44 Records out of 22207 Records

Influence of learner support services on enrolment of learners in distance education programmes at the University of Nairobi. A case of Bachelor of Education (Arts) from Borabu district

Author: Getuba, Mary Mabuti

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MDE

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: University of Nairobi ; Distance learning ; Administrative support ; Colleges and universities ; University students ; Borabu District ; Academic guidance counseling ;

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of Learner Support services in the enrolment of learners in Distance Education programmes at the University of Nairobi. The case of learners from Borabu District. The study had three research objectives namely; The extent to which administrative learner support services influence enrolment of learners in DE programmes at the UON from Borabu District, to assess how technological learner support services influences enrolment of learners in DE programmes at the UON from Borabu District, and to establish the influence of guidance and counseling and peer learner support services on the enrolment of learners in DE programmes at the UON from Borabu District. The study used research survey design which involved a quantitative design. It targeted a population of three hundred and twelve students (312) and a sample size of thirty one (31 ).Stratified random sampling was used. The research instruments used were questionnaires. Data collection began once permission was sought from the University of Nairobi. A pilot study was done on a selected group of the target population after which the questionnaires were then given to the target population. The data was then analyzed using descriptive statistical analyses and the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) The study established that there was no much difference in gender with regards to enrolment. The majority of the respondents were aged between 31 and 40 years of age and were married. From the study findings dispatch of examinations, requirement of courses, and registration were some of the administrative learner support services that were highly rated crucial for enrolment while on the other hand dispatch of course materials, orientation, record keeping and advertisement of courses were lowly rated. It was observed that all the respondents had mobile phones. More than half of the respondents accessed learning materials from the Internet and had e-mail addresses. Fax services were not considered as technological learner support services as none of the respondents indicated its utilization as a learner support service. The study revealed that less than half of the respondents owned computers and knew how to use them. In regard to guidance and counseling support services, the study revealed that encouragement services, motivation and time management services were fully provided. The least provided guidance and counseling support services were giving directions and career choice. The study recommended that the university to consider setting up sub regional centers at each district provide an expert in guidance and counseling, set up a computer lab at the regional centres and provide learning materials in soft copy. The study suggested that further research to be carried out on the influence of learner support services in the enrolment of learners in other districts to find out whether they have similar experiences or impact on learners.

The role of guidance and counselling in promoting students' discipline in public secondary schools in Makadara district in Nairobi county

Author: Yatich, Shadrach Kiprop

Awarding University: Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Catholic University of Eastern Africa Library ;

Subject Terms: Makadara District, Nairobi County/Students/School discipline/Public schools/Secondary schools/Counseling/Academic guidance counseling ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to find out the role of Guidance and counselling (G&C) in promoting students' discipline in public secondary schools in Makadara district. This study was guided by the following research questions: What forms of indiscipline do students in public secondary schools display? To what extent does G&C enhance discipline in public secondary schools? What problems are associated with provision of G&C in public secondary schools? and finally how can G&C be improved to enhance discipline in public secondary schools? The study employed a descriptive survey design. The study used a sample of 9 public schools, 7 head teachers, 9 heads of G&C, 30 class teachers and 370 students. The sample was picked using simple random sampling, systematic sampling and stratified sampling. The study used questionnaires, interview guide,observation guide, and document analysis guide to collect data. SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) version 11.5 was used to aid in the process of data analysis. The quantitative information was summarized into frequencies, bar charts, pie charts and percentages. Interpretive reports and citations were written down to depict the situation as it is on the schools. The study found out that students' in Makadara district displayed various forms of indiscipline such as laziness, fighting, theft, lying, cheating in exam, rudeness, sneaking out and homosexuality/lesbianism in their schools. The study found out that effective G&C would help curb indiscipline issues displayed by students in the district but there were numerous setbacks: G&C teachers were not trained, G&C teachers did not keep students issues confidential, G&C teachers were few in the schools, resource materials for G&C were insufficient, most schools did not have G&C rooms, G&C services did not involve all students, G&C did not solve students problems, students who had been counselled fell into indiscipline thereafter and finally G&C teachers did not have the support from the head teachers, teachers and parents. The study recommends that since Ministry of Education is responsible for formulating, developing, implementing, evaluating and monitoring G&C policy, it should ensure that all students have access to G&C services offered in a professional manner. The Ministry of education should ensure there is consistent provision of training; seminars or in-service courses compulsory to the teachers in charge of G&C in the schools. The Ministry of education should ensure that G&C is given a priority in teacher trainings institutions in order to prepare teachers for this enormous task. School administrators should provide facilities like G&C rooms, reference materials, audio and visual materials, school administrators should seek cooperation of teachers, parents and students for effective G&C in the schools. Parents should endeavour to monitor the behaviour of their children to enable them advise them on how to cope with challenges at every stage in their development. The study suggested that further studies should be done on: challenges faced by untrained G&C teachers in implementation of G&C in their schools; the role of professionalism in G&C as practiced in other sectors such as health and how it can be applied in a school setup; to unfold the conflict of interest G&C teachers face while carrying out G&C services; finally evaluation of education policies formulated to promote students discipline in our schools.

Fear of negative evaluation on counselling help seeking behaviours among public secondary school students in Nairobi Province, Kenya

Author: Ketra, Amaya

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Nairobi Province/Academic guidance counseling/Secondary school students ;

Abstract:

Secondary school students have educational and personal problems which are not usually met by the schools' instructional programme. Studies have shown that fear, embarrassment, distress, male gender and stigma are some of the factors contributing to reluctance to seek counseling help for psychological distress. Fear of negative evaluation .has been associated with other social attributes. However, no equivocal data exists on fear of negative evaluation on students' attitudes toward seeking counseling help in secondary schools in Kenya. The study sought to determine the relationship between students' fear of negative evaluation and their Counseling Help Seeking Behaviors among public secondary school students in Nairobi Province. It also sought to find out the gender and grade level differences in fear of negative evaluation and students' attitudes toward seeking counseling help. A total of 253 students both boys and girls participated in the study. Of the enrolled students, 141 were in Form 2 and 112 were in Form 4. Majority of the students were aged 17 years. The school distributions were two' girls' schools, two boys' schools and two mixed schools. Fear of negative evaluation (FNE) scale and Attitude toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help (A TSPPH) scale was used to collect data. The data obtained was coded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17 (currently P ASW 17) to determine the predictors of FNE and A TSPPH. A nonparametric correlation coefficient was performed to determine the relationship between FNE and A TSPPH. The study revealed that attitude toward seeking professional psychological help reduced slightly with increase in fear of negative evaluation but the relationship was not linear. There was also no statistically significant. difference between Form 2 and Form 4 students' fear of negative evaluation (p=0,351). There was a statistically significant difference between students' gender and their fear of negative evaluation (p=O.032). Gender was a significant predictor of fear of negative evaluation. The study also revealed that most students had a positive attitude toward seeking psychological help although this was not statistically significant. Further research needs to be carried out in other provinces to find out the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and students' counseling help seeking behaviors.

Factors determining career choice among Daystar University undergraduate students

Author: Khamadi, Jemima

Awarding University: Daystar University, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Daystar University Library ;

Subject Terms: Daystar University, Nairobi, Kenya/University students/Academic guidance counseling/Careers/Occupational choice/ ;

Abstract:

There are several factors that affect the career choices of undergraduate students. It is important to identify these factors given their influence on students in their career selection process. Such factors, if identified, will allow students to examine processes they use for career selection, thus assisting in the reduction of wrong choices, and helping them start building their career path at an early age. When admitted to the university, most students are overwhelmed and ill-prepared on which course/career path to take. The objectives the researcher sought to achieve were to establish the factors that students at Daystar University considered in making their career choices, to determine Daystar University students? satisfaction with their career choices, to find out the challenges facing Daystar University students in making career choices, and to determine whether Daystar University students? individual personalities matched their career choices. The study was conducted at Daystar University?s Athi River and Nairobi Campuses. Data was collected from undergraduate students of Daystar University using a questionnaire, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. The sampling method used was non probability (Purposive Sampling) and probability (Stratified Sampling). Daystar University students? population stood at about 4,000 as of the time of this study. The study focused on undergraduate students aged between 19 and 23 years. About 188 students were sampled. Majority of the students at Daystar chose their career path and were happy with their choices. They also carried out research on their own in regard to their career choice. They were in agreement that their career choice matched their personality. Daystar University students were not majorly influenced by their parents, peers, teachers, the university, the Kenyan job market and counsellors in their career choice. However, other family members, individual personality and potential salary influenced them in their career choice.

Effectiveness of guidance and counselling of students in the School of Medicine, Moi University

Author: Njoka, Johannes Njagi

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : DPhil

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya. School of Medicine ; Academic guidance counseling ; University students ;

Abstract:

'Background: Guidance and counseling is becoming increasingly critical in education especially in the training of the often difficult and demanding health professions. Counseling inculcates academic focus and promotes healthy college life in students that mitigates against failure, drop out and wastage hence ensuring equity, retention and high completion rates thereby accelerating the country's achievement of millennium development goals and vision 2030. Objectives: The main objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of guidance and counseling of students in the School of Medicine, Moi University. Study methods: The study utilized the descriptive cross sectional research design. Responses were collected using questionnaires from a systematic random sample of 384 students proportionately selected from Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery, and the three counselors from the School of Medicine. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 12.0 where both the descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used and presented in narrative, histograms and pie charts. Results: Research findings indicate that students' level of need on counseling was 88.13% while the degree of satisfaction of students' counseling needs was 63%. The extent of attainment of counseling goals was 94% whereas counselors' effectiveness in using counseling techniques yielded 92%. Counselors' competence with regard to use of counseling principles was 88%, use of skills 87%, use of techniques 86% involvement in management was 60%. Recommendations and conclusions: From these findings, it may be concluded that sustained level of counseling should be maintained since study findings demonstrate existence of critical need for counseling of students in the School of Medicine. It is recommended that there is need to increase involvement of counselors in making policies affecting students, strengthen and promote use of innovative counseling approaches such as peer counseling in order to enhance satisfaction of students' needs. Further research to establish the influence of counselors' level of education on their effectiveness in counseling is deemed necessary.

The leadership role of secondary school principals in guidance and counselling programmes of students in Manga Division, Nyamira District, Kenya

Author: Gichana, Handson Nyaberi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: National Coiuncil for Science and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Leadership ; Head teachers ; Manga Division ; Nyamira District ; Secondary schools ; Academic guidance counseling ; Students ;

Abstract:

The education system in Kenya has undergone major curriculum changes since independence, but this does not seem to totally rid the students of problems in academics, career/vocational and personal issues. This study identifies the various roles of the principal that could contribute to the success of any school guidance and counselling programme. They include provision of material resources, ensurmg student awareness in existing guidance and counselling programmes, ensunng teacher counselor competency and involving all the teachers in guidance and counselling. The study intended to determine the leadership role of secondary school principals in guidance and counselling programmes of students in Manga Division, Nyamira District. The main objectives of the study were; to determine the existence of student guidance and counselling departments, to investigate the sources of information used in guidance and counselling and to determine the leadership role of principals of secondary schools of Manga Division in the students' guidance and counselling programmes. Detailed questionnaires were used to gather data from principals, teacher counselors and students. A sample of fifteen (15) secondary schools was selected from the population using proportionate random sampling in each of the four zones that make the division. The study proportionately sampled out two hundred and ninety nine (299) students, fifteen (15) teacher counselors and fifteen (15) principals. The principal fmdings of the study were as follows: There was inadequate provision of material resources for guidance and counselling. All teachers were not involved in all student guidance and counselling programmes. Principals did not consider the training of teacher counselors on guidance and counselling to be important. Based on these findings, the study made the following recommendations aimed at improving the impact of guidance and counselling programmes on secondary school students; providing necessary material resources needed for guidance and counselling, sensitizing students on the importance of guidance and counselling services in their day to day life and evaluating the teacher counselor's performance in guidance and counselling programmes. In order to strengthen these fmdings and make better generalizations, the study suggested the following areas for further research: the effect of culture on the community surrounding the school on the school principal's role in guidance and counselling, the attitude of the principal and its effect on guidance and counselling programmes and the role of head teachers in the guidance and counselling of Kenyan primary school pupils.

The influence of gender, academic programme and experience on students' attitude towards problem based learning : a case study of the School of Medicine, Moi University

Author: Adeli, Scholastic N

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya. School of Medicine ; Problem-based learning ; Medical personnel ; Academic guidance counseling ; Attitude surveys ;

Abstract:

Problem Based Learning (PBL) is a student centred and competencies driven curriculum in which students are often asked to work in a team. The objective of the study was to assess the students' attitude towards PBLas a learning process with the main emphasis being on the influence of gender, experience and academic programmes. The study setting was Moi University School of Medicine, Eldoret, Kenya. The study design was a comparative one. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 30% of the student population. 120 second, third and fourth year medical students formed the study sample. A five point likert scaled questionnaire on attitude towards PBL was the instrument for data collection. Data was analysed using descriptivestatistics, student t-test and Proportional Odds Model at p< .05 level. The findings of the study showed that generally, medical students have a positive attitude towards PBL (M=70.2%). The study however established that programme and to some extent experience have an effect on students' attitude towards PBL but there was no gender differences in attitude towards PBL, t(118)=0.54, p>.05. The outcome measure helped in drawing of conclusions and making recommendations concerning the study. The results can be used to debrief and manage students from the traditional model to the initiation into the PBL model of education used in the School of Medicine. The results also provide a basis for designing counseling programmes to nurture positive attitudes among students and provide guidance for the improvement of training of health professionals and other professionals in tertiary training institutions which use traditional education approaches and require establishment of PBL in their training programmes.

The impact of counselling teachers : on the administration of secondary schools in Homa-Bay District, Kenya

Author: Ogola, George Omolo

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2008

Holding Libraries: National Council for Science and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Academic guidance counseling ; Educators ; School administration ; Secondary schools ; Homa-Bay District ;

Abstract:

The research project is concerned with counseling of teachers at work place. The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of counseling teachers. on their administration of secondary schools in homa- bay district Kenya. The study was aimed at making counseling of teachers effective as it is the most reliable helping intervention strategy in getting teachers out of horrid life (McGuiness. J 998). The main objective is to find the extent to which counseling of teachers can be used in the administration and to establish the best way it should be adrn in istered. Questionnai re was designed and structured into seven different questionnaires. targeting: headteachers, teachers. head of Department Guidance and Counseling. students. District Education officer. head of Guidance and counseling unit at DEO's office. rating of counseling skills of Head of Department of Guidance and Counseling; and headteachers. Piloting for the field study was done. where six schools within and near HomaBay town were considered; public and private schools were selected; comprising of all categories of schools. pure girls school, pure boys schools, mixed day school. mixed boarding and day schools. The questionnaires were modified by removing unnecessary parts and by correcting various questions. The reliability of the questionnaires proved to be high, as coefficient of reliability stood at 0.9. The research was a qualitative research which involved testing of the constructs by the use of scales like Likert Scale. The constructs were measured by rating items on points scale in the weighted values e.g I rated as highly dissatisfied, while 5 was rated as highly satisfied and 3 as neutral. The weighted mean values were got to determine the exact corresponding value to the construct. The data collected were tabulated with the help of frequency tables, percentages, means and degrees and were presented in figures in the form of graphs and charts. Descriptive data collected were analyzed independently as per specific questionnaire e.g questionnaire for teachers. Finally quantitative computed and analyzed data were linked with the descriptive data. All the findings from the questionnaires and literature review were used as a whole in making interpretation and summaries. The study was guided by research questions, and findings were revealed by responses from the questionnaires and materials from literature review in accordance to the research objectives. The research proved that counseling as an administrative skill is crucial for empowerments of teachers in secondary schools. Thus counseling plays a key role in restoring order in schools. Those who could be rejected as wayward can be reinstated through provision of counseling which enable them to cope up with life as per the expected code of conducts and norms. Through counseling the headteachers are in position to establish therapeutic atmosphere at work place and it enhances positive change in behaviour; promote free working atmosphere; mutual respect, effective communication, create the spirit of trust and honesty, cordial relationships and improve the level of involvement in performance. Teachers become more self-satisfied, self actualized, autonomous, comfortable, motivated, psychologically stable, and work with vigor and zeal. The study also proves that headteachers have potentials that if exploited can make them to be good counselors for teachers: are more experienced interms of age, teaching and handling administrative matters; leader of the institutions; have central office; and are in position to offer intervention measures in terms of finance and physical facilities. The study identified several teachers concerns which were requiring counseling; stress, frustrations, dissatisfaction, anger, painful experiences eg due to loss and bereavement, sickness, hostile relationships; psychological problems; living in fear as a result of threats from indisciplined students and those in authority. Several

The effects of HIV/AIDS on teacher counselling services when dealing with orphaned pupils in public primary scholls in Eldoret municipality, Kenya

Author: Kibet, Joyce Jepchirchir

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: National Council for Science and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Orphans/Educators/Academic guidance counseling/HIV infection/AIDS (Disease)/Eldoret, Kenya/Public schools/Primary school students/ ;

Abstract:

The HIV and AIDS scourge has continued to pose a major challenge to the socio-economic development of Kenya since the r] infections was first diagnosed in the country in 1984. Former President Moi, in 1999, declared HIV and AIDS a national disaster. There has been an upsurge of orphans in Kenya due to the high number of deaths from HIV and AIDS related infections (KDHS, 2003). Eleven percent of these children are in their tender and formative ages and attend primary school. The influx of pupils enrolling in primary schools following the declaration of free primary education has caused strain on the services offered by teacher counselors and the existing facilities in public primary schools. Teacher counselors playa key role in maintaining a balanced social-cultural and academic development of children in primary schools. The aim of the study was to give an in -depth survey on the effects of HIV and AIDS on teacher counseling services when dealing with orphaned pupils in public primary schools in Eldoret Municipality, and the possible interventions that if implemented can minimize the challenges facing both the teacher counselors and the orphaned pupils in primary schools. It also recommended measures to minimize these challenges . The population consisted of 40 public primary schools with a total of 784 teachers. Fifteen (15) public primary schools were randomly sampled with 224 class teachers, 15 head teachers and 15 teacher counselors. The head teachers who were interviewed represented 100 percent showing a positive response. The teacher counselors also recorded 100 percent responses, whereas for the class teachers the responses accounted for 81.7 percent The data was collected using an interview schedule for the head teachers and two questionnaires; one for the teacher counselors and the other for the class teachers. The data was analyzed and presented in tabular form using frequencies, means and percentages. The research design employed was ex-post facto. The finding of the research study was that there is close relationship between the effect of HIV and AIDS and the teacher counseling services when dealing with HIV and AIDS orphaned pupils. Suggestions were put forth by the researcher that if implemented will minimize the challenges facing both the teacher counselors and the orphaned pupils in primary schools. This include reduction of the workload for teacher counselors, thorough training for teacher counselors, the MOE should post a full time counselor in all schools, immediate provision of lunch programmes in schools and mobilizing the community, organizations and NGO's to offer care and support for the orphaned pupils. Recommendations put forth included the training of all teacher counselors in basic counseling skills, introduction of motivational skills such as reduced workload, all people to get involved with the issues of orphans, the guardians taking responsibility and accountability of the orphans under their care, boarding facilities for the orphaned pupils should be provided and having a special fund in all schools to meet the immediate urgent needs of orphans while at school. Recommendations for further research included; thorough research to be carried out on the effectiveness of teacher counselors by using a wider sample and larger area, in order to get findings which could be generalized. There is need to carry out a comparative research on the constraints faced in handling issues of orphans in primary schools in other district in Kenya. Another key aspect for further researches is to investigate possible interventions by the government, private sector and NGO's in order to empower the HIV and AIDS orphans with resulting improved retention in academic performance.

The influence of gender, sponsorship and experience on students' perception of university stresses and coping strategies : a case of Moi University, Eldoret

Author: Kurui, Monica C

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya/Colleges and universities/Stress/Academic guidance counseling ;

Abstract:

The study investigated the influence of the students' gender, sponsorship and experience on their perception of university stresses and their coping strategies. Stratified random sampling was used to select 370 Bachelor of Education students in Moi University on full time programme. This study used Lazaru's transactional theory of stress that explains the transactional nature of stress. The university environment has stressors that the individual student assesses his/her ability to cope. The data was collected using a student's stress questionnaire developed by the researcher. The respondents rated the stressfulness of the stressors on a five-point likert scale, and listed the strategies they use to cope with the stresses. The responses were then coded and fed into a computer for analysis using SPSS programme 10. Mean, standard deviation, t-test and Spearmans were used to test the influence of gender, sponsorship and experience on students' perception at .05 level of significance and coping strategies. The analysis showed that female, government sponsored and second year students' rated social and academic stressors more stressful than male, self-sponsored and fourth year students. Male students rated economic stressors more stressful than female students. But experience had no significant influence on student's perception of economic stressors. The study showed that there was a strong relationship in the strategies used by students to cope with university stresses. Based on this study it was recommended that the university/government needed to increase living and learning facilities for regular students in public universities. Student sponsors (government/parents) should increase financial support to cater for students' basic living expenses. The university should also expand guidance and counselling services to help students cope effectively with stresses of being a student in a public university.