2 Records out of 22207 Records

Factors influencing staff engagement in corruption in the Public Service of Kenya : a case of the Department of Immigration

Author: Mbogo, Cyrus Murithi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Department of Immigration (Kenya) ; Government employees ; Corruption ; Bribery ; Corporate culture ; Public opinion ;

Abstract:

The study sought to establish the factors that influence staff engagement in corruption in the Department of Immigration in Kenya. The study was identified based on the high corruption perception index of the Department of Immigration in Kenya and equally high corruption perception index of the country worldwide. This is despite the measure put in place to fight corruption. The study objective was to investigate influence of organizational culture, level of automation, legal framework, staff motivation and public perception in the engagement of staff of the department in corruption. The importance of the study was to assist the government to unveil the secret behind the continued corruption in the department despite the efforts to fight the vice. The study used purposive sampling technique and descriptive survey design. The data was collected using mail questionnaires for areas outside Nairobi with additional observation methods. The data analysis used both descriptive qualitative and descriptive quantitative methods. The findings were analysed through comparison of the raw data presented in tabular forms and other illustrative diagrams. The major factors that influence staff to engage in corruption were found to be bad organizational culture and the high public perception that the department is corrupt. The study recommends the department to review the regulations and requirements for clear understanding by the customers, put in place proper and effective automation systems to deal with numerous corruption malpractices, appropriate measures be put in place and seal loopholes that enhance opportunities for bribery by the service seekers. Further, to undertake specific case studies and also motivate public sector employees.

Traffic law enforcement strategies and their effects on road safety on Kenyan National Highways : the case of the Mombasa-Nairobi highway

Author: Musau, Catherine

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Traffic accidents and safety ; Law enforcement ; Bribery ;

Abstract:

Road traffic accidents are a major challenge to the country's economy and public wellbeing with more that 75percent of the traffic casualties being young and productive adults between 15 - 44 years (Nantalya et al 2009:118-124). Odero, Khayesi and Heda (2003: 53) observe that Kenya, with an average of 7 deaths from the 35 crashes that occur each day, has one of the highest road fatality rates in relation to vehicle ownership in the world. They also add that nearly 3,000 people are killed on Kenyan roads annually. This translates to approximately 68 deaths per 1,000 registered vehicles, which is 30-40 times greater than in highly motorized countries. This exerts a lot of pressure on the economy, but road safety measures in place are ineffective, and enforcement is characterized by knee-jack crackdowns on motor vehicles following major road traffic accidents an indication that something is wrong. The behaviors exhibited by traffic law enforcers in the course of their duties such as arbitrary flagging down of vehicles come with a lot of consequences like overloading of vehicles passengers and goods, use of defective vehicles on the road, exceeding speed limits, failure to adhere to statutory provisions like driver and crew compliance and worse of all, lack of public confidence. This study was to find out how effective Traffic Law enforcement strategies are along the Mombasa-Nairobi Highway guided by accident statistics which indicate a rising trend despite the numerous government interventions. It involved drivers and crew of long distance p.s.v's, long distance truck drivers and crew and, Traffic Law enforcers all on the Mombasa-Nairobi Highway. A total of ten p.s.v drivers and ten p.s.v crew, twenty five drivers and twenty five crew from long distance trucks and thirty Traffic law enforcement officers between the rank of chief inspector and constable were interviewed. The police officers were drawn from the Traffic bases along Mombasa-Nairobi highway which included Embakasi, Athi River, Makindu and Mlolongo weighbridge. The study found out that Traffic Law enforcement was inadequate leading to the increasing number of accidents. A number of issues were attributed to this factor among which were, the lack of equipment, weather conditions and offering of bribes to the police by drivers and crew at the expense of adhering to road safety requirements. This was found to be the major cause for the failure of effective Traffic law enforcement along Mombasa-Nairobi highway.