14 Records out of 22207 Records

Influence of child labour on pupil's performance at the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Tiriki Division, Hamisi District, Kenya

Author: Omega, Hudson Mavale

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MED

Year: 2012

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Tiriki Division, Hamisi District ; Primary school students ; Academic achievement ; Child labour ; Absenteeism ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

Child labour is a problem faced globally for there is no region in the world which is completely free of the problem. This was the perspective at which this study is based. The general objective of this study was to investigate the influence of child labour on pupil's performance at the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Tiriki division, Hamisi district, Kenya. The specific objectives were to establish the influence of domestic child labour on pupil's performance at the KCPE, to determine whether absenteeism could influence pupil's performance at the KCPE in relation to child labour, to examine the influence of commercial child labour on pupil's performance at the KCPE, to examine how household poverty influences pupil's performance at the KCPE in relation to child labour and to establish the influence of social roles in child labour on pupil's performance at the KCPE in Tiriki Division. This study adopted a descriptive research design. The theoretical framework was based on Karl Marx theory of historical materialism. The sample sizes of this study were 10 schools, 10 headteachers, 45 teachers, 112 learners and 112 parents. This study utilized questionnaires and interview schedule for the parents to collect data. Reliability of the instrument was done by performing a Pearson's product correlation. The validity was done by conducting a pilot study on four schools that were not included in the actual study. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to analyze data. The Statistical Packages for Social Scientists (SPSS) software package were utilized in analyzing the data. There were 148 filled questionnaires and 112 interview schedule for the study. The data was presented in frequency tables, pie charts and bar graphs. The study was intended to benefit the policy makers in the Ministry of Education, other Ministries, academic scholars, researchers and pupils. The findings showed that the pupils are involved in domestic chores, commercial child labour and household poverty affect their academic performance. The parents do not adequate provide for their pupils' schools needs. A majority of the teachers do not enhance their pupils' socialization to facilitate their performance in the school. It can be concluded that in the examining of the influence of commercial child labour in pupil's performance at the KCPE in Tiriki Division, many pupils participate in commercial agriculture. This affects their academic performance since they do not attend the school. A majority of the pupils involved in the commercial child labour, affect their academic performance. The findings indicated that work and education playa key role in socialization. This means that according to the teachers, work and education playa key role in socialization and therefore should be encouraged in schools. Teachers indicated that their pupils get to socialize through playing. The schools should therefore be encouraged to allow the pupils to play for socialization. The researcher recommends that parents be sensitized by the teachers on the importance of their pupil's academics so as to understand their role and involvement in their children's academic performance. There should be enforcement of laws by the Ministry of Education and other educational stakeholders to guide the children against child labour that affect their academic performance.

Personal hygiene and sanitation education (phase) and the factors influencing school absenteeism among pupils in Kibera slum Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Kamande, Eva Watiri

Awarding University: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Level : MSc

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Library ;

Subject Terms: Hygiene/Sanitation/Children and youth/Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya/Latrines/Education/Water/Absenteeism/ Schools/ ;

Abstract:

Children living in the slums are subjected to environments that deny them the opportunity to achieve effective education hence subjecting them to health hazard situations. Personal hygiene and sanitation education (PHASE) was initiated by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) after identifying it as a neglected health education priority. It aims to improve the health of school going children by reducing hygiene and sanitation related illness and reduce absenteeism. The main aim of this study was to assess PHASE and the factors influencing school absenteeism among pupils of Kibera Slums, Kenya. A cross-sectional study whose study population comprised of pupils attending schools in Kibera was undertaken. A total of 317 pupils, from PHASE and non-PHASE schools, were recruited into the study using multistage sampling and personal interviews carried out using semi-structured questionnaires. Additional qualitative data was obtained using interviews with teachers, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with parents, In-depth interviews (IDIs) with key informant and an observational checklist. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 12. Pearson chi-square was used to determine association of selected factors with absenteeism, multivariate logistic regression was used to control for confounders and effect modification whereas thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. Mean number of pupils absent on the day of the interview was 13 ? 6.6 in PHASE schools and 23 ? 7.8 in non-PHASE schools. In the previous two weeks before the interview, 53% of pupils in PHASE and 84% in non-PHASE schools said they had missed school with a majority, 55% in PHASE and 52% in non-PHASE, being the male pupils. Gender had no significant relationship with absenteeism in both schools (i=O.01, d.f=l , p = 0.914). Ninety eight percent (98%) of pupils in PHASE and 100% in nonPHASE schools said that illness was the most probable reason why pupils in their class missed school. In the previous two weeks before the interview, illness caused 71 % of pupils in non-PHASE and 45% in PHASE schools to miss school. Illness had a significant association with absenteeism in non-PHASE (p < 0.0001) and PHASE schools (p = 0.043). III pupils in PHASE schools had a significant decreased risk of absenteeism by 0.28 (C.I 0.19 - 0.42, p < 0.0001) compared to ill pupils attending a non-PHASE schools. Seventy five percent (75%) of latrines in PHASE schools were ventilated improved pit (V.I.P) latrines with a pupil toilet ratio (P.T.R) of 58:1 for boys and 53:1 for girls. In nonPHASE schools, 57 % of the toilets were ventilated improved latrines with a PTR of 134:1 for boys and 130:1 for girls. Seventy five percent (75%) of PHASE schools had piped water and hand washing facilities. Although all non-PHASE schools had water tanks, none had piped water. In conclusion, pupils' personal factors, socio-demographic factors of parents and school environmental factors had a significant relationship with absenteeism in both school groups. Conditions of latrines in PHASE schools were better than in non-PHASE and the pupil toilet ratio in PHASE schools was lower than in nonPHASE schools. The PHASE project should be scaled up in other schools in the slum so that they can benefit from the pillars of hygiene and sanitation.

Factors influencing student participation in public secondary schools in Gucha South District, Kisii County, Kenya

Author: Ondara, Daniel Ngisah

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Gucha South District ; Secondary education ; School attendance ; Absenteeism ; Secondary school students ; Child labour ; Socioeconomic factors ;

Abstract:

The project sought to establish the factors influencing student participation in Public secondary schools in Gucha South district. It also had three objectives namely: To establish the home factors that influence participation to secondary education in Gucha South District, to establish the student factors that influence participation to secondary education in Gucha South District and to establish the school factors that influence participation to secondary education in Gucha South District. Establishing these factors were very important in providing information on the level of participation in secondary school education in Gucha south district. Knowing the factors influencing participation in secondary education in Gucha south district was to enable stakeholders in education in Gucha south district to formulate policy for utilization of government resources in secondary schools. The findings of this study would also be a basis for formulation and re-formulation of policies targeting low participation in school through dropout in Gucha south and Kenya in general. The findings of the study will be equally vital as reference material. The methodology that was used in the proposed study was a descriptive approach. Descriptive design was preferred because it was to allow the researcher to gather information, summarize, present and interpret information for the purpose of clarification. The study population was 1502 form three secondary schools students in the district, categorized into three; Girls boarding, Boys boarding and mixed daylboarding school. A sample of fifteen schools out of a population of forty two was selected. To be able to select the samples, the researcher used proportional stratified random sampling. There are two educational divisions with a total number of forty two secondary schools. The sampling units was the 15 school heads of the sampled schools, four hundred and fifty (450) form three students, thirty (30) class teachers and thirty (30) class parent representatives. This was to ensure each school is appropriately represented. The sampled random sampling was used. Data in the study was both quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative data was analyzed through frequency presentations, means and standard deviation. Qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis and emerging themes. Data was analyzed using the SPSS and excel software. The study found that the major factors influencing participation in schools included poverty in the home, lack of study room! place at home, lack of support from parents or siblings, orphan hood and child labor which were home factors ; student factors were students low academic performance, truancy or lack of discipline, absenteeism and ill health while the school factors entailed school's quest for good grades, lack of individualized attention to slow learners, inadequate teaching resources especially trained teaching staff and learners engagement in sugarcane jaggery business. The study recommended that effective measures should be put in place by the government and other stakeholders to ensure that poverty is reduced since the study established that it was the major influence of low participation in school, The teachers and school authorities should also be informed on students' ineffective participation that comes with low school attendance, high dropout, poor academic performance and low involvement in curriculum activities in order to make them adopt necessary measures that will ensure that students participation is improved, The government should consider employing and deploying at least one professionally trained guidance and counseling teacher on full-time basis to each secondary school. This is based on the fact that the study had shown ineffective guidance and counseling services in schools largely influenced low student participation. Teachers trained to offer such services in the schools appeared either incompetent or merely overwhelmed by other core d

Influence of child labour on learners' participation in school programmes in public day secondary schools in Keumbu Division, Kisii County; Kenya

Author: Omwenga, Nelson Nyakundi

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2011

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Keumbu Division, Kisii County ; Secondary school students ; Academic achievement ; Child labour ; School attendance ; Absenteeism ;

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of child labour on learners' narticination in school nrozrammes in nublic dav secondarv schools within Keumou UIYL and how it affects academic performance. The study was therefore to attempt to investigate how child labour manifests itself in trading related activities, Agriculture related activities, construction related activities and in transport related activities. The study focused on how students in public day secondary schools are affected by the above mentioned activities. In the literature review for the study, various studies which touch on child labour as practiced in The United States of America .India and various parts of the world have been reviewed. From the review a conceptual framework was developed. This was a descriptive survey adopted to determine the current status of child labour practices within Keumbu Division of Kisii central District. The study focused on students in public day secondary schools and also interviewed a few principals to confirm if they are aware of the practice of child labour within their school localities. The study targeted a population of 5581 respondents comprising of 19 principals, and 5562 learners. This study employed a sample size of 14 principals and 359 learners. All the learners completed a specific questionnaire while all the principals were interviewed by the researcher, for the purpose of data collection. The interview schedule and questionnaires' validity and reliability were tested during the pilot study, and by the help of two experts from The University of Nairobi. The data collected was summarized and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The researchers gave the summary of findings and made conclusions and recommendations that highlight the influence of child labour practices and its impact on learners' participation in public day secondary school programmes. The study found out that students indulge in trading related activities like hawking farm products at the market places, they assist their parents in weeding planting and harvesting, they also engage in construction related activities like carrying bricks and fetching water and some are employed as boda boda riders; all these activities interfere with their participation in school programmes. The study concluded that schools' administrations and managements within the study area are either uninterested or unable to check the problem of absenteeism and/or learners' inadequate participation in school programmes. Another conclusion made was that, the learners themselves did not understand the value of attending school and participating in school programmes to better their academic progress and overall academic performance. The study recommended that the government should put in place stringent measures to curb the practice of child labour and ensure that all children access free education. Learners within the study area should be sensitized and seminized about the value of attending school regularly and participating in school programmes. The researcher suggested that further research should be done to establish the influence of child labour in public day primary schools and also further research can be done to include all private and public schools.

Influence of alcoholism on performance of duties by teachers in public primary schools in Ugenya District, Kenya

Author: Ochino, George Otieno

Awarding University: University of Nairobi, Kenya

Level : MA

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: University of Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library ;

Subject Terms: Ugenya District ; Educators ; Alcoholism ; Absenteeism ; Primary schools ;

Abstract:

Globally, alcohol is the most widely abused drug in our society, perhaps because it is somehow legal and readily available. A leading cause of death, alcohol abuse takes the lives not only of problem drinkers, but also of innocent persons. More than 50% of all automobile accidents involve alcoholism. Abuse of alcohol can lead to alcoholism, a terrible disease that afflicts one in every ten persons in our population without regard to gender, race or social status. The overall research problem addressed in this study was that despite the many measures put in place by the Ministry of Education and the Teachers Service Commission to improve the performance of teachers in primary schools; little has been done to determine the influence of alcoholism on performance of duties by public primary school teachers in Ugenya district. This was a serious omission particularly when put into consideration that there was evidence of alcoholism among public primary school teachers in Ugenya district. The purpose of this study was to determine influence of alcoholism on performance of duties by teachers in public primary schools in U genya district. The major objective of the study was to determine the influence of alcoholism on performance of duties by teachers in public primary schools in U genya district. The findings from the study would help bridge gaps left by the previous studies on alcoholism and its influence on work performance and also to add knowledge on existing literature on alcoholism. Several literatures on alcoholism and its effects were reviewed. The effects were related through a conceptual framework and various related theories explored. The study adopted descriptive survey design where qualitative and quantitative data was collected. The study population was 1246 which consisted of 1085 teachers, 155 head teachers, 6 education officers. Data was sourced through three different questionnaires. Data was analyzed using measures of central tendencies such as means, mode and measures of dispersion such as range and standard deviation. Frequency tables, percentages and total summations were used to present the data. The study findings revealed that teachers engage in alcohol consumption due to social/peer pressure, environmental influences, personal problems, social occasions and curiosity among other reasons. However, peer pressure and environmental factors are the leading causes of alcohol intake. The study further revealed that alcoholism is a major cause of absenteeism among primary teachers in U genya district with 84.2 % of head teachers reporting that teachers who use alcohol do not attend school daily. The head teachers explained that the consequences of alcoholism such as hangovers results directly to absenteeism and inadequate teacher concentration on school duties. From the study, conclusions based on the findings were drawn. Based on the findings, it could be concluded that absenteeism and alcohol related diseases are the major consequences of alcoholism that influences teacher duties. The respondents suggested key agencies which are vital in finding solutions to alcoholism. These included government bodies, sports and leisure clubs, guidance and counseling agencies and the laws. The bold recommendations from the study was that government should increase teachers' terms of service and monthly pay so that those who take alcohol are able to afford legal bottled alcohol. It was also felt that legalizing the brewing and sale of traditional brews and sensitization on the dangers of alcohol abuse could help streamline the use of these brews. The study suggested that further research on influence of alcoholism on teacher performance could be replicated in other areas especially Siaya and Bondo districts. A further study could also be carried out to determine the influence of other forms of drugs like bhang on teacher duties. There is need for further research to establish major reasons for taking alcohol and the pos

The influence of fishing activities on absenteeism and academic performance of primary school pupils in Budalang'i Division of Busia District, Kenya

Author: Mwabi, Chrispinus O

Awarding University: Moi University, Kenya

Level : MPhil

Year: 2010

Holding Libraries: Moi University Margaret Thatcher Library ;

Subject Terms: Budalang'i Division ; Primary schools ; Primary school students ; Fishing industry ; Absenteeism ; Academic achievement ;

Abstract:

This study investigated the influence of fishing activities on absenteeism and academic performance of primary school pupils in Budalan'gi division. It was conducted in Budalan'gi due to poor academic performance of primary schools in the division compared to other divisions of Busia District. The study employed causal comparative research design. The research population comprised of all standard seven and eight pupils in 31 primary schools in Budalan'gi division. Stratified sampling technique was used to select 10 schools (five closer and five very far away from the lake) to be involved in the study. In each school 50 pupils (25 standard seven pupils and 25 standard eight pupils) were sampled using simple random sampling procedure. The school attendance register was used to identify absentees. A questionnaire was used to identify pupils involved in fishing activities. This instrument was piloted before it was administered. The scores for pupils from the teacher-made test of the year prior to the year of the study were used to measure their academic performance. The t-test was used to compare the mean scores. It was established that fishing activities caused frequent absenteeism. Boys involved in fishing activities had a higher rate of absenteeism (m=12.4) than boys who were not involved in the fishing activities, (m=4.3), L(123) = 4.7, 12 <.05. Girls involved in fishing activities had a higher rate of absenteeism (m=12.l) than girls who were not involved in fishing activities (m=7.4), ! (123) = 2.7, 12 <.05. Pupils involved in fishing activities had a poorer academic performance (m= 199.4) than those not involved (m=313.0), !(248) = 17.0,12 <.05. It was therefore recommended that pupils involved in fishing activities and their parents be guided to see the value and benefits of education even though they take long to be realized. It was also recommended that the government take measures to uplift the living standard of people staying near the lake.

Effects of the call centre work environment on absenteeism : a case of safaricom limited

Author: Oduor, Judyth

Awarding University: United States International University-Africa, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2007

Holding Libraries: ;

Subject Terms: Call centers ; Work environment ; Absenteeism ; Safaricom ; Telecommunications industry ;

Abstract:

ABSTRACT NOT AVAILABLE

Determining the impact of labour turnover & absenteeism on an organization's performance : a case of Nation Media Group

Author: Otieno, Erastus Awino

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MBA

Year: 2004

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Employee turnover ; Nation Media Group ; Absenteeism ; Organization development ;

Abstract:

Human resources are one of the most valuable resources of an organization and indeed an organization is nothing without human resources. Since every organization is made up of people, acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating them to higher levels of performance and ensuring that they continue to maintain their commitment to the organization are essential to achieving organizational objectives. Getting and keeping good people is critical to the success of every organization, whether profit or non-profit, public or private. Maintaining employees is concerned with providing those working conditions that employees believe are necessary in order to maintain their commitment to the organization. One of the objectives of the HR department is to retain employees whose performance helps the organization realize its goals and to release those whose performance is unsatisfactory. One of the main reasons for low productivity within organization is chronic absenteeism among employees. Some degree of absenteeism will always exist, but the HR department can save line supervisors the many non productive hours required to check all absenteeism. Organizations have therefore to realize that Human Resources are more valuable than other resources and that their proper management can tremendously help the organization maximize the utilization of other resources. Human Resources can also greatly influence the organization's performance and determine its achievement of the set objectives. This study therefore sought to look at two important aspects of HR that have often been ignored but definitely have major impact on the organization's performance: - Labour turnover and Absenteeism. The study sought to look at the causes of labour turnover and absenteeism in organizations and how they impact on organizations performance and tried to offer solutions to the problems arising from high labour turnover and absenteeism in organization's performance, having taken Nation Media Group as a case study.

Factors that contribute to student absenteeism in Nakuru East Division : a case study of Lanet, upper hill and Mereroni Day Secondary Schools

Author: Ali, Roseline Aluoch

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: Secondary school students ; Absenteeism ; Nakuru East Division ;

Abstract:

The main concern of this study was to find out whether there were cases of student absenteeism in day secondary school of Nakuru East Division. It also attempted to determine the factors that contributed to student absenteeism. More specifically the study attempted to: (a) Investigate the causes of student absent in Nakuru East Division; (b) Find out what necessary steps headteachers were taking to reduce the problem; and (c) Suggest some possible solutions to the problem. The project was limited to three (3) day secondary which were randomly selected in the division. Three headteachers, thirty class teachers, sixty students and thirty parents were selected to serve as the subjects for the study. Questionnaires used for data collection were administered to class teachers, students and parent from the selected schools. An interview guide was also administered to the headteachers of the selected schools. The data collected were analyzed through the use of descriptive statistics. After analysing the data, it was found that student absenteeism was a problem affecting all the selected day secondary schools. The major cause of student absenteeism in the selected schools were: a) Lack of school fees b) Sickness c) Family problems d) Withholding by parents e) School based reasons f) Distance to school g) Temporary employment h) Truancy i) Community influence j) Bad company The research realized that student absenteeism created serious administrative problems. The major problems faced by headteachers of the selected day secondary schools were: student poor performance in examinations: problem of dealing with statistical returns; failure to cover the syllabus, time wasted in dealing with absentees and behaviour problems. It was also realized that in order to solve the problem of student absenteeism, parents had a great part to play. Other groups of people who could be of great help include local leaders, education officers and church leaders. The following are some of the conclusions reached from the findings of the study: a) Student absenteeism is a problem worrying the family, the school and the society at large. b) Persistent student absenteeism affects individual performance in examination. c) Some factors contributing to student absenteeism can easily be controlled if different group of people co-operate to solve this problem. d) School administration cannot solve the problem without the help of other groups of people like parents, local leaders and education officers.

To investigate factors responsible for students absenteeism in secondary schools in Ruiru Division, Thika District

Author: Bironga, Sophia Moraa

Awarding University: Kenyatta University, Kenya

Level : MEd

Year: 2002

Holding Libraries: Kenyatta University Moi Library ;

Subject Terms: School attendance ; Secondary education ; Absenteeism ; Ruiru Division, Thika District ;

Abstract:

Many students who enroll in form one of secondary school don't complete this within the prescribed minimum period or a significant number don't complete the cycle at all. This has led to high rate of educational wastage. One factor that contributes to educational wastage is persistent absenteeism of students from school. This study investigated what causes absenteeism. It also suggested some solutions to the problem of student absenteeism. The subjects of the study consisted of form two and form three students (120) and their teachers (90). Sampling was used to select six schools located in Ruiru Division in Thika District. A questionnaire, the main tool used for the collection of data, was administered to the above students. There was an interview schedule and scale for teachers which was equally administered to teachers. The data collected were analysed through the use of descriptive statistics. After analyzing the data it was noted that students absenteeism was a problem affecting all the selected secondary schools. The major causes of students absenteeism were lack of school fees, sickness and withholding by parents. It was realized that in order to solve the problem of students absenteeism then other people need to be involved like parents, curriculum developers, and school counsellors.