in Kenya. A lot of resources have been committed to the development and integration of e-content at the public universities in Kenya; but there has not been much implementation of this content and participation in distance education. It has been established that both lecturers and students' attitude towards technology-based learning is favourable but the participation of managers and the factors that influence this participation have not been established. The study was guided by the following objectives: to establish the extent to which managers' level of knowledge in distance education influences their participation in distance education activities; to establish the extent to which availability of distance education support facilities influences managers' participation in distance education activities; to establish the extent to which university managers' attitude towards distance education, influences their participation in distance education activities; to identify any significant difference between the factors that influence managers participation in distance education activities at different levels. The research employed cross-sectional descriptive survey design; and multi-stage stratified sampling design to ensure fair representation of all the public universities in Kenya. The findings indicated that the managers' level of knowledge significantly influences their participation in distance education activities. It was also established that university managers' attitude towards distance education is not supportive; and that there is no significant difference in factors that influence university managers' participation in distance education at the different levels of management. It is recommended that: Managers be trained in distance education to enable them embrace and participate in distance education activities; managers' attitude change from non-supportive to supportive attitude, through persuasive communication; availing necessary support facilities; and formulation of policy framework to guide participation in distance education. This research is not exhaustive and further research is recommended on: A comparative study in factors that influence managers' participation in distance education in public and private universities; and a replica research in factors that influence university managers' participation in distance education in public universities, after a number years.

Validating organizational implementation of information systems innovations framework in Kenyan Higher Education Institutions

Author: Wambugu, Geoffrey Mariga

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Colleges and universities/Information systems/Innovations/Higher education ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Influence of students' factors on English performance in primary teacher education examinations in Eastern region, Kenya

Author: Wanja, Margaret

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Primary education/Teacher education/English language/Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

English, which is a second language for most of the people in the world, has increasingly become the international language for business and commerce, science and technology and international relations and diplomacy. English performance as a second language is subject to individual variations like attitudes, gender, socio-economic background and discipline. The purpose of the study was to investigate the students' factors which influence performance in English language in Primary Teacher Education examinations in Eastern region. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The target population for the study was all the 12 Primary Teacher Training Colleges in Eastern region with 84 teachers of English, 1090 male and 1660 female students. The sample size was 109 male and 166 female students and 42 teachers of English. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select the students' sample. Data collection was done using questionnaires. From the findings, the study concluded that students' performance in English in KCSE did'not affect their performance in English in college. The performance of . English in colleges is average and the students were not utilizing all the available opportunities to excel in their English examinations. On the relationship between the student's gender and their performance in English, the research concluded that female students had better performance in English than male students. On whether there is any relationship between student's attitudes towards English language and their performance in English, the study concluded that students' attitude towards English was positive and that they were willing to enhance their performance in English. In determining the influence of student's discipline on performance in English, the study concluded that use of alcohol and illegal drugs which indicated indiscipline among the students influences English performance. Teachers' laxity in disciplining deviant students encouraged indiscipline among- the students which led to poor performance in English. The languages of communication mostly used in PTTCs negatively influenced performance in English as students mostly never used English. The students who came from poor economic background faced challenges in raising fees and thus the socio-economic status of the student influenced performance in English. The study recommends that the colleges' management should come up with mentorship and motivation programs with a view to enhance students' attitude towards learning English. The colleges' management should also seek to improve the working relation between the stakeholders of PTTCs and the parents to increase students' participation in colleges affected by the poor economic status of the parents. iii. The colleges' management should come up with mentorship and motivation programs to enhance students' interest and concentration in class during English lessons. This will improve their attitude positively towards English.

A Critical analysis of students receptivity to strategic changes in private universities : a case of United States International University

Author: Wasike, Crispin Ayuoyi

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: University students/Attitudes/Organizational change/Colleges and universities/United States International University-Africa, Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE