29 Records out of 22207 Records

A lexical pragmatic analysis of the discourse in a drinking session

Author: Wabende, Andrea Walela

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bukusu (African people)/Discourse analysis/Bukusu language/Communication/Alcohol use/ ;

Abstract:

This paper examines the pragmatic aspect of the language and communication patterns of a genre of Lubukusu used in drinking sessions. It is an attempt to identify and analyse a distinct genre associated with a discourse within a drinking session. This study uses a lexical pragmatic view which posits that the meaning of an utterance is basically what is communicated by the speaker and as interpreted by the listener. Involves the interpretation of what people mean in a particular context and how the context influences what is said. That is, speakers organize what they say in accordance with who they are talking to, where, when and under what circumstances. Consequently, listeners will make inferences about what is said in order to arrive at an interpretation of the speaker's intended meaning. This study therefore entertains the notion that language functions as a crass human phenomenon and the need to communicate meaningfully in any given social context. It looks at the codes and collocation forms of the language, the interest to communicate amongst members of this social speech group and in particular, the interface between language choices and the situational context that enhances the commonness observed in the communication patterns. Notably, this study puts under focus the genre of responsible drinkers whose drinking activities are a social pastime which offer time to relax, socialize and mark important social functions. Emotive language of drunkards, sods and alcoholics is not part of this study.

Socio-cultural significance of circumcision songs within a changing Babukusu community of Bumula Division, South Bungoma District, Western Province of Kenya

Author: Simiyu, Raphael Nashon

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Bumula Division, South Bungoma District/Babukusu (African people)/Circumcision/Music/Rites and ceremonies/ ;

Abstract:

This study investigated the socio-cultural significance of circumcision songs within a changing Babukusu community. Technological developments, growth of towns and industries have led to remarkable adjustments in the social behaviors and other ways of life of the Babukusu. These changes have given rise to new concerns and by extension to new compositions with new themes and even performance styles to suit the general trends which the general culture development follows. The Babukusu attach great significance to traditional circumcision. So, during circumcision season, the Babukusu youths who are ready for initiation including those born and bred outside the Babukusu culture such as urbanized youths are expected to be initiated according to the Babukusu tradition. During the circumcision ceremonies, traditional songs play crucial role as channel for conveying cultural values, beliefs and philosophies of the Babukusu to the initiates. In this research, a synchronic study of the Babukusu circumcision song texts was taken in Bumula Division, South Bungoma District, Western Province of Kenya by contextualizing the meanings of these songs to the contemporary issues that are relevant to the Babukusu culture and ascertain the relevance of these songs to the changing Babukusu community. Primary and secondary sources of data were consulted. The main methodology used in the study was qualitative method whereby questions from an interview schedule were administered to various respondents in the study group. The collection of primary data involved carrying out both participant and non-participant observation. Purposive and random sampling techniques were used to identify respondents who included circumcised male adults belonging to various circumcision age sets in Bumula Division. Secondary sources included information from written materials like books, journals, newspapers and dissertations. Data were analyzed through qualitative method. Information from the interview schedule was observed and in-depth descriptions were undertaken. The major findings of the study were that out of 15 songs analyzed, 13 of them' representing 86.6% conveyed messages concerning beliefs, values and other fundamental philosophies of the Babukusu. According to the respondents, contemporary circumcision songs used in the study such as Mulongo (song 2), Enyanga yakwa (song 7), Rosa (song 8), Ngonga khumuliango (song 9) and Lusia luanya embula (song 10) highlight and condemn social ills such as prostitution, witchcraft, homosexuality etc that are committed in the society. The study recommended that traditional music genres be supported and encouraged because of the moral aspects they serve. The songs contain a lot of wisdom in-so-far as virtues related to humanity are concerned. Studies should also be done to determine the socio-cultural significances of traditional children songs, wedding songs, harvest songs, funeral songs etc for documenting and preserving them for use as reference materials by sociologists, anthropologists and ethnomusicologists.

Ishara za mawasiliano katika matambiko ya matanga maalum miongoni mwa jamii ya waBukusu

Author: Olunga, Doreen Omito

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi LIbrary ;

Subject Terms: Bukusu (African people) ; Death and dying ; Grief ; Social life and customs ; Traditions ;

Abstract:

Utafiti huu unachanganua ishara za mawasiIiano na utumizi wa lugha katika uwasiIishaji wa matambiko ya matanga maalum miongoni mwa jamii ya Wabukusu. Lengo kuu la utafiti huu oi kubainisha namna ambavyo ishara tamkwa na zisizo za kutamkwa pamoja na utumizi wa lugha huweza kuwasilisha maana katika jamii husika kupitia kwa ufasiri wa ishara hizo. Tumechanganua ishara tamkwa na zile zisizotamkwa pamoja na matumizi mbalimbali ya lugha. Utafiti wetu uliongozwa na nadharia ya Semiotiki na iIe ya Uchanganuzi Amilifu wa Utamaduni. Data ilikusanywa kupitia utafiti wa maktabani na ule wa nyanjani. Maktabani tuliweza kuvisoma vitabu, tasnifu mbalimbali na majarida yanayohusiana na mada yetu ya utafiti. Nyanjani tuliweza kuwa na mahojiano tukiongozwa na maswali ya mahojiano tuliyotunga kabla ya kwenda nyanjani. Tulichanganua data kwa njia ya maelezo. Katika matokeo ya utafiti huu tulibaini kwamba ufasiri wa Ishara Tamkwa, Zisizotamkwa na utumizi wa lugha huweza kuwasilisha maana fulani katikajamii kutegemea muktadha. Kazi hii ina sura tano. Sura ya kwanza ni utangulizi unaojadili suala la utafiti, misingi ya nadharia, sababu za kuchagua mada, yaliyoandikwa kuhusu mada hii, upeo wa utafiti na mbinu za utafiti. Sura ya pili imejadili ishara za mawasiliano na utumizi wa lugha katika uwasilishaji wa matambiko ya matanga ya kawaida iii kuuwekea msingi utafiti wetu. Sura ya tatu nayo imechanganua ishara za mawasiliano na utumizi wa lugha katika uwasiIishaji wa matambiko ya matanga maalum miongoni mwa jamii ya Wabukusu kwa kuzingatia kigezo cha kisababishi cha kifo cha mhusika. Imebainika kuwa uwasilishaji wa matambiko haya hubadilika na pia ishara na lugha huwa tofauti kutegemea kilichosababisha kifo cha mhusika. Sura ya nne nayo imechanganua ishara za mawasiliano na utumizi wa lugha kwa kuegemea kigezo cha hadhi ya mhusika katika jamii. KiIichobainika hapa ni kuwa ishara na lugha hubodilika kwa kuzingatia anayehusika (yaani marehemu), Sura ya mwisho ni hitimisho. Katika sehemu hii tumebaini namna lugha, muktadha na hadhi ya mhusika (marehemu) zinavyoathiri uwasilishaji wa matambiko na jinsi zinavyodokeza ishara na lugha tumikizi. Mazingatio haya yamefanya uwasilishaji wa matambiko kutimiza malengo yake. Katika sura hii pia maelezo yametolewa kwa muhtasari pamoja na matokeo, changamoto na mapendekezo ya utafiti.

The role of Ethnomedia in contemporary communication dynamics : a case study of the Bukusu folk media

Author: Barasa, Maurice Wekesa

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bukusu (African people) ; Folklore ; Social life and customs ; Proverbs ; Radio programming ; Social criticism and satire ;

Abstract:

This study investigated the role of ethnomedia in todays fast changing communication landscape with special focus on the Bukusu folk media. The communication technology is shifting from analogue to digital. By 2012 Kenya is expected to have fully gone digital. Printed matter such as books and newspapers today can be read electronically. FM radio stations have sprung up in almost every district and are broadcasting in vernacular languages pre-dominant in the target district. Television stations too have increased their coverage areas. As such hitherto inaccessible areas are now increasingly consuming television broadcasting. Mobile phones have become tools through which the internet and television reaches rural areas. These changes have enabled folk media to enjoy a wide reception in Kenya. This study investigated the role of Bukusu folk-songs, folktales and proverbs in the current communication dispensation. In order to do this, the study employed a qualitative research approach. The researcher interviewed key informants, distributed self administered questionnaires and used both participant and non-participant methods to gather the raw data for this study. The following research questions guided the study; ? Which virtues are exalted by Bukusu music, proverbs and folktales? ? What are the emerging trends in the organization, structure and performance ofBukusu folk-stories, traditional music and proverbs? ? Examine and interpret the usage of Bukusu folk media by modem print and electronic media, politicians and other groups. ? Examine and explain melding between traditional bukusu and exogenous forms of knowledge. ? What is the role of Bukusu ethnomedia in the current communication dynamics? The Bukusu community is largely an oral one. As a result the society's traditional media plays a central role in disseminating information in the community. For example, this study established that folk media is used by the Ministry of Health to spread anti- AIDSIHIV messages among other health advocacy efforts. Agricultural extension officers in Bungoma district too use folk music to educate farmers on new farming methods. Folk media is therefore instrumental in mobilizing people at the grassroots level for community development. The three FM stations broadcasting in Lubukusu in Bunguma district - Mulemhe FM, West FM and Radio Jambo - have taken advantage of folklore and are using them to entertain and educate their listeners. Bukusu elders are always invited into the studios of these radio stations and through proverbs and songs they counsel people and reconstruct the migratory history of the community. During funerals, songs are used to console the bereaved. Dirges are sung to espouse the bereaved family to remain strong and united in the hope that they will meet the dead person in the spirit when their tum comes. Vernacular languages have been found to be popular in rural areas and as a result the advertisement industry is using them to advertise goods and services. The Interim Independent Electoral Commission (IIEC) used them to urge Kenyans to register as voters in 2010. The Committee of Experts (CoE) too used vernacular language adverts to encourage Kenyans to vote for the new constitution in the August 2010 referendum. Among Babukusu, proverbs serve aesthetic purposes. Elders and politicians like using them in order to be considered eloquent. Bukusu traditional musicians compose lyrics which castigate anti-social behaviours and praise excellence. Folktales, songs and proverbs warn, caution and advise people against egocentrism, laziness and other vices. Folktales attempt to answer etymological questions such as why the dog is domesticated. Among the Bukusu are very popular with children. Folk -stories are narrated to them in the evening as they retire to bed. There is the melding of traditional and exotic knowledge as far as folklore is concerned. Folktales are serialized in newspapers and broadcast on both rad

Suala la upole katika jando ya jamii ya Wabukusu

Author: Walubengo, Abraham

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bukusu (African people)/Social life and customs/Circumcision/Singing ;

Abstract:

Utafiti huu wneshughulikia suala la upole katika nyimbo na mawaidha katika sherehe za jando zajamii ya Wabukusu. Tulitumia mtazamo wa nadharia ya upole ya Brown na Levinston (1997) basa kipengele cha mikakati ya kuokoa uso. Madhwnuni ya utafiti huu yalikuwa kubainisha kwamba jamii ya Wabukusu huokoa nyuso za wanaohusika kupitia kwa nyimbo na mawaidha katika sherehe za jando za jamii hii. Nyuso za watahiriwa, jamii ya Wabukusu na za jamii nyingine huokolewa kupitia mawaidha na nyimbo za tohara za jamii ya Wabukusu, Katika sura ya kwanza, tulieleza kwa ufupi kuhusu usuli wa mada ya utafiti. Tulieleza tatizo la utafiti na kuorodhesha madhwnuni na nadharia tete za utafiti hull. Katika sura hii pia tulishughulikia sababu za kucbagua marla, upeo wa utafiti, msingi wa nadharia, yaliyoandikwa kuhusu marla na njia za utafiti. Twnetumia mbinu ya nyanjani katika kukusanya data katika tarafa ya kimilili na kuichanganua. Twnethibitisha kuwa kuna mikakati mbalimbali ya kuokoa uso chanya na uso basi kwenye nyimbo na mawaidha katika sherehe za jando za jamii ya Wabukusu. Vilevile twnethibitisha kuwa kuna matendo ya kutishia uso katika sherehe za jando za jamii ya Wabukusll. Katika sura ya pili twneshughulikia maana ya fasihi kwa jumla na fasihi simulizi kwa undani. Katika sura ya tatu twnebainisha suala la upole katika fasihi simulizi kwa ujumla Pia tumeeleza suala la upole katika mawaidha na nyimbo katika sherehe za jando za jamii ya Wabukusu. Hitimisho na mapendekezo yametolewa katika sura ya nne. Pia katika sura ya nne twneshughulikia upungufu wa nadbaria ya upole ya Brown na Levinson (1997).

Mt. Elgon ethnic conflicts and the threat it poses to East African Community's cohesion

Author: Wasike, Charles Masika

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Mount Elgon District/Minority and ethnic groups/Conflicts/Bukusu (African people)/Sabaot (African people)/Sabaot Land Defence Force/Uganda/Tanzania ;

Abstract:

Ethnic conflicts may have devastating effects to the economic, political and socio-cultural wellbeing of a state. These effects may spread to the neighbouring states to the extent that the relationship of such a state and her neighbours are affected. There are a number of conflicts along some of the Kenyan borders. This study focused on Mt. Elgon ethnic conflicts. The main objective was to find out what exactly is the main cause of these conflicts and establish the ripple effect to the neighbouring countries and by extension the entire East African region. The ethnic conflicts within Mt. Elgon area take two forms. The first one is inter-tribal and this is mainly between the Bukusu tribe and the Sabaot. It takes the dimension of which tribe is superior to the other and which tribe is benefiting at the expense of the other as far as then resources within the region is concerned. It hardly resorts to armed conflict but it was quite clear during the interview that there exists a cold war between these two tribes. The other form is inter-clan. Within the Sabaot tribe, there are a number of clans. These clans are fighting over land. Some clans feel that there has not been justice in land allocation. This has resorted to armed conflict. In fact some tribes went ahead to form a militia group - the Sabaot Land Defence Force - to fight for what they thought was unjust to them. These conflicts have spread to the neighboring country Uganda since each of those tribes and clans have got their counterparts in Uganda who also side with them. The conflicts have also led to other tribes, mainly from Uganda, taking advantage to come and raid cattle. This has made the relationship between the citizens of the two states at the border sour. This clearly jeopardizes the East African Community's vision of having a political federation by the year 2013, since a stable political federation is dependant upon a good relationship among citizens of the member states. The situation is made worse bearing in mind that Mt. Elgon Ethnic Conflicts are not the only intra-state conflicts that has a spillover effect. There others like between the Karamoja and the Turkana along the Kenya Uganda border, the Kisii and the Maasai, the Kuria and the Maasai, the Kuria and the Luo, all along the Tanzania Kenya border. There are many dimensions and actors to these conflicts. However it is clear from this paper that Mt. Elgon conflict is resource based, mainly land. Managing it will increase the cohesion of the people around the region and this will have a positive effect to their counterparts on the other side of the border. This is why, at the end of the paper, suggestions have been provided on the effective ways to manage the conflict.

Dhima ya utawala wa Nabongo Mumia katika maenezi ya lugha ya Kiswahili Ubukusuni, Mkoani Magharibi (Kenya)

Author: Nakhisa, Andrew W.

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2009

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Swahili language ; Bukusu (African people) ; Nabongo Mumia ;

Abstract:

Utafiti huu umeeleza na kuchanganua dhima ya utawala wa Nabongo Mumia katika maenezi ya lugha ya Kiswahili Ubukusuni, Magharibi mwa Kenya. Utafiti huu ulijikita katika kipindi cha utawala wa Nabongo Mumia tangu kutawazwa kwake kama Chifu Mkuu, mnamo mwaka wa 1910 hadi kifo chake katika mwaka wa 1949. Katika utafiti huu, tutalenga kuainisha, kueleza kuchunguza na kuchanganua mikakati iliyotumiwa na Nabongo Mumia kuchangia maenezi ya lugha ya Kiswahili. Katika kulifafanua swala la utawala, misingi iliyowekwa ili kufanikisha maenezi ya lugha ya Kiswahili iliangaliwa. Maendeleo na mabadiliko yaliyojikita katika asasi muhimu kama dini, biashara, ndoa na maingiliano ya kijamii kwa kuitumia mizani ya mifanyiko ya kijamii yalichangia maenezi ya lugha ya Kiswahili Ubukusuni. Lugha ya Kiswahili ilipata hadhi kubwa katika kipindi hiki kwa sababu iliendesha shughuli nyingi za Nabongo Mumia ambaye alikuwa mshiriki wa karibu wa mkoloni. Utafiti huu basi umebainisha nafasi muhimu ya utawala wa Nabongo Mumia katika kuwekea lugha ya Kiswahili msingi thabiti wa kuenea Ubukusuni. Tasnifu hii imegawanywa katika sura tano. Sura ya kwanza ambayo ni utangulizi imeshughulikia swala la utafiti, sababu za kuichagua mada, upeo wa utafiti, madhumuni ya utafiti, msingi wa nadharia, yaliyoandikwa kuhusu mada na mbinu za mtafiti. Sura ya pili imechunguza historia ya jamii mbili - Ababukusu na Abawanga - hasa jinsi walivyoingiliana na kuathiriana. Sura ya tatu inaangalia dhima ya utawala wa Nabongo Mumia katika maenezi ya Kiswahili. Sura ya nne imeangazia asasi nyinginezo kama dini, mahakama, ndoa miongoni mwa nyingine. Mwisho, sura ya tano ni hitimisho. Mtafiti ametoa muhtasari, matokeo kuhusu utafiti, mapendekezo ya utafiti zaidi na matatizo yaliyokumba utafiti huu. Kutokana na utafiti huu imedhihirika kwamba utawala ulichukua nafasi muhimu zaidi katika maenezi ya lugha ya Kiswahili Ubukusuni. Pili, utafiti huu umeonyesha kwamba Babukusu walikuwa wategemezi kwa kuwa katika kuitumia lugha ya Kiswahili, walianza kuunga mkono utamaduni wa kigeni. Mwisho, asasi kama ndoa, dini, biashara, mahakama za Kiafrika, elimu, muziki, michezo na miundo misingi ilifanikiwa Ubukusuni kwa sababu ya kutumia lugha ya Kiswahili. Kwa kiasi kikubwa asasi hizi zilifanikishwa na utawala wa Nabongo Mumia.

Maudhui na mtindo katika utendi wa Wabukusu khuswala kumuse

Author: Wanyama, Aggrey

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Bukusu (African people)/Swahili language ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

The history of community relations across the Kenya-Uganda border; the case of the Babukusu and the Bagisu, C. 1884-1997

Author: Wekesa, Peter Wafula

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : PhD

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Bukusu (African people)/Bagisu (African people)/Boundaries/Territorial issues/History/Colonialism/Uganda ;

Abstract:

This study examines the history of community relations across the Kenya-Uganda border using the case of the Babukusu of Western Kenya and the Bagisu of Eastern Uganda from 1884 to 1997. From this microcosmic level, the study explores forms of transborder social, economic and political relations that have evolved between the two communities since the pre-colonial period. The study is justified on the reality that despite the increasing importance that borders continue to generate globally, the African and specifically East African context has not been given a systematic and sufficient analysis by historians. Border regions, or specifically borderlands, as sub-national areas whose social, economic and political life is directly and significantly affected by proximity to international boundaries, remain the centre at which questions of territoriality and citizenship are negotiated and settled the world over. More specifically, in regard to the community relations across borders, this study contends that these have historically functioned as catalysts and compelling influences on the quality of communication in the respective regions. As barometers for testing good neighbourliness, national peace and regional integration, Babukusu-Bagisu border relations are studied within the diverse historical context defining their evolution and transformation. The study utilizes a variety of both primary and secondary sources to analyze the context within which border relations between the Babukusu and the Bagisu emerge and are transformed before and after the colonial configuration of the Kenya-Uganda border. It delves into the history of relations between the two peoples that had long developed in the region before the European political and economic activities that finally culminated in the evolution of the border. The latter activities, as the study observes, not only ignored African interests, but were also generally conceived within western notions of the border that contradicted African conceptions of space. These European activities were further augmented by colonial and independent government policies to freeze the historical solidarities between the two communities. As the study demonstrates however, both colonial and independent government policies generated contradictions over the BukusuBugisu borderland area that made the control of interactions between the two communities with distinct geopolitical spaces problematic. Both formal and informal social, economic and political dynamics made the common Bukusu-Bugisu borderland a site of numerous state and community permutations. In examining the diverse dynamics informing the Babukusu-Bagisu relations across the Kenya-Uganda border, the study traverses through two theoretical traditions generally categorised into statecentric and borderlands perspectives. This study reveals that the two theoretical perspectives offer connected but contradictory perspectives on borders and border community relations in general and on Babukusu-Bagisu relations specifically. While statecentric perspectives conceptualise borders as tools of separation and control, borderland perspectives see borders as instruments that impede the free movement of capital, people, goods and services. This study adopts an integrative approach to critique the overwhelming top-down emphasis on state power and also borrow some useful insights that complement the bottom-up processes that uncover complex mechanisms operating at the local , national and regional levels.

An analysis of the context and meaning of the poetry within the Babukusu Khuswala Kumuse funeral ritual

Author: Joseph, Juma Musungu

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2006

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Folklore/Poetry/Bukusu (African people)/Death and dying/Funerals/Rites and ceremonies/Bungoma District ;

Abstract:

The theme of death and dying in Africa has attracted a lot of studies mainly from anthropology, sociology and religious studies. Such studies include: Abrahamson (1951), Goody (1962), Sangree (1966), Mbiti (1969), Adeyemo (1979) and Gehman (1999). These studies have mainly focused on the causes of death, the meaning of death and the destination of the souls of the dead. In literature, few studies have been made on this theme. These studies have been broad covering many communities in Africa. Also, they have been general in the sense that they lack a specific guiding theoretical framework. These studies include: Finnegan (1970), P'Bitek (1974), Nandwa (1976) and Akivaga and Odaga (1982). It is in the light of the foregoing that this study comes up to study the poetry performed within the Babukusu khuswala kumuse funeral ritual. The study employs the ethno poetic theory to locate the poetry within the ritual to the community's setting. This theory provides an opportunity for the researcher to have a closer interaction with the community under study through field work. Such an interaction is vital in analysing the given poetry. In field research the study used participation and observation, interviews as well as review of documents to collect data. Our research team attended and participated in four funerals from different parts of Bungoma District. The funerals attended were limited given that this ritual is restricted to a few elderly male members of the community. The people interviewed were selected through purposive and snow-balle sampling techniques. The exercise set off with interviewing ten opinion leaders who were identified by ritual performers. These leaders then identified ten more people. The sample encompassed people from different parts of Bungoma district. The documents reviewed included textbooks, dissertations, articles in journals, government reports and review commentaries. In this study, it is revealed that the poetry within the ritual of khuswala kumuse is disseminated during the funeral of elderly male members of the Babukusu community. It has also been established that the poetry performed within khuswala kumuse transcends the funeral context. This poetry educates the community on matters of life and death. In relation to these findings, the credibility of this study is established.