15 Records out of 22207 Records

Effect of multinational Chinese firms in competition with the local firms in Kenya

Author: Gichuki, Ann Wambui

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Globalization ; Multinational corporations ; China ; Foreign direct investment ; Competitive advantage ; Price wars ;

Abstract:

Globalization is the ongoing social, economic, and political process that deepens and broadens the relationships and inter-dependencies amongst nations, their people, their firms, their organizations, and their governments. International competition involves the battle between businesses to win consumer acceptance and loyalty in the international field. As multinationals diversify through foreign direct investments in other countries, they are posing major threats to the local firms which in return have resulted to various tactics to ensure that their market share is not threatened by new entrants. This study was set to determine the effect of Multinational Chinese Firms in competition with the Local Firms in Kenya. The study was conducted on a sample of 15 Multinational Chinese Firms and 25 Local Kenyan Firms doing business in Kenya. Data was collected using questionnaires which were delivered to both Local firms and Multinational Chinese firms targeting middle level employees. The results were analyzed and the findings from the study indicate that Local Kenyan Firms are being adversely affected by the Multinational Chinese Firms in terms of pricing, quality and marketing of their products. To remain competitive, the local firms have resulted to price reduction thus affecting their profits, advertisement thus increasing their expenses and quality improvement thus a need for them to invest more in research and development. The findings of this study are important because they will assist in developing policies and strategies that will ensure that Local Kenyan Firms are able to compete successfully with the Multinational Chinese Firms in Kenya. This include as identified in the study, becoming more innovative, responding efficiently to customers' needs, developing affordable products, developing new & better quality attractive products and being proactive in coming up with competitive strategies to beat competition.

Factors affecting performance of Chinese firms in Aviation industry in Kenya

Author: Ngugi, Sylvia Waceke

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Financial performance ; China ; International trade ; Aircraft industry ;

Abstract:

The aim of the study was to examine the factors affecting performance of Chinese firms in aviation industry in Kenya. Performance is the record of outcomes achieved, while satisfaction is being because something is good enough. The study adopted descriptive research design. The population of this study was the : employees in five selected Chinese firms in aviation industry in Kenya. Currently. there are 159 employees. Data was collected using 81 questionnaires method and from the trading records and the current market environment. The linear regression model was applied to analyze the data. Linear Regression estimates the coefficients of the linear equation. involving one or more independent variables that best predict the value of the dependent variable. This research studied broadly four factors that include investment climate, cost factors, government policies and legislation and market factors as independent variables on how they affect performance of international companies in Kenya. The findings showed that the political environment, the economic circumstance. the technique. the product quality. prices and the services after sale are the key factors affecting performance of Chinese firms in aviation industry in Kenya as shown by the significant levels since P value =0.001 is less than the significant value of 0.005. Chinese firms deliver better and more service and products to Kenya Market, ana therefore the relationship will grow stronger by enhancing the cooperation between these two countries. The study recommends that more studies should be done to study factors affecting the performance of international firm in Kenya. The researcher recommends that the government should provide a sound legal framework for the international firm and government. Secondly, the researcher recommends that the government sets up an institute whose mission would be to guide. control and supervise international firm doing business in Kenya.

Competitive strategies adopted by Chinese firms in the building and construction industry in Kenya

Author: Musembi, Amos Kalia

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Competitive advantage ; Strategic management ; China ; Expatriates ; Construction companies ; Foreign labor ;

Abstract:

The study focused on the competitive strategies adopted by Chinese firms in building and construction industry in Kenya. Since Kenya has become the latest beneficiary of the battle between Japan and China for control of Africa's economic landscape, raking in billions of shillings in new project finance and grant funds in the past two years. Though China has been the more brazen hunter of opportunities in the country's vast infrastructure and natural resources sectors, the scales have been tilting in favor of Japan in recent months as the Asian economic powerhouse ~nleashed its corporate giants for pieces of the action. China signed deals with Chinese firms ranging from oil exploration to mining and infrastructure developments. The construction of an eight-lane highway on Thika road began in 2010 following the government's signing of a sh27 billion contract with three Chinese road construction firms. Among Chinese firms contracted for this project included China Wu Yi Company, SinoHydro corporation ltd and Shengli engineering construction. The building and construction sector key economic indicators have recorded improved performance powered by growing economy and stable interest rates, remittances from abroad and spending on development projects, the improvement of construction sector like mid-range regional and national companies capable of handling multiple projects within one country, to larger players with specialist interests, for instance, shopping mall construction, or office blocks, operating in multiple countries. Extensive opportunities exist particularly in the construction of middle and low income housing, manufacture and supply of building materials, renovation and rehabilitation of transport infrastructure. The study was executed through use of questionnaires that were administered through drop and pick method to all Chinese firms in the building and construction industry in Kenya. Porter's generic strategies were greatly practiced by Chinese firms in the building and construction industry in Kenya while Ansoff growth strategies and Pearson and Robinson grand strategies shared equal points. The most practiced competitive strategies by Chinese firms in the building and construction industry in Kenya adopted were targeting bulk customers, price wars, offering quantity discounts for bulk purchases by customers, rent utilization by ensuring go-downs are well organized to enable maximum number of products are stoked, offering cash discounts to customers, and offering credit facilities to repeat customers respectively. The most adopted competitive strategy was targeting bulk customers while the least adopted competitive strategy was advertising on radio, billboards and newspapers. The study recommends that competitive strategies are of great importance since they confirm to the literature on the merits they offer to the firm once the right choice is implemented. Thus firms need to identify the right mix of Porter's generic strategies, Ansoff's growth strategies and Pearson and Robinson grand strategies in order to minimize strategic conflict.

Industrial innovation in the face of stiff competition from Chinese imports: a study of small and medium scale garment firms in Nairobi

Author: Gatimu, Caroline Wanjiku

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Nairobi ; Clothing industry ; Business conditions ; Competition ; Imports ; China ;

Abstract:

The rise of China as a global producer in the late 20th century and its increased openness have led to concerns, not just in the developed world but also within developing countries. Kenya has experienced increased garment imports from China, particularly after opening up its markets in the late 1980s and early 1990s which continues to compete with locally made clothing. Local garment producers have reacted differently to this challenge. Some have closed shops while others have proved to be very resilient, surviving and thriving in the new liberalized markets. This study focused on how garment SMEs in Nairobi have reacted to the increased clothing imports from China. Our overall aim was to investigate the different types of innovations adopted by these firms in responding to the stiff competition posed by Chinese clothing imports. We tried to establish whether there was a link between Chinese competition and firms' innovative behaviour. In order to realize this objective, a case study of fifteen garment firms was chosen. Face to face interviews with managers and/or owners of these firms were conducted. The data collected was analyzed into themes andfindings written on the same. The study established two major sources of competition for garment SMEs, which were, local competition and Chinese competition. Second-hand clothes were not regarded as competitors. The study also revealed that garment firms had adopted various innovations so as to cope with this competition. These innovations were incremental but not radical. They included process, product, market innovations and new sources of supply. Product innovations were the most common among these firms. Competition from other local producers emerged as the strongest driver of innovations among garment SMEs as opposed to Chinese competition. Creativity among entrepreneurs was also identified as a considerable driver of innovations among these firms. The study concludes that even though Chinese competition was not regarded as the strongest driver of innovations, many firms still opted to concentrate on products that were not in direct competition with Chinese imports and/or where Chinese competition was presumed to be low. This suggested that Chinese influence on local producers is strong even though some entrepreneurs did not see it that way. The study recommends government control of clothes importation and strict adherence to quality standards for those imports allowed in and promotion of cotton production and revival of textile ginning mills. Entrepreneurs in this area should also adopt product specialization and value addition as studies have shown that such activities have the potential to boost profit margins of garment firms. In addition, the government together with other stakeholders needs to establish training institutions in fashion design and other specialties relevant to garment industry as they are currently inadequate in the country, among others.

Cultural diplomacy as soft power; a comparative study of China and South Africa, 1990-2010

Author: Wamuya, Judy Wanjiru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: China/South Africa/International relations ;

Abstract:

This study is based on the search for better ways of relations between states other than the previous domination of hard power use. With the growing trend of countries 'looking-east' it is definite that China's growth has caught the attention of the world. This paper seeks to identify why, and find out whether it could be attributed to their intense effort in soft power and Cultural Diplomacy. The study starts with the examination of whether cultural diplomacy as a form of soft power affects foreign policy and inter-state relations. The framework used in the study is based on the theory of idealism which helps explain why soft power is more effective than hard power. The methodology used is reviewing of secondary data and analyzing interviewees to come up with qualitative data. The study uses two case studies; China and South Africa. Finally, the fifth chapter which is analytical, seeking to verify the findings and the hypotheses, brings the study to a conclusion that indeed cultural diplomacy as a form of soft power not only boosts relations but also economies. The sixth chapter gives recommendations to policy makers and points out further areas of research.

Chinese foreign direct investments in Kenya's Economy, (2000-2010)

Author: Ronoh, Wilson

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Foreign investment/China/Economic development ;

Abstract:

This Research Project contends that despite the criticism labeled against China's increasing economic and political influence in Africa and particularly against the anticipated negative impact of its foreign direct investments in African countries, it is imprecise to condemn such investments as potentially harmful to an economy such as Kenya's without subjecting them to empirical investigation. Consequently the study argues that although there are both gains and losses associated with Chinese Foreign Direct Investments, Kenya must continue to encourage investments from China because Kenya's losses from these investments are the result of systemic weaknesses to absorb foreign investments in the Kenyan economy but these weaknesses can be addressed to ensure that the country's economy benefits to the maximum from Chinese investments. Kenya needs to ensure that all foreign investments including Chinese create linkages with local producers so as. to increase the possibility of technological and skills transfers. Kenya also requires to monitor and regulate the activities of those investments in Wholesale and Retail and Import and Export that compete unfairly with local businesses. The main findings of this study are that Chinese Foreign Direct Investments in Kenya are driven primarily by the motive of seeking markets and secondarily by the motive of seeking resources. Chinese investments were found to benefit the economy of Kenya most through the injection of capital for infrastructural development and the creation of employment. The investments were however found to perform poorly in technological and skills transfers and the creation of important backward linkages with local producers. In essence the study established that Chinese investments in Kenya contribute considerably to Kenya's economy and should be encouraged.

China, Sudan and the Darfur conflict in perspective (2001-2010)

Author: Oduori, Anthony Wesonga

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Sudan ; China ; International relations ;

Abstract:

Anarchy, political theory confirms, is opposed to all forms of government. Realists embrace this philosophy of life where the highest attainment of humanity is the freedom of individuals to express themselves, unhindered by any form of repression or control. A world view that resembles classical Greek and Roman authority that found vindication in the fact that war was inevitable because of the absence of a world government. In such world view interest provides the only legitimate basis for state action, a disposition that set and continues to set precedent to conflict. Many nation states have used the concept of national interest to justify their foreign policy however much it rubbed the rest of the world the wrong way. They cite sovereignty, national interest and survival in the absence of a central authority so that the resultant clash of interests creates the infamous security dilemma. 'Acting now' becomes a necessity as the actors seek the usually overrated need for serving that interest 'now' and not later.China's post-Maoist leadership has preached and practiced noninterference to win a foothold on the African continent as it secured its energy resources and markets in the same vein of serving this interest. This approach has sometimes been attributed to sustaining instability like that in the Darfur region of Sudan more so the same sentiments, it has been argued, have fanned anti-Chinese populism. The People's Republic of China as a hegemony needs to use its growing influence in the world to demand for good governance and accountability in the universal search for basic rights, freedoms and to engage with the right entities that mean well for a society of overlapping worlds. This will ensure responsible behavior among state and non-state actors because the assumed inviolability of state sovereignty in now fast eroding. Atrocities just like best practice systems and processes at anyone spot or within a state are now the business of all international actors both neighboring and otherwise. The universal desire to overcome selfish nationalist concerns now recognizes that the kinship of all peoples reigns supreme like never before.

Continuity and change in Kenya-China relations 1963-2008

Author: Mogaka, Stephen

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: International relations ; China ;

Abstract:

In the last few years there has been a significant amount of comment and debate on the topic of Kenya's growing relationship with China. To a certain extent, the debate is part of a broader discussion on the question of China's growing presence in Africa. A number of commentators have argued that the state of Kenya-China relations during' the Kibaki administration differs fundamentally with the state of relations during the Kenyatta and Moi administrations. In other words, it has been argued that Kenya-China relations during the Kibaki administration have been characterized more by change than continuity. The main objective of the study was the examination of the history of the bilateral relationship across the three administrations of Kenyatta, Moi and Kibaki with the aim of evaluating the degree of change and continuity in the relationship. The study addressed severaL research questions. The key questions were; was the state of Kenya-China relations during the Kenyatta and Moi administrations uniformLy strained as has been suggested? How does the state of Kenya-China reLations during the Kibaki administration compare to that of the Moi administration? How much continuity and change is seen in the reLationship? What factors domestic or externaL have contributed to continuity and change in the reLationship? The study tested two hypotheses. The first postuLated that Kenya-China relations had improved due to changes in the gLobaL distribution of power. The second postuLated that Kenya-China reLations had been enhanced by changes in Leadership in the two countries. The main finding of the study was that while changes in Leadership had influenced the relationship, the most significant influence on the relationship was the changes in the global distribution of power. In particular, the study concluded that the significant amount of continuity in Kenya-China relations from the Moi to the Kibaki administration was the result of the end of the CoLd War and the resulting change in the gLobal distribution of power. Kenya like many other developing states had to diversify her sources of aid and assistance as well as markets for her goods. China on the other hand, has had to seek out new markets as weLL as seek new allies to further her gLobal ambitions.

Kenya-Sino Economi relations : the impact of Chinese Investment in Kenya's transport sector

Author: Mugendi, Florence Karimi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Foreign investment ; Roads and highways ; China ; Nairobi-Thika highway ;

Abstract:

The economic relationship between China and Africa has evolved noticeably over the last five years. There has been an increase in Chinese investment in Kenya particularly in the transport sector. Chinese companies have been involved in the construction of major road networks in Kenya for example, Nairobi- Thika Highway, Airport road in Nairobi, Kipsigak - Serem - Shamakhokho in Rift Valley, Kima-Emusustwi Road and GambogiSerem road in Western Kenya. Three Chinese companies involved in the construction of Nairobi- Thika Highway were China Wu Yi (Kenya) Corporation, Sheng Li Construction Company and Sinohydro Company. The overall objective of this study was to determine the economic impact of international business relations between Kenya and China through construction of Thika Highway by Chinese companies. To achieve the main objective, the study sought to determine how Chinese foreign investment policies favour investments in Kenya, determine how Chinese investments in Kenyan transport sector has led to creation of employment opportunities, to establish the effects of Chinese investments on Kenyan infrastructure and its impact on gross domestic production in Kenya. The findings of the study reveal that the existing cordial relationship between the governments of Kenya and China facilitated the award of the tender to improve NairobiThika Highway to Chinese contractors. The Nairobi- Thika Highway Improvement Project has contributed to enhancement of transport services and urban mobility in Nairobi by reducing general transport costs, improving accessibility to public transportation, employment opportunities, housing, and recreation activities. In addition, the project has promoted private sector participation in the management and operation of road infrastructure in Kenya. Therefore, the project has significant impacts on the Kenyan economy. The study recommends that: (i) Kenya invites other developed countries with favourable foreign investment policies as China's to invest in other areas of Kenyan infrastructure, (ii) Kenya puts in place investment measures and policies that will ensure that foreign investors involve more Kenyans in their work, (iii) Kenya increase bilateral trade within China and other development partners, (iv) the government of Kenya replicate similar project in other towns in Kenya and improve other modes of transport like rail, air and water.

Measuring HIV awareness and knowledge : analyses of cross-sectional surveys with a focus on China

Author: Maslovskaya, O

Awarding University: University of Southhampton, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: HIV (infection) ; China ; Women ; Models ;

Abstract:

This thesis investigates the evolution of HIV awareness and knowledge in China between 1997 and 2005. It also compares two methodological approaches to measuring HIV knowledge: a simple score approach and a latent variable approach. The first paper examines the evolution of HIV awareness among women in China between 1997 and 2005. The aim is to compare the levels of HIV awareness at various points in time. A regression decomposition analysis technique is used in this paper in order to disentangle the two main components driving a change in HIV awareness: the change in a population structure and the change in effect sizes due to external factors such as political environment, interventions and programmes. The results show that HIV awareness increased over time in China. Results suggest the main driver of the observed change in HIV awareness over time in China is the change in the environment such as in political commitment, interventions and campaigns. The second and third paper both focus on the evolution of HIV knowledge among women in China between 1997 and 2005. The main aim of these papers is to assess whether China has succeeded in improving women?s HIV knowledge over time, and if China is a relative success story in improving women?s HIV knowledge when compared with other countries in the world with generalised (Kenya and Malawi) as well as with non-generalised (India and the Ukraine) HIV epidemics. The second paper uses a simple score approach to measuring HIV knowledge, whereas the third paper uses a latent variable approach Partial proportional odds and multinomial logistic regression modelling techniques are employed for the analysis of patterns of HIV knowledge in China over time and in other countries included in the analyses. The main findings indicate that China has succeeded in improving women?s HIV knowledge. HIV knowledge in China is comparable to HIV knowledge in other countries with non-generalised epidemics.