313 Records out of 22207 Records

Smallholder integration into agricultural markets : a case study in Laikipia, Kenya

Author: Buhlmann, Eva

Awarding University: University of Bern, Switzerland

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Bern Institute of Geography Library ;

Subject Terms: Laikipia, Kenya ; Agriculture ; Marketing ; Farmers markets ; Farmers ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Perceived effect of performance contracting on service delivery at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Author: Sifuna, Olive Nelima

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Perceptions/Effects/Performance contracts/Quality of service/Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya/Colleges and universities ;

Abstract:

Public universities play an indispensable role in the effective delivery of public services that are key to the functioning of a state economy. Despite their implementation of performance contracting, public universities in Kenya and JKUAT in particular have been confronted with many challenges which constrain their delivery capacities. There are problems in key areas such as in performance incentive systems and,monitoring and evaluation systems that have adversely affected the delivery of services at JKUAT. The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of implementation of performance contracting on service delivery at JKUAT. This research was conducted through a descriptive cross-sectional design. The study population comprised of the 316 JKUAT staff in main campus and 5213 students. The target population was divided into eleven divisions. The study adopted the stratified random sampling to select 60 staff members and 100 students. The researcher used primary data collected using a self administered semi structured questionnaire. The data was then analyzed using descriptive statistics. From the findings, the study concludes that since the Performance Contracting was introduced, there has been faster response to customer enquiries and problems, customers enjoy greater convenience and control. The study also concludes that targets set for each employee are realistic and are arrived at after consultation between employee and employer and that performance contracting has resulted in employee empowerment. The study finally concludes that there is continuous monitoring and evaluation and there is feedback of monitoring and evaluation results which enhance service delivery at the university. The study recommends that there is need to link performance contracting and compensation! reward system, and to develop a systematic monitoring and evaluation mechanisms for the corporation in order to enhance performance contracting. JKUAT should increase on the accessibility of services, improve on their customer care services, improve on facilities, diversify their services, automate their services, market their services to increase public awareness.

Socio-economic and livelihood impacts of environmentally supportive bio-enterprise development for the agro-pastoral communities in Samburu heartland, Kenya.

Author: Wren, S A

Awarding University: University of Plymouth, England

Level : PhD

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Samburu, Kenya/Business enterprises/Agriculture/Pastoralism/Arid and semi-arid regions/Entrepreneurship/ ;

Abstract:

The question of agro/pastoral livelihoods adaptation is gaining attention in the rural development arena but little empirical evidence exists that has examined the performance and impact of diversified enterprises on agro/pastoral livelihood and the environment in the ASAL., and on how to effectively support such initiatives. Additionally, there has been little evaluation of the type of behavioural patterns that agro/pastoral communities need to evolve in order to engage in such initiatives. This research study endeavours to bridge this knowledge-gap and assist the ASAL communities, NGOs, CBOs and government departments to understand the skills and resources required to develop climate-resilient, environmentally and economically sustainable bio-enterprises. This study examines the roles of bio-enterprise initiatives in enabling agro/pastoralists to develop more resilient livelihoods and incentivising positive community-led natural resource management and draws on different bio-enterprise initiatives located across the drylands of Kenya. Data was collected through interviews, focus group discussions and from secondary data. The analysis of four agro/pastoral bio-enterprise initiatives compares the level of success of specifically orientated development-funded support schemes. A more in-depth study was made of one of the initiatives, the BDP. Two surveys were made one year apart and secondary data was collected of the BDP impact. This highlighted the probable factors that influence the communities? up-take of these bio-enterprises. Results show this diversification requires stakeholders and support-actors to gain a greater understanding of business development approaches. Other factors such as capacity development to ensure production meets market standards, strong linkages with ethical commercial operators, access to trade-finance and ongoing mentoring proved to be the main drivers of success in these initiatives. Results show the outputs of the BDP service-providing activities and the ethnical trade facilities have been a major factor in the level of success achieved by the BDP.

A comparative study of the coverage of agricultural information by the Daily Nation and the Standard newspapers in Kenya

Author: Koinange, Thuku Mukundi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Comparative studies/Media coverage/Agriculture/Information dissemination/Daily Nation (Nairobi, Kenya)/Standard (Nairobi, Kenya)/Newspapers ;

Abstract:

The Kenya's agricultural sector occupies a very significant place in the national economy as a key driver of the economy. The Kenyan fanning community lacks reliable agricultural-based mass media to educate and inform them on agricultural information leaving them with the mass media as the alternative. Among the leading local newspapers are the Daily Nation and The Standard in the print media whose coverage of agricultural information has not been assessed. A comparative content analysis study was therefore conducted on all week-day newspapers cluster sampled from a one year period divided into three month study clusters to characterize and compare the agricultural information covered and identify the framing accorded to it. The study found that newspapers carried most of the agricultural information under different themes and frames. However, most of the information was framed as farming as a business and food security. It was also found that the newspapers felt obliged to express their opinion on agricultural information where food security was threatened as seen by the high percentage of editorials they carried. It was also found that stories though largely themed as business or market information, they were in six frames. Partly this may be explained by the need for newspapers to carry most stories in their business stories after discontinuing the specialised science and technology sections. Though beneficial in reaching a large audience, questions on the information's depth and credibility remain unanswered.

Functional level strategy and performance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Kenya

Author: Lau, Anastacia N

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Strategic management ; Performance evaluation ; Ministry of Agriculture (Kenya) ; Government agencies ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine the types of functional strategies within the Ministry of Agriculture and to establish the contribution that these functional level strategies have on the performance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Kenya. The study was carried out since there was no similar study that had been done on functional level strategy at the Ministry. The researcher noted this gap and therefore sought to bridge the same. The study employed a case study research design since the unit of analysis was one organization. Yin (1994) argued that a case study allowed an investigation to retain the holistic and meaningful characteristics of real life events. It involved an indepth investigation of the functional level strategies at the Ministry of Agriculture. An interview guide was used to enable the researcher gain a better understanding and also enable a more insightful interpretation of the results from the study. Content analysis was used to interpret and represent the findings of the study. The study established that the Ministry of Agriculture actually had functional strategies at almost all the departments interviewed except two. This therefore meant that the organization identified the important role that functional strategies played in improving the organizations performance and hence achievement of its set goals. This therefore led to the conclusion that the Ministry was able to enjoy good performance due to certain strategic management tools being in place and one of these tools was functional level strategy.

The potential of mobile phone usage in dissemination of Agricultural information : a case of Kikuyu District, Kenya

Author: Mwangi, Jane W

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Kikuyu District ; Information dissemination ; Agriculture ; Mobile phones ;

Abstract:

The rapid development of mobile technology, the large usage rates of mobile phones, increased penetration rates and the inherent characteristics of mobile phones are the reasons mobile phones are currently emerging as the first extensive form of electronic communication system in Kenya. Mobile phone can, therefore play a key role in disseminating relevant information to the rural people involved in agriculture and related sectors. To investigate the potential of mobile phone usage in agricultural information dissemination was the purpose of this research. The focus was on small scale farmers in Kikuyu District, Kiambu County in Kenya, where according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Kikuyu District 2010 Annual Report, three in every five farmers own a mobile phone. In this study, a sample of 96 farmers was selected using purposive sampling. The survey was done through the use of structured questionnaires where farmers were involved directly. This study made use of descriptive research to answer the following questions: Are mobile phones being used for agricultural purposes in practice? What kind of agricultural information do farmers value most? Have mobile phones created opportunities for farmers? The answers to these questions have important implications for information service providers and policy makers. The study found evidence that mobile phones are being used for agricultural purposes and in ways that create opportunities for farmers. However, to leverage the full potential of information dissemination enabled by mobile phones will require capacity building amongst farmers to enable them use information they access effectively and awareness- creation by mobile phone- based agricultural information service providers.

Environmental impacts of government land settlement schemes in drylands : the case of Lake Kenyatta settlement scheme, Lamu County, Kenya

Author: Mwangi, Paul Kiiru

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Lake Kenyatta Settlement Scheme, Lamu District ; Arid and semi-arid regions ; Land use ; Agriculture ; Environmental impact ;

Abstract:

Kenyatta Settlement scheme is situated in Mpeketoni Division of Lamu County and was in 1977-1978 to settle the jobless and landless people of Coast and other areas of (GoK 2004). It was implemented through the Kenya-German Cooperation under the German-Assisted Settlement Programme. Lamu County with a total land area of 6,167 km2 is categorized as a dryland with less than 300 mm annual rainfall. The Lamu ecosystem is characterized by marshes, mangrove wetlands and terrestrial vegetation. Over 4034km2 of the Lamu ecosystem has already been settled. Human settlement and intensive cropping practices in this fragile ecosystem has fragmented and degraded its functional value of supporting sustainable socio-economic livelihoods of settlers. The Main objective of this study was to analyze the environmental impacts of establishing human settlement schemes in Kenya using Lake Kenyatta Settlement Scheme as a case study. The study assessed the impacts on different environmental components. The study investigated the relationship between vegetation cover and the number of acres of crops grown per household. This was done through the hypothesis stated as 'there is no significant relationship between vegetation cover and the number of acres of crops grown per household'. A sample size of 70 households drawn from the 3,500 Lake Kenyatta phase 1 settlers was used. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered by trained research assistants while an interview schedule was administered to local community-based organizations (CBOs) officials and County Departmental heads. The study targeted Lake Kenyatta Water Users Association (LAKWA) a CBO involved in the management and supply of water to the settlement scheme. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were employed to analyze and present collected field data. The Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) was used to analyze primary data. The study established that settlers in Lake Kenyatta settlement scheme have negatively impacted on the environment. The impacts stem from cropping practices, as 70% of the settlers who practiced continuous cultivation, had recorded crop production decline. In addition households had to increase the area of land under crop by clearing vegetation to open new fields forfood production. This is depicted by a significant Pearson Correlation Coefficient (-0.876) between the natural vegetation cover decline and cropland increase in acres per household (a=0.05). Further, household water demand increased from 7m3 per day in 1994 to 269 m3 per day in 2009. This trend has exerted pressure on fresh water boreholes whose recharge rate of 10.384 m3/min was lower than the abstraction of 13.689m3/min at the time ofthe study. The study concluded that the adoption of agricultural production practices such as crop rotation and fallow periods after a given span of time will surmount the decline in soil fertility and crop production decline. In addition, the intensification of agricultural activities around riparian areas further poses a threat to access of clean drinking water by households in Lake Kenyatta Settlement Scheme. The study therefore, recommended that policy instruments establishing settlement schemes should be informed by demands of the local communities and requirements for environmental sustainability. The policies have to address the access and demand for water resources as well as attaining sustainable socio-economic livelihoods for communities being settled. Finally, settlement scheme policies should address the possible negative impacts on different ecosystems arising from different land uses.

Factors influencing women participation in agriculture to ensure food security in Bar-Sauri sub location, Siaya County, Kenya

Author: Abungu, Millicent Apiyo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Bar-Sauri Sub location, Siaya County ; Women's studies ; Agriculture ; Food security ;

Abstract:

Participation of women in agriculture cannot be over emphasized than it is already. The research sought to examine the influence of women participation in agriculture for household food security at Bar-Sauri, Siaya County- Kenya. The study undertook to establish whether the effort put by women in agriculture translates into improving food security at household level. Various research conducted allover the world show that Women are the major drivers in agricultural economy as they constitute the largest workforce, according to research conducted by various NGO' S in 1991. The research also found that Women perform about 60% to 90%of farm work but only own 1 %proceeds and continue living in abject poverty .Bar-Sauri is a sublocation within Yala division with a population of about 45000. Gem District where poverty index has been on the increase since 1994 when it was 54%.It has since risen to 64% as at 2007, according to Communication Commissions of Kenya 2007, hence the need for this research. The study thus undertook to analyse the factors influencing Women participation in agriculture in Bar-Sauri to see if it translates into food security. A lot of interventions have been taken to this area such as the Millennium village projects which has actually done a lot to improve poverty level which was the objective of the project .However it must be noted that the project did not cover the whole area hence the need for this research to find out if food security can be achieved if Women participation can be enhanced. The objective of the study were to: to establish the extent to which economic factors influence Women participation in agriculture in Bar-Sauri sub-location; to establish socio-cultural factors that influence Women participation in agriculture in Bar-Sauri Sub-location; to assess how amount of land available can influence Women participation in agriculture in Bar- Sauri Sub-location and to establish whether policy and decision making can influence women participation in agriculture in BarSauri Sub-location. The study also sought to answer the following questions: to what extent does economic factors influence women participation in agriculture in Bar- Sauri Sub-location, to what extent does larid available influence women participation in agriculture in Bar- Sauri Sub-location, how does socio- cultural factors influence women participation in agriculture in Bar-Sauri Sub-location, how does policy and decision making influence Women participation in agriculture in Bar-Sauri Sub-location .. The study was guided by Participatory Sustainable Livelihood Approach (PSLA) and a conceptual framework showing the relationship between various factors influencing Women participation in agriculture. The study used a descriptive survey design that involved administration of questionnaires, interview of Key Informants to sample population of 374. Simple random sampling approach was used to select respondents and data was analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage counts and tables. The study found that Participation in agriculture was negatively affected by economic factors such as low access to credit, unfavourable lending terms from the lending institutions from the commercial lending institutions, lack of knowledge on areas to get credit, risk of taking loans by the women and overdependence of the spouse on income; socio - cultural factors such as large family sizes, HIV and AIDS, interference by the extended families in the land inheritance process in case of death of spouse, being short of title deeds. Land issues that affected women participation in agriculture was small sizes and fragmented land which also reduced women production of land. On policy issues, the implementation of provision of the policies such as national seeds industry policy of 2008, agriculture act of 2008 and national agriculture sector extension policy of 2005 was low; this made it difficult for the women farmers to get subsid

Management of strategic change in the implementation of performance contracting in the Ministry of Agriculture within Nairobi

Author: Magu, John Kinyanjui

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Ministry of Agriculture (Kenya) ; Performance contracts ; Strategic management ; Organizational change ; Government agencies ;

Abstract:

The research was designed to investigate the management of strategic change in the implementation of performance contracting in the Ministry of Agriculture, Nairobi. The study sought to achieve two objectives. The first objective was to identify the levers of change employed by the ministry of Agriculture in the implementation of performance contracting, while the second was to identify the challenges faced in the strategic change process. To achieve these objectives the study adopted a case study research design. It used primary data which was collected using interview guide administered on face to face to eleven key staff in the Ministry of Agriculture within Nairobi Province. These included; Provincial Monitoring and Evaluation officer, five District Agriculture officers and five Divisional Agriculture Extension officers. These are the officers in charge of implementation of the performance contracting at the Province, District and Divisional levels. The findings of the study showed that the Ministry of Agriculture has employed several change levers. This has enabled the institution to make impressive strides in the implementation of performance contracting. The levers facilitate the institution in embracing change required in the implementation of performance contracting. The major ones include; communication, sensitization training, motivation, regular meetings, and support by the leadership. These levers are employed at all levels in the Ministry. The study also established that the Ministry faced challenges in managing the change during the implementation of performance contracting. Key among those that the study established include; limited resources, delay of funds, lack of appropriate mindset, parochial self interest and in built culture of resistance among the staff. Generally it was observed that the Ministry of Agriculture has made tremendous efforts in the management of strategic change through the use of change levers in order to facilitate performance contracting. However better performance may be achieved through addressing the challenges faced in managing change.

Mainstreaming as a policy approach : child labour in agriculture.

Author: Murray, U

Awarding University: University College, Cork, Ireland

Level : PhD

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Institute of Commonwealth Studies Library ;

Subject Terms: Child labour ; Child welfare ; Children and Youth ; Agriculture ; Human rights ; Policy ; Gender ;

Abstract:

Child labour in agriculture is controversial. For some, child labour is an inherent part of growing up and essential for survival in many poor regions, while for others child labourers lose on basic human rights (e.g. education). Opportunities and constraints for livelihood improvement for child labourers exist within multiple sectors (e.g. agricultural, education, labour). Mainstreaming is a strategy for implementing cross-cutting policy issues, to address complex inter-sectoral challenges. The appropriateness of ?mainstreaming? the issue of child labour in agriculture is investigated, using interviews with policy makers. Mainstreaming was appropriate as part of policy-making and also a strategy to implement policy. Mainstreaming an issue can influence policy formulation and represent a policy implementation strategy. Costs and benefits, incentives and deterrents of addressing the issue of child labour must be highlighted. Intermediaries are institutions or individuals that translate policy. To identify variables that expedite or restrain the diffusion of child labour polices, NVivo was used to analyse questionnaire responses from 167 agriculturalist intermediaries in Ethiopia, and 104 intermediaries in Kenya. Stakeholder-acceptance of the problem and policy responses were key. Awareness raising on child labour in agriculture issues is required at many levels, but policy responses can be ?surfed? across related priorities infrastructure and resource limitations in rural areas entrench child labour in agriculture, while improved rural education is a route to mitigate child labour. A mainstreaming approach is needed for the inter-sectoral problem of responses to child labour in agriculture. Gender mainstreaming insights of relevance to mainstreaming responses to child labour in agriculture were identified. The Advocacy Coalition Framework, the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework, and policy diffusion models were relevant to describing the policy process, institutional issues and policy flows.