312 Records out of 22207 Records

Faith and other related factors affecting project financing : the case of faith based organizations in Kilifi county, Kenya

Author: Wafula, David Simiyu

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Malindi District/Religious organizations/Community development/Project finance/Christianity/Islam ;

Abstract:

Faith Based Organizations (FBOs) are increasingly receiving attention as important players in development and an alternative to secular development models. This view is based on the realization that FBOs have a unique way of addressing human needs that endear them to the poor and the marginalized. Most development partners are however still hesitant in financing projects run by FBOs. This caution is rooted in the historical relationship between state and religion arising from the separation of the secular and the sacred. This separation resulted in the development of policies unfavorable to public funding of religious initiatives in many countries. Consequently, FBOs have to compete with secular organizations for project financing chances. Traditionally FBOs have played an important role in charity and social development through their projects. Some of these projects have been successful while others have stalled or failed to start. Most development partners and religious organizations identify project financing as one of the key challenges facing FBOs in their development initiatives. This study sought to identify faith and other related factors affecting the financing of projects managed by FBOs in Malindi, Kilifi County with a view of enhancing the involvement of FBOs in development. The focus was on Christian and Muslim FBOs and Congregations operating projects in Malindi District. The research design used in the study was descriptive survey involving 220 respondents from FBOs and key informants from finance and government institutions in Malindi District. Primary data was collected using questionnaires by the researcher with the help of field assistants. Data analysis was by inferential statistics and presented in tables form. The study findings established that legal concerns, accountability issues and project sustainability concerns have a major impact on the financing of projects by FBOs in Malindi district, Kilifi County. The analysis on the effect offaith related factors and proselytism although not conclusive, suggested that these factors have no influence on project financing in FB.Os in Malindi. Further investigation was recommended to establish the effect of faith related factors and proselytism in FBOs project financing in Malindi district. The study recommendations included the formulation of policy guidelines by FBOs in Malindi on their faith values, beliefs and principles and communicate the same to their stakeholders. Formation of local forums for sharing information and experiences was recommended as the way forward in increasing the FBOs understanding and competence in emergent legal issues. Further, the study recommended funding institutions in Malindi district to revise their policies on non eligibility of FBOs for funding based on faith related factors including proselytism since these factors were not confirmed to be significant in FBOs project funding. On accountability concerns the study recommended training for FBOs staff on accountability measures and strategies since most of the FBOs surveyed were congregation based. The establishment of income generating activities, fund development and diversification were recommended as the way forward in establishing sustainability strategies for FBOs in Malindi district. The study suggested further research on the influence of faith related factors including proselytism on FBOs project financing in Malindi. Also further research is needed on how FBOs in Malindi district can improve their financial base and sustainability without over reliance on external funding

The challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of christian complementary feminism : a case study of Mwala District in Machakos County

Author: Waila, Beatrice Ndungwa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kamba (African people)/Parents and parenting/Christianity/Feminism/Children and youth/Boys/Mwala District/ ;

Abstract:

This study exammes the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of Christian Complementary Feminism as a case study of Mwala District in Machakos County. The study is both anthropological and theological: Anthropological as it investigates the role and meaning of Akamba traditional rites of birth, naming, initiation, marriage and death through oral and written sources; theological as it examines the nature of Christian Complementary Feminism, the Christian Doctrine and theologians' reflections on and about family and parenting, Inculturating the Church doctrine on family and parenting using Akamba religio-cultural values through Christian Complementary Feminism for single mothers and the above Church doctrines for a fruitful boy child parenting and the resulting consequences. The main goal of the study is to investigate and elaborate the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of Christian Complementary Feminism, the Christian doctrine and theologians' reflections on and about family and parenting. This will be realized through the following six-fold specific objectives namely: To discuss the Christian Complementary Feminism as among the tools for the study; To investigate the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of Christian Complementary Feminism in Mwala District, Machakos County; To peruse the Christian doctrine and theologians' reflections on and about family and parenting; To provide an effort in Inculturating the Church doctrine on family and parenting using Akamba religio-cultural values through Christian Complementary Feminism for single mothers' fruitful the boy child parenting; To suggest ways of integrating the Akamba traditional family values with Christian Complementary Feminism in addressing the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to the boy child; and To spell out the implications of the study and emerging recommendations useful for assisting Akamba single mothers to productively confront the challenges they encounter in parenting the boy child. The main hypothesis of the study is that a serious investigation and elaboration of the challenges the Akamba single mothers encounter in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of Christian Complementary Feminism and the Christian doctrine and theologians' reflections on and about family and parenting assists such mothers a great deal in parenting more fruitfully. This will be realized through the following specific hypotheses: Christian Complementary Feminism is among the crucial tools for investigating the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child; An investigation of the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of Christian Complementary Feminism in Mwala District, Machakos County ensures family solidarity despite the stumbling blocks single mothers encounter in parenting the boy child; A critical perusal of the Christian doctrine and theologians' reflections on and about family and parenting provides a strong stance towards solving the problems single mothers encounter in parenting the boy child; There are invaluable implications and emerging recommendations that can be drawn from the study which are useful for assisting Akamba single mothers to productively .confront the challenges they encounter in parenting the boy child. background to the study thus giving the required setting; Chapter Two which discusses the Christian Complementary Feminism which is of immense importance for the study; Chapter Three which investigates the challenges of Akamba single mothers in reference to parenting the boy child in the light of Christian Complementary Feminism in Mwala District, Machakos County; Chapter Four which peruses the Christian doctrine and theologians' reflections on and about family and parenting; Chapter

Challenges of strategy implementation at the Christian Health Association of Kenya

Author: Kinyoe, Tabitha Njeri

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Christian Health Association of Kenya/Organizational growth/Strategic management/Associations/Christianity ;

Abstract:

The objective of the study is to establish the challenges of strategy implementation at CHAK how CHAK can overcome these challenges. The study was guided by interview guide. In the strategy implementation often called the action phase, the firm is required to translate its strategies and policies into actions through the development of specific budgets and procedures. Strategy may fail to achieve the expected results especially where strategy execution is flawed. Failure to execute is a major concern of the executives because it limits organizational growth, adaptability and competitiveness. Case study approach was adopted in the study because it provides an in depth understanding of the case understudy, in this context the study provides an understanding of the challenges of strategy implementation at CHAK and how CHAK overcoming these challenges. Interview guide was used to gather information from the senior and middle level management who were chosen as the respondents to the study, the data was analyzed using content analysis. The research study identified several challenges affecting CHAK in implementation of strategy. Some of these include insufficient funding, Donors are only interested on some areas on the strategic plan which are within their mandate. There is also the challenge of staff motivation and retention where the organization experiences challenges retaining the best and talented employees. Recommendations is that there is need for increased funding since sufficient funds for all areas on the strategic plan is a requisite for successful implementation of the strategic plan and that Human resource department should to develop ways of motivating and maintaining their best and talented employees who can effectively guide the strategy implementation process.

Parental involvement in spiritual and moral nurture of children in ACK ST Polycarp Mlango Kubwa Parish (Nairobi)

Author: Kithaka, Francis Peterson

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Parents and parenting/Children and youth/Christianity/Anglican Church of Kenya St. Polycarp Mlango Kubwa Parish/Nairobi, Kenya/Social conditions and trends/Morality ;

Abstract:

Bringing up children and taking care of them is a great responsibility for parents. Parental influence is of vital importance in the spiritual and 1Jloral nurture of children. The character and behaviour witnessed in the children reflect on how they are brought up. Rebellion, drugs and substance abuse, immorality etc among children is rampant and parents are at pains because of the behaviour of their children. The rite of passage of baptism and confirmation as taught in the Anglican Church of Kenya Catechism is wanting. This is because the catechism though having gone through this they do not practically reflect the teachings. Parents who themselves underwent the same also do not seem to take these catechetical teachings seriously. This problem led the researcher to look at the parental involvement in spiritual and moral nurture of children in ACK St Polycarp Mlango Kubwa Parish (Nairobi). Chapter one, thus looks at the background, statement of the problem, the objectives, justification, scope and limitation, literature review, theoretical framework, hypothesis, and the methodology of the study. In chapter two, the study looks at the importance of Christian education for parents on parenting. The church plays a vital role in imparting parents with the right knowledge as far as parenting is concerned. Through the various programmes like the couples fellowship, parenting seminars etc the parents get an opportunity to learn. Despite all these the researcher found out that there' is still a gap. Chapter three looks at the African traditional approach to spiritual and moral nurture of children through the rites of passage especially that of birth and initiation was compared to the Christian ones of baptism and confirmation. The role of sponsors came out strongly as being trainers and teachers. The communal responsibility in instilling of such teachings in the African traditional society is lacking in the Christian rites thus posing a challenge. The study looks at the roles of uncles, aunties and grandparents as well as those of teachers, pastors and church leaders in spiritual and moral nurture of the children. In chapter four, the study looks at the good parental qualities and challenges on spiritual and moral nurture of children was addressed. The parents ought to spend time with their children, show them love and more so listen to their children. The study found out that some parents do not spend time with their children due to the nature of their work and business that they do. This leaves the children under the care of house helps. Some children lamented that their parents suffer the disease called 'TB '(Too Busy), thus their companion becomes the electronic gadgets in the house. For us to get a generation of responsible citizens, we need to take this issue of parenting seriously. The society presently faces a lot of problems and the greatest is lack of proper parental guidance. 'Without Civic morality, the community perishes; and without personal morals, its survival lacks value.' In chapter five, we have the summary and conclusion in which the study recommends that all the stakeholders in parenting namely parents, teachers, church leaders and pastors should play their role and avoid blame game and passing the back Spiritual and moral nurture of children should be given the seriousness it deserves for posterity of the church and the society. Technology is a very important tool especially in the 21st century. Children must be made aware of what is good for them and discard what is evil especially the pornographic sites. The study recommends mentorship programmes for the children and having them involved more in church activities. Children should have their talents identified early and nurtured and instead of the parents discouraging them they instead be their encouragers. In conclusion, parental involvement in spiritual and moral nurture of children is of great importance and cannot be undermined. Parental challeng

The impact of some modes of women liberation on African Christian families in Kagio Town, Kirinyaga County

Author: Kirima, Phyllis Wangui

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Women's studies/Gender/Feminism/Social impact/Christianity/Families and family life/Kagio Town, Kenya ;

Abstract:

The study involves an examination of the impact of some modes of women liberation to the African Christian families in Kagio town, Kirinyaga County. Four objectives were addressed in order to successfully conduct the study. First an understanding of the African Christian family is examined. Second diverse types of women liberation and those common in Kagio Town are discussed. Then the emerging features in the African Christian family in view of the nature of gender relations triggered by diverse modes of women liberation are explicated. This is followed by drawing out some insights from the study in view of promoting more authentic gender relations. The conceptual perception of the research problem and the methodology are informed by three theories, namely: The mediation theory as propagated by Leonardo Boff and Clodovis Boff; Theory of Different Perception of Feminism resulting in Diverse Modes of Feminism by P. N. Wachege; and the theory of Remythologizaton and reconstruction by J. N. K. Mugambi. The mediation theory guides the method used in conducting the study- first the researcher mingled with the people in the area of study and got to learn first-hand information on the issue being researched, then a critical analysis of the assembled data is done, followed by a hermeneutic analysis, which is concerned with relating insights draw from the study to the Christian doctrines and finally coming up with practical suggestions on the way forward, in regards to the research problem. The respondents were selected through purposive random sampling. The major findings of the study are that women liberation had impacted on the family, both positively and negatively. Through the empowerment of the women, family life has been made better, through easier and better access to basic amenities. Contrary, marriage relationships have been challenged leading to family breakdown and consequential implications to the children and the society. Some of the challenges are such as; divorce, separation, domestic violence, infidelity, suicide, suicide murder of spouses and poor parenting. Some of the underlying causative factors to these challenges, which are attributed to women liberation include; culture shock, rivalry, It was suggested that pre-marital counselling be emphasized and the content and form reexamined. Marital counselling should also be emphasized and made readily 'available to people, irrespective of the backgrounds or orientations. Deeper and relevant catechism on issues confronting the family should be done, in view of the contemporary society. Church liturgy should be family centred, to help aid in spiritual growth and maturity of individuals, the family and the Church. Pastoral care, to victims of marital problems should be free of assumptions, stereotypes or unfounded proposition of the nature of the problems in the African Christian family. Parental schools for parents and house helps should be established. Parenting friendly policies such virtual office, should be adopted at the work places. Enlisting of male counterpart in the otherwise women only liberation initiative should be considered. Inter-cultural, ecumenical and interfaith approaches could be adopted in designing and implementing possible solutions to the African Christian family.

Factors influencing student enrolement in Christian Religious Education subject in public secondary schools in Nyamachi Division, Kisii County, Kenya

Author: Ombati, Clemenciah Magoma

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary education ; Nyamache Division, Kisii County ; Religious education ; Christianity ; Enrollments ; Educators ;

Abstract:

Christian Religious Education is an educational subject at all levels of learning. The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors influencing student enrolment in C.R.E in public secondary schools. The study pursued the following objectives students' perception on importance of C.R.E and its effects on enrolment, the role of career guidance in the selection of C.R.E as a subject and it affects enrolment, relationship between teacher's qualification and student enrolment and challenges facing the teaching of C.R.E and how it affects enrolment. This study adopted a descriptive survey design to determine the factors influencing student's enrolment in C.RE. To carry out a research on this area the researcher selected a sample of 30 out of 48 public secondary schools. In each of the 30 public secondary schools the researcher selected 5 from four students who have enrolled in C.R.E form 5 students who have not enrolled in C.R.E, and students were randomly selected. The research developed and use questionnaires for students who have enrolled for C.R.E, a questionnaire for students who have not enrolled in C.R.E, and a questionnaire for C.R.E teachers. The researcher employed descriptive statistics as a technique to analyzing qualitative and content analysis for qualitative data. Distributions and percentages, conclusions, records and suggestions were given. Data was presented using frequency tables. The study revealed that students' perception on importance of C.R.E affect their enrolment in public secondary schools to great extent. The study also revealed that role of career guidance in the selection of C.R.E as a subject and it affects enrolment in public secondary schools to great extent as most school didn't offer career guidance on selection of subject. The study found that teacher's academic qualification affected student enrolment into C.R.E, thus a relationship between teacher's qualification and student enrolment in C.R.E. The study further established that there were numerous challenges facing the teaching of C.R.E which negatively affected the enrolment of C.R.E in public secondary schools. The recommendation for the study is that there is need for the Ministry of Education Science and Technology to employ more qualified CRE teachers as this will help in increasing student enrolment in the C.R.E subject. There is need for school to offer career guidance on subject selection as this will help in improving C.R.E enrollment in public secondary schools.

Impact of new religious movements in Christianity : (a case study of Repentance and Holiness Ministry in Kisumu City)

Author: Otieno, Ishmael Opiyo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Christianity ; Religious congregations ; Repentance and Holiness Ministry ; Kisumu, Kenya ;

Abstract:

This study is focused on the impact of New Religious Movements in Christianity, with specific reference to Repentance and Holiness Ministry in Kisumu City. It is a descriptive and evaluative study that tends to critically consider the challenges of the societv at the time of the foundation of this movement, and how these challenges historically escalated into the New Religious movement in question. It also relates how they shaped the nature of the teachings of this movement and how these teachings positively or negatively influence the society in Kisumu. In attaining this, the four congregations of Repentance and Holiness Ministry in Kisurnu were selected. A pastor, three leaders and five members were selected from each congregation and interviewed. The researcher also conducted several interviews among other churches that have been in existence in Kisumu and their perception about this new mevement was considered. Two Catholic Parishes, an Anglican Church, an Africa Inland Church, two Pentecostal Churches and two African Instituted Churches were selected and two leaders from each church interviewed. The research realized that membership into this new religious movement is mainly composed of people who formerly belonged to the Pentecostal charismatic prosperity churches. The study also through a critical evaluative approach, found out that the prosperity gospel had become less appealing to people of the middle and low class who had considered such churches as economic exploitative faiths. With this respect, Repentance and Holiness Ministry (R.H.M) was revealed to be most appealing to masses because of Dr. Owuor's approach offree worship where congregants pay no money during the worship services. In this process, the Pentecostal churches were revealed to be the mostly affected while the Catholic Church is the least affected .This is based on the observation that the Catholic Church does not focus so much on the gospel of money. Besides these, attaining membership in Catholic Church is a very long procedure that involves discipleship, unlike the Pentecostals that only focus on the concept of salvation and spirit filling. The research also evaluates the doctrines of R.H.M. This is achieved through personal attendance and active participation in the meetings, critical review of the available literature and examining the lives of the followers. The study thus establishes that eschatological beliefs are the 1110st vocal in the movement because many people, who are frustrated in this life, easily withdraw their attention from the present and reflects to the future as the only option of self fulfillment. This study also evaluates methods of attracting followers into this movement. In this process. the study confirms that women are the maj ority of followers. This is based on the fact that the African society exposes women to more challenges than men, making them to be quick to follow New Religious Movements (N.R.Ms) in their quest for solutions to their social and economic challenges. Finally, the research discovers that the main cause of splinter groups in Christianity is based on the fact that many religious founders focus on different aspects of Christology rather than Christ in wholesome. Furthermore, the differences that are experienced between the N.R.Ms and the existing churches are always based on personal differences, rather than in the interest and defense of the faith.

The effect of Christian Education Teachers' preparedness on the performance of students in selected secondary schools Dagoretti Constituency

Author: Muchene, Moses

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Religious education ; Christianity ; Curricula ; Educators ; Teaching ; Quality of education ; Secondary school students ; Dagoretti, Nairobi, Kenya ;

Abstract:

The Ministry of Education (MOE) has prepared through the Kenya Institute Education (KIE) the syllabus for Christian Education subject. The syllabus is comwehensive and has been approved, but the general performance of Christian education remains poor. This study adopted a descriptive approach. The study was carried out in Dagoretti Division in Nairobi district which is located in Nairobi Province. In this study, the units of observation is the performance of the students in Christian Education, subject content mastery, teaching strategies, dedication and commitment, teaching competencies. The unit of analysis is effect of subject content mastery, teaching. A population is the whole group that the research focuses on (Coopers and Schindler 2003). Sampling refers to the process of obtaining information about an entire population by examining only a part of it. Primary data refers to data collected for the first time while secondary data refers to data which has already been collected and analyzed by someone else. The primary data was collected by use of a questionnaire which was be used to record respondents' responses. Data collection utilized questionnaires for teachers who carry out administrative activities in the respective departments and their students as well. The process of data analysis involve several stages namely; data clean up and explanation. The study found that the performance of the students in CRE was generally below average. The study finding agrees with KNEC Report Book, (2006) which indicated that Christian Education subject is poorly performed in national examinations. However, they indicated that the curriculum and the materials used in teaching Christian education to the students lacked relevant practical application in the daily life. The study indicated that the performance of students in Christian Education was mainly below average stating that the students would score as low as a mean grade of 4/12. Teachers also motivated their students to work hard. The teachers were found to be able to teach and answer comprehensively the questions asked by their students. They dealt with complex topics bit by bit assessing students understanding and re-administered where necessary, gave student a chance to assist one another and make presentations once they had discussed among themselves. This is indicated by the fact that mainly CRE Syllabus was completed in the next class denying the student adequate time to do revision. The study also recommends that the schools should encourage group work, discussion and research among the students to encourage good performance in Christian Education. The curriculum should also provide some guidance on how to apply the knowledge taught. The schools management need to establish a system that ensures .that teachers use effective strategies while teaching, that they have proper mastery of the subject content and that they are dedicated and committed to their work.

Perceptions of teachers on the implementation of Christian Religious Education curriculum in public secondary schools in Kajiado North District, Kenya

Author: Itonga, Millicent Kagwiria

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kajiado North District/Secondary education/Religious education/Christianity/Curricula/Educators ;

Abstract:

Religion plays a great role in individual's moral development throughout history of mankind through acquisition of values and beliefs. Christian Religious Education (CRE) was introduced into Kenya school curriculum since the inception of formal education with the sole responsibility of inculcating in each generation those forms of knowledge, skills, values and attitudes which society needs to prosper. Despite the teaching of CRE in schools there is little positive change in behaviour among the students. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate perceptions of teachers on the implementation of Christian Religious Education (CRE) in public secondary schools in Kajiado North. The major issues considered were the extent to which teachers' qualification affects their perception on the implementation processes, the extent to which school policies, instructional materials and method of CRE evaluation affect their perception on implementation of CRE curriculum. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design to investigate perception of teachers on the implementation of CRE curriculum. This design was appropriate as it is used to collect information about people's attitudes, opinions and habits. The instruments that were used for data collection were interview guides for the Principals and the questionnaires for the CRE teachers. The questionnaires were used for the study as they are quick to administer and can collect information from many respondents simultaneously. The research instruments were pre-tested to establish their validity and reliability. The revealed anomalies were corrected. The data was then collected from the sampled schools after the permission was sought from the National Council of Science and Technology and the DEO's office in Kajiado North District. The questionnaires were distributed to the sampled schools. Some were filled immediately, while others were left behind and picked later. The qualitative data captured from open-ended questions was organized into various themes and patterns and reported in a descriptive manner. The quantitative responses captured from the closed-ended questions were tabulated, coded and analyzed by use of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences computer software. The study revealed that all the sampled CRE teachers in the district were academically qualified although they rarely attend in-service courses. All the sampled schools had enough instructional materials. Nevertheless the teachers complained that they did not have enough time to make use of them due to some policies that required the teachers to finish the CRE syllabus within a specified time. It was also revealed that there was a problem of teacher/student ratio in some schools although the teachers had reasonable workloads. The study revealed that CRE is performed well in the district although most of the learning and teaching is examination-oriented. The conclusions drawn from the study are that, although the CRE teachers are academically qualified, their failure to attend in-service so as to develop them professionally was likely affecting CRE curriculum implementation in the district. The study also concluded that although most of the schools had adequate instructional materials, lack of enough time to make use of the available materials was also likely affecting CRE curriculum implementation in the district. Finally, it was concluded that although CRE is performed well at KCSE, most of the teaching and learning is examination-oriented which does not lead to a less extent moral development among students in the district. The study therefore recommended that Kenya Institute of Education should organize in-service courses for teachers. The DEOs and school Principals should sensitize the teachers on the importance of these seminars. Availability of instructional materials can lead to teaching and learning only if used for the purpose they are designed for. The study therefore recommends

Determinants of the implementation of Christian Religious Education Curriculum in public Secondary schools in Migori District, Kenya

Author: Awuonda, Jared Otieno

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Migori District ; Curricula ; Secondary education ; Christianity ; Religious education ; Teaching ; Educators ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of the implementation of Christian Religious Education curriculum in public secondary schools in Migori district .The descriptive survey design was used in the study. The research objectives were used to develop the research instruments. Questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect the data. The questionnaire was administered on the form 3 and 4 CRE students and the CRE teachers. While the interview schedule was administered to the Headteachers. The information was collected from 220 students 42 CRE teachers and 14 headteachers from sampled public secondary schools in the district. The analysis from the pilot study indicated that the instruments had reliability co-efficient of 0.72. The questionnaire return rate by teachers and head teachers was 100% while that of students was 99%. The main fmdings of the study were that 73.8% of teachers had not attended inservice courses hence teachers were not updated on the current trends and changes in implementing the CRE curriculum. It was also revealed that there was a limitation in the resources available for the implementation of CRE in secondary school. The researcher also found that both the students and teachers had positive attitude towards CRE as a subject in secondary schools. This impacted on performance in KCSE. On the basis of the fmdings from this study and the conclusions drawn the following recommendations were pointed out which could work towards effective implementation of Christian Religious Education in public secondary schools. i. There is an urgent need to organize regular in-service programmes for CRE teachers in secondary schools. ii. Students should be encouraged to form CRE clubs and inter school societies to strengthen their attitudes towards the subject. iii. The schools should diversify the resources used to teach the subject. This will improve the performance and enhance discipline in the school. IV. The government should employ qualified teachers to handle CRE in secondary schools. This will improve the performance and develop students' interest in the subject since they will see the teachers as role models. The school administration, sponsors and other educations stakeholders should give moral support and reward meritorious performance to boost the inorale of students and teachers in the subject. A study needs to be conducted to establish the perception of parents, and sponsors on the importance of CRE in secondary schools. There is also a need to investigate the challenges facing primary, secondary and primary teachers college teachers in the implementation of CRE Curriculum.